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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 51319 matches for " Anderson dos Santos Carvalho "
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Leandro Alves da Cunha,Carlos Augusto de Carvalho Filho,Ariovaldo de Souza Ribeiro,Anderson dos Santos Carvalho
Colloquium Vitae , 2010, DOI: 10.5747/cv2010.v02.n2.v030
Abstract: The objectives of this study were to profile morphological and kinanthropometric in school (children) aged between 09 and 10 years of age, participants in Project Athlete of the Future (PAF). Thus, we evaluated 44 children, aged between 09 and 10 years. We can infer that children are within normal in height and body mass. For the tests kinanthropometric children were the best in the test run of 9 minutes and showed good levels of cardiorespiratory fitness. As for the tests with anaerobic speed test run of 20m and agility of the children assessed had an index lower than expected for their ages. Was also shown to be stronger in the test of abdominal and throwing medicineball compared to the test of horizontal jump. To test the flexibility of the index children showed lower than expected for their ages. These considerations will be presented to coordinate the FAP, which will be reflected and discussed for the better targeting of activities in classrooms, as well as the project itself.
Paleogenetic Studies in Guajajara Skeletal Remains, Maranh?o State, Brazil
Daniela Leite,Alysson Leit?o,Ana Paula Schaan,Anderson N. R. Marinho,Sheila Souza,Claudia Rodrigues-Carvalho,Francisca Cardoso,?ndrea Ribeiro-dos-Santos
Journal of Anthropology , 2014, DOI: 10.1155/2014/729120
Abstract: In the early 17th century, French and Portuguese colonizers and Jesuit priests settled in the state of Maranh?o and made contact with the Guajajara, an ethnic group that lived along the margins of the Pindaré River. The Guajajara maintained contact with Brazilian national society over the centuries, including with Brazilian admixed populations, and with African slaves that flocked towards the region from the 18th century onwards. The present study investigates the origins of this admixture using mitochondrial genetic variability. The bones of 12 individuals investigated, which are currently part of the collection of the National Museum, were tested for genetic diversity. aDNA was extracted by the phenol-chloroform method and by DNA IQ (Promega, Madison, WI, USA). Amplification of the HVS I region was performed by PCR, followed by direct sequencing using the Big Dye kit (Life Technologies, Foster City, CA, USA). This region was found to represent haplogroups of Amerindians (A, C, and D) and Africans (L, L1b, L1c, and L3). The presence of African haplogroups in Guajajara bones from as early as the 18th century is consistent with historical and anthropological data, suggesting the admixture with Africans and/or Afrodescendants. Therefore, this study demonstrates that women with African haplogroups were introduced into the Guajajara population. 1. Introduction 1.1. The Guajajara Among the indigenous peoples that still inhabit the vast South American continent are the Guajajara, an example of ethnic resistance after four centuries of contact with European, Brazilian, and African populations. The Guajajara are also referred to as the Tenetehara-Guajajara of Maranh?o to distinguish them from the Tenetehara-Tembé of Pará, and they belong to the Tupi linguistic family. According to Nimuendaju [1], during the 19th century, the Guajajara lived along the Pindaré, Grajaú, and Mearim rivers (Figure 1), an area that they had occupied since pre-Columbian times according to Wagley and Galv?o [2]. Figure 1: Current distribution of the studied Guajajara villages of Kamiranga and Januária (in red) and the quilombola populations (in black) in the state of Maranh?o, Brazil (adapted from [ 59]). A more detailed analysis of the population’s demography revealed that although their population size had been severely reduced in the past, it recovered significantly during at least two historical periods and is an extraordinary example of demographic expansion. Another particularity of these groups is their substantial level of admixture [3], both with Africans and Europeans.
An Overview of the Amazonian Craton Evolution: Insights for Paleocontinental Reconstruction  [PDF]
Mauro Cesar Geraldes, Armando Dias Tavares, Anderson Costa Dos Santos
International Journal of Geosciences (IJG) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ijg.2015.69084
Abstract: The Amazonian craton major accretionary and collisional processes may be correlated to supercontinent assemblies developed at several times in the Earth history. Based on geologic, structural and paleomagnetic evidence paleocontinent reconstructions have been proposed for Archean to younger times. The oldest continent (Ur) was formed probably by five Achaean cratonic areas (Kaapvaal, Western Dhawar, Bhandara, Singhhum and Pilbara cratons). Geologic evidences suggest the participation of the Archaean rocks of the Carajás region in the Ur landmass. Supercontinental 2.45 Ga Kenorland amalgamation is indicated by paleomagnetic data including Laurentia, Baltica, Australia, and Kalahari and Kaapvaal cratons. There is no evidence indicating that Amazonian craton was part of the Kenorland supercontinent. From 1.83 Ga to 1.25 Ga Columbia and Hudsonland supercontinents including Amazonian craton were proposed based on NE portion of the Amazonian craton (Maroni/Itacaiunas province) connection with West Africa and Kalahari cratons. Rodinia supercontinent reconstructions show Amazonia joined to Laurentia-Baltica as result of 1.1 Ga to 1.0 Ga fusion based on the Sunsas-Aguapei belts and Greenville and Sveconorwegian belts, respectivelly. The large Late Mesoproterozoic landmass included also Siberia, East Antartica, West Nile, Kalahari, Congo/Sao Francisco and Greenland. The 750 - 520 Ma Gondwana assembly includes most of the continental fragments rifted apart during the break-up of Rodinia followed by diachronic collisions (Araguaia, Paraguay and Tucavaca belts). The supercontinent Pangea is comprised of Gondwana and Laurentia formed at about 300 - 180 Ma ago. The Amazonian craton margins probably were not envolved in the collisional processes during Pangea because it was embebed in Neoproterozoic materials. As consequence, Amazonian craton borders have no record of the orogenic processes responsible for the Pangea amalgamation.
