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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 224215 matches for " Antonio Fuentes Díaz "
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El Estado y la furia
Antonio Fuentes Díaz
El Cotidiano , 2005,
Abstract: Este trabajo plantea que los fenómenos de justicia por propia mano debe entenderse como respuestas fragmentadas que sectores sociales desfavorecidos se dan como formas de ordenamiento a los dislocamientos sociales producidos por la crisis del Estado proteccionista y la emergencia del capitalismo neoliberal. Dichas respuestas evidencian la crisis de lo público y dibujan uno de los escenarios de inicio de siglo en México y la región.
La olfacción: otro componente importante del examen físico
Montano Díaz,Marco Antonio; Sánchez Fuentes,Aldo Luís; Portal Miranda,José ángel;
Revista de Ciencias M??dicas de Pinar del R?-o , 2006,
Abstract: a study where available medical literature is revised and personal experience of the authors about the usefulness of olfaction is taken in order to carry out a proper clinical diagnosis, as well as the technical possibilities in present days to detect and measure several substances that emanate from the human body. the objectives proposed are: the promotion of the idea to include an organized and systematic teaching of olfaction as an important component of physical examination in patients, and to encourage the technologists to produce and develop instruments with this purpose. medical literature and daily practice show the abundant and useful information that a proper olfaction offers. criteria about olfaction that some classics of medicine explained and young specialists of current times set out are taken into account, concluding that olfaction must be included together with inspection, palpation, percussion and auscultation as another element of physical examination, that it should be taught systematically in our medical schools, and to analyze the advantage to create a technology which allows to detect volatile substances in breath and other human emanations. it is not about the utilization of odors with therapeutic purposes or any other type which is not diagnostic.
?Es la raza un criterio útil en la práctica médica?
Martínez Fuentes,Antonio Julián; Fernández Díaz,Ivonne Elena;
Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral , 2006,
Abstract: racial classifications are frequently used to explain the health profiles of human groups. “race” has been associated with diverse diseases and it is started from the criterion that there is a “racial cause” in the susceptibility to many of them. the advances achieved in the study of the human genoma have led scientists from many countries to work very hard in the search of the gene or genes that within each race are the cause of specific diseases, minimizing ocassionally the environmental influences. what we usually call race is a social construction reflecting the imbrication of aspects of biology of human groups, the particular historical conditions and the economic, political, social and cultural factors. it is more accurate and useful to analyze the variations in the propensity to certain diseases existing among the human groups in terms of variations in the frequencies of their genes and in their relation to environmental, social, economic and cultural factors than starting from the inaccurate and obsolete biological “race” concept, which interferes with the objective study of some diseases and does not function as an efficient criterion in biomedical research.
Ancianos y salud
Martínez Fuentes,Antonio Julián; Fernández Díaz,Ivonne Elena;
Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral , 2008,
Abstract: the increase of longevity and the fall of fecundity and natality lead to the inversion of the population pyramid. the rise of the figure of elderlies requires ever greater attentions for which more socio-sanitary means and resources are needed. this situation makes us begin to doubt about the quality of life linked with the increase of older adults in our populations. to attain a satisfactory longevity, it is necessary to guarantee a healthy aging and adequate life styles, the maintenance of the functional reserves, the prevention of diseases and disabilities and a more friendly society to the aged people.
Ancianos y salud Elderlies and health
Antonio Julián Martínez Fuentes,Ivonne Elena Fernández Díaz
Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral , 2008,
Abstract: La situación de aumento de la longevidad y la caída de la fecundidad y natalidad conlleva a la inversión de la pirámide poblacional. El incremento de ancianos requiere de atenciones cada vez mayores, por lo que faltan medios y recursos socio-sanitarios, situación esta que hace comenzar a dudar sobre la calidad de vida relacionada con el aumento de los adultos mayores en nuestras poblaciones. Para alcanzar una longevidad satisfactoria debe lograrse un envejecimiento saludable, estilos de vida satisfactorios, mantenimiento de las reservas funcionales, prevención de enfermedades y discapacidades, y una sociedad más amigable con las personas de edad. The increase of longevity and the fall of fecundity and natality lead to the inversion of the population pyramid. The rise of the figure of elderlies requires ever greater attentions for which more socio-sanitary means and resources are needed. This situation makes us begin to doubt about the quality of life linked with the increase of older adults in our populations. To attain a satisfactory longevity, it is necessary to guarantee a healthy aging and adequate life styles, the maintenance of the functional reserves, the prevention of diseases and disabilities and a more friendly society to the aged people.
