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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 36 matches for " Argimon "
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Evidence based practice in postgraduate healthcare education: A systematic review
Gemma Flores-Mateo, Josep M Argimon
BMC Health Services Research , 2007, DOI: 10.1186/1472-6963-7-119
Abstract: The design is a systematic review of randomized, non-randomized, and before-after studies. The data sources were MEDLINE, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, CINAHL and ERIC between 1966 and 2006. Main outcomes were knowledge, skills, attitudes and behavior towards EBP. Standardized effect sizes (E-S) were calculated. The E-S was categorized as small (E-S < 0.2), small to moderate (E-S between 0.2 and 0.5), moderate to large (E-S between 0.51 and 0.79), large (E-S > 0.79). Reliability and validity of instruments for evaluating education were assessed. Studies excluded were those that were not original, performed in medical students, focused on prescribing practices, specific health problems, theoretical reviews of different components of EBP, continuing medical education, and testing the effectiveness of implementing guidelines.Twenty-four studies met our inclusion criteria. There were 15 outcomes within the 10 studies for which E-S could be calculated. The E-S ranged from 0.27 (95%CI: -0.05 to 0.59) to 1.32 (95%CI: 1.11 to 1.53). Studies assessing skills, behavior and/or attitudes had a "small to moderate" E-S. Only 1 of the 2 studies assessing knowledge had E-S of 0.57 (95 CI: 0.32 to 0.82) and 2 of the 4 studies that assessed total test score outcomes had "large" E-S. There were 22 instruments used, but only 10 had 2 or more types of validity or reliability evidence.Small improvements in knowledge, skills, attitudes or behavior are noted when measured alone. A large improvement in skills and knowledge in EBP is noted when measured together in a total test score. Very few studies used validated measures tests.One of the most consistent findings in health-service research is the gap between best practice (as determined by scientific evidence) on the one hand and actual clinical care on the other [1,2]. Over the past decade, evidence-based clinical guidelines have become a major feature of healthcare provision. Biomedical researchers in many countries have established program
Características, sintomas depressivos e fatores associados em mulheres encarceradas no Estado do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil
Canazaro, Daniela;Argimon, Irani Iracema de Lima;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2010000700011
Abstract: the study's objective was to describe the socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of women inmates and verify the prevalence of depressive symptoms and hopelessness and drug and alcohol use, abuse, and addiction. the sample included 287 inmates at a women's penitentiary in the state of rio grande do sul, brasil. the study design was quantitative and cross-sectional. according to the findings, the typical female inmate was single, young, had at least two children, had worked in the informal market, and had low social and/or economic status and incomplete primary schooling. there was a high prevalence of depressive symptoms and drug use, abuse, and addiction, but a low prevalence of symptoms of hopelessness. various factors, especially linked to the participants' life history, were significantly associated with depressive symptoms.
As condi es do trabalho e do relacionamento do casal s o protetivas à saúde geral? Um estudo sobre o modelo de ajustamento diádico no Brasil
Marli Appel,Guilherme Wendt,Irani Argimon
Barbarói , 2012,
Abstract: Este artigo analisa as rela es entre os fatores psicossociais do trabalho, a satisfa o com o relacionamento marital e a saúde em pessoas inseridas no mercado formal no ambito das grandes empresas. A investiga o caracterizou-se por ser um estudo transversal e quantitativo que incluiu 220 pessoas, com idades entre 26 e 65 anos, todas com ensino superior completo, trabalhadores de empresas privadas de grande porte, que possuíam um relacionamento marital há mais de um ano. Os resultados desse estudo sugerem que os fatores psicossociais do trabalho e a satisfa o com o relacionamento marital formam uma interface complexa, expressiva para a adultez, obtendo rela es significativas e de igual importancia com a saúde geral. Abstract The present article has the purpose of evaluating the relationship between labor’ psychosocial factors, marital relationship satisfaction and health in a sample of formal labor market’ workers, working in large companies. It was a transversal and quantitative study, which involved a sample of 220 people aged between 26 and 65 years-older, with higher education, who worked in private companies and had a stable marital relationship for more than one year. The results indicated that labor’ psychosocial factors and marital relationship satisfaction produce a complex interface, very significant in adulthood, obtaining significant relationships with general health, which are equally important. Both domains have faced mutual interference, with protective and vulnerability factors for themselves and for general health.
How to Get Better Aging, Bet on Positive Psychology  [PDF]
Irani Iracema de Lima Argimon, Cristiane Silva Esteves, Fernanda Cerutti, Juan José Mouri?o Mosquera, Claus Dieter Stob?us
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2015.614182
Abstract: The article reviews some contact points between the traditional Psychology, the Positive Psychology and the Health Psychology, with the intention of making reflections in direction of the healthy and better aging, with the support of theoretical ideas and some practical possible implementations for late adults, or persons in the late adulthood stage, chronologically more than 60 - 65, specially in dimensions as better treat, educate and care.
