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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 2344 matches for " Anita Eerland "
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Out of Mind, Out of Sight: Language Affects Perceptual Vividness in Memory
Lisa Vandeberg, Anita Eerland, Rolf A. Zwaan
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0036154
Abstract: We examined whether language affects the strength of a visual representation in memory. Participants studied a picture, read a story about the depicted object, and then selected out of two pictures the one whose transparency level most resembled that of the previously presented picture. The stories contained two linguistic manipulations that have been demonstrated to affect concept availability in memory, i.e., object presence and goal-relevance. The results show that described absence of an object caused people to select the most transparent picture more often than described presence of the object. This effect was not moderated by goal-relevance, suggesting that our paradigm tapped into the perceptual quality of representations rather than, for example, their linguistic availability. We discuss the implications of these findings within a framework of grounded cognition.
The Influence of Direct and Indirect Speech on Mental Representations
Anita Eerland, Jan A. A. Engelen, Rolf A. Zwaan
PLOS ONE , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0065480
Abstract: Language can be viewed as a set of cues that modulate the comprehender’s thought processes. It is a very subtle instrument. For example, the literature suggests that people perceive direct speech (e.g., Joanne said: ‘I went out for dinner last night’) as more vivid and perceptually engaging than indirect speech (e.g., Joanne said that she went out for dinner last night). But how is this alleged vividness evident in comprehenders’ mental representations? We sought to address this question in a series of experiments. Our results do not support the idea that, compared to indirect speech, direct speech enhances the accessibility of information from the communicative or the referential situation during comprehension. Neither do our results support the idea that the hypothesized more vivid experience of direct speech is caused by a switch from the visual to the auditory modality. However, our results do show that direct speech leads to a stronger mental representation of the exact wording of a sentence than does indirect speech. These results show that language has a more subtle influence on memory representations than was previously suggested.
Posture as Index for Approach-Avoidance Behavior
Anita Eerland, Tulio M. Guadalupe, Ingmar H. A. Franken, Rolf A. Zwaan
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0031291
Abstract: Approach and avoidance are two behavioral responses that make people tend to approach positive and avoid negative situations. This study examines whether postural behavior is influenced by the affective state of pictures. While standing on the Wii? Balance Board, participants viewed pleasant, neutral, and unpleasant pictures (passively viewing phase). Then they had to move their body to the left or the right (lateral movement phase) to make the next picture appear. We recorded movements in the anterior-posterior direction to examine approach and avoidant behavior. During passively viewing, people approached pleasant pictures. They avoided unpleasant ones while they made a lateral movement. These findings provide support for the idea that we tend to approach positive and avoid negative situations.
Abstract: This study aims to look at the differences of Islamic stocks on the Indonesia Stock Exchange (BEI) before and after the announcement of the price increase of fuel oil (BBM) on 15 May 2015. The method used is quantitative research with paired sample t-test. Research shows that there are significant differences abnormal return before and after the announcement of fuel price increases as well as demonstrate the dif-ference by delaying the trading activity in the stock transaction that makes the average transaction decreased from prior events (event).
History and Advancement of the Family of Log Periodic Toothed Planer Microstrip Antenna  [PDF]
Arti Vaish, Anita Dalal
Journal of Electromagnetic Analysis and Applications (JEMAA) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/jemaa.2011.36039
Abstract: This paper presents the family of logarithmically periodic toothed planer antennas. In this the dimensions of the succes-sive sections were increased in geometric progression for a wide bandwidth usage. A band width of 7% for trapezoid toothed, 26% for zigzag toothed and 50% for cross-toothed VSWR < 2 has been obtained from the proposed antennas. Investigations on the gain and radiation characteristics have been carried out. The investigations show that the pro-posed designs not only offers the enhanced bandwidth but also possesses the same characteristics over the desired fre-quency band at same probe feed position.
Increasing the Adaptive Capacity in Unembanked Neighborhoods? An Exploration into Stakeholder Support for Adaptive Measures in Rotterdam, The Netherlands  [PDF]
Anita Kokx, Tejo Spit
American Journal of Climate Change (AJCC) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ajcc.2012.14015

Cities in deltas are vulnerable to climate change, especially their unembanked neighborhoods that are not protected by dikes. Rising sea levels and extreme water levels in the rivers can lead to the flooding of these urban areas. The Netherlands has a long history in water management. However, building dikes and the elevation of land are traditionally treated as rather stand-alone measures. Attention is rarely paid to the surrounding area, let alone to the complex context of cities and certainly not to disadvantaged neighborhoods. Yet, inner-city area redevelopment may provide opportunities to integrate flood management in these planning processes. In order to investigate the support of stakeholders for risk-reducing adaptive measures and more resilient measures, we did research in an unembanked inner-city area in the city of Rotterdam (The Netherlands), in which we conducted in-depth interviews with the central stakeholders. The main conclusion is that the most important barriers for integrating climate adaptation measures into that neighborhood are the fragmentation of water-safety policy (e.g. elevation of rebuilding locations) and the hierarchical governance arrangement in water management. This type of fragmentation led on its turn to fragmentation with other policy goals for the neighborhood. It also led to fragmentation between different areas in the same neighborhood that received political attention and those that are excluded from water-safety policy. This questions the approach in terms of social justice. An important side effect is that this governance arrangement also restricted innovation towards climate adaptation. Therefore, integrating water-safety policies in urban planning (in its capacity as a more integrative and comprehensive spatial approach) should be considered the best option to increase the adaptive capacity in delta cities. Not only can the negative effects in terms of policy fragmentation be dealt with effectively, but also spatial fragmentation can be tackled.

