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Categorías de adscripción y dinámicas políticas en el norte patagónico a partir de la explotación de hidrocarburos
García,Analía;
Etnográfica , 2012,
Abstract: at the beginning of the 21th century, hydrocarbon exploitation began in buta ranquil, an argentine village situated in north patagonia and grounded on a traditional peasant subsistence economy. there, civil construction related with oil production started and promoted the arrival of migrant workmen. in a very short period of time, the traditional peasant’s way of life started to change and contrast with the new social dynamics that the industry and commerce brought along. in this article, the objective is to analyze how consuetudinary categories of adscription work in a context of social change between the original inhabitants and migrants, focusing on the political dynamics. we argue that these categories serve as frameworks in which social distance regarding newcomers is part of a process of stigmatization. in addition, working with anthropological categories such as “rumor” and “reputation” enables us to understand how the new productive context impacts the pre-existing socio-cultural framework. finally, we will argue that personal affinities based on these categories of adscription stress political alliances built over regional frames.
Temporalidades fragmentadas: La experiencia social de trabajadores petroleros de la Cuenca Neuquina
García,Analía;
Papeles de trabajo - Centro de Estudios Interdisciplinarios en Etnoling???-stica y Antropolog?-a Socio-Cultural , 2009,
Abstract: a very proliferous debate around the regulatory policies on oligopolies and their results after almost two decades has been taking place since the deregularization of the hydrocarbon activity. at the same time, a focus of concern has been the high level of conflictivity that has been taking place on villages historically dedicated to this economic activity. on the other hand, the economic crisis has allowed social science to update the debates around the drama of unemployment that characterized the economic reforms of the last decade. following these issues, we inquire on the social dinamics that encircles the biographic experiences of hydrocarbon workers of the cuenca neuquina. we build a relationship between the present state of capitalism and the territory of hydrocarbon production with the objective of understanding the expressions of a particular subjectivity that is built around horizons of life characterized by a fragmentation of time and space. then, we analyze the dynamics of migrant workers in two villages: rincón de los sauces y buta ranquil, where they live during the labor week away from their nuclear families. within this framework, we consider about the lonelyness and uprooting that their personal horizons of life reveal.
Las nuevas villas obreras tras la desregulación de los hidrocarburos: El caso de Buta Ranquil (Pcia. de Neuquén)
García,Analía;
Revista Pilquen , 2011,
Abstract: this paper is about oil working villages and its consequences after the deregulation. the focus is set on the analyze of a village livestock situated in the province of neuquén at the argentinean patagonia that quickly acquired an oil profile as a consequence of the exploitation of a nearby oil field. at the beginning of the decade, civil construction works for the industry promoted the arrival of important immigration quotas. we choose a comparative perspective taking under consideration social spaces that were emblematic as oil-working villages, such as cutral co and plaza huincul located in the same province. first, we describe the transformation of the village focusing on the subjects point of view. then, we analyze the housing construction around the oil field and away of the village to understand the subjects experience and way that inequality is expressed. finally, we consider the limits of the deregulation and the liberty market and its consequences at social spaces where the productive activity takes place.
Código de barras del ADN y sus posibles aplicaciones en el campo de la Entomología
Lanteri,Analía A.;
Revista de la Sociedad Entomol?3gica Argentina , 2007,
Abstract: this article deals with some of the most controversial issues of the dna barcode initiative, focusing on its potential applications to entomology. the barcoding proposes using information within the same gene region (cytocrome c oxidase i= coi mitochondrial gene), in all living species and under standard conditions of sequencing. at present, it does not attempt to replace alpha taxonomy or phylogeny, but to accelerate the task of identification, particularly, in the fields of biomedicine (identification of pathogens, parasites and vectors), pest control (interception of all ontogenetic stages of alien invasive insects) and studies on biodiversity conservation. for an accurate delimitation of biological species, it is necessary to undertake exhaustive sampling of coi sequences along their geographical range, as well as to sequence nuclear genes, and to accomplish detailed morphological and biological information. the ?evolutionary significant units? based on ?dna barcoding? might correspond to morphospecies, cryptic species, subspecies or lineages with different host preferences. the integration of ?dna barcode?, field work, collections of museums and scientific research are essential for this tool to make a fruitful impact on the field of systematic entomology.
