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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 479278 matches for " Ant?nio Ignácio; Uch?a "
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Birth cohort differences in the use of medications in a Brazilian population of older elderly: the Bambuí cohort study of aging (1997 and 2008)
Loyola Filho, Antnio Ignácio de;Firmo, Josélia O. A.;Ucha, Elizabeth;Lima-Costa, Maria Fernanda;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2011001500014
Abstract: this study examined differences in the use of medications in two birth cohorts (born from 1916 to 1926 and from 1927 to 1937) among older elderly in the population-based cohort study in bambuí, minas gerais state, brazil. the study used data on participants who were 71-81 years of age in the baseline survey in 1997 (n = 492) and in the 11th wave, in 2008 (n = 620). the number of medications currently consumed (mean = 4.6 and 3.4, respectively) and prevalence of polypharmacy (46.6% and 29.1%, respectively) were higher in the more recent cohort as compared to the earlier one. these differences were independent of gender, age, schooling, number of medical visits in the previous 12 months, and number of chronic conditions. the more recent cohort showed significant differences in the use of psychoactive drugs, lipid modifying agents, drugs for diabetes, and antithrombotic agents, as well as changes in drugs used for arterial hypertension. in general, these changes are consistent with those observed in elderly populations in high-income countries.
Papel da autonomia na auto-avalia??o da saúde do idoso
Fonseca,Maria das Gra?as Ucha Penido; Firmo,Josélia Oliveira Araújo; Loyola Filho,Antnio Ignácio; Ucha,Elizabeth;
Revista de Saúde Pública , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-89102010000100017
Abstract: objective: to understand the meanings attributed to self-assessment of health by the elderly. methods: qualitative study performed with 17 elderly individuals (> 70 years of age) of both sexes, living in the city of bambuí, southeastern brazil, in 2008. an anthropological approach based on the model of signs, meanings and actions, which associates individual actions, cultural codes and the macro-social context, was used. semi-structured interviews were conducted, focusing on self-assessment of health, description of health as "good" and "poor" and the criteria used by the elderly to rate their own health. analysis of results: the idea organizing reports associates self-assessment of health by the elderly with the "participating in life" and "being anchored in life" logics. the first logic has autonomy as its basic line of thinking, including the following categories: remaining active within advanced instrumental and functional abilities, being in charge of one's life (as opposed to being dependent on others), being able to solve problems and acting at will. the second logic unites the following categories: being able to interact, being engaged in meaningful relationships and being able to rely on family members, friends and neighbors. conclusions: health is understood by the elderly as having autonomy in the exercise of functional abilities required by society, such as the ability to meet family obligations and the ability to perform social roles. by defining their health as good or fair, the elderly individual is not characterized as someone free from diseases, but rather able to act over the environment.
Birth cohort differences in hypertension control in a Brazilian population of older elderly: the Bambuí cohort study of aging (1997 and 2008)
Firmo, Josélia O. A.;Peixoto, Sérgio Viana;Loyola Filho, Antnio Ignácio de;Ucha, Elizabeth;Lima-Costa, Maria Fernanda;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2011001500013
Abstract: we examined for cohort differences in hypertension control between participants in the bambuí cohort study of aging of aging born 1916-1926 and 1927-1937. participants included hypertensive elderly aged 71-81 at baseline (n = 313) and at 11th wave follow up (n = 484). prevalence of hypertension awareness (70.9% and 81.2%, respectively), median medical appointments in previous 12 months (2 and 3, respectively) and antihypertensive drug use (74.4% and 90.7% respectively) increased significantly from older to younger cohort. however, prevalence of appropriately controlled hypertension among those treated (< 140/< 90mmhg) was similar in both cohorts (44.6% and 40.1%, p = 0.255). multivariate analysis returned schooling as the only factor independently associated with appropriately controlled hypertension. despite increased medical appointments and drug use in the recent cohort, the prevalence of appropriately controlled hypertension remained as low as in the older cohort.
Longevidade de sementes de dois cultivares de gergelim
Lago, Antnio A. do;Banzatto, Nicolau V.;Savy Filho, Angelo;Godoy, Ignácio J. de;
Bragantia , 1979, DOI: 10.1590/S0006-87051979000100018
Abstract: sesame seeds were collected at the usual harvesting time, from the upper, middle. and lower stem parts of the venezula 51 and morada cultivars. after drying at 35°c for 12 days, the seeds were packed in common paper bags, and stored in uncontrolled conditions at campinas, in the state of s?o paulo, brazil. germination percentages were determined at every three months interval for a total period of 24 months. the seeds of the two cultivars stored well, with germination percentages higher than 80% after the two years of storage. the cultivars venezuela 51 produced seeds with germination a little higher than those of the cultivars morada. on the whole, in the two cultivars, there were no germination differences among seeds collected from the different stem parts.
