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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 173466 matches for " Antoon De Baets "
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O impacto da Declara o Universal dos Direitos Humanos no estudo da história
Antoon De Baets
História da Historiografia , 2010,
Abstract: Talvez n o exista nenhum outro texto com mais amplo impacto sobre nossas vidas do que a Declara o Universal dos Direitos Humanos (DUDH) de 1948. é curioso, portanto, que os historiadores tenham dado t o pouca aten o à DUDH. Declaro que seu potencial impacto sobre o estudo da história é profundo. Depois de questionar se a DUDH contém uma vis o geral da história, trato das consequências da DUDH para os direitos e deveres dos historiadores e explico como ela lida com seus temas de estudo. Demonstro que a DUDH é uma fonte direta de cinco importantes direitos para os historiadores: o direito à livre express o e informa o, o de se reunir e fundar associa es, à propriedade intelectual, à liberdade acadêmica e ao silêncio. Também é uma fonte indireta de três deveres dos historiadores: o dever de produzir conhecimento especializado sobre o passado, o de disseminá-lo e o de ensiná-lo. Discuto os limites desses direitos e deveres e conflito entre eles. A DUDH também tem um impacto sobre os temas de estudo dos historiadores: argumento que a DUDH se aplica aos vivos e n o aos mortos e que, consequentemente, ela é um campo para se estudar injusti as históricas recentes ao invés de remotas. Entretanto, e embora seja ela mesma silente sobre os deveres centrais dos historiadores de encontrar e dizer a verdade, a DUDH sustenta firmemente um emergente direito imprescritível à verdade, o qual nada mais é do que um direito à história em muitos aspectos cruciais. Se a DUDH é a “Magna Carta de todos os homens em todos os lugares,” ela certamente também o é para todos os historiadores.
La création de l'image des cultures non-occidentales: l'influence du manuel d'histoire sur l'opinion en Flandre durant la période 1945-1984
A. De Baets
Afrika Focus , 1988,
Abstract: This Ph.D. study tries to answer the question "Do history textbooks have an impact on people's ideas about other cultures?", by comparing the contents of a large sample of influentialhistory textbooks and curricula (covering 1945-1984) with the results of a wide array of public opinion surveys about the Third World and immigrants (covering 1949-1987).The theoretical part reviews ethnocentrism, cultural relativism and racism as dimensions of cultural images, focuses attention on the phenomenon and mechanism of influence, andassesses the place of the textbook in the complex network of factors acting upon youngsters and adults, inside and outside the school.The methodological part discusses the value of the two sources (relevance, validity and reliability of surveys; availability and use of history textbooks; comparability of both). Universesof both sources are constructed and samples drawn from them. These samples are analysed with mutually attuned question batteries.The double empirical analysis leads to two series of conclusions and trends that are compared with each other. Five parallel trends are found in textbooks and surveys (dominantbut decreasing ethnocentrism; decreasing nationalism; absence of racism; poor awareness of other cultures; social-evolutionist thinking). They coincide in time, while, for textbooks tohave influence, trends there should precede these in the public. Four other trends only partially coincide, or diverge.In the case of still two other trends, mutual influence could be plausibly postulated.In globo, no firm evidence was found for the thesis that history textbooks autonomously influence the public. It rather is the general climate of opinion that, with years of delay, acts upon the textbook authors. The role of these authors, the immediate influences upon them (editors, curricula planners, academics, inspectors, teachers, parents and pupils), their biographies and their degree of representativeness vis-à-vis public opinion, are largely discussed.As a conclusion, the study argues that, by presenting cultural diversity more accurately, new history textbooks could become master cards in the construction of open and tolerant intercultural views and mentalities.
Aerodynamics of flue organ pipe voicing
Steenbrugge, Dirk,De Baets, Patrick
Sustainable Construction & Design , 2010,
On the equiponderate equation xa+xb+x=xc+xd+1 and a representation of weight quadruplets
Bernard de Baets,Hans de Meyer
Advances in Decision Sciences , 1998, DOI: 10.1155/s117391269800008x
Parallel evolution controlled by adaptation and covariation in ammonoid cephalopods
Claude Monnet, Kenneth De Baets, Christian Klug
BMC Evolutionary Biology , 2011, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2148-11-115
Abstract: Herein, we present a possible case of parallel evolution between two ammonoid lineages (Auguritidae and Pinacitidae) of Early-Middle Devonian age (405-395 Ma), which are extinct cephalopods with an external, chambered shell. In time and through phylogenetic order of appearance, both lineages display a morphological shift toward more involute coiling (i.e. more tightly coiled whorls), larger adult body size, more complex suture line (the folded walls separating the gas-filled buoyancy-chambers), and the development of an umbilical lid (a very peculiar extension of the lateral shell wall covering the umbilicus) in the most derived taxa. Increased involution toward shells with closed umbilicus has been demonstrated to reflect improved hydrodynamic properties of the shell and thus likely results from similar natural selection pressures. The peculiar umbilical lid might have also added to the improvement of the hydrodynamic properties of the shell. Finally, increasing complexity of suture lines likely results from covariation induced by trends of increasing adult size and whorl overlap given the morphogenetic properties of the suture.The morphological evolution of these two Devonian ammonoid lineages follows a near parallel evolutionary path for some important shell characters during several million years and through their phylogeny. Evolution of some traits (involution, umbilical lid) appears to be mainly driven by adaptation to improve the hydrodynamic properties of the shell, whereas other characters (sutural complexity) evolved due to covariation with features that play a central role in the morphogenesis of mollusc shells. This example provides evidence that parallel evolution can be driven simultaneously by different factors such as covariation (constructional constraints) and adaptation (natural selection).Independent evolution of similar biological traits in two different lineages branching off from the same ancestor defines parallel evolution [1-3]. It is a comm
Design to connect
Blueze, Tore,De Baets, Patrick,Detand, J.
