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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 35 matches for " Anwaar Mohyuddin "
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Social Organization of Transgender Sex Workers  [PDF]
Anwaar Mohyuddin, Muhammad Ali
Open Journal of Applied Sciences (OJAppS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojapps.2013.37054
Abstract: This paper is an attempt to document life of male sex workers as transgender in Pakistan and to describe their cultural practices with reference to ritual performs on different occasion. Qualitative research methods combing in-depth interviews, FGDs, and observation were employed to gather information. An effort has been made to investigate the cultural life of the transgender and the pattern of their social interaction within the community as well as with the outsiders. Analysis based on thematic description of the themes generated after reviewing data. The research process revealed that males who were engaged in the sex industry have two types of sociological division: first, young and having male identity with potential to transform in transgender; while other transgender plays dual roles: a) within sex worker community as transgender women, b) male outside the transgender community. These males fulfill their socio-psychological and economic needs through entrance in the transgender community. Most of them consider themselves as having feminine soul and masculine body. The male engaging in sex work is a complex
From Faith Healer to a Medical Doctor: Creating Biomedical Hegemony  [PDF]
Anwaar Mohyuddin, Mamonah Ambreen
Open Journal of Applied Sciences (OJAppS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojapps.2014.42007
Abstract: The present research was conducted in Zandra village of Ziarat district in the province of Balochistan. Anthropological research techniques were used to collect empirical data. In this article, an effort has been made to understand the natives’ cultural beliefs and practices in health care sector. The main focus of this research was to understand the nature of development, internal and external factors responsible for the changes and the actual beneficiaries of the development. An effort has also been made to find out the health care systems working in the village which included both faith healing and allopathic medicines. Initially the natives were using traditional and spiritual healing systems, but now as their economic condition and literacy rate are increasing, they are more inclined towards the modern methods of treatment. During the last 3 decades, many changes have been witnessed. Awareness through media and shift from subsistence to market economy have increased the use of allopathic medicines due to the fact that the natives have started opting for secondary sources of income. Besides, researcher’s endeavor to explore the shift from traditional to modern healthcare and the disparity between natives’ health related beliefs and practices, the impact of which has been analyzed in light of world system theory at micro level.
Nature of Conflicts, Tensions and Exploitation in Sharecropping in Rural Sindh  [PDF]
Ghulam Hussain, Anwaar Mohyuddin, Shuja Ahmed
Open Journal of Applied Sciences (OJAppS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojapps.2013.38058
Abstract:

This paper explains the causes of conflicts and tensions in sharecropping relationships, the nature and level of exploitation. It explains the immediate as well as root causes of conflicts that emerge between sharecroppers and landlords. Life-world of peasants of Sindh has been explored at village, sub-regional and regional level. It was found that the historical systemic structures of exploitation still exist in its refined form in peasant life-world. Peasant life within village and among village peasants is relatively peaceful. Conflicts emerge or take serious turn when outside systemic agents get involved in issues related to sharecropper and landlord. Historically property rights given to big landlords and feudal lords by imperialistic forces while snatching the indigenous right of peasants to self-cultivation, is the root cause that has spawned several sub-systemic pathologies in the life-world of peasants. Absentee landlordism, Kamdaari system, debt bondage, social bondage, system of Kann, landlessness, adulterated hybrid seeds, and issues of Sanad are some of the sub-systemic evils that have emerged over the years. All such sub-systemic structures put bigger and influential landlords into strategic advantage over the sharecroppers, particularly landless peasants; the imbalance that perpetuates “permanent liminality” suppresses reciprocal dialogues and discourages mutual negotiations. Outside systemic factors like SHO-Landlord nexus or Feudal-Police-Tapedar troika play central role in conflict creation and exacerbation in landlord-sharecropper relationship leading to bloody conflicts, caste wars, tribal feuds and honor-killings, thus, further differentiating and alienating life-world and the system rural Sindh.

Sindhi Civil Society: Its Praxis in Rural Sindh, and Place in Pakistani Civil Society  [PDF]
Ghulam Hussain, Anwaar Mohyuddin, Shuja Ahmed
Advances in Anthropology (AA) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/aa.2014.43019
Abstract:

Sindhi Civil Society and NGOs working in rural Sindh have a dialectical relationship with each other and with rural communities, particularly peasants and marginalized rural ethnic groups. In this article, the nature and structure of Sindhi civil society vis-à-vis their efforts to differentiate themselves from Pakistani civil society and ethnically hegemonic NGO-structuring, resultant perceived marginalization of Sindhi civil society and NGOs working in rural Sindh, have been classified, explained and analyzed in the light of secondary and primary data. Effort has been made to locate historical intersection points between the spawning of NGOs and the origin of modern Civil Society networks, and relate it to Sindhi civil society in global perspective. This paper is the result of the analysis of secondary data validated through an ethnographic study conducted in Naon Dumbaalo and Chamber area of District Badin, and urban area of Qasimabad at Hyderabad District in Lower Sindh.