Código de barras del ADN y sus posibles aplicaciones en el campo de la Entomología DNA barcoding and its possible applications to the field of Entomology
Analía A. Lanteri
Revista de la Sociedad Entomol?3gica Argentina , 2007,
Abstract: En este artículo se abordan algunos aspectos de la controversia sobre la iniciativa Código de barras del ADN , y se hace hincapié en sus potenciales aplicaciones en Entomología. Esta iniciativa propone emplear información dentro de una misma región génica (gen mitocondrial de la Citocromo c Oxidasa I = COI), en todas las especies vivientes y con condiciones de secuenciación universalmente aceptadas y estandarizadas. En la actualidad, no pretende sustituir la taxonomía alfa y la filogenia sino agilizar las tareas de identificación, especialmente en el campo de la Biomedicina (identificación de patógenos, parásitos y vectores), el control de plagas (intercepción de especies invasoras, cualquiera sea su estado de desarrollo ontogenético) y los estudios sobre conservación de la biodiversidad. Para arribar a una correcta delimitación de las especies biológicas es preciso contar con las secuencias de COI de numerosos individuos a lo largo de todo su rango geográfico y además, secuencias de genes nucleares e información morfológica y biológica detallada. Las Unidades Evolutivas Significativas , identificadas sobre la base del código de barras , podrían corresponder tanto a morfoespecies como a especies crípticas y a subespecies o linajes con diferentes preferencias de huéspedes. La integración del código de barras del ADN , el trabajo de campo, las colecciones de museos y la investigación científica resultan imprescindibles para que esta herramienta redunde en avances significativos en el campo de la Sistemática Entomológica. This article deals with some of the most controversial issues of the DNA barcode initiative, focusing on its potential applications to Entomology. The barcoding proposes using information within the same gene region (Cytocrome c Oxidase I= COI mitochondrial gene), in all living species and under standard conditions of sequencing. At present, it does not attempt to replace alpha taxonomy or phylogeny, but to accelerate the task of identification, particularly, in the fields of Biomedicine (identification of pathogens, parasites and vectors), Pest Control (interception of all ontogenetic stages of alien invasive insects) and studies on Biodiversity Conservation. For an accurate delimitation of biological species, it is necessary to undertake exhaustive sampling of COI sequences along their geographical range, as well as to sequence nuclear genes, and to accomplish detailed morphological and biological information. The Evolutionary Significant Units based on DNA barcoding might correspond to morphospecies, cryptic species, subspecies
"Trabajo sexual": dificultades en concebir como trabajo aquello que la cultura degrada
Analía Aucía
Mora (Buenos Aires) , 2008,
Abstract:
Antropología Económica y Economía Política
Analía García
Cuadernos de Antropología Social , 2007,
Abstract:
Categorías de adscripción y dinámicas políticas en el norte patagónico a partir de la explotación de hidrocarburos Categories of adscription and political dynamics at North Patagonia starting from the hydrocarbon exploitation
Analía García
Etnográfica , 2012,
Abstract: Buta Ranquil es un pueblo de la Patagonia argentina centrado en una ganadería de autosubsistencia donde, a principios de siglo, se inicia la explotación hidrocarburífera en un yacimiento aleda o. Las obras de construcción civil relacionadas con la producción de petróleo dan paso al arribo migratorio de obreros. En poco tiempo, se altera el estilo de vida tradicional y contrasta con la nueva dinámica social que trae aparejada la industria y el comercio. En el presente artículo, el objetivo es analizar cómo operan categorías de adscripción avaladas consuetudinariamente entre los pobladores originarios y la población migrante observando la dinámica política. Estas categorías de adscripción son de marcos conceptuales y estigmatizadores donde se sitúa la distancia social entre migrantes y originarios. Retomamos categorías antropológicas como las de “rumor” y “reputación” a fin de comprender de qué manera la experiencia social del nuevo contexto productivo impacta sobre el entramado sociocultural preexistente. Finalmente, sostendremos que las afinidades personales con base en estas categorías tensionan el cotidiano de alianzas políticas definidas en marcos regionales más amplios. At the beginning of the 21th century, hydrocarbon