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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 219555 matches for " Arathi C "
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Scrape cytology in the early diagnosis of eyelid sebaceous carcinoma
Arathi C,Vijaya C
Journal of Cytology , 2010,
Abstract: The low incidence and the non-specific clinical symptoms led us to conclude that the diagnosis of a sebaceous carcinoma of the eyelid often occurs very late. Sebaceous carcinoma of the ocular adnexa is a malignant neoplasm which can exhibit aggressive local behavior, can have pagetoid spread and can metastasize to regional lymph nodes and distant organs. The neoplasm is known to masquerade as other benign and less malignant lesions, and has relatively high morbidity and mortality. Scrape cytology was done in a 70-year-old female with a tumor in left upper lid. Cytological smears were suggestive of sebaceous carcinoma. Subsequently, histopathology confirmed the diagnosis of sebaceous gland carcinoma. The article highlights the role of scrape cytology in early diagnosis and subsequent appropriate surgical management of eyelid sebaceous gland carcinoma, to prevent recurrence and metastasis.
Tooth carving
Rao Arathi
Indian Journal of Dental Research , 2010,
Comparative evaluation of the influence of television advertisements on children and caries prevalence
Neeta Ghimire,Arathi Rao
Global Health Action , 2013, DOI: 10.3402/gha.v6i0.20066
Abstract: Introduction: Children watch television during most of their free time. They are exposed to advertisers’ messages and are vulnerable to sophisticated advertisements of foods often detrimental to oral and general health. Objectives: To evaluate the influence of television advertisements on children, the relationship with oral health and to analyze the content of those advertisements. Methodology: A questionnaire-based study was performed among 600 schoolchildren of Mangalore, Karnataka, followed by oral examination. Based on the survey, favorite and non-favorite channels and viewing times were analyzed. Advertisements on children's favorite and non-favorite channels were then viewed, analyzed, and compared. Results: Higher caries prevalence was found among children who watched television and asked for more food and soft drinks. Cariogenic food advertisements were popular on children's favorite channels. Conclusion: Television advertisements may strongly influence children's food preferences and eating habits, resulting in higher caries prevalence. Advertisements regarding healthy food, oral hygiene maintenance, prevention of diseases such as caries should be given priority for the benefit of the health of children.
Polymorphous low-grade adenocarcinoma of parotid gland: A rare occurrence
Arathi N,Bage Atul
Indian Journal of Pathology and Microbiology , 2009,
Abstract: Polymorphous low-grade adenocarcinoma (PLGA) is a rare salivary gland malignant tumor of low aggressiveness, commonly occurring in minor salivary glands. Its occurrence in major salivary gland has been documented albeit rarely. The striking histological feature is architectural diversity combined with benign cytologic features. We report a case of PLGA arising from left parotid in a 25-year-old male patient. On light microscopy, varied patterns were seen .The cells were uniform with bland nuclei. Neural invasion was noted.
Supernumerary teeth: A case report
Arathi R,Ashwini R
Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry , 2005,
Abstract: Supernumerary teeth are the teeth present in addition to the normal set of teeth. They may be single, multiple, unilateral or bilateral erupted or unerupted and in one or both jaws. Multiple supernumerary teeth are rare in individuals with no other associated diseases or syndromes. Our case presents with 12 supernumerary teeth in permanent dentition, of which six were erupted and six unerupted and a history of extraction of three teeth with no associated syndrome.
Taurodontism of deciduous and permanent molars: Report of two cases
Rao Ashwin,Arathi R
Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry , 2006,
Abstract: Taurodontism is an aberration of teeth that lacks the constriction at the level of the CEJ characterized by elongated pulp chambers and apical displacement of bifurcation or trifurcation of the roots, giving it a rectangular shape. Its occurrence in permanent teeth is common and is quite rare in deciduous dentition. Presented in this article are two cases with taurodontism involving deciduous and permanent molars.
Comparative evaluation for microleakage between Fuji-VII glass ionomer cement and light-cured unfilled resin: A combined in vivo in vitro study
Ashwin R,Arathi R
Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry , 2007,
Abstract: Glass ionomer cement, besides being used as restorative material, can also be used as pit and fissure sealant. The use of glass ionomer cement as pit and fissure sealant has added benefit by its fluoride-releasing property that results in increased resistance of the fissures to demineralize. The capacity of a sealant to prevent microleakage into the fissure is important, since microleakage may initiate and support a carious lesion beneath the sealant. The study was carried out to compare marginal microleakage between Fuji-VII glass ionomer cement (G C Corporation, Tokyo, Japan) and the conventional light-cured unfilled resin as pit and fissure sealants (3M Concise, 3M Dental Products, St. Paul, USA). The dye used was 2% methylene blue (Qualigens Fine Chemicals, Mumbai, India). The teeth were sectioned and studied under the stereomicroscope. The result revealed that there was no difference in microleakage ( P > 0.05) between the two materials.
