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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 39917 matches for " Ana Teresa Farinas Reinoso "
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Multi-Sector Participation In The National Response To Prevent And Address The Hiv/Aids Epidemic In The Republic Of Cuba, 2007-2008
Isora Ramos Valle,Isabel Louro Bernal,Ana Teresa Farinas Reinoso,Susana Llanusa
Social Medicine , 2010,
Abstract: The development of a strong national response involving multiple sectors—including civil society—is an essential aspect of the social management of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. The goals of this response are to control the epidemic and improve the quality of life for people living with HIV/AIDS; this includes combating stigma and discrimination, as well as ensuring due compliance with the law. Cuba has a national program to prevent and control HIV/AIDS. Since 2003 Cuba’s national program has received material and financial support from the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria. Program evaluation is carried out by an independent team at ENSAP (National School of Public Health). This paper reports on results of one part of that evaluation: an assessment of the agencies and sectors who made up the organized social and national response to the HIV/AIDS epidemic. The evaluation primarily used qualitative analyses of the activities and tasks proposed by sectors in their 2006-2008 work plans. Visits were made to the provinces of Ciudad de la Habana, Matanzas, and Holguín. Qualitative techniques included in-depth interviews, semi-structured interviews, observation, and review of documentary evidence of all kinds (videos, reports, minutes, protocols, results of social research, and radio broadcast messages) and varied depending on the particular features of each sector. We noted improvements in multi-sector participation in the prevention and response to the national HIV/AIDS epidemic. Conscious of their role, sectors generally carried out their programmed activities and had improved their organization, planning, and systematization; integration among the sectors was also better. These local initiatives provided evidence of a multi-sector response characterized by autonomy, emotional involvement, and an identification with the goals of the project; this went beyond simply meeting targets. Cross-sector work showed a marked increase and a qualitative leap in management compared with the previous evaluation. Interviewees from different sectors all considered discrimination and stigmatization of people living with HIV to have decreased, both within their organizations and in the general population.
Análisis de los temas de terminación de residencia y maestría del curso 1995-1996
Fari?as Reinoso,Ana Teresa;
Educaci?3n M??dica Superior , 1997,
Abstract: a documental review of the works done for the completion of residencies such as doctoral dissertations and master degress during 1995-1996 at the faculty of public health, was performed. the main type of investigation carried out was found to be the research of descriptive studies. it was evidenced that the main priorities are the tutorship of thesis done by professors of lower teaching categories. it was observed as a positive element, the fact that more than 50 % of the investigations undertaken provided solutions to the problems concerning the service throught research techniques within the health service.
La ense?anza de la vigilancia en salud
Fari?as Reinoso,Ana Teresa;
Educaci?3n M??dica Superior , 2005,
Abstract: the way by which the contents of health surveillance were taught at the different curricula aimed at epidemiologists, hygienists, biostaticians, family physicians and public health and primary care masters in cuba was described. the documentary research allowed us to observe that in the first stage, the health surveillance was taught in isolated topics in epidemiology subject. afterwards, it became an academic subject that emphasized acquisition of theoretical knowledge, and finally it was systematized as a discipline in which the student summarizes "what he/she really knows and the way of doing it" so as to bring that student closer to the realities of surveillance in the national health care system
Uso del condón:: actitudes de un grupo de alto riesgo, Ciudad de La Habana, 1996
Fari?as Reinoso,Ana Teresa;
Revista Cubana de Higiene y Epidemiolog?-a , 1997,
Abstract: a descriptive study was conducted in a municipality of havana city during 1996. the population selected belongs to high risk groups for developing sexually transmitted diseases. a number of 304 individuals of both sexes were studied. the qualitative technique "focal group" was applied in order to measure "attitudes" in the study group. among the factors that inhibit the use of the condom are: the great taboo that both sexes still have (men feel less, and do not mantain the erection) women reject it, they are ashamed, among factors that may limit its use; all of these along with the fact that the sell of condoms is not adequated and poorly extended will not allow to increase its use although an adequate coverage would be attained in drug stores and other centers. the value of condoms to prevent sexually transmitted diseases and its unquestionable importance for the prevention of nondesired pregnancies were pointed out as factors that may favour its use.
