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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 5120 matches for " Angela Dikou "
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Ecological Processes and Contemporary Coral Reef Management
Angela Dikou
Diversity , 2010, DOI: 10.3390/d2050717
Abstract: Top-down controls of complex foodwebs maintain the balance among the critical groups of corals, algae, and herbivores, thus allowing the persistence of corals reefs as three-dimensional, biogenic structures with high biodiversity, heterogeneity, resistance, resilience and connectivity, and the delivery of essential goods and services to societies. On contemporary reefs world-wide, however, top-down controls have been weakened due to reduction in herbivory levels (overfishing or disease outbreak) while bottom-up controls have increased due to water quality degradation (increase in sediment and nutrient load) and climate forcing (seawater warming and acidification) leading to algal-dominated alternate benthic states of coral reefs, which are indicative of a trajectory towards ecological extinction. Management to reverse common trajectories of degradation for coral reefs necessitates a shift from optimization in marine resource use and conservation towards building socio-economic resilience into coral reef systems while attending to the most manageable human impacts (fishing and water quality) and the global-scale causes (climate change).
Women entrepreneurship in Romania
Angela ON
Revista Romana de Economie , 2011,
Abstract: Considering entrepreneurship the domain with the greatest potential for creativity and innovation, any investigation on this field is recommended, in order to reveal new aspects that can influence the small enterprises development. From this point of view, female entrepreneurship represents an important source of innovation, only partially exploited or even forgotten.
Biochemical characterization of phosphatase, -galactosidase and -mannosidase activities of seeds of an oleaginous cucurbit: Lagenaria siceraria (Molina) Standl blocky-fruited cultivar
D Koffi, B Faule, J Gonnety, M Bédikou, L Kouamé, I Zoro, S Niamké
Sciences & Nature , 2010,
Abstract: Seeds extract of Lagenaria siceraria (Molina) Standl (blocky-fruited cultivar) was screened for enzymatic hydrolytic activities over synthetic variety and natural substrates. The best hydrolytic activities mainly consisted of phosphatase (0.68 ± 0.02 UI/mg), β-galactosidase (0.26 ± 0.03 UI/mg) and α -mannosidase (0.17 ± 0.02 UI/mg). Physicochemical characterization showed that these enzymatic activities were maximal at 55°C in sodium acetate buffer (pHs 4.6 and 5.6). They showed pH and temperature stability and appeared to be resistant in the presence of 5 mM cations (Na+, K+, Ca2+, Ba2+ and Mg2+) concentration and 1% (w/v) detergents (cationic, non-ionic and anionic). The phosphatase activity on different phosphorylated substrates showed it ability to hydrolyze greatly para-nitrophenylphosphate (100 ± 2.3%) and ATP (95.3 ± 2.6%) and in lesser extent sodium phytate (15.2 ± 1.8%). As for natural substrates as lactose and the three different mannobioses linked (α -1,2; α -1,3 α -1,6), that were significantly hydrolyzed by β-galactosidase and α -mannosidase activity respectively. These interesting characteristics deserved to be deeply investigated for the valorisation of Lagenaria siceraria seeds phosphatase, β -galactosidase and α -mannosidase in potential biotechnological applications.
