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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 198792 matches for " Araceli; Tovar Rincón "
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Repercusión del acceso vascular sobre la calidad de vida de los pacientes en tratamiento con hemodiálisis
Pelayo Alonso,Raquel; Cobo Sánchez,José Luis; Reyero López,Marta; Sáenz de Buruaga Perea,Araceli; Tovar Rincón,Alicia; Alonso Nates,Rosa; Begines Ramírez,Ana; Sola García,Ma Teresa; Cano Gil,Alexandra;
Revista de la Sociedad Espa?ola de Enfermería Nefrológica , 2011, DOI: 10.4321/S1139-13752011000400006
Abstract: in all patients diagnosed with chronic renal failure is essential to facilitate an adequate treatment and to prevent complications. when this premise is resolved, the attention is directed to assist these patients to live as well as possible with their disease, improving their quality of life ultimately. objective: to determine the extent vascular access influences the health related quality of life related of hemodialysis patients. methodology: cross-sectional study in a population of 38 hemodialysis patients. euroqol 5d visual analogue scale was used to evaluate their perceived health status. patients were asked about their health status at present time, and without the inconvenience and discomfort which gives them their vascular access. results: visual analogue scale mean score of patient with an arteriovenous fistula was 58.75 ± 20.31points vs60.56 ± 17.39 points of patients with central venous catheter (no statistically significant). conclusions: according our study, there is no significant influence of the vascular access on the patient's perceived quality of life. the major inconveniences and discomfort associated with vascular access occur in patients with a central venous catheter, who are treated with hemodialysis more than 1 year.
Hemodiafiltración en línea pre-dilucional, frente a post-dilucional: estudio comparativo de eficacia dialítica y tolerancia hemodinámica
Menezo Viadero,Raquel; García Martínez,Mirian; Pelayo Alonso,Raquel; Cobo Sánchez,José Luis; Rojo Tordable,Marina; Tovar Rincón,Alicia; Olalla Antolín,Violeta; Sáenz de Buruaga Perea,Araceli; Cepa García,Hortensia; Incera Setién,Ma Elena; Pérez Garmilla,Ana Isabel; Peiró Sampayo,Salvadora; Higuera Roldán,Carmen; Alonso Nates,Rosa;
Enfermería Nefrológica , 2012, DOI: 10.4321/S2254-28842012000200005
Abstract: on-line haemodiafiltration is a dialysis technique which combines the advantages of high-flow haemodialysis (diffusive transport) and haemofiltration (convective transport). this technique allows different alternatives depending on how the reinfusion liquid is added: pre-dilution (before the dialyser) and post-dilution (after the dialyser), each of them having advantages and disadvantages. the object of this study was to compare different dialytic and haemodynamic parameters in the pre- and post-dilution haemodiafiltration modes. a transversal prospective study was conducted of a population in dialysis already being treated with on-line haemodiafiltration, using each of the modes (pre- and post-dilution) with them for 4 weeks. the following values were recorded: systolic and diastolic arterial pressure and cardiac frequency pre- and post-session, blood flow, venous pressure, volume of blood dialysed and replacement volume. dialysis dosage was measured by means of ionic dialysance. 26 patients were studied: 30% women and 70% men, with an average age of 61±13 years. the average time under renal replacement treatment was 117±124.45 months, and the average time in haemodialysis was 50±54.38 months. the haemodynamic parameters showed no significant differences between the two modes studied (pre- and post-dilution). a statistically significant higher value for kt was obtained for the post-dilution haemodiafiltration technique, requiring half the replacement volume of the pre-dilution mode. conclusions: the on-line haemodiafiltration technique is tolerated well in both infusion modes. with the same blood flow, venous pressure and volume of blood dialysed, a higher dialysis dosage was achieved using the post-dilution mode. post-dilution haemodiafiltration appears to be a better alternative than the pre-dilution mode in terms of the parameters studied as long as the issue of vascular access is not taken into account. better kt results were achieved with this technique, requi
Simulación en trabajadores que solicitan pensión por invalidez laboral
Quezada-Ortega, Martín Rafael;Razo-Mondragón, José Luis Pedro;Marín-Coto?ieto, Irma Araceli;Salinas-Tovar, Santiago;López-Rojas, Pablo;
Gaceta médica de México , 2006,
Abstract: objective: describe the frequency and characteristics of mexican social security workers with malingering disorder that request disability pension. material and methods: comparative survey made among 136 workers seen during 2001, which were divided into three groups: malingering workers (mw), workers without disability (wod), and workers with disability (wwd). we administered the z test for scaled variables and test for nominal variables to identify group differences results: the incidence of malingering was of 2.2/100,000 workers. mean age was 41.9 ± 10.1 years, 440 was the average number of days of labor disability; 51 (37%) workers were malingerers. 35 (26%) workers were work disabled and 50 (37%) without disability. malingerers had higher level of schooling compared with wod and wwd (p < 0.02); most worked at the social security (p < 0.05), with lower number of previous jobs (p < 0.05), presented longer work disability (p < 0.05). depressive symptoms were not frequently noted (p < 0.025) and all had normal electroencephalogram and brain computed tomography studies. conclusions: malingering workers who request work disability pensions follow a particular pattern that differs from other workers that request disability assessment at the social security institute of mexico.
