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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 312 matches for " Aqeela Shaheen "
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The Influence of Manto and Maupassant on Social Life
Aqeela Shaheen,Riaz Qadeer
Pakistan Journal of Commerce and Social Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: Literature is expression and interpretation of life. The Realism of life is exhibited in the literary masterpieces of the writers who understand life and possess enough courage to express it in their creative writings. This is quite befitting for French writer Guy DeMaupassant and Urdu writer Saadat Hassan Manto. They, through their world famous short stories, put a great impact on world literature. Their special field is Realism. They painted life as it appeared to them. They were blamed for vulgarity and resultantly suffered for that matter. The researchers and critics have acknowledged their love for humanity and their superiority as writers and as trend setters.
Creativity and Education  [PDF]
Robina Shaheen
Creative Education (CE) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2010.13026
Abstract: This paper starts with a brief background of the link between creativity and education, including the beginning of the most recent interest in the two. There is a short summary of the reasons for this renewed interest. This is followed by a discussion into the dissatisfactions over current education and its changing role in the light of increasing importance being accorded to creativity. Lastly, evidence in educational policy documents from around the world is presented to show the steps being taken for implementation of creativity in education.
On the Signed Domination Number of the Cartesian Product of Two Directed Cycles  [PDF]
Ramy Shaheen
Open Journal of Discrete Mathematics (OJDM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojdm.2015.53005
Abstract: Let D be a finite simple directed graph with vertex set V(D) and arc set A(D). A function \"\"?is called a signed dominating function (SDF) if \"\"?for each vertex \"\". The weight \"\"?of f is defined by \"\". The signed domination number of a digraph D is \"\". Let Cm × Cn denotes the cartesian product of directed cycles of length m and n. In this paper, we determine the exact values of gs(Cm × Cn) for m = 8, 9, 10 and arbitrary n. Also, we give the exact value of gs(Cm × Cn) when m, \"\"?(mod 3) and bounds for otherwise.
Schizophrenia proteomics: biomarkers on the path to laboratory medicine?
Shaheen Lakhan
Diagnostic Pathology , 2006, DOI: 10.1186/1746-1596-1-11
Abstract: Affecting nearly 1% of the world's population, schizophrenia is marked by chronic psychosis and social, occupational, behavioral, and cognitive impairment. This debilitating psychiatric disorder requires a disproportionate share of medical resources due to its early onset and chronic and severe nature. Schizophrenia is a lifelong disorder that usually manifests after puberty and before 25 years of age, with equal risks across gender. The illness is episodic and places the sufferer at an increased risk of suicide.Proteomics studies have focused extensively on cancer diagnosis and non-invasive monitoring, primarily via serum samples. Many have revealed potential biomarkers or biochemical molecules that identify a specific disease state and are capable of being detected or measured. For example, tumor marker CA125 (MUC16) provides useful information on disease resistance, treatment response, and even early detection in ovarian cancer screening, and efforts are underway for its clinical application [1].Not surprisingly, the standards for viable biomarkers are high. Ideally, a diagnostic marker meets seven conditions: 1) it detects a fundamental feature of the disease with high sensitivity and specificity; 2) is validated in post-mortem confirmed cases; 3) standardized with sound bioinformatics; 4) specific for the disease compared with related disorders; 5) reliable in many testing environments/labs; 6) noninvasive; 7) simple to perform; and 8) inexpensive [adapted from [2]].Despite the significant rates of self-harm behavior associated with schizophrenia, its relatively high prevalence in the general population and the existence of a substantial untreated population, no biomarker has yet been discovered for the disorder.This article describes the ability of proteomic approaches to accurately identify novel biomarkers, which may provide a substantial insight into schizophrenia pathogenesis. In addition, proteomic investigations could lead to the discovery of diagnostic
Diversification of U.S. medical schools via affirmative action implementation
Shaheen Lakhan
BMC Medical Education , 2003, DOI: 10.1186/1472-6920-3-6