Sustainable Construction & Design , 2010,
Wear investigation of wet clutch friction material
Genbrugge, Bart,De Baets, Patrick,Ost, Wouter
Sustainable Construction & Design , 2010,
Zlíchovian faunas with early ammonoids from Morocco and their use for the correlation of the eastern Anti-Atlas and the western Dra Valley
De Baets K,Klug C,Plusquellec Y
Bulletin of Geosciences , 2010, DOI: 10.3140/bull.geosci.1172
Abstract: Two sections were sampled and measured at Mdaour-El-Kb r (Dra Valley, western Anti-Atlas) and at eastern Ouidane Chebbi (Tafilalt, eastern Anti-Atlas). In situ elements of two partially limonitized and one carbonatic fauna were found in both sections. We report this fauna from the upper Merza-Akhsa Formation and the lower Mdaour-el-Kb r Formation at Mdaour-el-Kb r for the first time. Based on these faunas, we recorded a correlation of the early Emsian (Zlíchovian) strata in the Tafilalt and the Dra Valley regions, which are about 350 km apart. Additionally, new ammonoid finds (Teicherticeras cf. senior, Lenzites gesinae, Weyeroceras angustus) are figured and described including the stratigraphic context. The diagnoses of Lenzites gesinae and Weyeroceras angustus are emended. Tabulate corals (Michelinia mdaourensis sp. nov., Petridictyum sp.) found in both the Tafilalt and Dra Valley are figured and described for the first time.
The quest for rings on bipolar scales
Michel Grabisch,Bernard De Baets,Janos Fodor
Computer Science , 2008,
Abstract: We consider the interval $]{-1},1[$ and intend to endow it with an algebraic structure like a ring. The motivation lies in decision making, where scales that are symmetric w.r.t. 0 are needed in order to represent a kind of symmetry in the behaviour of the decision maker. A former proposal due to Grabisch was based on maximum and minimum. In this paper, we propose to build our structure on t-conorms and t-norms, and we relate this construction to uninorms. We show that the only way to build a group is to use strict t-norms, and that there is no way to build a ring. Lastly, we show that the main result of this paper is connected to the theory of ordered Abelian groups.
Content-Based VLE Designs Improve Learning Efficiency in Constructivist Statistics Education
Patrick Wessa, Antoon De Rycker, Ian Edward Holliday
PLOS ONE , 2011, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0025363
Abstract: Background We introduced a series of computer-supported workshops in our undergraduate statistics courses, in the hope that it would help students to gain a deeper understanding of statistical concepts. This raised questions about the appropriate design of the Virtual Learning Environment (VLE) in which such an approach had to be implemented. Therefore, we investigated two competing software design models for VLEs. In the first system, all learning features were a function of the classical VLE. The second system was designed from the perspective that learning features should be a function of the course's core content (statistical analyses), which required us to develop a specific–purpose Statistical Learning Environment (SLE) based on Reproducible Computing and newly developed Peer Review (PR) technology. Objectives The main research question is whether the second VLE design improved learning efficiency as compared to the standard type of VLE design that is commonly used in education. As a secondary objective we provide empirical evidence about the usefulness of PR as a constructivist learning activity which supports non-rote learning. Finally, this paper illustrates that it is possible to introduce a constructivist learning approach in large student populations, based on adequately designed educational technology, without subsuming educational content to technological convenience. Methods Both VLE systems were tested within a two-year quasi-experiment based on a Reliable Nonequivalent Group Design. This approach allowed us to draw valid conclusions about the treatment effect of the changed VLE design, even though the systems were implemented in successive years. The methodological aspects about the experiment's internal validity are explained extensively. Results The effect of the design change is shown to have substantially increased the efficiency of constructivist, computer-assisted learning activities for all cohorts of the student population under investigation. The findings demonstrate that a content–based design outperforms the traditional VLE–based design.
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