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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 9081 matches for " Anne-Cathrine Mattiasson "
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Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty between 1998 and 2002: Outcomes of interventions proximal and distal to the inguinal ligament
Louise Egberg, Anne-Cathrine Mattiasson, Karl-G sta Ljungstr m, Johan Styrud
Open Access Surgery , 2008, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/OAS.S3898
Abstract: cutaneous transluminal angioplasty between 1998 and 2002: Outcomes of interventions proximal and distal to the inguinal ligament Original Research (3960) Total Article Views Authors: Louise Egberg, Anne-Cathrine Mattiasson, Karl-G sta Ljungstr m, Johan Styrud Published Date September 2008 Volume 2008:1 Pages 9 - 19 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/OAS.S3898 Louise Egberg1,2, Anne-Cathrine Mattiasson1,2,3, Karl-G sta Ljungstr m1, Johan Styrud1 1Karolinska Institutet, Department of Clinical Sciences, Danderyd Hospital, Division of Surgery, Stockholm, Sweden; 2Sophiahemmet University College, Stockholm, Sweden; 3Department of Nursing, Health and Culture University West, Trollh ttan, Sweden Objective: The aim of this study was to examine patients who have undergone percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) in order to describe patient characteristics and outcomes of interventions proximal and distal to the inguinal ligament and to assess whether different living situations may be associated with the outcome of PTA-intervention. Design: A retrospective descriptive chart review. Setting: A Swedish University Hospital between January 1998 and December 2002. Participants: All patients who have undergone PTA. Main outcome measure: Medical and nursing records from medical, surgical, orthopedic, and geriatric clinics were reviewed to obtain data. A study-specific protocol was developed. Results: Eighty-seven patients were treated with PTA proximal and 101 distal to the inguinal ligament. No significant differences regarding outcome were found. Fifty-two patients had hematoma/bruise as a complication, which was more common among non-diabetic patients; 46 without diabetes versus 6 diagnosed with diabetes (p = 0.001). When comparing patients living situations and mortality, 76 of the deceased patients had been living alone compared to 38 of the survivors (p = 0.001). Conclusions: The patients were younger in the proximal group, however no differences in outcome were found between patients who had undergone PTA whether proximal or distal to the inguinal ligament. Hematomas/bruises as a complication were more common among nondiabetic patients. Amputation was a strong predictor of death during follow-up.
Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty between 1998 and 2002: Outcomes of interventions proximal and distal to the inguinal ligament
Louise Egberg,Anne-Cathrine Mattiasson,Karl-Gösta Ljungström,Johan Styrud
Open Access Surgery , 2008,
Abstract: Louise Egberg1,2, Anne-Cathrine Mattiasson1,2,3, Karl-G sta Ljungstr m1, Johan Styrud11Karolinska Institutet, Department of Clinical Sciences, Danderyd Hospital, Division of Surgery, Stockholm, Sweden; 2Sophiahemmet University College, Stockholm, Sweden; 3Department of Nursing, Health and Culture University West, Trollh ttan, SwedenObjective: The aim of this study was to examine patients who have undergone percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) in order to describe patient characteristics and outcomes of interventions proximal and distal to the inguinal ligament and to assess whether different living situations may be associated with the outcome of PTA-intervention.Design: A retrospective descriptive chart review.Setting: A Swedish University Hospital between January 1998 and December 2002.Participants: All patients who have undergone PTA.Main outcome measure: Medical and nursing records from medical, surgical, orthopedic, and geriatric clinics were reviewed to obtain data. A study-specific protocol was developed.Results: Eighty-seven patients were treated with PTA proximal and 101 distal to the inguinal ligament. No significant differences regarding outcome were found. Fifty-two patients had hematoma/bruise as a complication, which was more common among non-diabetic patients; 46 without diabetes versus 6 diagnosed with diabetes (p = 0.001). When comparing patients living situations and mortality, 76 of the deceased patients had been living alone compared to 38 of the survivors (p = 0.001).Conclusions: The patients were younger in the proximal group, however no differences in outcome were found between patients who had undergone PTA whether proximal or distal to the inguinal ligament. Hematomas/bruises as a complication were more common among nondiabetic patients. Amputation was a strong predictor of death during follow-up.Keywords: angioplasty, balloon, peripheral vascular diseases, treatment outcome
Leadership is the essential non-technical skill in the trauma team - results of a qualitative study