Two Novel Non-Conventional Seed Oil Extracts with Antioxidant and Antimicrobial Activities
LT Zoué, ME Bédikou, JT Gonnety, BM Faulet, SL Niamké
Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research , 2012,
Abstract: Purpose: To investigate the seed oils of Corchorus olitorius and Hibiscus sabdariffa for their antioxidant and antimicrobial potential. Methods: The physicochemical characteristics of oil of the plant seeds were determined using standard methods while their volatile compounds were analyzed by gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometery (GC-MS). The antioxidant activity of these oils was determined using 2,2-Diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) free radical scavenging method, and their antimicrobial effect was determined by agar dilution method. Results: Phospholipids, carotenoids and phenols contents of the studied seed oils were approximately 2.0 %, 100 mg/100g and 6.7 mg/100g, respectively. GC-MS analysis of the volatile compounds showed the presence of various aromatic and aliphatic organic compounds while the antioxidant activity of the oils was in the range of 0 to 5 g/l, which was higher than that of ascorbic acid. The seed oils also showed antimicrobial activity against Staphylococcus aureus, Aspergillus fumigatus and Trichophyton mentagrophytes with minimal inhibitory concentrations (MIC) of 250.0 and 62.5 mg/ml for C. olitorius and H. sabdariffa seed oils, respectively. Conclusion: C. olitorius and H. sabdariffa seed oils showed pronounced antioxidant and antimicrobial activities. These characteristics should be exploited for possible applications in the food supplement, pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries.
Impact of Simulated Airborne Soot on Maize Growth and Development  [PDF]
Angela Anda, Berndett Illes
Journal of Environmental Protection (JEP) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jep.2012.38092
Abstract: Various effects of the dry deposition of soot on maize were investigated in Keszthely (Hungary) in two consecutive years. In order to be able to study a wider range of weather conditions, some of the plants were placed in a Thornthwaite-Matter type evapotranspirometer and given ad libitum water supplies. Pollution with airborne black carbon was simulated throughout the season by distributing rates of 3 g?m–2 a week using a motorised dust sprayer. Among the plant growth parameters, the leaf area index was increased by 3% - 14%, depending on the year, suggesting that the plants were able to absorb the carbon settling on the leaves. The black carbon reduced the albedo of the canopy by 17.5% - 21.8%, depending on the year, forcing the polluted maize to absorb more energy. Part of this surplus energy was utilised for increased evapotranspiration (3.9% and 11% in the two years) and to raise the surface temperature of the canopy by 1℃ - 2℃ during the mid-day hours. The effect of the contamination on maize was more intense in the hot, dry year. The unfavourable effect of soot on maize fertilisation could be observed as a significant increase in the number of deformed ears, leading to a reduction in grain dry matter. The reduction in dry matter yield for polluted maize grown with irrigation in the evapotranspirometer was far less severe than that on non-irrigated plots, suggesting that irrigation was the most obvious solution for mitigating the negative effects of contamination with airborne soot.
Current Attitudes of Anesthesiologists towards Medically Futile Care  [PDF]
Angela Saettele,Joseph Kras
Open Journal of Anesthesiology (OJAnes) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojanes.2013.34048
Abstract: Purpose: To explore anesthesiologists’ perceptions of the reasons underlying why physicians continue to provide care that they consider futile. Methods: A qualitative study was conducted utilizing a grounded theory approach. Four separate focus groups (2 resident physician groups and 2 attending physician groups) were conducted over a three week span. An interview guide was used consisting of a proposed definition of futility and five open-ended questions. Responses to the five open-ended questions were used to guide follow up questions. Transcribed audio recordings were then analyzed. Results: With data reduction, we were able to separate responses into definitions of futility, stories of cases where futile care was provided, and opinions as to the underlying causes of continuing to provide futile care. A variety of opinions was obtained, suggesting the possibility that different groups (surgeons, anesthesiologists, family members) view questions of futility differently. Conclusions: Complete agreement on a definition of futility does not exist. Even when some agreement exists, there is great difficulty in predicting outcomes in individual cases. Future quantitative studies may provide more evidence of trends in underlying reasons for providing futile care. Focused education efforts may then lead to more agreement between all involved.
