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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 229987 matches for " Antonio Castillo Guzmán "
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Economic crisis and health services response in Cuba.
Antonio Castillo Guzmán
Revista Cubana de Cardiología y Cirugía Cardiovascular , 2012,
Abstract:
Breve Historia de la Sociedad Cubana de Cardiología: 1937-2007
Hernández Ca?ero,Alberto; Castillo Guzmán,Antonio; Castillo Guzmán,Antonio; Pijuán Pérez,Marilin;
Revista Cubana de Investigaciones Biom??dicas , 2008,
Abstract: during its years of existence, cuban society of cardiology has fulfilled those functions for which it was created and estabalished in rules of scientific societes as non-govermment organizations. during pre-revolutionay stage, its functions were beyond the organization and promotion of scientific meetings and activities, since it was very concerned about the existence of a cardiologic care of a proper quality trying to creates officially the specialty of cardiology. it was also concerned about the cardiologic scientific research through its management in creation of national institute of cardiology as well as of some social features of specialty in our country identifying and traying to solve the problem related to the poor patients presenting with cardiac disturbances. as long as in 1962, officially specialty of cardiology was created, and it, linked with development of instituye of cardiology and cardiovascular surgery in 1966, allows the creation of a national cardiology network with free services. thus, also were created services of cardiology in 14 provincial hospitals and some in municipalities as well as en teaching hospitals in santiago de cuba, santa clara, and havana city in "hermanos ameijeiras" surgical and clinical hoslital and in cimeq, as well as a children cardiology center in "william soler" hospital
Breve Historia de la Sociedad Cubana de Cardiología: 1937-2007 A brief history of Cuban Society of Cardiology: 1937-2007
Alberto Hernández Ca?ero,Antonio Castillo Guzmán,Antonio Castillo Guzmán,Marilin Pijuán Pérez
Revista Cubana de Investigaciones Biom??dicas , 2008,
Abstract: En sus 70 a os de existencia la Sociedad Cubana de Cardiología ha cumplido las funciones para lo que fue creada y establecidas en los reglamentos de las Sociedades Científicas como Organizaciones no Gubernamentales. En la etapa prerrevolucionaria sus funciones fueron más allá de la organización y promoción de las reuniones y actividades científicas pues se preocupó por la existencia de una asistencia cardiológica de calidad adecuada tratando de que se creara oficialmente la especialidad de cardiología. Se preocupó además por la investigación científica cardiológico a través de sus gestiones por la creación del Instituto Nacional de Cardiología así como de algunos aspectos sociales de la especialidad en nuestro país al identificar y tratar de solucionar el problema del cardiaco pobre. Ya en 1962, se creó oficialmente la Especialidad de Cardiología y esto unido a la creación del Instituto de Cardiología y Cirugía Cardiovascular en 1966 permitió la formación de una red cardiológica nacional de carácter gratuito. Así se crearon servicios de cardiología en los 14 hospitales provinciales y algunos municipales así como en los hospitales docentes de ciudad de La Habana. La actividad de cirugía cardiovascular se promovió igualmente a través de la creación de Cardiocentros en Santiago de Cuba, Santa Clara y en ciudad de La Habana en los hospitales Hermanos Ameijeiras y CIMEQ. Así como un Cardiocentro Pediátrico en el hospital William Soler During its years of existence, Cuban Society of Cardiology has fulfilled those functions for which it was created and estabalished in rules of Scientific Societes as non-govermment organizations. During pre-revolutionay stage, its functions were beyond the organization and promotion of scientific meetings and activities, since it was very concerned about the existence of a cardiologic care of a proper quality trying to creates officially the specialty of Cardiology. It was also concerned about the cardiologic scientific research through its management in creation of National Institute of Cardiology as well as of some social features of specialty in our country identifying and traying to solve the problem related to the poor patients presenting with cardiac disturbances. As long as in 1962, officially Specialty of Cardiology was created, and it, linked with development of Instituye of Cardiology and Cardiovascular Surgery in 1966, allows the creation of a national cardiology network with free services. Thus, also were created services of cardiology in 14 provincial hospitals and some in municipalities as well as en Teaching Hosp
Las luchas por otras educaciones en el bicentenario: de la iglesia-docente a las educaciones étnicas
Castillo Guzmán,Elizabeth; Caicedo Ortiz,José Antonio;
Nómadas , 2010,
Abstract: given that education has becoming the institution which educates and disciplines cultures, controlling it has been the objective of complex confrontations. we intend here to analyze the process followed from the religion-educator to the struggle to get other educations. in this line, indigenous and afro-descendants have promoted ethno-education, understood as the fight for recognition, memory, and identity in the education field. this is a main issue in the contemporary debate with respect to our nature of multicultural nation and its educational project regarding the ethnic alterity, in which schooling may serve as a means towards the dignification and empowerment of indigenous and afro-descendants.
