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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 63789 matches for " Anjos Luiz Antonio dos "
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índices antropométricos e estado nutricional de escolares de baixa renda de um município do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (Brasil): um estudo piloto
Anjos,Luiz Antonio dos;
Revista de Saúde Pública , 1989, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-89101989000300007
Abstract: the growth and nutritional status of 185 school-aged children (97 boys and 88 girls) of low socio-economic level in nova igua?ú, state of rio de janeiro, brazil, were studied. nutritional anthropometry identified 3.52 and 6.25% of the children as suffering from wasting and stunting, respectively. these prevalences of malnutrition were comparable to those described in pre-school children living in a "favela" (shanty town) of rio de janeiro. in general, the median height fell below the 25th centile of the international standard of growth. the value of 10 year-old boys fell below the 10th centile. the mean values of weight and height of these children were comparable to those of children from the northeastern region of brazil ("nordeste"), higher than those found for children in the state of paraíba, brazil, and lower than those for middle-class children of the state of s. paulo. skinfold thickness, arm circunference, and arm fat area data were higher in girls than boys. however, arm muscle are values in boys were superior in comparison to those of girls.
Acesso à alimenta??o escolar e estado nutricional de escolares no Nordeste e Sudeste do Brasil, 1997
Burlandy, Luciene;Anjos, Luiz Antonio dos;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2007000500023
Abstract: access by schoolchildren (7-10 years of age) to the school food program was investigated in a probabilistic sample of the brazilian population living in the northeast and southeast regions in 1996-97. among children enrolled in public schools, 87.4% had lunch at school: 77.9% in the northeast, 93.7% in the southeast, and 77.9% and 90.7% in the rural and urban areas, respectively. stunting was observed in 13.2% of children (13.8% of boys and 12.6% of girls) and was most prevalent in the rural northeast (22%) and least in the urban southeast (8.5%). stunting was more prevalent in children out of school (27.9%) or enrolled in schools that did not supply lunch (17.9%). prevalence of overweight was relatively high (9.6%) and similar between boys and girls, but was more prevalent in children who had lunch at school (9.8%) as compared to children attending schools without lunch programs (5.5%). these data suggest inadequate geographic, economic, and biological criteria in the school food program.
Aspectos históricos e metodológicos da medi??o e estimativa da taxa metabólica basal: uma revis?o da literatura
Wahrlich, Vivian;Anjos, Luiz Antonio dos;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2001, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2001000400015
Abstract: this paper reviews the most relevant aspects of measuring basal metabolic rate (bmr). the authors discuss individual and lifestyle factors (age, anthropometry, smoking, physical activity, diet, menses, and ethnicity) as well as possible environmental factors at time of measurement which may alter bmr values. various available predictive equations, especially those recommended by the world health organization in 1985, and subsequent validation studies, particularly in populations living in the tropics, are presented. the review indicates the need for more information on bmr from populations living in different parts of the world so that better estimates can be provided for clinicians and epidemiologists.
Acesso a vale-refei??o e estado nutricional de adultos beneficiários do Programa de Alimenta??o do Trabalhador no Nordeste e Sudeste do Brasil, 1997
Burlandy, Luciene;Anjos, Luiz Antonio dos;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2001, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2001000600029
Abstract: access by adults (320 years of age) to the workers' food program was investigated in a probabilistic sample of the brazilian population living in the northeast and southeast regions. only 19.9% (northeast = 11.7% and southeast = 24.9%) of the working population were beneficiaries of the program. receiving the benefit increased in direct proportion to income in both regions, but with a huge gap in the ne: 19.% of individuals in the 5th income quintile and only 3.6% in the 1st quintile were beneficiaries of the program. overweight (bmi 3 25kg.m-2) was more prevalent (38.5%) than underweight (bmi < 18.5). underweight was more prevalent in women (6.1%) than men (3.4%). more overweight than underweight individuals were beneficiaries of the program (31.7 and 23.5%, respectively). these data indicate that the program fails to provide food supplementation to the most needy workers in the two regions of brazil, i.e., its original target population.
Perfil antropométrico da popula??o idosa brasileira. Resultados da Pesquisa Nacional sobre Saúde e Nutri??o
Tavares, Elda Lima;Anjos, Luiz Antonio dos;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 1999, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X1999000400010
Abstract: this paper presents the nutritional status of the elderly brazilian population (60 years and older) based on a probabilistic sample survey in 1989. nutritional assessment used the bmi (kg/m2), with cut-off points recommended by the who (1995). socio-demographic variables included age, gender, region and place of residence in the country (urban/rural area), income, education, and housing conditions. prevalence rates for thinness (bmi < 18.5) and overweight (bmi 3 25) were 7.8% and 30.4% in men and 8.4% and 50.2% in women, higher than in the young adult population. thinness was more frequent in older women, in rural areas from the midwest/northeast regions (women) and southeast/midwest (men), in groups with lower income, less schooling, and worse housing conditions. overweight was more frequent in women from urban areas in the south and southeast and groups with higher income, more schooling, and better housing conditions. the results indicate problematic nutritional status in the brazilian elderly, particularly women.
