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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 3288 matches for " Arora Anita "
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Prevalence, Health and Demographic Characteristics of Emergency Department Patients with Diabetes
Menchine, Michael D,Vishwanath, Anita,Arora, Sanjay
Western Journal of Emergency Medicine : Integrating Emergency Care with Population Health , 2010,
Abstract: Objective: To determine the prevalence of diabetes in Southern California emergency department (ED) patients and describe the self-reported general health, demographic and social characteristics of these patients with diabetes. Methods: Between April 2008 and August 2008, non-critical patients at two Southern California EDs completed a 57-question survey about their chronic medical conditions, general health, social and demographic characteristics. Results: 11.3% of the 1,303 patients surveyed had diabetes. Patients with diabetes were similar to ED patients without diabetes with respect to gender, ethnicity and race. However, patients with diabetes were older (51 vs. 41), less likely to have a high school education (64.0% vs. 84.7%), less likely to speak English (44.9% vs. 55.4%), and less likely to be uninsured (33.3% vs. 49.5%). Additionally, patients with diabetes had markedly lower self-reported physical health scores (37.1 vs. 45.8) and mental component score and mental health scores (42.0 vs. 47.4) compared with ED patients without diabetes. Conclusion: In this study of two Southern California EDs, 11.3% of surveyed patients had diabetes. These patients were often poorly educated, possessed limited English language skills and poor physical health. ED personnel and diabetes educators should be mindful of these findings when designing interventions for ED patients with diabetes. [West J Emerg Med. 2010; 11(5):419-422.]
The epinet data of four Indian hospitals on incidence of exposure of healthcare workers to blood and body fluid: A multicentric prospective analysis
Chakravarthy Murali,Singh Sanjeev,Arora Anita,Sengupta Sharmila
Indian Journal of Medical Sciences , 2010,
Abstract: Background : Sharps injury (SI) and blood and body fluid exposure are occupational hazards to healthcare workers (HCWs). Although data from the developed countries have shown the enormity of the problem, data from developing countries, such as India, arelacking. Purpose : The purpose of this study was to cumulate data from fourmajor hospitals in India and analyze the incidence of SI and blood and body fluid exposure in HCWs. Materials and Methods : Four Indian hospitals (hospital A, B, C and D) from major cities of India participated in this multicentric study. Data ranging from 6 to 26 months were collected from these hospitals using Exposure Prevention Information network (EPINet) which is the database created by International Healthcare Worker Safety Research and Resource Center, University of Virginia. Results : Two hundred and forty-three sharp injuries and 22 incidents of blood or body fluid exposure were encountered in the cumulated 50 months of our study. The incidence of SIswas thehighestamong nurses (55%) of allthe HCWs, akin to the global data. An injury rate of nearly 20% among housekeeping staff seems to be specific to the Indian data. Patient′s room followed by operation theater appeared to be common locations of injury in our study. The source of the injury was identified in majority (64%) of the injuries. A major part of the group was not the primary users of the sharp (38%). Disposable needles caused nearly half of the injuries. Suture needles contributed to a reasonable number of injuries in one of the hospitals. Conclusions : The incidence of SI is the highest among nurses and the housekeeping staff (>30% each). A substantial number of injuries are avoidable.
Efficacy of Slow Reversal Hold and Isometrics in Improving Muscle Strength, Increasing Range of Motion, and Reducing Pain in Patients with Osteoarthritis of Knee  [PDF]
Harneet Arora
Health (Health) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/health.2018.105043
Abstract: Osteoarthritis of knee is a common problem in the elderly population worldwide. Physical therapy has been shown to be useful in decreasing pain and increasing mobility in this population. The aim of this study was to study the effectiveness of slow reversal hold and isometric exercise techniques in reducing pain, increasing muscle strength, and increasing range of motion for knee flexion in patients with osteoarthritis of knee. The other aim of this study was to compare the relative effectiveness of these two interventions. 60 subjects participated in this study and were randomly assigned either to the slow reversal hold group (n = 30) or, to the isometrics exercise group (n = 30). All subjects performed their respective exercises for 3 weeks. Pain scores using the visual analog scale, muscle strength using manual muscle testing of quadriceps and hamstrings, and range of motion (ROM) for knee flexion using a goniometer were recorded both pre-treatment and post-treatment for both left and right knees. Both the interventions showed a significant decrease in pain scores, an increase in muscle strength, as well as an increase in the ROM. However, ROM was significantly increased in the slow reversal hold group as compared to the isometrics group in both knees. It was concluded that both exercise techniques could be useful in patients with osteoarthritis of knee for decreasing pain and increasing muscle strength. Slow reversal hold technique might be a better technique than isometrics for increasing ROM for knee flexion.
ANALISIS PERBANDINGAN KINERJA SAHAM SYARIAH SEBELUM DAN SESUDAH PENGUMUMAN KENAIKAN BBM
ANITA
MAQDIS : JURNAL KAJIAN EKONOMI ISLAM , 2016,
Abstract: This study aims to look at the differences of Islamic stocks on the Indonesia Stock Exchange (BEI) before and after the announcement of the price increase of fuel oil (BBM) on 15 May 2015. The method used is quantitative research with paired sample t-test. Research shows that there are significant differences abnormal return before and after the announcement of fuel price increases as well as demonstrate the dif-ference by delaying the trading activity in the stock transaction that makes the average transaction decreased from prior events (event).
Risk of high gestational weight gain on adverse pregnancy outcomes  [PDF]
Rajin Arora, Darin Arora, Jayanton Patumanond
Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology (OJOG) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojog.2013.31A027
Abstract:

