Abstract:
We investigate stable operations in supersingular elliptic cohomology using isogenies of supersingular elliptic curves over finite fields. Our main results provide a framework in which we give a conceptually simple proof of an elliptic cohomology version of the Morava change of rings theorem and also gives models for explicit stable operations in terms of isogenies and morphisms in certain enlarged isogeny categories. We relate our work to that of G. Robert on the Hecke algebra structure of the ring of supersingular modular forms.

Abstract:
We investigate Hopf algebroids in the category of $L$-complete modules over a commutative Noetherian regular complete local ring. The main examples are provided by the Hopf algebroids associated to Lubin-Tate spectra in the K(n)-local stable homotopy category and we show that these have Landweber filtrations for all finitely generated discrete modules. Along the way we investigate the canonical Hopf algebras associated to Hopf algebroids over fields and introduce a notion of unipotent Hopf algebroid generalising that for Hopf algebras. In two appendices we continue the discussion of the connections with twisted group rings, and expand on a result of Hovey on the non-exactness of coproducts of L-complete modules.

Abstract:
These notes provide an informal introduction to a type of Mackey functor that arises naturally in algebraic topology in connection with Morava $K$-theory of classifying spaces of finite groups. The main aim is to identify key algebraic aspects of the Green functor structure obtained by applying a Morava $K$-theory to such classifying spaces.

Abstract:
We adopt the viewpoint that topological And\'e-Quillen theory for commutative $S$-algebras should provide usable (co)homology theories for doing calculations in the sense traditional within Algebraic Topology. Our main emphasis is on homotopical properties of universal derivations, especially their behaviour in multiplicative homology theories. There are algebraic derivation properties, but also deeper properties arising from the homotopical structure of the free algebra functor $\mathbb{P}_R$ and its relationship with extended powers of spectra. In the connective case in ordinary $\bmod{\,p}$ homology, this leads to useful formulae involving Dyer-Lashof operations in the homology of commutative $S$-algebras. Although many of our results could no doubt be obtained using stabilisation, our approach seems more direct. We also discuss a reduced free algebra functor $\tilde{\mathbb{P}}_R$.

Abstract:
Power operations in the homology of infinite loop spaces, and $H_\infty$ or $E_\infty$ ring spectra have a long history in Algebraic Topology. In the case of ordinary mod p homology for a prime p, the power operations of Kudo, Araki, Dyer and Lashof interact with Steenrod operations via the Nishida relations, but for many purposes this leads to complicated calculations once iterated applications of these functions are required.On the other hand, the homology coaction turns out to provide tractable formulae better suited to exploiting multiplicative structure. We show how to derive suitable formulae for the interaction between power operations and homology coactions in a wide class of examples; our approach makes crucial use of modern frameworks for spectra with well behaved smash products. In the case of mod $p$ homology, our formulae extend those of Bisson and Joyal to odd primes. We also show how to exploit our results in sample calculations, and produce some apparently new formulae for the Dyer-Lashof action on the dual Steenrod algebra.

Abstract:
We construct a free resolution of $R/I^s$ over $R$ where $I\ideal R$ is generated by a (finite or infinite) regular sequence. This generalizes the Koszul complex for the case $s=1$. For $s>1$, we easily deduce that the algebra structure of $\Tor^R_*(R/I,R/I^s)$ is trivial and the reduction map $R/I^s\lra R/I^{s-1}$ induces the trivial map of algebras.

Abstract:
Inspired by Stewart Priddy's cellular model for the $p$-local Brown-Peterson spectrum $BP$, we give a construction of a $p$-local $E_\infty$ ring spectrum $R$ which is a close approximation to $BP$. Indeed we can show that if $BP$ admits an $E_\infty$ structure then these are weakly equivalent as $E_\infty$ ring spectra. Our inductive cellular construction makes use of power operations on homotopy groups to define homotopy classes which are then killed by attaching $E_\infty$ cells.

Abstract:
We describe the action of power operations on the $p$-completed cooperation algebra $K^\vee_0 K = K_0(K)^{\displaystyle\hat{}}_p$ for $K$-theory at a prime~$p$.

Abstract:
We introduce a notion of characteristic for connective $p$-local $E_\infty$ ring spectra and study some basic properties. Apart from examples already pointed out by Markus Szymik, we investigate some examples built from Hopf invariant $1$ elements in the stable homotopy groups of spheres and make some conjectures about spectra for which they may be characteristics; these appear to involve hard questions in stable homotopy theory.

Abstract:
The $2$-primary Hopf invariant $1$ elements in the stable homotopy groups of spheres form the most accessible family of elements. In this paper we explore some properties of the $\mathcal{E}_\infty$ ring spectra obtained from certain iterated mapping cones by applying the free algebra functor. In fact, these are equivalent to Thom spectra over infinite loop spaces related to the classifying spaces $B\mathrm{SO},\,B\mathrm{Spin},\,B\mathrm{String}$. We show that the homology of these Thom spectra are all extended comodule algebras of the form $\mathcal{A}_*\square_{\mathcal{A}(r)_*}P_*$ over the dual Steenrod algebra $\mathcal{A}_*$ with $\mathcal{A}_*\square_{\mathcal{A}(r)_*}\mathbb{F}_2$ as an algebra retract. This suggests that these spectra might be wedges of module spectra over the ring spectra $H\mathbb{Z}$, $k\mathrm{O}$ or $\mathrm{tmf}$, however apart from the first case, we have no concrete results on this.