Perfil antropométrico da popula o idosa brasileira. Resultados da Pesquisa Nacional sobre Saúde e Nutri o
Tavares Elda Lima,Anjos Luiz Antonio dos
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 1999,
Abstract: O presente artigo descreve o perfil nutricional da popula o idosa brasileira (idade igual ou superior a sessenta anos), com base nos dados da Pesquisa Nacional sobre Saúde e Nutri o, estudo com amostra probabilística realizado em 1989. Utilizaram-se para tal análise: o índice de massa corporal - IMC (kg/m2), como indicador do estado nutricional segundo recomenda o da OMS (WHO, 1995), e as variáveis idade, gênero, regi o e situa o do domicílio no país (urbana/rural), renda, escolaridade e qualidade de moradia. As prevalências gerais de magreza (IMC < 18,5) e sobrepeso (IMC > ou = 25) foram, respectivamente, 7,8% e 30,4% em homens e 8,4% e 50,2% em mulheres, mais elevadas que na popula o adulta jovem. A magreza foi mais freqüente em mulheres nas faixas etárias avan adas; em áreas rurais das regi es Centro-Oeste/ Nordeste (mulheres) e Sudeste/Centro-Oeste (homens); nas classes de menor renda, menor escolaridade e pior qualidade de moradia. O sobrepeso foi prevalente em mulheres, em áreas urbanas das regi es Sul e Sudeste (ambos os sexos); nos grupos de maior renda, maior escolaridade e melhor qualidade de moradia. Os resultados indicam um quadro preocupante de altera es nutricionais em idosos no Brasil, principalmente em mulheres.
Aspectos históricos e metodológicos da medi o e estimativa da taxa metabólica basal: uma revis o da literatura
Wahrlich Vivian,Anjos Luiz Antonio dos
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2001,
Abstract: A taxa metabólica basal (TMB) é uma das informa es fisiológicas mais importantes em estudos nutricionais clínicos ou epidemiológicos, seja para se determinar as necessidades energéticas ou calcular o gasto energético de indivíduos ou popula es. O presente artigo discute, com base numa revis o da literatura, a importancia e os aspectos mais relevantes da medi o da TMB. Inicialmente, faz-se um histórico do desenvolvimento dos conceitos e da técnica de medi o da TMB até os dias atuais. S o discutidos os fatores individuais (idade, antropometria, tabagismo, atividade física, dieta, ciclo menstrual e etnia) e os possíveis fatores ambientais presentes na hora da medi o (temperatura, local e repouso) que podem influir no valor da TMB. Apresenta-se as várias equa es de predi o de TMB disponíveis, em especial a sugerida pela Organiza o Mundial da Saúde em 1985, e discute-se os estudos realizados desde ent o, que tentam validar seu uso internacionalmente, particularmente, em popula es vivendo nos trópicos. O artigo aponta para a necessidade de se obter mais informa es sobre o metabolismo basal nos vários segmentos populacionais vivendo em diferentes regi es do mundo, para que melhores estimativas possam ser fornecidas tanto para o uso clínico quanto epidemiológico.
Acesso a vale-refei o e estado nutricional de adultos beneficiários do Programa de Alimenta o do Trabalhador no Nordeste e Sudeste do Brasil, 1997
Burlandy Luciene,Anjos Luiz Antonio dos
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2001,
Abstract: Analisou-se, a partir dos dados da Pesquisa sobre Padr es de Vida (PPV) inquérito de base domiciliar realizado em 1996/97, nas regi es Sudeste e Nordeste do Brasil, a distribui o do recebimento de vale-refei o/cesta básica e sua rela o com o estado nutricional (índice de massa corporal - IMC) de adultos com idade > ou = 20 anos. Do total da popula o ocupada, somente 19,9% recebia o benefício (24,9% no Sudeste e 11,7% no Nordeste) concentrando-se na área urbana (15,8% no Nordeste e 25,9% no Sudeste) e com aumento conforme a eleva o da renda domiciliar per capita. Observou-se um quadro de sobrepeso (IMC > ou = 25) importante (38,5%) particularmente no Sudeste e na área urbana (@ 41%). O baixo peso (IMC < 18,5) foi maior nas mulheres (6,1%) do que entre os homens (3,4%) e mais indivíduos com sobrepeso recebiam o benefício do que os com baixo peso (31,7 e 23,5%, respectivamente). Aparentemente, há uma inadequa o entre as características do grupo alvo e o acesso a vale refei o (ou cesta básica) no Nordeste e Sudeste.
Aspectos de saúde coletiva e ocupacional associados à gest?o dos resíduos sólidos municipais
Ferreira, Jo?o Alberto;Anjos, Luiz Antonio dos;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2001, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2001000300023
Abstract: based on a literature review, the paper calls attention to public and occupational health problems related to poor municipal solid waste management resulting from a development model that views environmental protection, public health, and workers' health as secondary issues. the authors emphasize the need for research to support a new waste management model highlighting the importance of environmental preservation and protection of human health, in addition to suggesting measures to achieve such goals. the discussion aims to incorporate solid waste management into the public health agenda.
Aspectos das práticas alimentares e da atividade física como determinantes do crescimento do sobrepeso/obesidade no Brasil
Mendon?a, Cristina Pinheiro;Anjos, Luiz Antonio dos;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2004000300006
Abstract: data from brazilian national surveys conducted since the 1970s have indicated an increase in the prevalence of overweight/obesity. the two most frequently cited causes of this trend have been dietary changes and reduction in physical activity, characterizing a "contemporary western lifestyle". the objective of this paper is to identify and assess some indicators associated with changes in eating habits and physical activity patterns in the brazilian population in the last 30 years. despite the lack of detailed data, the following factors appear to play an important role in the process: internal migration; dining out; increased consumption of fast food; labor changes; transportation; and the use of home appliances. more information on dietary and physical activity patterns in association with anthropometric data on the brazilian population are needed for a better understanding of each factor's role in these relationships. meanwhile, inter-sector programs and projects with well-defined targets and outcomes are needed for the population's adherence to a healthier lifestyle, in order to control the increase in overweight/obesity.
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