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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 4393 matches for " Antulio Hoyos Rivera "
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Intervención comunitaria en el dengue como una necesidad social
Hoyos Rivera,Antulio;
Revista Cubana de Salud Pública , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0864-34662011000400014
Abstract: a study on the social determinants having an impact on the dengue spread was presented. it covered the main differences in their behaviour in the various social systems, underlined the basic elements for the control of these determinants and the components of the community-wide strategy for the prevention of this disease. the political willingness of the governments and the factors involved in the development of the intersectoral action in health are the indispensable factors to carry out community intervention for the control of dengue.
Intervención comunitaria en el dengue como una necesidad social Community-wide dengue intervention as social intervention
Antulio Hoyos Rivera
Revista Cubana de Salud Pública , 2011,
Abstract: Se presenta un estudio sobre los determinantes sociales que influyen en la propagación del dengue, se exponen las principales diferencias de su comportamiento en los distintos sistemas sociales, se destacan los elementos básicos para su control y los componentes de la estrategia comunitaria para la prevención de la afección. La voluntad política de los gobiernos y los factores que intervienen en el desarrollo de la acción intersectorial de salud, son las bases indispensables para la realización de una intervención comunitaria para el control de la enfermedad. A study on the social determinants having an impact on the dengue spread was presented. It covered the main differences in their behaviour in the various social systems, underlined the basic elements for the control of these determinants and the components of the community-wide strategy for the prevention of this disease. The political willingness of the governments and the factors involved in the development of the intersectoral action in health are the indispensable factors to carry out community intervention for the control of dengue.
Actualización en aspectos epidemiológicos y clínicos del dengue
Rivera,Antulio Hoyos; Rodríguez,Antonio Pérez;
Revista Cubana de Salud Pública , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0864-34662010000100015
Abstract: dengue presently causes extensive epidemics in the americas and in other parts of the world, mainly in poor countries where there are certain conditions for its development, and also it is the cause of big economic and social damages. therefore, it is necessary to update this topic in a comprehensive way in terms of dengue distribution worldwide, the situation in the americas, its etiological agent and vector. the population growth, urbanization and deficiencies in environmental sanitation were analyzed since they are the main risk factors. the biological cycle of vector, the period of transmissibility, clinical picture and main complications were studied in depth. the aim was to contribute to better know the disease in order to reduce its incidence in the countries of this area. to this end, a literature review was made on the basis of published articles using yahoo, medline, google, searchers, by means of the key words dengue, viral genome, aedes aegyti, epidemiology, clinical aspects and reservoir.
Nivel de conocimientos sobre el dengue en San Mateo, Anzoátegui, Venezuela
Hoyos Rivera,Antulio; Pérez Rodríguez,Antonio;
Revista Cubana de Salud Pública , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0864-34662009000400015
Abstract: a study was conducted to determine the level of knowledge on dengue in san mateo, libertad municipality, anzoátegui, bolivarian republic of venezuela, from may to june, 2007. the universe was composed of 15 000 inhabitants and a sample of 535 that were selected by a simple randomized method. the children aged 5-17 that were included in the sample lived in the houses of the adults that were selected. the persons that did not want to take part in the study were used as an exclusion criterion. a survey of knowledge on dengue was done previous validation in another locality by means of a pilot study carried out in the studied sample. the questions were evaluated by points. the results were expressed in percentages and confidence intervals. a considerable number of patients proved to be deficient in the survey, which showed a great lack of knowledge on this disease. there is no information on the symptoms, mechanism of acquisition of the disease, its transmitter agent and, therefore, its prevention. most of the information on this topic is disseminated by radio.
Prevalencia de infección reciente por dengue en San Mateo, Anzoategui, Venezuela, 2007- 2008
Hoyos Rivera,Antulio; Pérez Rodríguez,Antonio;
Revista Cubana de Higiene y Epidemiolog?-a , 2012,
Abstract: background: dengue is an infection with different clinical ways of presentation and of a great significance at world scale. objective: to characterize the prevalence of the recent infection due to dengue in san mateo town. methods: universe included 15 000 inhabitants represented by a sample of 535 who were selected by a simple randomized method. a clinical and seroepidemiologic survey was applied. for prevalence estimation authors used the rate by 100 inhabitants. results: the prevalence found was of 14.95 % (95 % ci: 12.1-18.3) involving all age groups and genders. some cases with a typical clinical picture had an igm negative. conclusion: "san mateo" town is an area of dengue transmission.
