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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 152112 matches for " Ana Wang "
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Research of Logistics and Regional Economic Growth  [PDF]
Ana Wang
iBusiness (IB) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/ib.2010.24052
Abstract: This paper used Granger causality test method to analyze regional GDP growth in the domestic and regional freight turnover. And this paper used logistic model to analyze the reasons that regional logistics promote Anhui economic growth. Through the analysis that find Anhui economic growth on the leading role of regional logistics is not obvious. This showed that the role of regional logistics in promoting economic growth in Anhui Province has not been fully played out, which was not showing a good momentum of development co-ordination. So logistics will play an active role in the economy of Anhui province in the future.
Attacks and Defenses in Crowdsourced Mapping Services
Gang Wang,Bolun Wang,Tianyi Wang,Ana Nika,Bingzhe Liu,Haitao Zheng,Ben Y. Zhao
Computer Science , 2015,
Abstract: Compared to traditional online maps, crowdsourced maps such as Waze are unique in providing real-time updates on traffic, congestion, accidents and points of interest. In this paper, we explore the practical impact of attacks against crowdsourced map systems, and develop robust defenses against them. Our experiments show that a single attacker with limited resources can cause havoc on Waze, reporting false congestion and accidents and automatically rerouting user traffic. We describe techniques to emulate Waze-enabled vehicles using lightweight scripts, and how to use these "ghost riders" to compromise user privacy by remotely tracking precise user movements while avoiding detection. A single attacker can control groups of ghost riders, overwhelming data from legitimate users and magnifying the impact of attacks. As defense, we propose a new approach based on {\em co-location edges}, authenticated records that attest to the one-time physical co-location of a pair of devices. Over time, co-location edges combine to form large {\em proximity graphs}, network that attest to physical interactions between devices. "Ghost-riders" cannot physically interact with real devices and can be detected using graph algorithms. We demonstrate the efficacy of this approach using large simulations, and discuss how they can be used to dramatically reduce the impact of attacks against crowdsourced mapping services.
A Positron Study of Hysteresis Temperature in Ti-Ni Alloy
Jingcheng WANG,Guiying QIN Guilin ZHANG ana Wanhui ZHENG,

