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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 32275 matches for " Antonio Badolato "
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Background-free quantum frequency conversion of single photons from a semiconductor quantum dot
Serkan Ates,Imad Agha,Antonio Badolato,Kartik Srinivasan
Physics , 2012,
Abstract: We demonstrate background-free quantum frequency conversion of single photons from an epitaxially-grown InAs quantum dot. Single photons at \approx 980 nm are combined with a pump laser near 1550 nm inside a periodically-poled lithium niobate (PPLN) waveguide, generating single photons at \approx 600 nm. The large red-detuning between the pump and signal wavelengths ensures nearly background-free conversion, avoiding processes such as upconversion of anti-Stokes Raman scattered pump photons in the PPLN crystal. Second-order correlation measurements on the single photon stream are performed both before and after conversion, confirming the preservation of photon statistics during the frequency conversion process.
Quantum dot spectroscopy using cavity QED
Martin Winger,Antonio Badolato,Kevin Hennessy,Evelyn Hu,Atac Imamoglu
Physics , 2008, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.101.226808
Abstract: Cavity quantum electrodynamics has attracted substantial interest, both due to its potential role in the field of quantum information processing and as a testbed for basic experiments in quantum mechanics. Here, we show how cavity quantum electrodynamics using a tunable photonic crystal nanocavity in the strong coupling regime can be used for single quantum dot spectroscopy. From the distinctive avoided crossings observed in the strongly coupled system we can identify the neutral and single positively charged exciton as well as the biexciton transitions. Moreover we are able to investigate the fine structure of those transitions and to identify a novel cavity mediated mixing of bright and dark exciton states, where the hyperfine interactions with lattice nuclei presumably play a key role. These results are enabled by a deterministic coupling scheme which allowed us to achieve unprecedented coupling strengths in excess of 0.15 meV.
Nanoscale optical positioning of single quantum dots for bright and pure single-photon emission
Luca Sapienza,Marcelo Davanco,Antonio Badolato,Kartik Srinivasan
Physics , 2015, DOI: 10.1038/ncomms8833
Abstract: Self-assembled, epitaxially-grown InAs/GaAs quantum dots are promising semiconductor quantum emitters that can be integrated on a chip for a variety of photonic quantum information science applications. However, self-assembled growth results in an essentially random in-plane spatial distribution of quantum dots, presenting a challenge in creating devices that exploit the strong interaction of single quantum dots with highly confined optical modes. Here, we present a photoluminescence imaging approach for locating single quantum dots with respect to alignment features with an average position uncertainty < 30 nm (< 10 nm when using a solid immersion lens), which represents an enabling technology for the creation of optimized single quantum dot devices. To that end, we create quantum dot single-photon sources, based on a circular Bragg grating geometry, that simultaneously exhibit high collection efficiency (48 % +/- 5 % into a 0.4 numerical aperture lens, close to the theoretically predicted value of 50 %), low multiphoton probability (g(2)(0) <1 %), and a significant Purcell enhancement factor (~ 3).
Observation of Faraday rotation from a single confined spin
Mete Atature,Jan Dreiser,Antonio Badolato,Atac Imamoglu
Physics , 2006, DOI: 10.1038/nphys521
Abstract: Ability to read-out the state of a single confined spin lies at the heart of solid-state quantum information processing. While all-optical spin measurements using Faraday rotation has been successfully implemented in ensembles of semiconductor spins, read-out of a single semiconductor spin has only been achieved using transport measurements based on spin-charge conversion. Here, we demonstrate an all-optical dispersive measurement of the spin-state of a single electron trapped in a semiconductor quantum dot. We obtain information on the spin state through conditional Faraday rotation of a spectrally detuned optical field, induced by the polarization- and spin-selective trion (charged quantum dot) transitions. To assess the sensitivity of the technique, we use an independent resonant laser for spin-state preparation. An all-optical dispersive measurement on single spins has the important advantage of channeling the measurement back-action onto a conjugate observable, thereby allowing for repetitive or continuous quantum nondemolition (QND) read-out of the spin-state. We infer from our results that there are of order unity back-action induced spin-flip Raman scattering events within our measurement timescale. Therefore, straightforward improvements such as the use of a solid-immersion lens and higher efficiency detectors would allow for back-action evading spin measurements, without the need for a cavity.
Bright single photon emission from a quantum dot in a circular Bragg grating microcavity
Serkan Ates,Luca Sapienza,Marcelo Davanco,Antonio Badolato,Kartik Srinivasan
Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.1109/JSTQE.2012.2193877
Abstract: Bright single photon emission from single quantum dots in suspended circular Bragg grating microcavities is demonstrated. This geometry has been designed to achieve efficient (> 50 %) single photon extraction into a near-Gaussian shaped far-field pattern, modest (~10x) Purcell enhancement of the radiative rate, and a spectral bandwidth of a few nanometers. Measurements of fabricated devices show progress towards these goals, with collection efficiencies as high as ~10% demonstrated with moderate spectral bandwidth and rate enhancement. Photon correlation measurements are performed under above-bandgap excitation (pump wavelength = 780 nm to 820 nm) and confirm the single photon character of the collected emission. While the measured sources are all antibunched and dominantly composed of single photons, the multi-photon probability varies significantly. Devices exhibiting tradeoffs between collection efficiency, Purcell enhancement, and multi-photon probability are explored and the results are interpreted with the help of finite-difference time-domain simulations. Below-bandgap excitation resonant with higher states of the quantum dot and/or cavity (pump wavelength = 860 nm to 900 nm) shows a near-complete suppression of multi-photon events and may circumvent some of the aforementioned tradeoffs.