Prevalencia de infección reciente por dengue en San Mateo, Anzoategui, Venezuela, 2007- 2008 Prevalence of recent dengue infection in San Mateo, Anzoategui, Venezuela, 2007-2008
Antulio Hoyos Rivera,Antonio Pérez Rodríguez
Revista Cubana de Higiene y Epidemiología , 2012,
Abstract: Antecedente: El dengue es una infección con diferentes formas clínicas de presentación, de gran importancia mundial. Objetivo: Caracterizar la prevalencia de infección reciente por dengue en la localidad de San Mateo. Métodos: El universo estuvo constituido por 15 000 habitantes representados a través de una muestra de 535, quienes fueron seleccionados por un método aleatorio simple. Se les realizó una encuesta clínica y seroepidemiológica. Para el cálculo de la prevalencia se utilizó la tasa por cada 100 habitantes. Resultados: La prevalencia encontrada fue de 14,95 % (IC: 95 %: 12,1-18,3), que afectó a todos los grupos de edades y géneros. Algunos casos con cuadro clínico típico presentaron IgM negativa. Conclusión: La localidad de San Mateo constituye un área con transmisión de dengue. Background: Dengue is an infection with different clinical ways of presentation and of a great significance at world scale. Objective: To characterize the prevalence of the recent infection due to dengue in San Mateo town. Methods: Universe included 15 000 inhabitants represented by a sample of 535 who were selected by a simple randomized method. A clinical and seroepidemiologic survey was applied. For prevalence estimation authors used the rate by 100 inhabitants. Results: The prevalence found was of 14.95 % (95 % CI: 12.1-18.3) involving all age groups and genders. Some cases with a typical clinical picture had an IgM negative. Conclusion: "San Mateo" town is an area of dengue transmission.
Actualización en aspectos epidemiológicos y clínicos del dengue Updating in the epidemiological and clinical aspects of dengue
Antulio Hoyos Rivera,Antonio Pérez Rodríguez
Revista Cubana de Salud Pública , 2010,
Abstract: El dengue en la actualidad origina grandes epidemias en Las Américas y otras partes del mundo, principalmente en países pobres donde encuentra condiciones para su desarrollo y por ende causante de grandes da os económicos y sociales, es por ello que se hace necesario una actualización integral del tema en lo referente a su distribución mundial, situación en Las Américas, agente etiológico y vector. Se analiza el crecimiento demográfico, la urbanización y las deficiencias del saneamiento ambiental como los principales factores de riesgo. Se profundiza en el ciclo biológico del vector, período de transmisibilidad, cuadro clínico y principales complicaciones. La finalidad es contribuir al mejor conocimiento de la enfermedad con el propósito de disminuir su incidencia en los países del área. Se realizó para ello una búsqueda de artículos publicados recurriendo a los buscadores de Yahoo, Medline, Google, con las palabras claves: dengue, genoma viral, Aedes aegyti, epidemiologia, aspectos clínicos y reservorio. Dengue presently causes extensive epidemics in the Americas and in other parts of the world, mainly in poor countries where there are certain conditions for its development, and also it is the cause of big economic and social damages. Therefore, it is necessary to update this topic in a comprehensive way in terms of dengue distribution worldwide, the situation in the Americas, its etiological agent and vector. The population growth, urbanization and deficiencies in environmental sanitation were analyzed since they are the main risk factors. The biological cycle of vector, the period of transmissibility, clinical picture and main complications were studied in depth. The aim was to contribute to better know the disease in order to reduce its incidence in the countries of this area. To this end, a literature review was made on the basis of published articles using Yahoo, Medline, Google, searchers, by means of the key words dengue, viral genome, Aedes aegyti, epidemiology, clinical aspects and reservoir.