Experiencia cubana en la organización de los servicios de salud, una alternativa ante la privatización: an alternative to face privatization
Arocha Mari?o,Carmen; Castillo Guzmán,Antonio;
Revista Cubana de Salud Pública , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0864-34662007000100016
Abstract: the result of the present research work is intended to strenghten the national identity in the healthcare field, since it provides a document showing the organizational trends of the healthcare system in cuba under the aegis of the state. its objectives were to identify relevant moments of the national organization process of state-run health services in two different development stages of the cuban public healthcare. the historical method, the information taken from literature, the comparison of theoretical and informative documents as well as consultations and interviews with experts were used. it was confirmed that in the first years of the republic and of the socialist revolutionary period, organization processes for the centralization of health services occured. the first stage elapsed in the 19 th century, with the creation of national centralized bodies and institutions without expropriation, being this process reinforced with the foundation of the national school of hygienists at the beginning of the 20 th century. the second phase covered a nationalization process to integrate all the health institutions to the state-run sector. although the ways and means were different in both stages, that is, centralization in the former and unification based on nationalization in the latter, the two process encouraged the development of the cuban publich healthcare, which means that there are indeed more rational organizational alternatives for health services than the privatization options.
Experiencia cubana en la organización de los servicios de salud, una alternativa ante la privatización Cuban experience in health service organization - an alternative to face privatization
Carmen Arocha Mari?o,Antonio Castillo Guzmán
Revista Cubana de Salud Pública , 2007,
Abstract: Con el resultado de la presente investigación se pretende contribuir a fortalecer la identidad nacional en el campo de la salud pública, al ofrecer un documento que muestra la tendencia organizativa del sistema de salud en Cuba bajo la égida del Estado. Los objetivos esenciales son identificar momentos relevantes del proceso de organización nacional de los servicios estatales de salud en dos etapas de desarrollo de la salud pública cubana. Se utilizó el método histórico y consultas y entrevistas a especialistas. Se demostró que en los a os iniciales de la República y del período revolucionario socialista, se realizaron procesos organizativos en la salud pública que se caracterizaron por la centralización de los servicios de salud . La primera etapa se gestó en el siglo XIX y se caracterizó por la creación de organismos o instituciones nacionales centralizados y sin expropiación y se reforzó con la creación de la Escuela Cubana de Higienistas de principios del siglo XX y en la segunda, se desarrolló un proceso de nacionalización para integrar todas las instituciones de salud al sector estatal. Aunque las vías utilizadas en ambas etapas fueron diferentes, centralización y unificación a partir de nacionalización, respectivamente, los dos procesos favorecieron el desarrollo de la salud pública cubana, lo que quiere decir que existen alternativas de organización de los servicios de salud más racionales que la privatización The result of the present research work is intended to strenghten the national identity in the healthcare field, since it provides a document showing the organizational trends of the healthcare system in Cuba under the aegis of the State. Its objectives were to identify relevant moments of the national organization process of state-run health services in two different development stages of the Cuban public healthcare. The historical method, the information taken from literature, the comparison of theoretical and informative documents as well as consultations and interviews with experts were used. It was confirmed that in the first years of the Republic and of the socialist revolutionary period, organization processes for the centralization of health services occured. The first stage elapsed in the 19 th century, with the creation of national centralized bodies and institutions without expropriation, being this process reinforced with the foundation of the National School of Hygienists at the beginning of the 20 th century. The second phase covered a nationalization process to integrate all the health institutions to the state-run sector. A
El estado de salud de la población cubana en el período revolucionario
Antonio Castillo Guzmán,Carmen Arocha Mari?o
Revista Cubana de Salud Pública , 2000,
Abstract: El presente trabajo describe en forma sintetizada la evolución del estado de salud de la población cubana en el período revolucionario. Se destacan las transformaciones ocurridas durante los últimos a os. Se exponen algunos indicadores demográficos y de morbimortalidad que demuestran cómo en Cuba se ha modificado el cuadro epidemiológico en esta etapa, al pasar de un patrón de enfermedades infecciosas a crónicas no transmisibles producto de las acciones sanitarias que ha desarrollado el Ministerio de Salud Pública y a los cambios ocurridos en la estructura de la población del país. A synthesized description of the evolution of the health status of the Cuban population during the revolutionary period is made in this paper. The transformations occurred in the last years are stressed. Some demographic and morbimortality indicators showing that in Cuba the epidemiological situation has changed on going from a pattern of infectious diseases to one of noncommunicable chronic disesases as a result of the health actions developed by the Ministry of Public Health and of the changes that have taken place in the structure of the population of the country are also included.
