oalib

Publish in OALib Journal

ISSN: 2333-9721

APC: Only $99

Submit

Any time

2019 ( 77 )

2018 ( 530 )

2017 ( 532 )

2016 ( 790 )

Custom range...

Search Results: 1 - 10 of 332934 matches for " Anne Johanne S?gaard "
All listed articles are free for downloading (OA Articles)
Page 1 /332934
Display every page Item
Osteoporose – risikofaktor eller sykdom? Definisjon, utbredelse, rsaker, diagnostisering og forebyggende tiltak
Anne Johanne Sgaard
Norsk Epidemiologi , 2009,
Abstract: SAMMENDRAG Vi vet forel pig lite om utbredelsen av osteoporose i Norge – dvs. bentetthet (BMD) minst 2,5 standardavvik under gjennomsnittet for unge kvinner. Vi vet heller ikke om det har v rt noen kning de siste 10- rene. Denne artikkelen gir en oversikten over emnet osteoporose – med vekt p risikofaktorer og forebyggende tiltak, og dr fter WHOs definisjon av osteoporose. I henhold til denne er osteoporose b de en risikofaktor for brudd – og en betegnelse p en tilstand som forutsetter minst ett brudd (etablert osteoporose). Definisjonen inneb rer at diagnosen osteoporose avhenger av det normalmaterialet man sammenliker med, og medf rer at en meget stor andel av norske kvinner over 70 r vil f diagnosen osteoporose. En slik medikalisering vil kunne f re til hyppige legekontroller, angst og lavere fysisk aktivitet av redsel for falle. Osteoporose er asymptomatisk f r man har f tt brudd, og har ingen automatiske behandlingsmessige konsekvenser. Man kan likevel frykte at WHOs definisjon vil tvinge frem krav om medikamentell forebyggende behandling. Dette er problematisk fordi det er stor overlapping i bentetthet m
Helsekonsekvenser av vektendring - er slanking fordelaktig? En litteraturoversikt
Anne Johanne Sgaard
Norsk Epidemiologi , 2009,
Abstract: SAMMENDRAG Langsom vekt kning gjennom livet inntil kroppsmasseindeks (KMI) 27 ser ikke ut til gi s rlige negative utfall mht. total d delighet. En kning p ! 20 kg fra 18 rs alder er trolig negativt – det samme er vekt kning ut fra en h y utgangsvekt. Selv om mange studier finner kt d delighet hos yngre og middelaldrende personer med KMI > 27, er det forel pig ingen studier som har vist at vektreduksjon blant friske overvektige personer gir kt levetid. Flere studier viser tvert imot en assosiasjon mellom vektreduksjon og kt d delighet. Heller ikke studier som pr ver begrense analysene til personer med frivillig vekttap, finner redusert d delighet etter vektreduksjon blant friske overvektige individer. Noen f studier har vist redusert d delighet blant overvektige personer med etablerte sykdommer eller h y risiko for hjerte-karsykdom og diabetes. N r det gjelder
A comparison of the CONOR Mental Health Index to the HSCL-10 and HADS: Measuring mental health status in The Oslo Health Study and the Nord-Tr ndelag Health Study
Anne Johanne Sgaard m.fl
Norsk Epidemiologi , 2009,
Abstract: -
The Oslo Health Study: A Dietary Index Estimating Frequent Intake of Soft Drinks and Rare Intake of Fruit and Vegetables Is Negatively Associated with Bone Mineral Density
Arne Torbj rn H stmark,Anne Johanne S gaard,Kari Alv r,Haakon E. Meyer
Journal of Osteoporosis , 2011, DOI: 10.4061/2011/102686
Abstract: Background. Since nutritional factors may affect bone mineral density (BMD), we have investigated whether BMD is associated with an index estimating the intake of soft drinks, fruits, and vegetables. Methods. BMD was measured in distal forearm in a subsample of the population-based Oslo Health Study. 2126 subjects had both valid BMD measurements and answered all the questions required for calculating a Dietary Index = the sum of intake estimates of colas and non-cola beverages divided by the sum of intake estimates of fruits and vegetables. We did linear regression analyses to study whether the Dietary Index and the single food items included in the index were associated with BMD. Results. There was a consistent negative association between the Dietary Index and forearm BMD. Among the single index components, colas and non-cola soft drinks were negatively associated with BMD. The negative association between the Dietary Index and BMD prevailed after adjusting for gender, age, and body mass index, length of education, smoking, alcohol intake, and physical activity. Conclusion. An index reflecting frequent intake of soft drinks and rare intake of fruit and vegetables was inversely related to distal forearm bone mineral density.
Vitamin D deficiency, secondary hyperparathyroidism and bone mineral density in Pakistani and Norwegians living in Oslo, Norway / Vitamin D-mangel, sekund r hyperparathyroidisme og bentetthet hos pakistanere og nordmenn bosatt i Oslo
Kari Alv?r,Kristin Holvik,Anne Johanne Sgaard,Jan A. Falch
Norsk Epidemiologi , 2009,
