Abstract:
The purpose of this paper is to point out a relation between the canonical sheaf and the intersection complex of a singular algebraic variety. We focus on the hypersurface case. Let $M$ be a complex manifold, $X\subset M$ a singular hypersurface. We study residues of top-dimensional meromorphic forms with poles along $X$. Applying resolution of singularities sometimes we are able to construct residue classes either in $L^2$-cohomology of $X$ or in the intersection cohomology. The conditions allowing to construct these classes coincide. They can be formulated in terms of the weight filtration. Finally, provided that these conditions hold, we construct in a canonical way a lift of the residue class to cohomology of $X$.

Abstract:
We describe the weight filtration in the cohomology of toric varieties. We present a role of the Frobenius automorphism in an elementary way. We prove that equivariant intersection homology of an arbitrary toric variety is pure. We obtain results concerning Koszul duality: nonequivariant intersection cohomology is equal to the cohomology of the Koszul complex $IH_T^*(X)\otimes H^*(T)$. We also describe the weight filtration in $IH^*(X)$.

Abstract:
For a complex variety with a torus action we propose a new method of computing Chern-Schwartz-MacPherson classes. The method does not apply resolution of singularities. It is based on Localization Theorem in equivariant cohomology.

Abstract:
We consider smooth completion of algebraic manifolds. Having some information about its singular completions or about completions of its images we prove purity of cohohomology of the set at infinity. We deduce also some topological properties. The work is based on the study of perverse direct images for algebraic maps.

Abstract:
Suppose an algebraic torus acts on a complex algebraic variety $X$. Then a great part of information about global invariants of $X$ are encoded in some data localized around the fixed points. The goal of this note is to present a connection between two approaches to localization for $C^*$-action. The homological results are related to $S^1$-action, while from $R^*_{>0}$-action we obtain a geometric decomposition. We study the resulting decompositions of Hirzebruch $\chi_y$-genus and their relative versions. We show that via a limit process the second decomposition is obtained from the first one. The results are also valid for singular varieties.

Abstract:
We present several approaches to equivariant intersection cohomology. We show that for a complete algebraic variety acted by a connected algebraic group $G$ it is a free module over $H^*(BG)$. The result follows from the decomposition theorem or from a weight argument.

Abstract:
We show that for a complete complex algebraic variety the pure component of homology coincides with the image of intersection homology. Therefore pure homology is topologically invariant. To obtain slightly more general results we introduce "image homology" for noncomplete varieties.

Abstract:
We consider a possibility of the existence of intersection homology morphism, which would be associated to a map of analytic varieties. We assume that the map is an inclusion of codimension one. Then the existence of a morphism follows from Saito's decomposition theorem. For varieties with conical singularities we show, that the existence of intersection homology morphism is exactly equivalent to the validity of Hard Lefschetz Theorem for links. For varieties with arbitrary analytic singularities we extract a remarkable property, which we call Local Hard Lefschetz.

Abstract:
Let $X$ be a toric variety. Rationally Borel-Moore homology of $X$ is isomorphic to the homology of the Koszul complex $A^T_*(X)\otimes \Lambda^\x M$, where $A^T_*(X)$ is the equivariant Chow group and $M$ is the character group of $T$. Moreover, the same holds for coefficients which are the integers with certain primes inverted.

Abstract:
Let Z be an arrangement of submanifolds in a complex compact algebraic manifold X. We allow some kind of singular intersections. We consider the Leray spectral sequence of the embedding of the U=X-Z into X and formulate a condition sufficient for degeneration of this spectral sequence on E_3-table.