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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 8977 matches for " Anne Bourse "
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L’adresse du lointain. La mémoire au travail chez Michaux, Burroughs, K. Dick, Chris Marker et Ricardo Piglia
Anne Bourse
Trans : Revue de Littérature Générale et Comparée , 2009,
Abstract: Cet article analyse quelques variations de la formule épistolaire de Michaux : Je vous écris d’un pays lointain… Le dépliement d’autres figures de voyageurs tels que Burroughs (The Yage Letters), Philip K. Dick (Ubik), Chris Marker (Sans Soleil, Le Dépays) et Ricardo Piglia (Respiración artificial) révèle que le lointain se loge parfois au plus intime (du corps propre, d’une grammaire familière) et qu’il ne cesse de brouiller les frontières séparant habituellement les morts des vivants. Adressé depuis divers ailleurs, ce travail de la mémoire cherche autant à suturer qu’à creuser l’inquiétante disjointure des temps. In this article we will analyze a number of variations of Michaux’s epistolary formula: “I am writing to you from a faraway country…” By unfolding other travelers’ figures such as Burroughs’ (The Yage Letters), Philip K. Dick’s (Ubik), Chris Marker’s (Sunless, Le Dépays) and Ricardo Piglia’s (Respiración artificial), we will examine how “remoteness” is sometimes lodged within the deepest intimacy (the body itself, a familiar grammar) and we will take a closer look at the way it constantly blurs, moves and disquiets the lines existing between the living and the dead. Enunciated and sent out from different elsewheres, this work on memory seeks as much to stitch up as to deepen time’s unsettling spinning out of joint. Este artículo analiza algunas variaciones de la fórmula epistolar de Michaux : “Le escribo de un país lejano…”. La similitud con otros viajeros presentes en la obra de Burroughs (The Yage Letters), de Philip K. Dick (Ubik), de Chris Marker (Sans soleil, Le Dépays) y de Ricardo Piglia (Respiración artificial) revela que lo "lejano" habita a veces en lo más íntimo (del propio cuerpo, de una gramática familiar) y que no deja de desdibujar las fronteras que habitualmente separan a los muertos de los vivos. Dirigido desde sitios muy diversos, este trabajo de la memoria intenta suturar, al mismo tiempo que la ahonda, la inquietante disrupción de tiempos.
Images du temps et inscription de l’événement dans les uvres de William Faulkner et de Claude Simon
Anne Bourse
Trans : Revue de Littérature Générale et Comparée , 2010,
Abstract: C’est archéologiquement que les romans de Faulkner et de Simon cherchent à faire surgir un événement à la fois fondateur et oublié. Dans ce jeu constant entre la transmission et le brouillage des informations, le jaillissement et la répétition des motifs, il s’agit non seulement d’endurer une temporalité disloquée mais de faire, en tant que lecteur-héritier, une expérience de mémoire inédite. Témoignant d’un tissage infini de souvenirs et de relectures, l’écriture simonienne nous invite à interroger la sidération exercée par l’ uvre faulknérienne sur l’histoire littéraire du XXe siècle. The novels of Faulkner and Simon seek to unearth, in an archaeological endeavor, an event both founding and forgotten. In this constant play between the transmission and the jamming of information, between patterns springing up and repeating, we are not only compelled to endure a disrupted temporality but also, as a reader-heir, to experience memory in a new way. The infinite weaving of recollections and re-readings in Simon’s writing thus leads us to examine the staggering impact of Faulkner’s oeuvre on 20th-century literary history. Es de manera arqueológica que las novelas de W. Faulkner y C. Simon intentan mostrar un caso, a un tiempo fundador y olvidado. En este juego constante entre la transmisión y la desorganización de la información, el surgimiento y la repetición de los temas, se trata no sólo de sobrellevar una temporalidad desarticulada sino de hacer, como lector-heredero, una experiencia inédita de memoria. Testificando de un tisaje infinito de recuerdos y de relecturas, la escritura de Simon nos invita a cuestionar el deslumbramiento ejercido por la obra de Faulkner en la historia literaria del siglo XX.
The language of explanation dedicated to technical documents
Sarah Bourse,Patrick Saint-Dizier
Sintagma : Revista de Lingüística , 2011,