Ant?nio Moniz de Souza, o 'Homem da Natureza Brasileira': ciência e plantas medicinais no início do século XIX
Santos, Laura Carvalho dos;
História, Ciências, Saúde-Manguinhos , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-59702008000400008
Abstract: early nineteenth century brazil saw a vibrant movement to study nature, including a number of expeditions aimed at gathering a corpus of knowledge on brazilian flora. one of the main goals of these expeditions was to map and identify plant species of economic and therapeutic value. the government undertook and sponsored various initiatives, and it was within this context that the bahian voyager ant?nio moniz de souza engaged in his activities. he traveled through areas of the brazilian territory in the first decades of the nineteenth century, observing, cataloging, and collecting products from the three kingdoms, especially plants with medicinal powers. this study of moniz de souza pinpoints and analyzes important features in the exploration of nature and knowledge and the use of medicinal plants during this timeframe.
Intermediate hosts of schistosoma mansoni in Brazil
Carvalho, Omar dos Santos;
Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz , 1992, DOI: 10.1590/S0074-02761992000800048
Abstract: the brazilian planorbidical chart is slowly but progressively been increased by new data. distribution of vector species of schistosoma mansoni, according to paraense, 1986, may be thus resumed: biomphalaria glabrata - delimited by paralells 13 and 21-s and meridians 39 and 45-w, area of greater dominance (southerst bahia, oriental half of minas gerais and espírito santo). it is observed along the coast line of the state of sergipe, alagoas, pernambuco, paraíba and rio grande do norte. starting from there, it is found towards the southwest, in the direction to the sao francisco river and south-center of minas gerais. isolated population may be observed in other states. its presence is probably, associated to the transmission of schistosomiasis in all areas where it occurs. b. tenagophila - extends it self through a wide strip of coast-line the south of bahia (17-45"s, 39-15'w), rs(33-41's, 53-27'w). in sao paulo and rio grande do sul states it is found further inland. it is important in schistosomiasis transmission in the paraíba valley (sp). isolated populations are observed in the federal district and minas gerais state. b. straminea - better adapter species to climatic variation, having a more dense ditribution in the northeast (41-wand 110-s), south of bahia and northeast of minas gerais (150 and 180-s, 400 and 440-w) it is less susceptible than b. glabrata, being however the most important responsible for the transmission of s. mansoni in the northeast, chiefly in the northeastern dry area, where it is almost the only transmissive species.
As rela es internacionais da ásia e da áfrica
Fagner dos Santos Carvalho
Meridiano 47 : Boletim de Análise de Conjuntura em Rela??es Internacionais , 2008,
Guilherme dos Santos Carvalho
Revista PRETEXTO , 2001,
Guilherme dos Santos Carvalho
Revista PRETEXTO , 2000,
Investimento parental e desenvolvimento da crian?a
Lordelo, Eulina Rocha;Fran?a, Carine Bastos da;Lopes, Lígia Maria dos Santos;Dacal, Maria del Pilar Ogando;Carvalho, Cláudio Seal;Guirra, Raquel Cardoso;Chalub, Anderson Almeida;
Estudos de Psicologia (Natal) , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-294X2006000300002
Abstract: according to the parental investment theory, it would be expected an association between maternal family environment and her reproductive behavior and, as a consequence, her patterns of parental investment on her children, with effects on their development. this study aimed to verify that association, in a sample of 37 mothers and their children (one to four years old), in a poor neighborhood of salvador, in the state of bahia, brazil. we studied the family and reproductive history of the mothers and assessed the cognitive development of children, through bayley and wippsi-r scales, in four assessments during three years. we found correlation between the raising environment of the mother and her subsequent reproductive patterns. these patterns were related to cognitive development of children, favoring children whose mothers started their reproductive life later. the results are, in general, compatible with the parental investment theory. limitations of the study and future perspectives are discussed.
Síndrome de Guillain-Barré associada a pancreatite aguda: relato de caso
Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria , 1999, DOI: 10.1590/S0004-282X1999000500024
Abstract: we report a clinical case of guillain-barré syndrome associated with acute pancreatitis, and perform a review in literature about clinical complications related to guillain-barré syndrome. we suggest the possibility of being the events immunologically related.
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