Abstract: We studied the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency and bone mineral density in Norwegian born and Pakistani born men and women living in Oslo. We measured 25-hydroxyvitamin D, iPTH and ionized calcium in serum and bone mineral density (BMD) at the forearm with single energy X-ray absorptiometry. 1386 persons born in Norway and 177 persons born in Pakistan participated. Among the Pakistani born 9% of the men and 21% of women were seriously vitamin D deficient (25(OH)D < 12.5 nmol/l). None of the Norwegian born had such low levels of vitamin D. While 86% of the Norwegians were vitamin D sufficient (25(OH)D ! 50 nmol/l), only 8% of Pakistani men and 10% of Pakistani women had a sufficient vitamin D status. The prevalence of secondary hyperparathyroidism was four times higher in Pakistani women and five times higher in Pakistani men compared to their Norwegian counterparts. Unadjusted bone mineral density was not different between the two ethnic groups, but in the multivariate analysis BMD was 0.020 g/cm2 (95% CI: 0.007–0.033) higher in Pakistani men than in Norwegian men. We also found 5-8% higher bone mineral density in Pakistani men and women when we controlled for different skeletal size. While BMD was lower in Norwegian women with, compared to Norwegian women without, secondary hyperparathyroidsm (–0.027 g/cm2, p = 0.019), there was no difference in BMD between Pakistani women with and without secondary hyperparathyroidsm Vi har sett p prevalens av vitamin D-mangel og bentetthet hos norskf dte og pakistanskf dte menn og kvinner i den populasjonsbaserte Helseunders kelsen i Oslo 2000-2001. Det ble m lt 25-hydroksyvitamin D, iPTH og ionisert kalsium i serum, og benmineraltetthet (BMD) ble m lt i underarmen. Totalt deltok 1386 personer f dt i Norge og 177 personer f dt i Pakistan i aldersgruppen 30-75 r. Blant pakistanske menn og kvinner hadde henholdsvis 8% og 10% tilfredsstillende vitamin D-status (25(OH)D ! 50 nmol/l), mens 9% og 21% hadde alvorlig vitamin D-mangel (25(OH)D < 12,5 nmol/l). Blant personer f dt i Norge hadde 86% tilfredsstillende vitamin D-status og ingen hadde alvorlig vitamin D-mangel. Prevalensen av sekund r hyperparatyreoidisme var 4 ganger h yere hos pakistanske kvinner og 5 ganger h yere hos pakistanske menn enn hos norske kvinner og menn. Ujustert benmineraltetthet var ikke forskjellig hos pakistanere og nordmenn, men justert for andre risikofaktorer fant vi 0,020 g/cm2 (95% CI: 0,007–0,033) h yere BMD hos pakistanske menn enn hos norske menn. Tilsvarende fant vi opptil 5-8% h yere bentetthet hos pakistanere enn nordmenn n r vi k
Vitamin D deficiency, secondary hyperparathyroidism and bone mineral density in Pakistani and Norwegians living in Oslo, Norway
Kari Alv?r,Kristin Holvik,Anne Johanne Sgaard,Jan A. Falch
Norsk Epidemiologi , 2011,
Abstract:
The Oslo Health Study: A Dietary Index Estimating Frequent Intake of Soft Drinks and Rare Intake of Fruit and Vegetables Is Negatively Associated with Bone Mineral Density
Arne Torbj?rn H?stmark,Anne Johanne Sgaard,Kari Alv?r,Haakon E. Meyer
Journal of Osteoporosis , 2011, DOI: 10.4061/2011/102686
Abstract: Background. Since nutritional factors may affect bone mineral density (BMD), we have investigated whether BMD is associated with an index estimating the intake of soft drinks, fruits, and vegetables. Methods. BMD was measured in distal forearm in a subsample of the population-based Oslo Health Study. 2126 subjects had both valid BMD measurements and answered all the questions required for calculating a Dietary Index = the sum of intake estimates of colas and non-cola beverages divided by the sum of intake estimates of fruits and vegetables. We did linear regression analyses to study whether the Dietary Index and the single food items included in the index were associated with BMD. Results. There was a consistent negative association between the Dietary Index and forearm BMD. Among the single index components, colas and non-cola soft drinks were negatively associated with BMD. The negative association between the Dietary Index and BMD prevailed after adjusting for gender, age, and body mass index, length of education, smoking, alcohol intake, and physical activity. Conclusion. An index reflecting frequent intake of soft drinks and rare intake of fruit and vegetables was inversely related to distal forearm bone mineral density. 1. Introduction It is generally agreed that nutritional factors are important for the development of osteoporosis. Among several negative factors for bone formation are sodium, protein, caffeine, oxalate, fibre, phytate, and increased acid load, whereas calcium, vitamin D, salads, herbs, and vegetables seem to be bone promoting factors. Also alkali buffers, whether bicarbonate, vegetables, or fruits, can reverse the urinary calcium loss [1–4]. During the last decades consumption of soft drinks has increased in most Western countries. The consequences on bone health of this consumption have been relatively sparsely investigated. Some studies have reported an inverse association between consumption of cola beverages/soft drinks and bone health [5, 6], and other studies found the same association only in females [7–10]. Finally, one study in older women concluded that moderate intake of carbonated beverages did not appear to have any adverse effects on bone mineral density [11]. Thus, there are inconsistent results concerning the possible influence of soft drinks on bone health. In the present work, we have examined whether data of the Oslo Health Study would fit the hypothesis that intake of some diet items would reduce, whilst intake of others would improve the bone mineral density. As potential negative diet items for bone health