Abstract: In this paper, we introduce a study of explanations as they appear in technical documents, in particular procedures where they are crucial. Our study is based on an extensive corpus analysis. We introduce the notion of explanation function, serving communication goals, and then explanation schemes which are the language realizations of the functions. We give some details about linguistic patterns that allow for the identification of these various schemes.
The Occurrence of Cryptosporidium and Giardia Infections Among Patients Reporting Diarrheal Disease in Chobe District, Botswana  [PDF]
Kathleen Anne Alexander, Joel Herbein, Anne Zajac
Advances in Infectious Diseases (AID) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/aid.2012.24023
Abstract: Diarrheal disease is a chronic public health problem in Chobe District, Botswana. Acute diarrheal outbreaks occur annually with a bimodal seasonal pattern coinciding with major hydrological phenomena. Information is lacking regarding the etiology of reoccurring outbreaks. Cryptosporidium and Giardia are recognized as important waterborne causes of diarrheal disease with Cryptosporidium transmission potentially involving zoonotic reservoirs. In Chobe District, municipal water is obtained from the Chobe River after it exits the Chobe National Park where high concentrations of wildlife occur. Using the Giardia/Cryptosporidium QUIK CHEK rapid antigen cartridge test, we evaluate the occurrence of Giardia and Cryptosporidium among patients (n = 153) presenting to medical facilities in Chobe District with diarrhea (August 2011-July 2012). Cryptosporidium was only identified in children less than two years of age (10%, n = 42, 95% CI 3% - 23%), with positive cases occurring during diarrheal outbreak periods. Infections were not identified in adults despite the high level of human immunodeficiency virus infection/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) in the region (n = 117). Although not significant, cases were predominately identified in the wet season outbreak (p = 0.94, 25%, n = 12, 95% CI 5% - 57%, dry season outbreaks 3%, n = 30, CI 95% 0% - 17%). Giardia infections occurred across age groups and seasons (7%, n = 153, 95% CI 4% - 10%). This is the first published report of human infections with Cryptosporidium and Giardia in this area of Africa. This study suggests that Cryptosporidium may be a potentially important cause of diarrheal disease in children less than 2 years of age in this region. Further research is required to identify pathogen transmission and persistence dynamics and public health implications, particularly the role of HIV/AIDS and vulnerability to waterborne disease.
VIX and VIX Futures Pricing Algorithms: Cultivating Understanding  [PDF]
Hancock G. D’Anne
Modern Economy (ME) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/me.2012.33038
Abstract: This article reviews the development of the S&P 500 volatility index and uses market information to develop algorithms which aid in clarifying some of the salient points in the determination of an index value. Understanding the pertinent points provides insight into the interpretation and limitations of the usefulness of the VIX and other VIX-type contracts.
The general motor programmer: its specialization for speech perception & movement  [PDF]
Anne Maria Keane
World Journal of Neuroscience (WJNS) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/wjns.2012.23024
Abstract: A common neural mechanism—the General Motor Programmer—is proposed by Keane (1999) to underlie both the perception of speech and the initiation of hand movement. A proposal to investigate the specific aspect of cognitive functioning this mechanism is specialized for, namely the timing or place of articulation, is outlined.
Adsorption Enthalpy Calculations of Hydrogen Adsorption at Ambient Temperature and Pressures Exceeding 300 bar  [PDF]
Matthew Beckner, Anne Dailly
American Journal of Analytical Chemistry (AJAC) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ajac.2013.410A3002
Abstract: Hydrogen adsorption isotherms were measured at ambient temperature to pressures exceeding 300 bar for three benchmark adsorbents: two metal-organic frameworks, Cu3(btc)2 (btc = 1,3,5-benzenetricarboxylate) and Zn4O(btb)2 (btb = 1,3,5-benzenetribenzoate), and the activated carbon MSC-30. The Dubinin-Astakhov model was applied to calculated absolute adsorption isotherms as a function of the fugacity to determine the adsorption enthalpy at ambient temperature. Comparisons of the calculated enthalpies and the surface excess concentration (excess adsorption per square meter of surface) show that Zn4O(btb)2 has an adsorption enthalpy comparable to MSC-30, but that the spacing between adsorbed molecules is much larger.