Background/Aims: Excessive gestational weight gain was known to be associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes. It increased the complications during pregnancy, delivery and postpartum period. Nevertheless, there are studies reporting the incompliance of pregnant women with recommendations of weight gain. The objectives of this study were to estimate the prevalence of high gestational weight gain and to identify the increased adverse pregnancy outcomes in these women. Methods: This was a cross sectional study. Data were collected retrospectively from hospital electronic database of Lampang Regional Hospital (LPH) along with manual retrieval from medical charts and labor records. Data of all pregnant women who delivered at labor room of LPH were collected from 1st February 2011 to 31st August 2012. After preterm and multifetal pregnancies were excluded, 4747 cases were brought to the study. This study used the new weight gain recommendation from the Institute of Medicine and National Research Council to classify pregnant women by pre-pregnancy body mass index. Data were analyzed by univariate and multivariate analysis. Results: The proportions of pregnant women with different level of weight gain were 28.4%, 38.5% and 33.1% for low, normal and high weight gain. After multivariate analysis was done to control the confounders, women with high weight gain were significantly correlated with having preeclampsia, higher birth weight group, cesarean section and long neonatal length with relative risk (RR) and 95% confidence interval (95% CI) of 4.84 (2.31 - 10.16), 3.94 (3.24 - 4.79), 2.12 (1.82 - 2.47) and 2.33 (1.90 - 2.86). Conclusions: There were more than half of pregnant women that were prone to have inappropriate weight gain. Many complications from high weight gain that have been reported from aboard also occurred in Thai pregnant women. This should alert corresponding health institute to establish a new guideline to avoid high gestational weight gain.

Adverse pregnancy outcomes in women with high pre-pregnancy body mass index  [PDF]
Rajin Arora, Darin Arora, Jayanton Patumanond
Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology (OJOG) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojog.2013.32053
Abstract:

Background/Aims: Obesity along with high prepregnancy body mass index (PP-BMI) is known to cause many adverse pregnancy outcomes. In Thailand, there is not much study showing both the prevalence and complications of these conditions. The objectives of this study were to estimate the prevalence of prepregnancy overweight and obesity and their impacts on adverse pregnancy outcomes. Methods: This study was a cross sectional study. Data were collected retrospectively from hospital electronic database along with manual retrieval from medical charts and labor records. Data of all delivery women from 1st February 2011 to 31st August 2012 were collected. When excluded cases with incomplete data and those without PP-BMI, 5420 cases were into analysis. Descriptive and inferential data analyses were used with both univariate and multivariate methods. Results: The proportion of pregnant women with overweight and obesity were 11.1% and 3.9%. After multiple logistic regression analysis was done, women in obesity group were correlated with having 1, 2 and 3 complications. They were also correlated with preeclampsia, gestational diabetes, cesarean section, higher birth weight group and long neonatal length. Conclusions: This Thai prevalence of obesity in pregnancyshould alarm health care providers to be more prepared, for a future health problem of the country. Many complications that come with obese pregnant women that were reported in western countries also happen in Thai population. Decreasing body weight before conception, giving correct health education, well planned pregnancy; antenatal lifestyle intervention and even gestational weight gain restricttion could help avoiding these uneventful morbidities.