GENDER BIASED PARENTAL ATTITUDES TOWARDS EDUCATION: A CASE STUDY OF VILLAGE DASUHA, DISTRICT FAISALABAD
Mamonah Ambreen,Anwaar Mohyuddin
Academic Research International , 2013,
Abstract: This research paper is an attempt to study the preference of males over the females and the gender discrimination against the girl child in access to literacy in a male dominated society. This preference of males over females has been studied keeping in view the information provided by the people in the village. The study was conducted in Dasuha, (242-R.B.), a part of District Faisalabad. Empirical data were collected through anthropological techniques under qualitative paradigms. This article starts with an ethnographical account of the village which includes historical background, general facilities in the village, their social and economic organization. In the later part it will highlight the parental attitudes towards their sons and daughters especially in the field of education. An effort has also been made to find out thechanges in the attitudes brought by the development and the awareness created among the parents about the female education.
Apple Economy of Village Zandra in Light of World System Theory  [PDF]
Anwaar Mohyuddin, Hafeez-Ur-Rehman Chaudhry, Mamonah Ambreen
Open Journal of Applied Sciences (OJAppS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojapps.2013.31006
Abstract:

This paper deals with research findings regarding horticulture, a major sources of income in the Village Zandra, District Ziarat in the province of Balochistan. Initially the natives were earning their livelihood through horticulture only. The main contribution was coming through apple production. The process of tree plantation and the people involved in horticulture economy have been discussed in this article. During the last 3 decades few changes have been witnessed. Shift from subsistence to market economy has increased the lust for money due to which the natives have started opting for secondary sources of income. In horticulture they have started using technology, pesticides and chemical fertilizers to maximize their production and profit. They are also switching over to the cultivation of profitable types of apple. The impact of these changes has been analyzed in light of world system theory at micro level. The data presented in this paper have been collected by using qualitative anthropological research techniques.

World System Analysis of Biomedical Hegemony  [PDF]
Anwaar Mohyuddin, Mamonah Ambreen, Juhi Naveed, Danish Ahmad
Advances in Anthropology (AA) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/aa.2014.42009
Abstract:

This paper deals with research findings regarding traditional and modern biomedical healthcare systems prevailing in the Village Zandra, District Ziarat in the province of Balochistan. An effort has been made to find out the medical system working in the village which included both beliefs and perceptions related to health and illness and also the activities which natives have adopted or developed to maintain and restore their health. Initially the natives were using traditional and spiritual healing systems, but now, as their economic condition and literacy rate are improving, they are more inclined towards the modern methods of treatment. During the last 3 decades, few changes have been witnessed. Shift from subsistence to market economy has increased the use of allopathic medicines due to the fact that the natives have started opting for secondary sources of income. Besides, researcher endeavored to explore the shift from traditional to modern healthcare and the disparity between natives’ health related beliefs and practices. The impact of these changes has been analyzed in light of world system theory at micro level. The data presented in this paper have been collected by using qualitative anthropological research techniques.

RISING INFLATION AND WOMEN ADOPTION OF DOMESTIC WORK
Kokab Rashid Lone,Anwaar Mohyuddin
Academic Research International , 2013,
Abstract: This paper deals with the research findings of the women working in the informal sector as domestic servants. Rising inflation in the country has led many rural families to migrate from rural to urban areas in search of better jobs and living standard. Migration from rural to urban areas had played an important role in women adoption of domestic profession. Maids opt for this profession as it requiresless time and comes with a lot of incentives. They were earning quite well than other women working in informal sectors. Their relation with spouse had improved; they were educating their children in a hope of their better future. The data presented inthis paper is collected in Moran Nangyal, Islamabad, Pakistan by using qualitative anthropological research techniques.
KINSHIP SYSTEM AND SOCIAL ORGANIZATION OF A VILLAGE IN BALOCHISTAN (WORLD SYSTEM ANALYSIS AT MICRO LEVEL IN ANTHROPOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE)
Anwaar Mohyuddin,Hafeez-ur-Rehman Chaudhry,Mamonah Ambreen
Academic Research International , 2012,
Abstract: This paper focuses on kinship, family structures and social organization of Village Zandra, District Ziarat in the province of Balochistan. In this paper an attempt has been made to understand the social organization of Pashtoons (Pashto speaking people), how itis organized and how it grows. Different social activities and important aspects of social organization which include group formation, gift exchange, property matters, conflicts, and customary ways of dealing with important events of life have also been taken into the account. The village Zandra is a segmentary society divided into different lineages.Historical background of these lineages, their social stratification and interaction between the lineages has been discussed. During the last 3 decades technology has brought somesignificant changes in their kinship systems and family structures. The impact of these changes has been analyzed in light of world system theory at micro level. The data presented in this paper has been collected by using qualitative anthropological research techniques.
Reinke’s Oedema Presenting as Stridor: Implications for Otolaryngologists in Difficult Airway  [PDF]
Atta Mohyuddin, Gurpeet Sandhu
International Journal of Otolaryngology and Head & Neck Surgery (IJOHNS) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ijohns.2017.62003
Abstract: We demonstrated the importance of managing a patient who presented with stridor due to severe Reinke’s oedema. The concept of managing difficult airway has thus been introduced for the otolaryngologists according to a plan of action as described by the American Society of Anaesthesiologist’s difficult airway algorithm. Methods: A case report of interest and review of literature. PubMed search with keywords of difficult airway, stridor, awake intubation and Reinke’s oedema was used. Result: Management of an anticipated difficult airway with awake fiberoptic intubation with backup strategies of direct laryngoscopies with Eshmann stylet and awake invasive intubation is highlighted. Conclusion: This case report demonstrated a definitive strategy of securing a difficult airway with obstruction at the glottis and highlighted the role of teamwork between otolaryngologist and anaesthesiologist to secure difficult airway.
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