Prevalência e fatores associados à automedica o: resultados do projeto Bambuí
Loyola Filho Antnio Ignácio de,Uchoa Elizabeth,Guerra Henrique L,Firmo Josélia O A
Revista de Saúde Pública , 2002,
Abstract: OBJETIVO: Realizou-se estudo com base populacional na cidade de Bambuí, MG, com cerca de 15.000 habitantes, para determinar a prevalência e os fatores associados ao uso de automedica o. MéTODOS: Foi selecionada uma amostra aleatória simples de 1.221 moradores com idade >18 anos: 796 relataram uso de medicamentos nos últimos 90 dias e foram incluídos no estudo (775 participaram). A coleta de dados foi feita por entrevistas domiciliares. Foram considerados três grupos de variáveis exploratórias: sociodemográficas, indicadores de condi o de saúde e indicadores de uso de servi os de saúde. Para análise estatística, foram utilizados: teste de qui-quadrado de Pearson e odds ratio ajustados pelo método de regress o logística multinomial. RESULTADOS: Do total de participantes, 419 (54,0%) relataram ter consumido exclusivamente medicamentos prescritos por médicos nos últimos 90 dias, 133 (17,2%) consumiram medicamentos prescritos e n o prescritos, e 223 (28,8%) consumiram, exclusivamente medicamentos n o prescritos. Após ajustamento por variáveis de confus o, as seguintes variáveis apresentaram associa es com o uso exclusivo de automedica o: sexo feminino (OR=0,6; IC95%=0,4-0,9); idade (OR=0,4; IC95%=0,3-0,6 e OR=0,2; IC95%=0,1-0,5 para 40-59 e >60 anos, respectivamente); >5 residentes no domicílio (OR=2,1; 1,1-4,0); número de consultas médicas nos últimos 12 meses (OR=0,2; IC95%=0,1-0,4 e OR=0,1; IC95%=0,0-0,1 para 1 e >2, respectivamente); consulta a farmacêutico nos últimos 12 meses (OR=1,9; IC95%=1,1-3,3) e relato de gastos com medicamentos nesse período (OR=0,5; IC95%= 0,3-0,8). CONCLUS O: Os resultados mostraram prevalência da automedica o semelhante à observada em países desenvolvidos, sugerindo que essa prática poderia atuar como um substituto da aten o formal à saúde.
Efeito da aplica??o de thiamethoxam para o controle do tripes na redu??o da severidade da verrugose do amendoim
Moraes, Andrea R. A.;Moraes, Sérgio A.;Louren??o, André L.;Godoy, Ignácio J.;Martins, Antniocio M.;
Fitopatologia Brasileira , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-41582006000200007
Abstract: the relation among the application of thiamethoxam for thrips control and the severity of peanut scab was evaluated in field experiments runned at campinas and pindorama, during 2001/2002, in split-plot design. main plots consisted of the control and no control of thrips with thiamethoxam and, subplots, of six peanut cultivars: iac-tatu-st, iac-5, iac-22 (upright type, short cycle), runner iac-886, tegua and iac-caiapo (runner type, long cycle). the evaluations of number of thrips per leaflet and ratingof symptoms, were performed at 56 and 57 days after sowing date in campinas and pindorama, when the highest insect populations where registered. in both experiments a partial control of peanut scab was observed, and so, its severity was evaluated at 79 and 91 days of the plantation, in campinas and pindorama, respectively, using a rating scale based on symptons shown in stems and petioles. the results showed the efficiency of thiamethoxam in controling thrips in all cultivars. in both localities was observed a reduction in the severity of peanut scab, when thiamethoxam was applied. the severity of scab was higher in the upright cultivars, with the iac-caiapo showing the lower scores of severity. the yield was higher for the parcels treated with the insecticide, in both localities, and iac-caiapo presented superior yields in relation to the other cultivars. the action of thiamethoxam controling thrips and reducing scab severity should be more explored in integrated control practices.
A population-based study on binge drinking among elderly Brazilian men: evidence from the Belo Horizonte and Bambuí health surveys
Prais, Hugo A C;Loyola Filho, Antnio Ignácio de;Firmo, Josélia O A;Lima-Costa, Maria Fernanda;Uchoa, Elizabeth;
Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-44462008005000008
Abstract: objectives: to assess the prevalence and factors associated with binge drinking in two populations of older adults (≥ 60 years). method: a random sample of 685 subjects in the metropolitan area of belo horizonte (4.4 million inhabitants) and 643 subjects (92.7% from total residents) in bambuí city (15,000 inhabitants), both in southeast brazil, participated in the study. the dependent variable was binge drinking (≥ 5 drinks on a single occasion in the last 30 days), and independent variables included sociodemographic characteristics, social network, health conditions and use of health services. results: the prevalence of binge drinking was higher in the metropolitan area of belo horizonte (27.0%) than in bambuí (13.7%). in the multivariate analysis, worse self-rated health was the only variable associated with binge drinking in both populations (prevalence ratios [pr] 0.62; 95%ci 0.45-0.85 and 0.57; (0.40-0.83), respectively). on the other hand, two important differences were found: 1) in the metropolitan area of belo horizonte, binge drinking was associated with higher school level [8+ years] (pr = 1.55; 95%ci 1.07-2.26) and functional disability (pr = 0.12); 95%ci (0.02-0.83) 2) in bambuí, binge drinking was associated with being divorced or separated (pr = 2.49; 95%ci 1.55-3.99). conclusions: among older adults, differences of prevalence and factors associated with binge drinking can be found in a same country, probably due to sociocultural influences.