The Future of Public Sector HRM in Mauritius from an Accountability Perspective  [PDF]
Anita Ramgutty-Wong
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2014.23011

The collective vision of sustainable human development, as expressed by the international community in the UN Millennium Declaration, is a challenge for countries that are not adequately equipped to face the challenges of globalization. A key step in the right direction is the institutionalization of a transparent and accountable public sector that would be truly responsive to a country’s need. As in other parts of the world, Mauritius has embarked on reform programs in response to new opportunities brought about by globalization and the “rise” of Africa. Although public sector reform has appeared on the agenda of successive governments since early 1990s, many critics feel that the progress could have been faster and more substantial. In particular, the traditional omnipresent state has been much criticized for keeping bureaucratic red tape and inefficiency, and generally a poor level of accountability with respect to its obligations. Thus, in order to fully capitalize on the spreading trend of globalization and the immense opportunities offered by the “rise” of Africa, it becomes necessary to look into the reforms to the Public Services as far as human resource management is concerned. This paper lays down the state of affairs in this area and proposes an analysis of the pertinence and efficacy of such reforms from an accountability perspective. Many positive results are noted amongst those ministries that have implemented the Performance Management System, but many other findings are also problematic, such as: 1) Lack of clarity on how PLM is promoting organizational goals; 2) Many staffs unconvince that PMS will help improve their career prospects; 3) Few public sector organizations are able to use the PMS as a basis for staff training plans or for promotion decisions; 4) The appraisal forms are cumbersome and unrealistic; 5) PMS seems to be missing the point of addressing real management challenges; 6) Poor senior management “focus” and commitment to PMS. These findings echo what already exists in many case study reports and literature reviews, wherein we find that performance management systems seem to fall foul of their lofty ideals. Nevertheless, the Mauritian Public Sector has implemented a Performance-Based Budgeting (PBB) system, as a driving force behind the emphasis on identifying goals and measures. This complements the PMS in pushing public sector departments and ministries in the direction of aligning their activities, including HRM, toward achieving strategic goals and measuring progress

Association of Protein Energy Wasting with Income in CKD Stage 3 Patients  [PDF]
Anita Saxena, Amit Gupta
World Journal of Engineering and Technology (WJET) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/wjet.2015.33B008

Protein energy wasting (PEW) is a major challenge in CKD. Objective: To assess PEW in predialysis patients on their first visit to a nephrologist. Methods: Three day dietary intake of 484 CKD stage 3 patients was taken. Appetite was assessed with ADAT. Patients were divided into groups based on appetite and BMI. Results: Male and female parameters are serum albumin 3.7 ± 0.84/3.68.8 ± 0.81 g/dL, total protein 7.02 ± 1.27/6.94 ± 1.26 g/dL, creatinine 4.68 ± 4.19/3.74 ± 3.36 mg% creatinine clearance 33.22 ± 30.48/37.55 ± 33.87 ml/minute, BMI 22.60 ± 4.29/23.43 ± 4.77kg/m2 energy/kg 16.97 ± 0.65/16.8 ± 0.64, protein g/kg 0.65 ± 0.28/0.64 ± 0.30, carbohydrate g/kg 2.98 ± 1.54/2.98 ± 0.1.36, fat g/kg 2.98 ± 0.23/2.79 ± 0.22, respectively. As appetite decreased, dietary protein and energy intake decreased significantly. Appetite in males and females: Average 14.46%, 4.13%, poor 9.7%, 18.18%, anorexic 13.2%, 7.4%. Income had strong correlation with BMI (p 0.000), dietary protein (p 0.000), energy (p 0.000) and carbohydrate (p 0.000). Appetite correlated with creatinine (p 0.019), dietary energy, protein, carbohydrate and fat (p 0.000) intake. BMI correlated (p 0.000) with fat, carbohydrate, energy and creatinine clearance. ANOVA showed significant difference within and between appetite groups in energy, protein, fat, carbohydrate, creatinine clearance (p 0.000) and serum albumin (p 0.025). There was significant difference in protein (p 0.026), energy intake (p 0.000) and creatinine clearance (p 0.038) within and between BMI groups. Based on income, there was significant difference among groups in BMI (p 0.000), energy (p 0.019), protein (p 0.031) and albumin (0.001).

Multi-Machine Power Stabilization Controller (MMPSC) for Power Quality Applications  [PDF]
D. Sabapathi, R. Anita
Circuits and Systems (CS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/cs.2016.710250
Abstract: Power system stability control is a challenging task in power generation, transmission and distributions based applications and in many fields. Multi-machine power compensation control can achieve system stabilization within a prescribed time in conventional controller. However, limited time control cannot guarantee the system convergence within particular time independent on the initial condition, which makes illegal application into the practical system if the initial condition is unknown in advance. The proposed Multi-Machine Power System Compensation (MMPSC) control overcomes the issues in existing systems and limited time stability controller. Due to this attractive solution, multi-machine power compensation control stability has found applications in uniform exact differentiator design for the multi-agent system. The proposed multi-machine power compensation control reduces damping oscillation and improves the power system stability control. The main objective of proposed controller is to improve the stability of MMPSC limited time system stabilization independent of the initial state and ensure fast convergence both far away from and at a close range of the power monitoring system. This feature can reduce the loss caused by unwanted oscillation and avoid voltage collapse. To overcome the linearity problem of terminal mode control, saturation function is introduced to limit the amplitude of power input. In comparison with the existing results on stability control, the proposed MMPSC applies a simpler method to overcome stability problem and achieves higher efficiency.
Development of Small Molecules Activating TRAIL Apoptosis Pathway for Cancer Therapies  [PDF]
Anita C. Bellail, Chunhai Hao
Open Journal of Apoptosis (OJApo) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojapo.2013.24008
Abstract: Development of Small Molecules Activating TRAIL Apoptosis Pathway for Cancer Therapies
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