La calidad de vida en salud en el período revolucionario
Antonio Castillo Guzmán,Carmen Arocha Mari?o
Revista Cubana de Salud Pública , 2001,
Abstract: Se describe en forma sintetizada el desarrollo cualicuantitativo que ha tenido la salud pública cubana durante el período revolucionario (1959-1997) al mostrar algunos indicadores como la tasa de mortalidad infantil, la esperanza de vida al nacer y el nivel inmunitario entre otros. Además, hace referencia sobre el resultado de varias investigaciones que se han realizado sobre la calidad de vida en pacientes afectados con enfermedades crónicas como las enfermedades oftalmológicas; los hemodialisados por insuficiencia renal crónica y los ni os con tumores malignos, donde se aprecia que a pesar de todo el trabajo emprendido para lograr un mejoramiento en la salud de la población, aún queda una brecha importante que requiere grandes esfuerzos para que se logre dar una calidad de vida en cuanto a la salud a una población como la de Cuba que por el proceso de envejecimiento y por su desarrollo sanitario, tiene un predominio marcado en su cuadro epidemiológico de las enfermedades crónicas no trasmisibles. The qualitative and quantitative development of the Cuban health care system during the revolutionary period (1959-1997) is described in a summarized way by showing some indicators such as infant mortality rate, life expectancy at birth and immune levels, among others. Also reference is made to the results of a number of research works that have been conducted in the quality of life of patients affected by chronic diseases like ophthalmologic ones, hemodialized patients suffering chronic renal failure and children with malignant tumors. It is observed that in spite of the work undertaken to achieve an improvement of the population′s health, there is still a significant gap so a lot of efforts are required to provide an adequate quality of life in health to the Cuban population that due to the aging process and their health development attained had a marked predominance of non-communicable chronic diseases.
Indigenas y afrodescendientes en la universidad colombiana: nuevos sujetos, viejas estructuras
José Antonio Caicedo Ortiz,Elizabeth Castillo Guzmán
Cuadernos Interculturales , 2008,
Abstract: El reconocimiento de los grupos étnicos en Colombia ha significado un logro importante en materia de derechos para el país. Sin embargo en el plano de las políticas educativas, este mismo reconocimiento ha hecho más evidente los graves problemas de inequidad, exclusión y discriminación de nuestro sistema escolar. Nos interesa en este trabajo analizar algunos aspectos históricos, políticos e institucionales comprometidos en el fenómeno del ingreso de estudiantes indígenas y afrocolombianos a la educación superior, para poder problematizar la manera como la universidad colombiana ha enfrentado los retos de esta multiculturalidad.
Algunos aspectos relacionados con la Bioética y la Deontología Médica Some aspects related to bioethics and medical deontology
Ivette Castillo Arocha,Antonio Castillo Guzmán,Carmen Arocha Mari?o
Revista Cubana de Investigaciones Biom??dicas , 2012,
Abstract: Con la aparición del hombre sobre la Tierra, un nuevo orden se impuso sobre el mundo, con una fuerza tal capaz de modificar todo lo existente, incluyéndose así mismo. El hombre adapta las condiciones naturales a sus necesidades e intereses y supera, de este modo, la dependencia de ellas. La vida en sociedad con otros hombres garantiza su supervivencia, y a partir de las observaciones realizadas del mundo que le rodea, elabora su cosmovisión y una filosofía explicativa sobre sí mismo y sobre la naturaleza. La convivencia con sus semejantes dio lugar a normas de conducta que determinaron las obligaciones de unos para con los otros; es así que surge la moral como un sistema de reglas relacionadas con las costumbres. When man first appeared on Earth, a new order was imposed upon the world, with a power capable of modifying all things therein, including himself. Man adapts natural conditions to his needs and interests, thus overcoming his dependence upon them. Life in society with other men ensures his survival. Based on observations of the world around him, man develops his own outlook on reality and an explanatory philosophy of himself and nature. Social living gave rise to standards of conduct determining the obligations of men to one another, which in turn led to the emergence of morals as a system of rules related to customs.
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