Factores de riesgo asociados a los accidentes de trabajo en la industria de la construcción del Valle de México
Sarmiento-Salinas, Rodrigo;López-Rojas, Pablo;Marín-Coto?ieto, Irma Araceli;Godínez-Rocha, Arturo;Haro-García, Luis;Salinas-Tovar, Santiago;
Gaceta médica de México , 2004,
Abstract: objective: our aim was to describe construction-industry work-related accident prevalence in, associated factors in, and potential impact on affiliated workers of the mexican institute of social security (instituto mexicano del seguro social, imss) in the valley of mexico. materials and methods: prevalent cases in a retrospective case-control design. cases: these include 385 construction-industry workers who were found to have construction work-related accidents in 2001. controls: comprised 385 active construction-industry workers without work-related accident background paired by gender, workplace, and worksite. results. work-related accident prevalence in construction workers was 5.5%; most important risk factors and etiology fraction (ef) included the following: age 16-20 years odds ratio, or = 1.58, 95% confidence interval (95% ci) 1.40-10.7, p=0.001, efi 0.36; eventual insurance, or = 3.7, 95% ci, 2.16-26.45, p = 0.001), efi 0.72, and no training for job, or =5.3, 95% ci, 4.9-69.2, p = 0.01), ef: 0.81. variables not showing significance were included salary, work shift, and workday. conclusions. work-related accident prevalence maintains its preponderance in the valley of mexico construction industry; identified risk factorsare potentially modifiable, among which job training acquires unquestionable relevance.
Tendencias recientes de la pobreza con enfoque de género en América Latina
Araceli Damián
Papeles de población , 2003,
Abstract: Presento una discusión sobre las dificultades teóricas y metodológicas de incorporar el enfoque de género en la medición de la pobreza. En él sostengo que el género no puede ser una variable constitutiva de la pobreza y por tanto no puede formar parte de los métodos de medición. Analizo si existe una feminización de la pobreza en América Latina usando dos indicadores: la relación entre mujeres y hombres pobres (ajustando ésta al peso relativo que cada grupo tiene en la población total), y la evolución de la pobreza por género de la jefatura del hogar, desde la década de 1980 hasta el a o 2000. La evidencia empírica refuta la idea de la feminización de la pobreza. Finalmente, analizo el avance logrado por las mujeres en educación, ingresos y participación laboral durante los decenios de 1980 y 1990, que han contribuido a la disminución de la desigualdad de género.
Los problemas de comparabilidad de las ENIGH y su efecto en la medición de la pobreza
Araceli Damián
Papeles de población , 2007,
Abstract: La principal fuente para medir la pobreza en México es la Encuesta Nacional de Ingresos y Gastos de los Hogares (ENIGH). A pesar de su generalizado uso, la encuesta presenta serias deficiencias en materia de captación y comparabilidad de la información, lo que distorsiona los cálculos de pobreza. En la primera mitad de la presente década, la pobreza, medida con las ENIGH y el método de medición utilizado por el gobierno federal, disminuye a pesar de la contracción económica y la falta de empleo. En este trabajo se presentan y discuten los elementos que pueden estar detrás de la supuesta reducción de la pobreza (cambios en el marco muestral, en la definición de variables, en los cuestionarios, problemas de captación del ingreso, inconsistencias en la evolución de las fuentes de ingreso, tama o de hogar, número de ocupados y en otras variables relacionadas con la habitabilidad). Lo que se persigue es explicitar cuáles son las limitaciones de la ENIGH como fuente de información para medir la pobreza.
La evolución de la pobreza en épocas de estabilización y ajuste estructural. México y Ciudad de México, 1982-1994
Araceli Damián
Estudios Demográficos y Urbanos , 2001,
Abstract:
La pobreza de tiempo. Una revisión metodológica (parte b)
Araceli Damián
Estudios Demográficos y Urbanos , 2003,
Abstract:
La pobreza de tiempo. Una revisión metodológica (parte a)
Araceli Damián
Estudios Demográficos y Urbanos , 2003,
Abstract:
Rese a "La prensa y la cooperación internacional. Cobertura de la cooperación para el desarrollo en nueve diarios europeos" de Murciano, M. (Dir.).
ELVA ARACELI FABIáN
Comunicación y sociedad , 2012,
Abstract:
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