La presencia de la mujer en la gestión en el área de la higiene y la epidemiología en Cuba, 1959-2009
Fari?as Reinoso,Ana Teresa;
Revista Cubana de Higiene y Epidemiolog?-a , 2011,
Abstract: introduction: the objective of the epidemiology from the public health perspective as a state policy, is to study basically the health situation of populations, that is, the profiles of human groups to its control. the gender system is a series of practices, symbols, representations, guidelines and social values that the societies create from the anatomical-physiological sexual difference and give sense to situation of sexual urges, to reproduction of human species and in general to relationship among persons. despite the achievements obtained in cuba, which undoubtedly have reduced the gaps of gender, there are determined ways of thinking and of acting to lapse into inequalities present among men and women. objective: to describe the woman's incorporation to management of hygiene and epidemiology area during three periods of cuban public health. methods: an historical-logical study was conducted taking into account as a guide the frequency of the cuban public health from the colonial period up to the present years of cuban revolution. results: during the two first periods of the cuban public health there was few involvement of woman in the management processes of the hygiene-epidemiology area. between 1959 and 1979 there was predominance of specialist boards in health administration where for the first time a woman managed the institute of hygiene. it was evidenced that the more area strengthened by staff women in his period was the teaching one. between 1970 and 1979 the first women were graduate as specialists and started to hold posts as manager as community epemiologists, nutritionists and hygienists. from 1980 to 1989 it was evidenced a climax in all related to involvement of woman in the hygiene and epidemiology area management, especially in the conduction of services and teaching. finally, after 1990, there remains an increase of involvement of woman in the management of hygiene and epidemiology emphasizing the management of provincial centers of hygiene an
El control de la oftalmia neonatal gonocócica
Fari?as Reinoso,Ana Teresa;
Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral , 1998,
Abstract: a descriptive study is conducted at 6 gynecoobstetric hospitals in havana city and at 2 in the province of havana during the first fortnight of may, 1995. rapid techniques of health surveillance, such as the semistructured interview, the nonparticipative observation and the documental review were applied. the following important conclusions were reached: physicians have an adequate level of know-ledge to prevent the transmission of the disease, but nurses don?t. most of them did their work mechanically. at the visited hospitals no control was observed in the departments of neonatology, epidemiology, microbiology and pharmacy on the quality of prophylaxis indicated to avoid gonococcal ophthalmia neonatorum. the real prevalence of gonorrhea among pregnant women is not known. the behavior of ophthalmia in children can not be prognosed, and changes of prophylaxis can not be proposed either. the presence of beta-lactamase-resistant strains is not under control
El control de la oftalmía neonatal gonocóccica
Fari?as Reinoso,Ana Teresa;
Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral , 1998,
Abstract: the present situation of the ophthalmia neonatorum in cuba is analyzed since this disease is still frequently observed despite the earlier control system existing in the country. some aspects of the prevention, treatment, control and surveillance of the affection are reported
El control de la oftalmía neonatal gonocócica
Fari?as Reinoso,Ana Teresa;
Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral , 1999,
Abstract: the present situation of the ophtalmia neonatorum in cuba is analyzed since this disease is still frequently observed despite the earlier control system existing in the country. some aspects of the prevention, treatment, control and surveillance of the affection are reported
La presencia de la mujer en la gestión en el área de la higiene y la epidemiología en Cuba, 1959-2009 The woman's presence in the management of the field of hygiene and epidemiology in Cuba, 1959-2009
Ana Teresa Fari?as Reinoso
Revista Cubana de Higiene y Epidemiología , 2011,
Abstract: INTRODUCCIóN: La epidemiología, desde la perspectiva de la salud pública como política de Estado, tiene como objeto de estudio básico la situación de salud de poblaciones, es decir, perfiles de problemas de colectivos humanos para el control de estos. El sistema de género es un conjunto de prácticas, símbolos, representaciones, normas y valores sociales que las sociedades elaboran a partir de la diferencia sexual anatómica- fisiológica, y que dan sentido a la situación de impulsos sexuales, a la reproducción de la especie humana y en general a la relación entre las personas. A pesar de los logros alcanzados en Cuba, que indudablemente han disminuido las brechas de género, existen determinadas formas de pensar y de actuar que inciden en las desigualdades presentes entre hombres y mujeres. OBJETIVOS: Describir la incorporación de la mujer a la dirección del área de la higiene y la epidemiología durante los tres períodos de la salud pública cubana. MéTODOS: Se realizó un estudio histórico lógico, tomando como guía la periodización de la salud pública cubana desde la colonia hasta los a os actuales de la Revolución cubana. RESULTADOS: En los dos primeros períodos de la salud pública cubana muy poca fue la participación de la mujer en los procesos de dirección del área higiénica epidemiológica. Entre 1959 y 1979 predominaron las directivas especialistas en administración de salud. por primera vez una mujer asumió la conducción del Instituto de Higiene. Se evidencio que el área más fortalecida por mujeres directivas en esta etapa fue la docente. Entre 1970 y 1979 se graduaron las primeras mujeres especialistas y comenzaron a ocupar cargos de dirección las epidemiólogas, nutriólogas e higienistas comunales. De 1980 a 1989 se puso en evidencia un auge en todo lo relacionado con la participación de la mujer en la dirección del área de higiene y epidemiología, muy revelador en la conducción de los servicios y la docencia. Por primera vez una mujer del área alcanzó el título de Candidata a Doctora en Ciencias. Finalmente, después de 1990, se mantuvo el incremento de la participación de la mujer en la dirección del área de higiene y epidemiología con énfasis en la dirección de los Centros Provinciales de Higiene y Epidemiología (CPHE) y las Vicedirecciones de los Institutos de Investigación. Por primera vez una mujer del área presidió la Sociedad Cubana de Higiene y Epidemiología. CONCLUSIóN: Todas las mujeres dirigentes han contribuido de manera decisiva a los logros obtenidos en la higiene y la epidemiología dentro de la salud pública cubana. No obstante, se deber
El control de la oftalmía neonatal gonocóccica
Ana Teresa Fari?as Reinoso
Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral , 1998,
Abstract: Se realiza una revisión de la situación actual de la oftalmía neonatal en Cuba, que a pesar de contar con uno de los más antiguos sistema de control, todavía en la actualidad no es infrecuente su notificación. Se actualizan algunos aspectos de la prevención, tratamiento, control y vigilancia de esta afección The present situation of the ophthalmia neonatorum in Cuba is analyzed since this disease is still frequently observed despite the earlier control system existing in the country. Some aspects of the prevention, treatment, control and surveillance of the affection are reported
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