Strong Electron-Hole Exchange in Coherently Coupled Quantum Dots
Stefan Falt,Mete Atature,Hakan E. Tureci,Yong Zhao,Antonio Badolato,Atac Imamoglu
Physics , 2007, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.100.106401
Abstract: We have investigated few-body states in vertically stacked quantum dots. Due to small inter-dot tunneling rate, the coupling in our system is in a previously unexplored regime where electron-hole exchange is the dominant spin interaction. By tuning the gate bias, we are able to turn this coupling off and study a complementary regime where total electron spin is a good quantum number. The use of differential transmission allows us to obtain unambiguous signatures of the interplay between electron and hole spin interactions. Small tunnel coupling also enables us to demonstrate all-optical charge sensing, where conditional exciton energy shift in one dot identifies the charging state of the coupled partner.
Optical investigations of quantum-dot spin dynamics
Jan Dreiser,Mete Atature,Christophe Galland,Tina Muller,Antonio Badolato,Atac Imamoglu
Physics , 2007,
Abstract: We have performed all-optical measurements of spin relaxation in single self-assembled InAs/GaAs quantum dots (QD) as a function of static external electric and magnetic fields. To study QD spin dynamics we measure the degree of resonant absorption which results from a competition between optical spin pumping induced by the resonant laser field and spin relaxation induced by reservoirs. Fundamental interactions that determine spin dynamics in QDs are hyperfine coupling to QD nuclear spin ensembles, spin-phonon coupling and exchange-type interactions with a nearby Fermi sea of electrons. We show that the strength of spin relaxation generated by the three fundamental interactions can be changed by up to five orders of magnitude upon varying the applied electric and magnetic fields. We find that the strength of optical spin pumping that we use to study the spin relaxation is determined predominantly by hyperfine-induced mixing of single-electron spin states at low magnetic fields and heavy-light hole mixing at high magnetic fields. Our measurements allow us to determine the rms value of the hyperfine (Overhauser) field to be ~15 mTesla with an electron g-factor of g_e=0.6 and a hole mixing strength of |epsilon|^2 = 0.0005.
Strongly correlated photons on a chip
Andreas Reinhard,Thomas Volz,Martin Winger,Antonio Badolato,Kevin J. Hennessy,Evelyn L. Hu,Atac Imamoglu
Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.1038/nphoton.2011.321
Abstract: Optical non-linearities at the single-photon level are key ingredients for future photonic quantum technologies. Prime candidates for the realization of strong photon-photon interactions necessary for implementing quantum information processing tasks as well as for studying strongly correlated photons in an integrated photonic device setting are quantum dots embedded in photonic crystal nanocavities. Here, we report strong quantum correlations between photons on picosecond timescales. We observe (a) photon antibunching upon resonant excitation of the lowest-energy polariton state, proving that the first cavity photon blocks the subsequent injection events, and (b) photon bunching when the laser field is in two-photon resonance with the polariton eigenstates of the second Jaynes-Cummings manifold, demonstrating that two photons at this color are more likely to be injected into the cavity jointly, than they would otherwise. Together,these results demonstrate unprecedented strong single-photon non-linearities, paving the way for realizing a single-photon transistor or a quantum optical Josephson interferometer.
Ultrafast all-optical switching by single photons
Thomas Volz,Andreas Reinhard,Martin Winger,Antonio Badolato,Kevin J. Hennessy,Evelyn L. Hu,Atac Imamoglu
Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.1038/nphoton.2012.181
Abstract: An outstanding goal in quantum optics is the realization of fast optical non-linearities at the single-photon level. Such non-linearities would allow for the realization of optical devices with new functionalities such as a single-photon switch/transistor or a controlled-phase gate, which could form the basis of future quantum optical technologies. While non-linear optics effects at the single-emitter level have been demonstrated in different systems, including atoms coupled to Fabry-Perot or toroidal micro-cavities, super-conducting qubits in strip-line resonators or quantum dots (QDs) in nano-cavities, none of these experiments so far has demonstrated single-photon switching on ultrafast timescales. Here, we demonstrate that in a strongly coupled QD-cavity system the presence of a single photon on one of the fundamental polariton transitions can turn on light scattering on a transition from the first to the second Jaynes-Cummings manifold with a switching time of 20 ps. As an additional device application, we use this non-linearity to implement a single-photon pulse-correlator. Our QD-cavity system could form the building-block of future high-bandwidth photonic networks operating in the quantum regime.
Evidence of two-electron tunneling interference in Nb/InAs junctions
Antonio Badolato,Francesco Giazotto,Marco Lazzarino,Pasqualantonio Pingue,Fabio Beltram,Carlo Lucheroni,Rosario Fazio
Physics , 2000, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.62.9831
Abstract: The impact of junction transparency in driving phase-coherent charge transfer across diffusive semiconductor-superconductor junctions is demonstrated. We present conductivity data for a set of Nb-InAs junctions differing only in interface transparency. Our experimental findings are analyzed within the quasi-classical Green-function approach and unambiguously show the physical processes giving rise to the observed excess zero-bias conductivity.
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