材料科学技术学报 , 1996,
Abstract: For Ti-Ni alloy it is exceedingly difficult to prepare an element that has a desired and defined hysteresis temperature for its preparing process is not pedect at present. Because the mechanism of transformation in Ti-Ni has not been fully clarified, it is far more exceedingly difficult to explain the hysteresis temperature only by using the traditional metal physics techniques., But positron annihilation seems to be a suitable method for it. The positron annihilation measurements showthat the hysteresis temperature may be controlled mainly by the relative fraction of the defectscontained in a two-way shape memory element.
Colocalization of connexin 36 and corticotropin-releasing hormone in the mouse brain
Lars Westberg, Evelyn Sawa, Alice Y Wang, Lisa A Gunaydin, Ana C Ribeiro, Donald W Pfaff
BMC Neuroscience , 2009, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2202-10-41
Abstract: Western blot analysis showed that connexin 36 is expressed in the PVN. In bacterial artificial chromosome transgenic mice, which specifically express the reporter gene Enhanced Green Fluorescent Protein (EGFP) under the control of the connexin 36 gene promoter, EGFP expression was detected in magnocellular (neuroendocrine) and in parvocellular neurons of the PVN. Although no EGFP/connexin36 expression was seen in neurons containing oxytocin or vasopressin, EGFP/connexin36 was found in subsets of PVN neurons containing corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH), and in somatostatin neurons located along the third ventricle. Moreover, CRH neurons in brainstem areas, including the lateral parabrachial nucleus, also expressed EGFP/connexin 36.Our data indicate that connexin 36 is expressed in subsets of neuroendocrine and CRH neurons in specific nuclei of the hypothalamus and brainstem.Emerging evidence supports a role for gap junctions, intercellular channels that permit a direct exchange of small molecules between adjacent cells, in secretion of hormones [1]. Gap junctions are composed of protein subunits called connexins, which are encoded by a gene family with more than 20 members in mammals [2] and are expressed in a majority of organs, including most of the endocrine and exocrine glands in the body [1]. At least 10 connexins with differing cell specificities are expressed in mammalian nervous systems; connexin 36 [3,4], connexin 45 [5] and connexin 30.2 [6] are considered to be preferentially expressed by neurons. Interestingly, connexin 36 has also been reported to affect synchronization of pancreatic islets and release of the peptide insulin [7]. To what extent connexin 36 affects hormone and neuropeptide release from and within the central nervous system is, however, unknown.Neuropeptide-releasing neurons in the hypothalamus and other brain areas are known to participate in coordination of autonomic, endocrine, and behavioral functions maintaining the homeostasis of
User-independent accelerometer-based gesture recognition for mobile devices
Xian WANG,Paula TARRíO,Ana María BERNARDOS,Eduardo METOLA
ADCAIJ : Advances in Distributed Computing and Artificial Intelligence Journal , 2013,
Abstract: Many mobile devices embed nowadays inertial sensors. This enables new forms of human-computer interaction through the use of gestures (movements performed with the mobile device) as a way of communication. This paper presents an accelerometer-based gesture recognition system for mobile devices which is able to recognize a collection of 10 different hand gestures. The system was conceived to be light and to operate in a user-independent manner in real time. The recognition system was implemented in a smart phone and evaluated through a collection of user tests, which showed a recognition accuracy similar to other state-of-the art techniques and a lower computational complexity. The system was also used to build a human-robot interface that enables controlling a wheeled robot with the gestures made with the mobile phone
Rax-CreERT2 Knock-In Mice: A Tool for Selective and Conditional Gene Deletion in Progenitor Cells and Radial Glia of the Retina and Hypothalamus
Thomas Pak, Sooyeon Yoo, Ana M. Miranda-Angulo, Hong Wang, Seth Blackshaw
PLOS ONE , 2014, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0090381
Abstract: To study gene function in neural progenitors and radial glia of the retina and hypothalamus, we developed a Rax-CreERT2 mouse line in which a tamoxifen-inducible Cre recombinase is inserted into the endogenous Rax locus. By crossing Rax-CreERT2 with the Cre-dependent Ai9 reporter line, we demonstrate that tamoxifen-induced Cre activity recapitulates the endogenous Rax mRNA expression pattern. During embryonic development, Cre recombinase activity in Rax-CreERT2 is confined to retinal and hypothalamic progenitor cells, as well as progenitor cells of the posterior pituitary. At postnatal time points, selective Cre recombinase activity is seen in radial glial-like cell types in these organs – specifically Müller glia and tanycytes – as well as pituicytes. We anticipate that this line will prove useful for cell lineage analysis and investigation of gene function in the developing and mature retina, hypothalamus and pituitary.
Frizzled 7 Expression Is Positively Regulated by SIRT1 and β-Catenin in Breast Cancer Cells
Glenn E. Simmons, Somnath Pandey, Ana Nedeljkovic-Kurepa, Madhurima Saxena, Allison Wang, Kevin Pruitt
PLOS ONE , 2014, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0098861
Abstract: The Wnt signaling pathway is often chronically activated in diverse human tumors, and the Frizzled (FZD) family of receptors for Wnt ligands, are central to propagating oncogenic signals in a β-catenin-dependent and independent manner. SIRT1 is a class III histone deacetylase (HDAC) that deacetylates histone and non-histone proteins to regulate gene transcription and protein function. We previously demonstrated that SIRT1 loss of function led to a significant decrease in the levels of Dishevelled (Dvl) proteins. To further explore this connection between the sirtuins and components of the Wnt pathway, we analyzed sirtuin-mediated regulation of FZD proteins. Here we explore the contribution of sirtuin deacetylases in promoting constitutive Wnt pathway activation in breast cancer cells. We demonstrate that the use of small molecule inhibitors of SIRT1 and SIRT2, and siRNA specific to SIRT1, all reduce the levels of FZD7 mRNA. We further demonstrate that pharmacologic inhibition of SIRT1/2 causes a marked reduction in FZD7 protein levels. Additionally, we show that β-catenin and c-Jun occupy the 7 kb region upstream of the transcription start site of the FZD7 gene, and SIRT1 inhibition leads to a reduction in the occupancy of both β-catenin and c-Jun at points along this region. This work uncovers a new mechanism for the regulation of FZD7 and provides a critical new link between the sirtuins and FZD7, one of the earliest nodal points from which oncogenic Wnt signaling emanates. This study shows that inhibition of specific sirtuins may provide a unique strategy for inhibiting the constitutively active Wnt pathway at the level of the receptor.
Applications of Mogulskii, and Kurtz-Feng Large Deviation Results to Risk Reserve Processes with Aggregate Claims  [PDF]
Jorge Garcia, Ana Meda
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/am.2012.312A291
Abstract: In this paper we examine the large deviations principle (LDP) for sequences of classic Cramér-Lundberg risk processes under suitable time and scale modifications, and also for a wide class of claim distributions including (the non-super- exponential) exponential claims. We prove two large deviations principles: first, we obtain the LDP for risk processes on D[0,1] with the Skorohod topology. In this case, we provide an explicit form for the rate function, in which the safety loading condition appears naturally. The second theorem allows us to obtain the LDP for Aggregate Claims processes on D[0,) with a different time-scale modification. As an application of the first result we estimate the ruin probability, and for the second result we work explicit calculations for the case of exponential claims.
Somatic Condition, Growth and Reproduction of Hake, Merluccius merluccius L., in the Portuguese Coast  [PDF]
Ana Maria Costa
Open Journal of Marine Science (OJMS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojms.2013.31002
Abstract:

Weight/length relationships, condition factor, gonadosomatic and hepatosomatic indices, conversion factor for gutted to total weight and spawning season of hake in the Portuguese Coast (36.92 to 42.22 degrees latitude N; 9.61 to 6.07 degrees longitude W) were investigated for the first time, aiming to fill the lack of information on the biology of hake of the Portuguese waters. Data were obtained from commercial samples collected between 2005 and 2010 and pooled by month. Sex ratio observed in fish below 40 cmwas close to 1:1; females were always dominant above50 cmlength. All the parameters were analysed by month and by sex and by combined sexes. The relationships obtained for combined sexes for the entire period concerning the growth in length and weight were: total length-total weight =0.0038L3.172, total length-gutted weight =0.0052L3.059. The relationship total weight-gutted weight was Wt = 15.8112 + 0.8480Wg and the conversion factor was of 1.1524. The growth rate is similar for both sexes but different when based on total weight or gutted weight. The analysis of the condition factor, gonadosomatic index, hepatosomatic index and the monthly distribution of the maturity stages seem to indicate that hake from thePortugueseCoasthas a long spawning season, with three spawning peaks in March, May and August but the start of the spawning season seems independent of the fish length.

 

Spacial and Temporal Variation of Degradation of Organic Matter by Benthic Macroinvertebrates  [PDF]
Ana Ribeiro, Natividade Vieira
Journal of Environmental Protection (JEP) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jep.2013.411A001
Abstract:

Leaf litter input from riparian landscapes has been identified as both a major energy flow to stream ecosystems and as a food source for stream macroinvertebrates. In this study the benthic macroinvertebrate community was used to evaluate the decomposition of organic matter in river systems. The aim of this work was to study the decomposition of organic matter using the benthic macroinvertebrate colonization. The research was developed over five months (January 2011 to May 2011) in four different sites, distributed along the River Ferreira terminal area, northern Portugal. A litter bag experiment was used to examine the role of macroinvertebrate communities in the processing of organic material on the river. Litter bags were placed in the water and collected every 7, 15, 30, 60, 90 and 120 days. In litter bags was observed a high abundance of Oligochaeta and Chironomidae, which are characterized by being detritivorous-herbivores and filtering collectors, respectively, indicating the benthic macroinvertebrate more involved on the decomposition of organic matter. These results contributed to increase current knowledge about benthic macroinvertebrate communities and may serve as incentive for future research works.

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