Habilidades cognitivas e uso de benzodiazepínicos em idosas institucionalizadas
Bicca, M?nica Giaretton;Argimon, Irani Iracema de Lima;
Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0047-20852008000200009
Abstract: objective: the aim of this research is the verification of cognitive skills in elderly women using benzodiazepines and non-users of this medication. the study consisted of 123 institutionalized elderly women. method: the study was delineated as quantitative and cross-sectional. the instruments used were: sociodemographic data chart, brief international interview of modified neuropsychiatry, mini-exam of the mental state, geriatric depression scale, numbers span, verbal fluency test - category animal, test of selective evocation, free and with leads (buschke). results: age ranged from 60 to 101 years, mean = 79.73 years (sd = 9.56). there was no difference related to age or years spent in institutions (p = 0.846). minimum period of time was one year and maximum duration was 26 years, mean = 4.02 years (sd = 4.38). the average follow-up time was 5.98 years (sd = 4.17), 80.5% of the individuals could read and 79.7% could write." conclusion: no significant associations were found between the cognitive skills in benzodiazepinic using elderly women and the ones who do not use this medication.
Estratégias de enfrentamento, dificuldades funcionais e fatores associados em idosos institucionalizados
Vivan, Analise de Souza;Argimon, Irani Iracema de Lima;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2009000200022
Abstract: the aim of this study was to analyze the strategies used by elderly people to cope with functional difficulties, and to investigate a possible association between such strategies and variables like depressive symptoms, gender, schooling, marital status, and self-perceived health. 103 institutionalized elderly individuals participated in the study. they required assistance for at least one activity of daily living. the study was cross-sectional and used the following indicators: personal data chart, activities of daily living scale, modified mini international neuropsychiatric interview, mini-mental examination, coping strategies inventory, and geriatric depression scale. the most widely used coping strategies in the sample were self-control and problem solving. significant associations were found between schooling and depression. the findings suggest that assessing coping strategies for stressful events can assist analysis of the situation and appropriate adaptation of the chosen strategies, so as to foster changes within the medical context.
Habilidades cognitivas em indivíduos muito idosos: um estudo longitudinal
Argimon, Irani I. de Lima;Stein, Lilian Milnitsky;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2005000100008
Abstract: longitudinal studies of older seniors (over 80 years) are rare in the literature. this research was designed to study cognitive abilities in the oldest old at two different moments with a three-year interval. the research was quantitative, with a longitudinal and prospective design. the sample consisted of 66 individuals from 80 to 95 years of age, randomly selected for phase i, with 46 of these individuals tested again three years later, in phase ii. the instruments used were: geriatric depression scale, subjective perception of memory problems, mini-mental state examination, digit span, buschke test of free and cued recall, and the verbal fluency test - animal category. the results indicated that there was a small downward trend in the older seniors' performance at the end of the three-year period. more leisure activities and more years of formal schooling were good predictors of smaller decline in cognitive performance during the three-year period. despite their age, older seniors in this study showed only a slight decline in their cognitive abilities, with little impact on their cognitive patterns.
Vincula??o da gestante e apego materno fetal
Schmidt, Eluisa Bordin;Argimon, Irani Iracema de Lima;
Paidéia (Ribeir?o Preto) , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-863X2009000200009
Abstract: this study verified the association between the type of pregnant women's bonding, symptoms of anxiety, depression and the level of maternal-fetal attachment. the sample was composed of 136 pregnant women between 18 and 42 years of age, from the sixth to the ninth month of pregnancy, with at least the fifth grade. this is a quantitative, transversal and correlational study. the used instruments were: a social-demographic data form, adult bonding scale (eva), maternal-fetal attachment scale (mfas), the beck depression inventory (bdi), and the beck anxiety inventory (bai). data were analyzed through descriptive statistics, fisher's exact test, monte carlo simulation and pearson's correlation. results indicate that there is significant association between the type of pregnant women's bonding, maternal-fetal attachment and depression symptoms. the pregnant women who presented strong bonding showed a high level of maternal-fetal attachment and fewer anxious and depressive symptoms.
Sintomas depressivos e uso de Cannabis em adolescentes
Andrade, Tania Moraes Ramos;Argimon, Irani Iracema de Lima;
Psicologia em Estudo , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-73722008000300018
Abstract: the association between depressive symptoms and cannabis use is investigated. due to the fact that depression has been a common psyquiatric disorder in adolescence, depressive cases usually present high rates of psychiatric comorbidities and the abuse of psychoactive substances is frequent. systematic review, studies at psycinfo, proquest, web of science and lilacs databases analyzed between 2000 and 2005 are discussed. results show that nine out of the thirty-six studies discuss depression and cannabis use or addiction in adolescents. whereas the association between depressive symptoms and the use of cannabis during adolescence is confirmed, it is more frequent in an early and continuous cannabis use. research shows that depressive symptoms are related to cannabis use, abuse and dependence during adolescence. abovementioned variables must be investigated in clinical practice and in prevention programs that simultaneously focus on these disorders.
Dificuldade funcional e coping em idosos
Analise de Souza Vivan,Irani Iracema de Lima Argimon
Barbarói , 2008,
Abstract: O objetivo deste estudo foi verificar as características das publica es indexadas nos últimos cinco anos que abordam os temas coping, dificuldade funcional e idosos. Os artigos foram revisados e classificados a partir de seis dimens es de análise: base de dados, ano de publica o, país de origem, tipo de delineamento, cruzamento de variáveis e resultados e conclus es dos estudos. O tratamento dos dados foi realizado através de análise das freqüências percentuais. Abstract The present study’s goal was to verify the characteristics of the indexed publications in the last five years talking about the following themes: coping, functional difficulty and elders. The articles were revised and classified starting from six analysis dimensions: data basis, year of publication, country of origin, outlining type, variables crossing and results, and studies conclusions. The data treatment was accomplished through analysis of the percentile frequencies.
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