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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 222 matches for " Andries Raath "
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Providence, conscience of liberty and benevolence – the implications of Luther’s and Calvin’s views on natural law for fundamental rights
Andries Raath
In die Skriflig , 2007, DOI: 10.4102/ids.v41i3.313
Abstract: Prof. Johan van der Vyver recently identified a need for a Scriptural foundation of human rights. In this article it is argued that together with their evangelical perspectives, Luther’s and Calvin’s Ciceronian re-interpretation of Thomism produced very important perspectives for establishing the moral context of a Scriptural basis for fundamental rights and duties. The impli- cations of the views of both Luther and Calvin on fundamental duties and justice presuppose a moral context from which is- sues related to human rights can be approached. In that regard the views of Luther and Calvin still have much to contribute towards developing an evangelical approach to human rights.
Heinrich Bullinger, political covenantalism and Vermigli’s commentary on Judges
Andries Raath
In die Skriflig , 2005, DOI: 10.4102/ids.v39i2.387
Abstract: The Zurich political federalists under the leadership of Heinrich Bullinger had a number of important views in common: firstly, they subscribed to the ideal of the covenanted nation under God; secondly, they maintained the view that magistrates and their subjects have a covenantal calling to live according to God’s law; thirdly, the binding together (consolidation) of the covenanted Christian polity by means of the oath; fourthly, the right to resistance when the conditions of the covenant are broken; fifthly, the offices of magistrates and pastors are mutually to assist one another in maintaining and furthering the conditions and requirements of the Biblical covenant in the consolidated Christian community. Vermigli used these principles, together with the Chrysostomian and Lutheran views on magisterial office, to develop an influential theory of theologico-political federalism in the Reformational tradition.
Gereformeerde mistiek en die neerslag daarvan in pi tistiese ego-tekste van manlike gelowiges in die Suid-Afrikaanse pionierslewe
Andries W.G. Raath
HTS Theological Studies/Teologiese Studies , 2012,
Abstract: Reformed mysticism and the culmination thereof in pietistic ego-texts of male believers in the South African pioneer life on the frontier. The manifestation of Reformed mysticism in the pioneering communities of the South African interior was not limited to women-believers only. Although less frequent, Reformed mysticism contained in the pietistic ego-texts of male-believers also surfaced in early pioneering communities of South Africa. This essay considers the mystical ego-text of Francois Retief (1773–1838), the brother of Piet Retief who was massacred with other Voortrekkers by the Zulu king Dingaan in February 1838. Francois Retief’s ego-text reflects typical elements of Jesus-centred bridal mysticism. Although it does not contain the radical features of bridal mysticism prevalent among women-believers on the frontier, it reflects intense levels of spiritual consciousness associated with the energetic levels of faith among Reformed believers under dire circumstances on the frontier.
From Chrysostom to Luther: The roots of magisterial office in Martyr Vermigli’s political theology
Andries W.G. Raath
In die Skriflig , 2005, DOI: 10.4102/ids.v39i1.376
Abstract: Peter Martyr Vermigli played a key role in developing and formulating the Reformational version of the political covenant for legitimating the political order. Three important perspectives shaped Vermigli’s covenantal views: first, St. John Chrysostom’s idea of political office; second, Luther’s work on the divine origin of magisterial government and third, Heinrich Bullinger’s commentaries on the Biblical covenant. These perspectives were integrated by Vermigli into an influential paradigm of covenantal politics. The impact of the ideas emanating from Vermigli’s theologico-political federalism was not limited to the 16th-century Reformation, but also exerted considerable influence on the development of political contractarianism in 17th - and 18th-century liberalism. In this contribution the emphasis is on Chrysostom’s and Luther’s contributions to Vermigli’s political theology.
Writing 'new' decalogues: Martin Luther’s development of the Pauline-Augustinian tradition of natural law
A. Raath
Koers : Bulletin for Christian Scholarship , 2005, DOI: 10.4102/koers.v70i3.278
Abstract: This essay argues in favour of Martin Luther subscribing to the theory of natural law in his theology. An in-depth study of Luther’s views on natural law finds support for Brown’s thesis that Luther’s contribution to the tradition of natural law cannot be taken to form the basis of the theory of divine right prominent in the seventeenth century. Without venturing into the debate on natural law versus legal positivism, it is found that the perspective emanating from Luther’s natural law theory has an important political message for mankind as a whole in its implicit warning against positivistic and legalistic perspectives on law because these are apt to lead to confusion, relativism and historicism. Man, according to Luther’s view, therefore, has to revert to more fundamental principles (or values), representative of “ideal,” “good,” or “true,” norms for testing manmade law. The more specific implications of Luther’s views on natural law for Christians concern an eschatological vision of Christians’ involvement and work in God’s creation. This vision concerns man’s divine appointment to hold office and promote peace in society, and to contribute humbly towards God’s involvement in societies suffering from the effects of legalism or torn apart by conflict.