Magnus Hjortdahl, Amund H Ringen, Anne-Cathrine Naess, Torben Wisborg
Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine , 2009, DOI: 10.1186/1757-7241-17-48
Abstract: Twelve semi-structured interviews were conducted at four different hospitals of various sizes and with different trauma load. At each hospital a nurse, an anaesthesiologist and a team leader (surgeon) were interviewed. The conversations were transcribed and analyzed using systematic text condensation according to the principles of Giorgi's phenomenological analysis as modified by Malterud.Leadership was perceived as an essential component in trauma management. The ideal leader should be an experienced surgeon, have extensive knowledge of trauma care, communicate clearly and radiate confidence. Team leaders were reported to have little trauma experience, and the team leaders interviewed requested more guidance and supervision. The need for better training of trauma teams and especially team leaders requires further investigation and action.Trauma is the leading cause of death in the first four decades of life in Norway [1]. Esposito and colleagues have indicated that one out of four deaths caused by trauma can be prevented with better trauma care [2], and found that the preventable death rate declined to 15% after systems improvement [3]. Chiara and colleagues found that 43% of deaths caused by trauma were possibly preventable. They also found that over 50% of trauma patients received inappropriate treatment in hospital [4]A quite recent study revealed that most treatment errors still occur in the emergency room phase, and found that one of 13 deaths was deemed potentially preventable [5].The trauma team is a complex organisation which has to work smoothly in stressful situations. The number of team members and the condition of the traumatized patients create great challenges for the trauma team. In Norwegian hospitals the trauma teams do not have fixed members, thus members attending the team may vary from one situation to the next. This variation contributes to the many challenges in team interaction. There is also a significant variation between the hospitals in t
An expressed sequence tag (EST) library from developing fruits of an Hawaiian endemic mint (Stenogyne rugosa, Lamiaceae): characterization and microsatellite markers
Charlotte Lindqvist, Anne-Cathrine Scheen, Mi-Jeong Yoo, Paris Grey, David G Oppenheimer, James H Leebens-Mack, Douglas E Soltis, Pamela S Soltis, Victor A Albert
BMC Plant Biology , 2006, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2229-6-16
Abstract: The Stenogyne fruit EST library consisted of 628 unique transcripts derived from 942 high quality ESTs, with 68% of unigenes matching Arabidopsis genes. Relative frequencies of Gene Ontology functional categories were broadly representative of the Arabidopsis proteome. Many unigenes were identified as putative homologs of genes that are active during plant reproductive development. A comparison between unigenes from Stenogyne and tomato (both asterid angiosperms) revealed many homologs that may be relevant for fruit development. Among the 628 unigenes, a total of 44 potentially useful microsatellite loci were predicted. Several of these were successfully tested for cross-transferability to other Hawaiian mint species, and at least five of these demonstrated interesting patterns of polymorphism across a large sample of Hawaiian mints as well as close North American relatives in the genus Stachys.Analysis of this relatively small EST library illustrated a broad GO functional representation. Many unigenes could be annotated to involvement in reproductive development. Furthermore, first tests of microsatellite primer pairs have proven promising for the use of Stenogyne rugosa EST SSRs for evolutionary and phylogeographic studies of the Hawaiian endemic mints and their close relatives. Given that allelic repeat length variation in developmental genes of other organisms has been linked with morphological evolution, these SSRs may also prove useful for analyses of phenotypic differences among Hawaiian mints.It has frequently been noted that many island plant lineages show little genetic sequence divergence compared with their continental relatives [e.g., [1,2]]. This phenomenon can be associated with recent radiations and/or extensive gene flow, and in the case of young plant lineages, as in the Hawaiian Islands, it is often contrasted with considerable morphological and ecological diversity. An example is the native Hawaiian mints (Lamiaceae), which represent a major isla
Trends in cesarean section rates at a large East African referral hospital from 2005-2010  [PDF]
Ayaba Worjoloh, Rachel Manongi, Olola Oneko, Cathrine Hoyo, Anne Kjersti Daltveit, Daniel Westreich
Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology (OJOG) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojog.2012.23053
Abstract: Between 2005 to 2010 in a Tanzanian referral hospital, the Cesarean section rate ranged from 29.9% to 35.5%. The leading indication was previous Cesarean.