Es la raza un criterio útil en la práctica médica? Is race an useful criterion in medical practice?
Antonio Julián Martínez Fuentes,Ivonne Elena Fernández Díaz
Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral , 2006,
Abstract: Las clasificaciones raciales son usadas muy frecuentemente para explicar los perfiles de salud de los grupos humanos. La "raza" ha sido asociada con diversas enfermedades, y se parte del criterio que existe una “causa racial" en la susceptibilidad a muchas de ellas. Los avances en el estudio del genoma humano han motivado que científicos de muchos países trabajen afanosamente en la búsqueda del gen o los genes que dentro de cada raza son la causa de determinadas enfermedades, minimizándose en no pocas ocasiones las influencias ambientales. Lo que habitualmente llamamos raza es una construcción social que refleja la imbricación de aspectos de la biología de los grupos humanos, las condiciones históricas particulares y factores económicos, políticos, sociales y culturales. Es más preciso y útil analizar las variaciones en la propensión a determinadas enfermedades existentes entre los grupos humanos en términos de variaciones en las frecuencias de sus genes y en su relación con los factores medio-ambientales, sociales, económicos y culturales, que a partir del impreciso y obsoleto concepto biológico de “raza”, el cual interfiere con el estudio objetivo de ciertas enfermedades y no funciona como un criterio eficiente en la investigación biomédica. Racial classifications are frequently used to explain the health profiles of human groups. “Race” has been associated with diverse diseases and it is started from the criterion that there is a “racial cause” in the susceptibility to many of them. The advances achieved in the study of the human genoma have led scientists from many countries to work very hard in the search of the gene or genes that within each race are the cause of specific diseases, minimizing ocassionally the environmental influences. What we usually call race is a social construction reflecting the imbrication of aspects of biology of human groups, the particular historical conditions and the economic, political, social and cultural factors. It is more accurate and useful to analyze the variations in the propensity to certain diseases existing among the human groups in terms of variations in the frequencies of their genes and in their relation to environmental, social, economic and cultural factors than starting from the inaccurate and obsolete biological “race” concept, which interferes with the objective study of some diseases and does not function as an efficient criterion in biomedical research.
La olfacción: otro componente importante del examen físico Olfaction: another important component of physical examination
Marco Antonio Montano Díaz,Aldo Luís Sánchez Fuentes,José ángel Portal Miranda
Revista de Ciencias M??dicas de Pinar del R?-o , 2006,
Abstract: Se presenta un trabajo donde se revisa la literatura disponible, y se aporta la experiencia personal de los autores sobre la utilidad de la olfacción para realizar un correcto diagnóstico clínico, así como las posibilidades técnicas con que contamos hoy para detectar y medir diversas substancias emanadas del cuerpo humano. Los objetivos propuestos son: cómo promover la idea de incluir la ense anza organizada y sistemática de la olfacción como un componente importante del examen físico del paciente, y motivar a los tecnólogos para que produzcan y desarrollen instrumentos con los fines expresados. La literatura y la práctica diaria demuestran la abundante y útil información que brinda la olfacción bien realizada. Se expone lo referido sobre la olfacción por varios clásicos de la medicina y por jóvenes especialistas de nuestro tiempo y se concluye que la olfacción debe incluirse junto con la inspección, palpación, percusión y auscultación como otro elemento del examen físico que debe ser ense ado sistemáticamente en nuestras universidades, así como la conveniencia de desarrollar una tecnología que permita detectar substancias volátiles en el aliento y otras emanaciones humanas. No se trata aquí de la utilidad de los olores con fines terapéuticos o de otro tipo que no sea diagnóstico. A study where available medical literature is revised and personal experience of the authors about the usefulness of olfaction is taken in order to carry out a proper clinical diagnosis, as well as the technical possibilities in present days to detect and measure several substances that emanate from the human body. The objectives proposed are: the promotion of the idea to include an organized and systematic teaching of olfaction as an important component of physical examination in patients, and to encourage the technologists to produce and develop instruments with this purpose. Medical literature and daily practice show the abundant and useful information that a proper olfaction offers. Criteria about olfaction that some classics of Medicine explained and young specialists of current times set out are taken into account, concluding that olfaction must be included together with inspection, palpation, percussion and auscultation as another element of physical examination, that it should be taught systematically in our medical schools, and to analyze the advantage to create a technology which allows to detect volatile substances in breath and other human emanations. It is not about the utilization of odors with therapeutic purposes or any other type which is not diagnostic.