CONOR (COhort NORway) - en oversikt over en unik forskningsdatabank
Anders Engeland,Anne J. Sgaard
Norsk Epidemiologi , 2009,
Abstract: -
The Oslo Health Study: The impact of self-selection in a large, population-based survey
Anne Sgaard, Randi Selmer, Espen Bjertness, Dag Thelle
International Journal for Equity in Health , 2004, DOI: 10.1186/1475-9276-3-3
Abstract: The analyses were based on linkage between public registers in Statistics Norway and the Oslo Health Study, a population-based survey conducted in 2000/2001 inviting all citizens aged 30, 40, 45, 59–60 and 75–76 years. Attendance was 46%. Weighted analyses, logistic regression and sensitivity analyses are performed to evaluate possible selection bias.The response rate was positively associated with age, educational attendance, total income, female gender, married, born in a Western county, living in the outer city residential regions and not receiving disability benefit. However, self-rated health, smoking, BMI and mental health (HCSL) in the attendees differed only slightly from estimated prevalence values in the target population when weighted by the inverse of the probability of attendance.Observed values differed only moderately provided that the non-attending individuals differed from those attending by no more than 50%. Even though persons receiving disability benefit had lower attendance, the associations between disability and education, residential region and marital status were found to be unbiased. The association between country of birth and disability benefit was somewhat more evident among attendees.Self-selection according to sociodemographic variables had little impact on prevalence estimates. As indicated by disability benefit, unhealthy persons attended to a lesser degree than healthy individuals, but social inequality in health by different sociodemographic variables seemed unbiased. If anything we would expect an overestimation of the odds ratio of chronic disease among persons born in non-western countries.Since the Black report was published in 1982 [1] a considerable number of papers have described social inequality in health and discussed possible reasons for the invert association between social position and mortality [1-4]. Even in the egalitarian Scandinavian countries there has been reported a substantial difference in health between the
Diet, physical exercise and cognitive behavioral training as a combined workplace based intervention to reduce body weight and increase physical capacity in health care workers - a randomized controlled trial
Jeanette R Christensen, Anne Faber, Dorte Ekner, Kristian Overgaard, Andreas Holtermann, Karen Sgaard
BMC Public Health , 2011, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2458-11-671
Abstract: 98 female, overweight health care workers were cluster-randomized to an intervention group or a reference group. The intervention consisted of an individually dietary plan with an energy deficit of 1200 kcal/day (15 min/hour), strengthening exercises (15 min/hour) and cognitive behavioral training (30 min/hour) during working hours 1 hour/week. Leisure time aerobic fitness was planned for 2 hour/week. The reference group was offered monthly oral presentations. Body weight, BMI, body fat percentage (bioimpedance), waist circumference, blood pressure, musculoskeletal pain, maximal oxygen uptake (maximal bicycle test), and isometric maximal muscle strength of 3 body regions were measured before and after the intervention period.In an intention-to-treat analysis from pre to post tests, the intervention group significantly reduced body weight with 3.6 kg (p < 0.001), BMI from 30.5 to 29.2 (p < 0.001), body fat percentage from 40.9 to 39.3 (p < 0.001), waist circumference from 99.7 to 95.5 cm (p < 0.001) and blood pressure from 134/85 to 127/80 mmHg (p < 0.001), with significant difference between the intervention and control group (p < 0.001) on all measures. No effect of intervention was found in musculoskeletal pain, maximal oxygen uptake and muscle strength, but on aerobic fitness.The significantly reduced body weight, body fat, waist circumference and blood pressure as well as increased aerobic fitness in the intervention group show the great potential of workplace health promotion among this high-risk workgroup. Long-term effects of the intervention remain to be investigated.ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT01015716Overweight and obesity are well documented to be associated with major chronic illnesses, including hypertension, diabetes, arthritis, heart diseases, cancer and all-cause mortality [1-3]. Moreover, excessive body weight has also been shown to increase the risk for musculoskeletal pain [4], sick leave [5] and early retirement from the workforce before they are enti
Page 1 /332934
Display every page Item


Home
Copyright © 2008-2017 Open Access Library. All rights reserved.