High pre-delivery body mass index also caused adverse pregnancy outcomes  [PDF]
Rajin Arora, Darin Arora, Jayanton Patumanond
Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology (OJOG) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojog.2013.34076
Abstract:

Background/Aims: It is known that high pre-preg-nancybody mass index (BMI) and high gestational weight gain both can cause many adverse pregnancy outcomes. High pre-delivery BMI (PD-BMI), though theoretically could do similar effects, is rarely been studied. The objectives of this study were to show the distribution of PD-BMI of the delivery women and to identify its correlation with adverse pregnancy outcomes. Methods: This study was a cross sectional study. Data were collected retrospectively from hospital electronic database of Lampang Regional Hospital (LPH) along with manual retrieval from medical charts and labor records. Data of all pregnant women who delivered at labor room were collected from 1st February 2011 to 31st August 2012. After preterm and multifetal pregnancies were excluded, 4999 cases were into the analysis. Descriptive and inferential data analyses were used with both univariate and multivariate methods. Results: In this group of women, 93.9% were in the PD-BMI range of 20.0 -34.9 kg/m2. After multivariate analysis was used, higher PD-BMI was shown to be correlated with higher cesarean section, neonates weighing ≥3500 gmand long neonatal length with relative risk (RR) and 95% confidence interval (95% CI) of 1.11 (1.09 - 1.13), 1.15 (1.12 - 1.17) and 1.07 (1.05 - 1.09), respectively. Conclusions: High PD-BMI was correlated with multiple adverse pregnancy outcomes. Interestingly, their effect sizes were much smaller comparing to high pre-pregnancy BMI and high gestational weight gain. It confirmed the current recommendations to monitor pre-pregnancy BMI and gestational weight gain to avoid unwanted morbidities.

Reflection of Plane Waves from a Free Surface of an Initially Stressed Transversely Isotropic Dissipative Medium  [PDF]
Baljeet Singh, Jyoti Arora
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/am.2011.29156
Abstract: The governing equations of a transversely isotropic dissipative medium are solved analytically to obtain the speeds of plane waves. The appropriate solutions satisfy the required boundary conditions at the stress-free surface to obtain the expressions of the reflection coefficients of reflected quasi-P (qP) and quasi-SV (qSV) waves in closed form for the incidence of qP and qSV waves. A particular model is chosen for numerical computation of these reflection coefficients for a certain range of the angle of incidence. The numerical values of these reflection coefficients are shown graphically against the angle of incidence for different values of initial stress parameter. The impact of initial stress parameter on the reflection coefficients is observed significantly.
Perioperative Management of Case of Gynecological Malignancy with Bilateral Deep Venous Thrombosis of Lower Limbs Along with Pulmonary Embolism  [PDF]
MK Arora, Rakesh Garg
Open Journal of Anesthesiology (OJAnes) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ojanes.2011.11001
Abstract: We describe the anaesthetic management of 45 year female patient with pre-existing deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE) who was subsequently scheduled for an laparotomy. Before planning the surgical procedures, adequate anticoagulation must be achieved to prevent further complications of DVT, thromboembolism, and pulmonary embolism in particular. The risk of stopping the anticoagulation prior to surgery must be considered and adequately discussed with the patient and surgeons. The anaesthetic plan must be selected keeping in mind the coagulation status and the need of anticoagulation in the postoperative period.
Reflection of Plane Waves from Free Surface of an Initially Stressed Rotating Orthotropic Dissipative Solid Half-Space  [PDF]
Baljeet Singh, Jyoti Arora
Engineering (ENG) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/eng.2012.43022
Abstract: The governing equations of an initially stressed rotating orthotropic dissipative medium are solved analytically to obtain the velocity equation which indicates the existence of two quasi-planar waves. The appropriate particular solutions in the half-space satisfy the required boundary conditions at the stress-free surface to obtain the expressions of the reflec-tion coefficients of the reflected quasi-P (qP) and reflected quasi-SV (qSV) waves in closed form for the incidence of qP and qSV waves. A particular model is chosen for numerical computation of these reflection coefficients for a certain range of the angle of incidence. The numerical values of these reflection coefficients are shown graphically against the angle of incidence for different values of initial stress parameter and rotation parameter. The impact of initial stress and rotation parameters on the reflection coefficients is observed significantly.
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