Vía aérea en el paciente con paladar hendido: presentación de un caso
Colmenares Sancho,Francisco; Pozo Romero,José Antonio; Paneque Pocio,Maria Elena; Fuentes Díaz,Zaily; Rodríguez Salazar,Orlando;
Revista Archivo M??dico de Camag??ey , 2011,
Abstract: background: cleft palate is a congenital defect of structures that form the palatal vault, and it is characterized by an aperture or opening in the upper palate. objective: to describe the handling of the airway in a patient with cleft palate. clinical case: a case of a patient with type iv cleft palate of 45 year-old was presented, with diagnosis of sigmoid tumor, who was approached the airway for elective surgical treatment at the teaching hospital manuel ascunce domenech.
Menarquía y ciclo menstrual en estudiantes internas y externas de Ciudad de La Habana Menarche and menstrual cycle of female boarders and day students in the City of Havana
Vanessa Vázquez Sánchez,Antonio Julián Martínez Fuentes,María Elena Díaz Sánchez
Revista Cubana de Salud Pública , 2005,
Abstract: Se efectuó un estudio longitudinal mediante dos encuestas personalizadas, una al inicio del curso escolar 2002-2003 y otra al finalizar este, en una muestra de doscientas estudiantes, residentes en Ciudad de La Habana, con edades entre quince y veintiún a os (cien internas de la Escuela de Trabajadores Sociales de Cojímar y cien externas del Instituto Politécnico "Sierra Cojímar"). El objetivo del trabajo fue comparar la media de la edad de la menarquía y las características del ciclo menstrual tomando en consideración el régimen de vida (interno-externo). Predominaron las muchachas con inicio temprano de las menstruaciones. Aunque no existieron diferencias significativas, las internas tuvieron mayor media de edad de la menarquía y el porcentaje superior que comenzó a menstruar tardíamente. En ambos grupos el intervalo menstrual osciló alrededor de 28 días y la duración del sangramiento entre 3 y 5 días. La mayor prevalencia de cambios y trastornos en el patrón menstrual se registró en las estudiantes en régimen interno. Las alteraciones más frecuentes fueron las irregularidades menstruales y la amenorrea A longitudinal study was conducted using two personalized surveys administered to 200 female students at the beginning and at the end of the academic year 2002-2003. These students, aged 15-21 years, lived in the City of Havana (100 were boarders at School of Social Workers in Cojímar y 100 were day students from "Sierra Cojímar" Polytechnics. The objective of the present study was to compare mean age at menarche and the characteristics of the menstrual cycle between both groups. The results revealed that girls with early onset of menstruation predominated. Although there were no significant differences, the boarders showed higher mean age at menarche and the highest percentage of late onset of menstruation. In both groups, menses occurred at intervals of about 28 days and blood discharge lasted 3 to 5 days. The highest prevalence of changes and disorders in the menstrual pattern was found in the boarders. The most frequent menstrual impairments were menstrual disorders and amenorrhea
Evaluación nutricional antropométrica en ancianos. Comportamiento en la hipertensión arterial
Fernández Díaz,Ivonne Elena; Martínez Fuentes,Antonio Julián; García Bertrand,Francisco; Díaz Sánchez,María Elena; Xiqués Martín,Xonia;
Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral , 2004,
Abstract: a descriptive cross-sectional research was carried out in a sample of the population aged 60-79 of both sexes in the health area of "van troi" teaching polyclinic from september 2002 to june 2003. the objectives of this paper were to determine their nutritional state by using anthropometric variables, such as estimated body mass index, waist-hip index and body fat percentage, making a distinction between sexes and age groups, and to find out the nutritional state in the presence of arterial hypertension. to obtain data and measurements, a personal interview was made and the family and individual medical histories were used. the results showed that the evaluation of the nutritional state by estimated body mass index prevailed in the male hypertensive with normal or acceptable weight and in the overweight female hypertensive. the estimation of the body fat percentage evidenced the predominance of obesity in both sexes in arterial hypertension. the distribution of fat in male hypertensive patients is lower, whereas among the hypertensive females it is higher. in spite of the fact that variations were observed with age, there were only statistically significant differences in fat distribution in the female hypertensive according to the waist-hip index.
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