Current Attitudes of Anesthesiologists towards Medically Futile Care  [PDF]
Angela Saettele, Joseph Kras
Open Journal of Anesthesiology (OJAnes) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojanes.2013.34048
Abstract:

Purpose: To explore anesthesiologists’ perceptions of the reasons underlying why physicians continue to provide care that they consider futile. Methods: A qualitative study was conducted utilizing a grounded theory approach. Four separate focus groups (2 resident physician groups and 2 attending physician groups) were conducted over a three week span. An interview guide was used consisting of a proposed definition of futility and five open-ended questions. Responses to the five open-ended questions were used to guide follow up questions. Transcribed audio recordings were then analyzed. Results: With data reduction, we were able to separate responses into definitions of futility, stories of cases where futile care was provided, and opinions as to the underlying causes of continuing to provide futile care. A variety of opinions was obtained, suggesting the possibility that different groups (surgeons, anesthesiologists, family members) view questions of futility differently. Conclusions: Complete agreement on a definition of futility does not exist. Even when some agreement exists, there is great difficulty in predicting outcomes in individual cases. Future quantitative studies may provide more evidence of trends in underlying reasons for providing futile care. Focused education efforts may then lead to more agreement between all

Keeping the White Family Together: Racial Disparities in the Out-of-Home Placements of Maltreated Children  [PDF]
Angela M. Kaufman
Advances in Applied Sociology (AASoci) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/aasoci.2013.38041
Abstract: The likelihood of being removed from the home following a case of maltreatment is much higher for black youth than for whites. Two explanations exist in the literature. The first, black children experience more serious forms of maltreatment and have fewer resources to remedy the maltreatment situation than do whites. The second, there is an underlying racial bias within the child welfare system. The present study examines 789 dependency cases from child welfare services in a large urban county in the Northwest United States. Using multiple logistic regression models, it examines whether race has an effect on child placement within the child welfare system, and whether the factors influencing placement are the same for white and black youth. Findings illustrate a racial disparity in out-of-home placements supporting both of the competing explanations in the current literature. Overall, the present study finds that two separate processes seem to be at play in the placement decisions of maltreated youth, and concludes with possible explanations for this differential treatment.
Analysing a Pricing Policy for a Home Centre: A Case Study  [PDF]
Dora Maglione, Angela Diblasi
Journal of Financial Risk Management (JFRM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jfrm.2014.31002
Abstract:

One critical aspect of retailer category management is pricing the items in order to maximize total profits. To define an appropriate pricing policy, a retailer should evaluate how changes in prices of a set of items may impact their shelves or inter demands. In this setting, elasticities play a major role. In addition, a proper policy can be defined from different points of view. In this paper, estimation of a profit function and its maximization under different scenarios is used as a tool to analyze such policy. Estimation of this function is performed through a previous selection of items within a home center category. Then, an adequate AIDS model allowing calculation of elasticities is fitted. Moreover, a profit function is defined in terms of prices and demands. This functionis linearized for the following two purposes, to express it in terms of elasticities, and to maximize it more easily under the consideration of different sets of item prices defined in a convex set. Then, confidence intervals for the total and marginal profits were built to gather the randomness of demands. The results are applied to the selected items in a home center that behaves as a monopoly in the area.

Strategies, Performances and Profiling of a Sample of U.S. Universities in 2012  [PDF]
Angela Besana, Annamaria Esposito
Open Journal of Applied Sciences (OJAppS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojapps.2015.53008
Abstract: The global economic crisis is affecting performances of not-for-profits. At the same time donors are targeted by a pressing good-cause related marketing, so that the competition for philanthropy is particularly keen. U.S. universities can be public, not-for-profit and for-profit. U.S. not-for-profit universities are confronted with different marketing, fundraising and revenue diversification. Above all, marketing concerns customers and their segmentation and their purchasing-power exploitation; fundraising aims to gain the trustworthiness of donors, instead. The aim of this paper is the analysis of the revenue diversification of a sample of 100 U.S. not-for-profit universities according to IRS (Internal Revenue Service) Forms. These 100 U.S. universities had the highest 2012’s revenues for the Guidestar ranking (www.guidestar.org). The cluster analysis gives evidence that the highest gain and the highest solvency are both connected with the implementation of revenue diversification for one profile. The most crowded cluster is the Marketing Expert with the second highest gain.
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