Prevalence and Risk Indicators for Anal Incontinence among Pregnant Women
Katariina Laine,Finn Egil Skjeldestad,Leiv Sandvik,Anne Cathrine Staff
ISRN Obstetrics and Gynecology , 2013, DOI: 10.1155/2013/947572
Abstract: The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and risk factors of anal incontinence in an unselected pregnant population at second trimester. A survey of pregnant women attending a routine ultrasound examination was conducted in a university hospital in Oslo, Norway. A questionnaire consisting of 105 items concerning anal incontinence (including St. Mark’s score), urinary incontinence, medication use, and comorbidity was posted to women when invited to the ultrasound examination. Results. Prevalence of self-reported anal incontinence (St. Mark’s score ≥ 3) was the lowest in the group of women with a previous cesarean section only (6.4%) and the highest among women with a previous delivery complicated by obstetric anal sphincter injury (24.4%). Among nulliparous women the prevalence of anal incontinence was 7.7% and was associated to low educational level and comorbidity. Prevalence of anal incontinence increased with increasing parity. Urinary incontinence was associated with anal incontinence in all parity groups. Conclusions. Anal incontinence was most frequent among women with a history of obstetric anal sphincter injury. Other obstetrical events had a minor effect on prevalence of anal incontinence among parous women. Prevention of obstetrical sphincter injury is likely the most important factor for reducing bothersome anal incontinence among fertile women. 1. Introduction Anal incontinence is a bothersome ailment associated with many health complaints and discomfort in daily life: hygienic problems, limitations in occupational and social life, sexual dysfunction, reduced quality of life, and altered self-esteem. Anal incontinence (AI) is defined as involuntary loss of flatus or feces [1]. Prevalence and severity of anal incontinence are measured by patient self-reporting and no objective assessment methods exist. Obstetric anal sphincter injury (OASIS) is one of the main causes for female AI reported in nonpregnant women. Additionally, multiple vaginal deliveries can increase the risk of AI regardless of anal sphincter injury [2, 3]. Age, obesity and medical conditions such as diabetic neuropathy and gastrointestinal disorders also increase the risk of anal incontinence [2, 4, 5]. Prevalence of anal incontinence among women differs largely (2–28%) in previous studies and differs between different study populations [4–6]. Postpartum studies show a high prevalence of AI in women having suffered from OASIS, 38–59% [6–8]. Women attending gynecological outpatient clinics have higher prevalence of AI (16–28%) compared with the general female
How Can Manual Rotation Reduce Vacuum, Forceps and Caesarean Deliveries?—A Review of the Evidence  [PDF]
Cathrine Os, Elisabeth Severinsson
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2017.71007
Abstract: The aim of this review was to investigate whether manual rotation can be used to reduce vacuum, forceps and caesarean deliveries in women with occiput posterior or occiput transverse positions from 7 cm dilation in labour. A search strategy was developed and relevant papers published between 1946 and January 2015 were identified from electronic databases. Key search terms used were manual and digital rotation, labour presentation, obstetric labour complications, occiput posterior and version foetal. The search revealed 330 papers. A short list of 33 publications of possible relevance was compiled and assessed using the following criteria: primary studies on the effectiveness of manual rotation performed in women with singleton occiput posterior or occiput transverse presentations published in English or the Scandinavian languages. The quality of the included studies was evaluated by means of the critical appraisal tools for quantitative studies. Seven studies were included in the thematic analysis. The results varied but the main finding was that in order to decrease vacuum, forceps and caesarean deliveries by means of manual rotation, it is essential that the procedure is successful. The success rate of manual rotation is dependent on the experience of the healthcare professionals who perform the rotation procedure rather than the technique employed. Predictors of successful manual rotation were used after engagement of the foetal head, at full dilatation and prophylactic use before failure to progress in labour. In conclusion, although the results vary, there is a consensus in all the studies that manual rotation is worth considering and that it can contribute to decreasing vacuum, forceps and caesarean deliveries. The implications for practice are that successful manual rotation can reduce caesarean delivery and increase spontaneous vaginal delivery, but experience is necessary to perform successful rotations. Because there are no risk factors associated with manual or digital rotation when performed after engagement of the head and at full dilatation, they are worth considering. The central role of the midwife in each individual labour makes her important for ensuring that manual rotation can be considered at the right time in labour.
Self-rated health among Greenlandic Inuit and Norwegian Sami adolescents: associated risk and protective correlates
Anna Rita Spein,Cecilia Petrine Pedersen,Anne Cathrine Silviken,Marita Melhus
International Journal of Circumpolar Health , 2013, DOI: 10.3402/ijch.v72i0.19793
Abstract: Objectives. Self-rated health (SRH) and associated risk and protective correlates were investigated among two indigenous adolescent populations, Greenlandic Inuit and Norwegian Sami. Design. Cross-sectional data were collected from “Well-being among Youth in Greenland” (WBYG) and “The Norwegian Arctic Adolescent Health Study” (NAAHS), conducted during 2003–2005 and comprising 10th and 11th graders, 378 Inuit and 350 Sami. Methods. SRH was assessed by one single item, using a 4-point and 5-point scale for NAAHS and WBYG, respectively. Logistic regressions were performed separately for each indigenous group using a dichotomous measure with “very good” (NAAHS) and “very good/good” (WBYG) as reference categories. We simultaneously controlled for various socio-demographics, risk correlates (drinking, smoking, violence and suicidal behaviour) and protective correlates (physical activity, well-being in school, number of close friends and adolescent–parent relationship). Results. A majority of both Inuit (62%) and Sami (89%) youth reported “good” or “very good” SRH. The proportion of “poor/fair/not so good” SRH was three times higher among Inuit than Sami (38% vs. 11%, p≤0.001). Significantly more Inuit females than males reported “poor/fair” SRH (44% vs. 29%, p≤0.05), while no gender differences occurred among Sami (12% vs. 9%, p≤0.08). In both indigenous groups, suicidal thoughts (risk) and physical activity (protective) were associated with poor and good SRH, respectively. Conclusions. In accordance with other studies of indigenous adolescents, suicidal thoughts were strongly associated with poorer SRH among Sami and Inuit. The Inuit–Sami differences in SRH could partly be due to higher “risk” and lower “protective” correlates among Inuit than Sami. The positive impact of physical activity on SRH needs to be targeted in future intervention programs.