Economics of Offshore IT Outsourcing: An International Trade Perspective  [PDF]
Bijoy Bordoloi, Anne Powell
Technology and Investment (TI) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ti.2013.44032
Abstract:

In recent times, offshore outsourcing of Information Technology (IT) products and services, including software development and maintenance activities, has been an issue of much controversy in the United States, with popular sentiment being against outsourcing in the mass media. Is offshore outsourcing really bad for the US economy? If yes, why did so many US companies, including IT companies, start outsourcing to begin with and still continue to do so? For that matter, why doesn’t the federal government simply ban it as a national policy? To provide some possible answers to these questions, this paper examines the issue of offshore outsourcing from the perspectives of international trade theory and the unique cost characteristics of “information goods”.

Productivity and Efficiency in the Development of the Swedish Construction Sector  [PDF]
Anne Landin, Mats Oberg
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management (AJIBM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ajibm.2014.46038
Abstract:

The measurement of productivity and efficiency of activities in the Swedish construction sector is examined. Understanding past and present levels of productivity is necessary to steer emerging and future developments aimed at increasing efficiency of construction. The absence of purposeful measurement methods and tools for determining current and targeted levels of productivity creates confusion for clients, designers, constructors and end-users, who are unable to make confident forecasts of costs and revenues or benefits over project life cycles. The findings of an investigation using panels of expert practitioners guided by senior researchers revealed shortcomings in the understanding of factors of driving productivity as well as uncertainty over where improvements might be achieved. The significance of the findings is that methods and tools must be calibrated to current and emerging construction practices and their technical bases rather than continuing with measurements that were conceived for earlier processes and products. The paper concludes with an outline of further research aimed at improving self-learning in regard to both process and product as part of a broad response to raising efficiency through innovation.

The Saartjie Baartman’s Body Shape versus the Victorian Dress: The Untold African Treasures  [PDF]
Anne Mastamet-Mason
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2014.28017
Abstract: In most African countries, it is still a common belief that thin women are not attractive. Until the 21st century, full-figured women were considered attractive, were respected, and their padded (with flesh) and curvaceous bodies represented wealth, fertility and good health. The western society views a thin woman as ideal body and has forced many women including Africans to believe that a body that deviates from it is unaccepted. Fashion designers use the thin model as a basis from which to create ready-to-wear clothing for all consumers including those whose body characteristics do not comply with the ideal body features. This has resulted in unsatisfied consumers with clothing sold in the retail stores and negative reactions towards their bodies. The problem of ideal body versus un-ideal body shape date back to 19th Century, where Saartjie Baartman’s body shape characterised by full breasts, narrow waist and extra large buttocks was viewed by Europeans as ugly, yet later on, the same body, though not acknowledged, was used to inspire the creation of Victorian bustle dress that resembled her body in every aspect. This article examines the relationship between the Victorian Bustle dress that became popular from 1870 onwards and the unique body features of Saartjie Baartman, an African slave who was displayed in Europe against her wish as from 1810 to 1815, and even after her death, her body continued to be exhibited in a Museum in Paris. This paper concludes that her body could have inspired the development of the Victorian bustle dress. The paper encourages African women to view their bodies sensibly rather than basing their beauty on the western standard ideologies. Likewise, promotional media houses are encouraged to portray all body shapes fairly and positively. African researchers are advised to search beyond surfaces of historical events for the purposes of documenting underlying important facts affecting Africa.
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