A population based study on health conditions associated with the use of benzodiazepines among older adults (The Bambuí Health and Aging Study)
Alvarenga, Jussara Mendon?a;Loyola Filho, Antnio Ignácio de;Firmo, Josélia Oliveira Araújo;Lima-Costa, Maria Fernanda;Uchoa, Elizabeth;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2009000300015
Abstract: the aim of this study was to assess the health conditions and use of health services among elderly users of benzodiazepines. the study was carried out in the city of bambuí in minas gerais state, brazil. of 1,742 inhabitants aged over 60, 1,419 participated in the study. information about benzodiazepine and the use of other medications was obtained by means of interviews and checking medication packaging. after adjustments for confounding variables, benzodiazepine remained significantly associated with poorer self reported health (prevalence ratio = 1.94 and 2.04 for reasonable and bad/very bad health, respectively), common mental disorders (1.33), myocardial infarction (1.42), number of doctor visits in the previous 12 months (1.90 and 2.24 for 2-3 and 4+ visits, respectively) and concomitant use of other medications (1.84 and 1.83 for 2-4 and 5+ medications). the results showed that the factors associated with the use of benzodiazepine were similar to those observed in the elderly in higher income countries. the concomitant use of benzodiazepines and two or more medications was highly prevalent (59.5%), characterizing a situation of risk, which deserves attention as a public health problem.
Prevalence and sociodemographic characteristics associated with benzodiazepines use among community dwelling older adults: the Bambuí Health and Aging Study (BHAS)
Alvarenga, Jussara Mendon?a;Loyola Filho, Antnio Ignácio de;Firmo, Josélia Oliveira Araújo;Lima-Costa, Maria Fernanda;Uchoa, Elizabeth;
Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-44462006005000062
Abstract: objectives: to assess the prevalence and sociodemographic characteristics associated with benzodiazepine use among community-dwelling older adults. method: 1606 subjects, aged > 60 years, corresponding to 92% of the residents of bambuí city, participated in this study. the information about medication use was obtained by means of a standard interview and the review of medication packaging. substances were classified using the anatomical therapeutic chemical index. results: the prevalence of benzodiazepine current use was 21.7% (26.7% among females and 14.0% among males). from these, 68.7% had been taking the medication for over one year, 31.3% for over five years and 53.2% were using long half-life benzodiazepines. the medication most frequently used was bromazepam (35.6%), followed by diazepam (22.5%), clonazepam (12.6%) and lorazepam (7.8%). after adjustment for confounders, female gender (rp = 1.93; ci95% = 1.51-2.46) was the only sociodemographic characteristic found to be independently associated with substance consumption. conclusions: the prevalence of benzodiazepine use in the study population was high, but within the variation observed in developed countries. chronic use of benzodiazepines and long half-life medications predominated.
Prevalência e fatores associados à automedica??o: resultados do projeto Bambuí
Loyola Filho,Antnio Ignácio de; Uchoa,Elizabeth; Guerra,Henrique L; Firmo,Josélia O A; Lima-Costa,Maria Fernanda;
Revista de Saúde Pública , 2002, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-89102002000100009
Abstract: objective: a population-based study was carried out in the municipality of bambuí, brazil (population: approx. 15,000 inhabitants), to determine the prevalence of self-medication and its associated factors. methods: a random sample of 1,221 residents aged >18 years was selected. of these, 796 reported use of medications in the last 90 days and were selected for this study (775 participated). data was collected through home interviews. study variables were divided in 3 groups: social and economic, health status and health service use indicators. statistical analysis was performed using pearson's qui-square test, and odds ratios adjusted by multinomial logistic regression. results: of the total, 419 (54.0%) reported use of only prescribed medications, 133 (17.2%) took prescribed and over-the-counter medications, and 223 (28.8%) took only over-the-counter medications in the last 90 days. after adjusting for confounders, the following variables presented significant associations with exclusive use of self-medication: female sex (or=0.6; ic95%=0.4?0.9); age (or=0.4; ic95%=0.3?0.6 for 40-59 years old and or=0.2; ic95%=0.1?0.5 for >60 years); >5 residents in the household (or=2.1; 1.1?4.0); number of visits to a doctor in the previous 12 months (or=0.2; ic95%=0.1?0.4 and or=0.1; ic95%=0.0-0.1 for 1 visit and >2 visits, respectively); report of consulting a pharmacist in the previous 12 months (or=1.9; ic95%=1.1?3.3); and reports of financial expenses with medications during this period (or=0.5; ic95%=0.3?0.8). conclusions: the study results show that the prevalence of self-medication in the studied community was similar to that observed in developed countries. these results also suggest that self-medication works in place of the formal health attention in this community.
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