Switserland en die beginsel van nie-inmenging in die internasionale reg tydens die Anglo-Boereoorlog, 1899-1902
A. Raath
Koers : Bulletin for Christian Scholarship , 2005, DOI: 10.4102/koers.v70i4.285
Abstract: Switzerland and the principle of non-intervention in international law during the Anglo-Boer War, 1899-1902 The outbreak of the Anglo-Boer War on 11 October 1899 hit the world like a bomb blast. The news of the war produced strong anti-British sentiments in certain quarters: not only did poets, writers and politicians of international stature, as well as the press, exert strong influence on the public, nations also pressurised their governments to side against Britain. This article investigates the complex position of Switzerland in terms of its official policy of non-intervention in the international world. The following concomitant aspects are also investigated: the pressure exerted on Swiss authorities to express sympathy with the Boer Republics; the growing awareness of the humanitarian implications of Britain’s scorched-earth policy of massing together the civil population of the Boer Republics, and the resultant pleas to stop these methods of warfare. The Swiss position of non-intervention in international affairs was severely tested in its efforts to remain legally neutral in the international arena. Switzerland’s decision to remain neutral in the war, was finally determined by various factors in the sphere of inter-national law and politics. The developments in Switzerland during the war reflect the transition from positivism towards a stronger humanitarian spirit in international law and politics.
Moral-jural reflections on the right to marital dignity and the 'nursery of human society': interpreting Luther’s views on conjugal rights and benevolent love
A. Raath
Koers : Bulletin for Christian Scholarship , 2008, DOI: 10.4102/koers.v73i3.168
Abstract: At the advent of the Reformation, the institution of marriage, with particular emphasis on the marriage of priests and the degeneration of married life in Germany, proved to be a contentious matter in the discourse on marriage between Martin Luther and his colleague Melanchthon on the one hand and the papal authorities on the other. Although Luther subscribed to the basic definition of marriage postulated by the classical Roman jurists, he placed the issue of man’s “de facto” conjugal union in a broader perspective of moral-jural right as the foundation of the spouses’ duties and rights in marriage. Hence the distinction between “de facto” and “de jure” conjugal union enabled Luther and Melanchthon to develop a broader natural law-inspired view on marital dignity and the right thereto. In this article the origin, content and some implications of Luther’s reformational perspectives on the dignity of marriage are investigated.
Human personhood and social benevolence – reformational
A. Raath
Koers : Bulletin for Christian Scholarship , 2007, DOI: 10.4102/koers.v72i2.198
Abstract: In spite of the academic interest in human rights in reformational- evangelical circles during the past 100 years, the existence, necessity and importance of such rights, in particular the right to human dignity, have not been provided with an underlying Scriptural foundation for the understanding and evaluation of these rights. In this article the reformational perspectives of Martin Luther are utilised and developed in order to establish a moral framework for the human right to dignity and for determining its meaning and purview as a foundational human, political and legal value.
Luther’s moral synthesis: occamism, Christian mysticism and the idea of being
A. Raath
In die Skriflig , 2010, DOI: 10.4102/ids.v44i2.152
Abstract: To Luther human beings can only come to true redemptive knowledge through the Word and through faith. Although philosophical knowledge in the domain of man’s earthly exis-tence cannot provide him with true knowledge in matters of faith, such knowledge is of much importance for man’s earthly existence from a moral point of view. By submitting to universal being even unbelievers can gain valuable insights into moral matters. Such moral insights are important for making human co-existence possible in society. Within the broad context of Luther’s Occamist views on knowledge, both German mysticism and the Stoic-Ciceronian idea of being contribute towards a synthesis from which Luther’s views on morals in matters of faith and philosophy respectively emanate.
Oopheid van hart - die kroon op die lewensarbeid van H.G. Stoker (4 April 1899-16 Mei 1993
A. W. G. Raath
Koers : Bulletin for Christian Scholarship , 1994, DOI: 10.4102/koers.v59i3&4.705
Abstract: With the death of Prof H.G. Stoker, formerly lecturer in Philosophy at the PU for CHI'., Calvinist philosophy has lost one of its greatest sons. Not only did Prof. Stoker develop a unique philosophy namely the Cosmocreatedness of the universe but over more than fiv e decades he published extensively in most fields of science. In 1981 Prof. Stoker awarded an honorary chair at his alma mater. In a series of lectures Prof. Stoker subsequently developed his basic philosophical views on the role of Christian openness in science and philosophy. His lecture on openness of the heart in Calvinist philosophy deals with love, faith and hope as the most fundamental issues of life and the role of these in his Christian philosophy.
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