Nivel de conocimientos sobre el dengue en San Mateo, Anzoátegui, Venezuela Level of knowledge on dengue in San Mateo, Anzoátegui, Venezuela
Antulio Hoyos Rivera,Antonio Pérez Rodríguez
Revista Cubana de Salud Pública , 2009,
Abstract: Se realizó un estudio para determinar el nivel de conocimientos sobre dengue, en San Mateo, municipio Libertad, Anzoátegui, Republica Bolivariana de Venezuela, en el periodo comprendido de mayo a junio de 2007. El universo lo conformaron 15 000 habitantes y una muestra de 535, que fueron seleccionados por un método aleatorio simple. Los infantes de 5 a 17 a os que se incluyeron en la muestra fueron los que residían en las casas de los adultos seleccionados. Como criterio de exclusión se tomó a las personas que no desearon participar en el estudio. Se aplicó una encuesta de conocimientos sobre el dengue previa validación en otra localidad mediante un estudio piloto a la muestra estudiada. Las preguntas fueron evaluadas por puntos. Los resultados se expresaron en porcentajes y su intervalo de confianza. Un número considerable de pacientes resultó deficiente en la encuesta aplicada demostrando el alto desconocimiento de la población sobre la enfermedad. Existe ausencia de información sobre los síntomas, mecanismo de adquisición del dengue, su agente transmisor y por ende, de su prevención. La radio es el medio de mayor divulgación sobre el tema. A study was conducted to determine the level of knowledge on dengue in San Mateo, Libertad municipality, Anzoátegui, Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, from May to June, 2007. The universe was composed of 15 000 inhabitants and a sample of 535 that were selected by a simple randomized method. The children aged 5-17 that were included in the sample lived in the houses of the adults that were selected. The persons that did not want to take part in the study were used as an exclusion criterion. A survey of knowledge on dengue was done previous validation in another locality by means of a pilot study carried out in the studied sample. The questions were evaluated by points. The results were expressed in percentages and confidence intervals. A considerable number of patients proved to be deficient in the survey, which showed a great lack of knowledge on this disease. There is no information on the symptoms, mechanism of acquisition of the disease, its transmitter agent and, therefore, its prevention. Most of the information on this topic is disseminated by radio.
Espectro clínico del dengue
Hoyos Rivera,Antulio; Pérez Rodríguez,Antonio; Hernández Meléndrez,Edelsys;
Revista Cubana de Medicina , 2012,
Abstract: introduction: the clinical picture of dengue has been classified in multiple ways, some, although current, not satisfy its clinical and epidemiological variants. objective: to achieve a serological, clinical and epidemiological classification contributing to disease control. methods: present serological-epidemiological study of the infection by dengue is based on a sample of 535 inhabitants selected by simple randomized method in san mateo, venezuela, from may, 2007 to may, 2008. as a frequency measure of study variables authors used the percentage and its confidence interval (ci). results: the 78,75 % (95 % ci; 67,9-86,8) of cases had typical symptoms and were positive to dengue in the igm study, the asymptomatic cases with a positive igm accounted for the 13,75 % (95 % ci: 7,4-23,7) of total of positives. conclusions: the asymptomatic cases with a positive igm are an indirect evidence of the vector and foci. the classification proposed declares a great number of cases when clinical spectrum of disease was expanded.
Dise?o y aplicación de una estrategia de intervención comunitaria para erradicación del dengue
Hoyos Rivera,Antulio; Hernández Meléndrez,Edelsys; Pérez Rodríguez,Antonio;
Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral , 2010,
Abstract: introduction: the community interventions are a fundamental tool to prevention and control of dengue applicable by community physician. objective: to design and to execute a community intervention. methods: sample included 15 000 inhabitants of san mateo town, libertad municipality, anzoátegui in bolivarian republic of venezuela from may, 2007 to may, 2008. intervention was carried out in three phases. the first consisted of community raising, training and organization, the second one was its implementation, and the third was of evaluation and control. results: a mixed community intervention was carried out aimed to prevention and control of this disease focusing in elimination of its risks and causes. an open methodology was designed with a pluralist and participation strategic approach present throughout the process. final considerations: the methodology used achieved to modify the habits which contributed to decrease of disease, applicable for the family physician in communities distant of large cities. its flexibility, peculiarity, immediateness, integration character, autonomy, simplicity, feasibility and reliability allow the sustenance of a program of dengue prevention and control.
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