High Frequency of Fusion Transcripts Involving TCF7L2 in Colorectal Cancer: Novel Fusion Partner and Splice Variants
Torfinn Nome, Andreas M. Hoff, Anne Cathrine Bakken, Torleiv O. Rognum, Arild Nesbakken, Rolf I. Skotheim
PLOS ONE , 2014, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0091264
Abstract: VTI1A-TCF7L2 was reported as a recurrent fusion gene in colorectal cancer (CRC), found to be expressed in three out of 97 primary cancers, and one cell line, NCI-H508, where a genomic deletion joins the two genes [1]. To investigate this fusion further, we analyzed high-throughput DNA and RNA sequencing data from seven CRC cell lines, and identified the gene RP11-57H14.3 (ENSG00000225292) as a novel fusion partner for TCF7L2. The fusion was discovered from both genome and transcriptome data in the HCT116 cell line. By triplicate nested RT-PCR, we tested both the novel fusion transcript and VTI1A-TCF7L2 for expression in a series of 106 CRC tissues, 21 CRC cell lines, 14 normal colonic mucosa, and 20 normal tissues from miscellaneous anatomical sites. Altogether, 42% and 45% of the CRC samples expressed VTI1A-TCF7L2 and TCF7L2-RP11-57H14.3 fusion transcripts, respectively. The fusion transcripts were both seen in 29% of the normal colonic mucosa samples, and in 25% and 75% of the tested normal tissues from other organs, revealing that the TCF7L2 fusion transcripts are neither specific to cancer nor to the colon and rectum. Seven different splice variants were detected for the VTI1A-TCF7L2 fusion, of which three are novel. Four different splice variants were detected for the TCF7L2-RP11-57H14.3 fusion. In conclusion, we have identified novel variants of VTI1A-TCF7L2 fusion transcripts, including a novel fusion partner gene, RP11-57H14.3, and demonstrated detectable levels in a large fraction of CRC samples, as well as in normal colonic mucosa and other tissue types. We suggest that the fusion transcripts observed in a high frequency of samples are transcription induced chimeras that are expressed at low levels in most samples. The similar fusion transcripts induced by genomic rearrangements observed in individual cancer cell lines may yet have oncogenic potential as suggested in the original study by Bass et al.
Psychosocial Health and Workability among Staff Working with People with Cognitive Restrictions and Intellectual Disabilities  [PDF]
Cathrine Oscarsson Kjellstrand, Gunvor Gard
Health (Health) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/health.2014.618285
Abstract: Little is known about the psychosocial work situation among staff working with people with cognitive restrictions, and research is needed. Aim: The aim of this study was to describe the symptom panorama and psychosocial work situation of staff working with people with cognitive restrictions and to identify predictors for their job satisfaction and workability. A cross sectional study was performed. Method: The Questionnaire Psycho Social Nordic (QPS-Nordic questionnaire) was used. Results: The results showed that the majority of the staff working with people with cognitive restrictions were satisfied with their job, but musculoskeletal symptoms were described by 40%. Decision demands at work were high compared to quantitative and learning demands. Musculoskeletal symptoms were related to low ability to master the work, low job control and high job demands. Symptoms from the neck region were correlated to stress. A low level of neck pain was related to a high level of job satisfaction. Predictors for workability were positive challenges in work and not being hindered by musculoskeletal symptoms in work. Predictors for job satisfaction were mastery, workability and not having pain during the last 7 days. Conclusion: Due to the relatively small sample the results should be interpreted with caution. The results indicated that positive challenges in work and not being hindered by musculoskeletal disorders predicted workability in this group and that mastery, workability and not having pain during the last 7 days predicted job satisfaction.
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