exploitation began in Buta Ranquil, an Argentine village situated in north Patagonia and grounded on a traditional peasant subsistence economy. There, civil construction related with oil production started and promoted the arrival of migrant workmen. In a very short period of time, the traditional peasant’s way of life started to change and contrast with the new social dynamics that the industry and commerce brought along. In this article, the objective is to analyze how consuetudinary categories of adscription work in a context of social change between the original inhabitants and migrants, focusing on the political dynamics. We argue that these categories serve as frameworks in which social distance regarding newcomers is part of a process of stigmatization. In addition, working with anthropological categories such as “rumor” and “reputation” enables us to understand how the new productive context impacts the pre-existing socio-cultural framework. Finally, we will argue that personal affinities based on these categories of adscription stress political alliances built over regional frames.
Desarrollo simbólico en ni?os peque?os: El rol de la instrucción en la comprensión y el uso de símbolos
Salsa,Analía Marcela;
Interdisciplinaria , 2004,
Abstract: early symbolic understanding is influenced by multiple factors, like instruction, physical similarity and experience. the primary interest of this research was to study the impact of adult instruction on young children's understanding and use of the symbolic function of a scale model. the amount of information or instruction that children were given about the relation between the symbol and its referent was varied in complete and minimal instructions. prior experience with the same type of symbol was also varied in order to study learning and transfer effects in early symbolic development. three experiments were conducted using an object retrieval task. all of them required a small space, furnished like a room, and its highly iconic similar-sized scale model (2:1 linear size difference) in order to facilitate the task and test very young children. previous research has shown that 3-year-old children recognize the relation between two small spaces with minimal instructions (deloache, peralta de mendoza & anderson, 1999). moreover, similarity in scale makes 2-1/2-year-olds, who typically fail the model task, able to succeed with full instructions (deloache, kolstad & anderson, 1991). the first study compared the performance of two groups of 2-1/2-year-old children in two similar-scale tasks: one with minimal and the other with complete instructions. the purpose of this experiment was to test if the facilitative effects of size similarity could compensate for less informational support. if this is the case, 2-1/2-year-olds should succeed either with complete or with minimal instructions. in the second study, 2-1/2 and 3-year-old children participated in a minimal instructions similar-scale task. this study examined age differences in children's performance in order to further investigate the interaction between age and instruction in the achievement of representational insight. the third study explored learning and transfer effects as a function of previous instruction
Estela Figueroa y la "nueva poesía argentina": Exploración y reinvención de una conjetura de Aldo Oliva
Gerbaudo,Analía;
Anclajes , 2008,
Abstract: this article expands a conjecture made by aldo oliva about estela figueroa's poetry stemming from his characterization of her poetics. this objective entails working at many levels. first, a definition is offered about the type of intervention in speech that makes of figueroa's writing a signature, an object which is recognizable without the need of a name to identify it. second, some thematic recurrances are pointed out: the obsessions that haunt her work intersect with the analysis of her rhetorical procedures which disclose decisions that contribute to state that her poetry is founded on a "poetics of despoilment". finally, her "poetics of sending" is described: her writing recollects the voice of the poets she respects, and also contributes to put her name beside theirs, building for herself a place next to those she invokes as she invites us to read their works. aiming at the intersection of these two levels, we try to make it evident that figueroa's writing definitely inscribes her in the "new argentinean poetry", a form of art which reinterrogates what poetry can do, what it knows and does as it says.
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