Abstract: Selection based solely on academic qualifications such as GPA and MCAT scores does not achieve racial and ethnic diversity in medical school, nor does it adequately predict success as practicing physicians. However, race-conscious preference yields greater practice in underserved and often minority populations, furthers our biomedical research progression, augments health care for minority patients, and fosters an exceptional medical school environment where students are better able to serve an increasingly multicultural society.The implementation of race-conscious affirmative action results in diversity in medicine. Such diversity has shown increased medical practice in underserved areas, thereby providing better health care for the American people."Mend it, but don't end it."President William Jefferson Clinton [1]America's extremely discriminatory past fostered the exclusive practice of medicine by white men. Women and members of minority groups and lower socioeconomic classes were barred or hindered from attaining the dignified and prestigious medical degree (MD). In the nineteenth century, new medical schools were developed to accommodate women and minorities, particularly African Americans, and dubious private schools emerged lacking university affiliation, called "proprietary schools". The Carnegie Foundation in conjunction with the American Medical Association (AMA) Council on Medical Education hired former schoolmaster Abraham Flexner to report the proper and actual basis of American and Canadian medical instruction for immediate action. In 1910, the Carnegie Foundation published Flexner's accounts titled Medical Education in the United States and Canada: A Report to the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Training popularly called the Flexner Report [2]. In it, Flexner summarized in a prominent and sharp approach the 168 medical schools he visited. He called for the closure of all three medical schools that catered entirely to women. He subsequently
Infantile Colic: The Mysterious Crying
Shaheen Akter
Journal of Enam Medical College , 2012, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3329/jemc.v2i1.11927
Abstract: Infantile colic is a distressing condition in infants, pathogenesis of which is still not clear. Several treatment strategies have been attempted before, but only some of them proven successful. The aim of this paper is to review studies on treatment options for infantile colic. For this, a systematic literature review was done on studies regarding pathophysiology, medical and conventional interventions for infantile colic from 1954 to March 2011. Forty nine articles included in Cochrane database were reviewed. Fourteen studies on pathophysiology and risk factors, 7 studies on effect of infantlie colic on parents and family,19 studies on management, 5 studies on other related factors and 4 literature reviews were included for review. Pathophysiology has been described in various ways in different studies and yet not conclusive. Regarding studies on management, simethicone could not significantly control colic, dicyclomine hydrochloride had serious side effects and cimetropium bromide results were favourable, but milder side effects were noted. Some nutritional studies reported low-allergen maternal diets in breastfed infants but suitability of these methods are questionable in Bangladesh. Behavioural studies on the use of decreased stimulation and contingent music were favourable in some studies. Mixed herbal tea and probiotic like Lactobacillus reuteri studies showed encouraging results. There are some scientific evidences to support a low-allergen maternal diet in breastfed infants with infantile colic. Some encouraging results exist for mixed herbal tea, cimetropium bromide and probiotics.
Pakistan cardiac drugs issue: Carelessness of pharmaceutical companies
Shaheen H
theHealth , 2012,
Pakistan is committed to treat Hepatitis C
Shaheen H
theHealth , 2011,
Lady health workers: A positive step towards women health in Pakistan
Shaheen H
theHealth , 2011,
The Professional Medical Journal , 2005,
Abstract: Left ventricular hypertrophy is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. Thereforeoptimal anti-hypertensive therapy should provide the regression of LVH. There are certain group of drugs which causeregression of LVH, such as angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors and diuretics. Objectives: To assess themagnitude regression induced by captopril and indapamide when patients are treated for equal duration of time.Patients & Methods: We gave captopril (25–150 mg) to eleven patients with left ventricular hypertrophy for six monthsand another eight patients, indapamide 2.5 mg (Diuretic) was given for six months. Results: There was an overallreduction of left ventricular mass index (LVMI) by 12.5% in patients taking captopril, while left ventricular mass index(LVMI) decreased by 7.5% in patients taking indapamide. The LVMI decreased from 157.2±12.6 to 137.5±8.7g/m2(Mean±SEM) and from 156.1±9.5 to 141.3± 8.5g/m (Mean±SEM) in patients taking captopril and indapamide 2respectively. The mean blood pressure in both the groups decreased, systolic blood pressure decreased from 172 to146 mm Hg and diastolic blood pressure from 101 to 82 mm Hg. Conclusions: ACE inhibitors induce more regressionthen diuretics when patients are treated for equal duration of time.
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