Retreatment of Patients Nonresponsive to Pegylated Interferon and Ribavirin with Daily High-Dose Consensus Interferon
Douglas F. Meyer,Hillel Tobias,Albert D. Min,Arathi Rajendra,Ivanka Zic,Edward Brettholz,David J. Clain,Franklin Klion,David Bernstein,Henry C. Bodenheimer Jr.
Hepatitis Research and Treatment , 2010, DOI: 10.1155/2010/537827
Abstract: Background. Current treatment of chronic hepatitis C with pegylated interferon and ribavirin has the ability to eliminate viral infection in about half of the patients treated. Therapeutic options, for those with remaining chronic hepatitis, will remain limited until novel antivirals become available in the future. Consensus interferon is currently available and has demonstrated clinical efficacy with superior invitro antiviral activity, but the maximum tolerated dose is not defined. Methods. We assessed the efficacy of daily high-dose (24?ug) consensus interferon with weight-based (1000–1200?mg daily) ribavirin in HCV genotype 1-infected non-responder patients. Results. Six adverse events were documented in five patients, and the trial was terminated with no subject achieving viral clearance. Conclusions. The occurrence of serious adverse events effectively defined the upper limit of acceptable dose, while also revealing that this dose did not offer enhanced sustained viral clearance. 1. Introduction The most commonly employed treatment of patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection who are treatment-na?ve consists of pegylated interferon-alfa and ribavirin with sustained viral response (SVR) rates in genotype 1 patients of up to 52% [1, 2]. Since the FDA approval of pegylated interferon and ribavirin, there are an ever-increasing number of hepatitis C patients who have failed to respond to this combination therapy. There is no standard of care for the treatment of patients who have failed to respond to pegylated interferon and ribavirin [3]. Consensus interferon (CIFN), in combination with ribavirin, has recently been approved for this use. Patients with advanced fibrosis may not have time to await development of future antiviral agents and may need to utilize currently available therapies. CIFN has more potent antiviral invitro activity compared to other interferons [4, 5]. Currently, CIFN is approved for initial or retreatment of persons infected with HCV. Recent clinical trials report reasonable SVR rates (23% to 37%) in the treatment of nonresponders to standard or pegylated interferon and ribavirin using different regimens of daily CIFN and weight-based ribavirin dosage [6–8]. Cornberg et al. found that an eight-week induction phase with CIFN doses of followed by for 40 weeks did not result in a higher SVR compared to for 48 weeks, presumably due to dose modifications in subjects receiving the induction dose of CIFN. When the subgroup of patients receiving the higher dose of CIFN, without early dose modification, was evaluated, 40% achieved
Heat radiation vs air drying to remove interfacial water from self-etch adhesives
Mathews Irene,Arathi G,Balagopal S
Indian Journal of Dental Research , 2008,
Abstract: The clinician′s quest for time-saving and technique-insensitive technology has led to the development of simplified self-etch adhesives that are predominantly water or solvent based. Several studies have shown that conventional air-drying procedures are incapable of eliminating all the residual water in the adhesive and that it may even cause collapse of the underlying collagen matrix. We hypothesized that heat from a light source may be effective in removing water from these adhesives. The aim of this study was, therefore, to evaluate the effectiveness of heat vs conventional air drying in eliminating water droplets from self-etch adhesive. A self-etch adhesive was applied to bur-cut dentin surfaces, which were then allotted to one of two treatment procedures for eliminating residual water from the adhesive: conventional air drying or the experimental heat application. Specimens were then prepared and analyzed using SEM. Specimens in the experimental group showed no evidence of water treeing within the adhesive layer. Thus, it was concluded that heat radiation was an effective method to remove residual water from simplified adhesives.
Inflammatory demyelinating disorders of childhood: Experience with six children
Srinivasan Arathi,Sankar Janani,Ganapathi Kumaresan
Neurology India , 2010,
Abstract: Demyelinating disorders of the central nervous system (CNS) in children pose diagnostic and prognostic difficulties in clinical practice. In this report, we describe our experience with inflammatory demyelinating disorders of CNS in six children, classified as per the proposed criteria by the Pediatric Multiple Sclersois Study Group. We emphasize the importance of appropriate diagnosis and follow-up to distinguish transient inflammatory demyelinating diseases from chronic inflammatory demyelinating diseases.
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