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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 140573 matches for " Ana Rocío; "
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Aproximaciones a los efectos ambientales, sociales y económicos de la erradicación de cultivos ilícitos por aspersión aérea en Colombia
Osorio G,Ana Rocío;
Agroalimentaria , 2003,
Abstract: increasingly, the social and political conflicts in colombia take on more violent and more complex expressions. plan colombia is the government?s strategy to promote structural changes that affect the roots of violence and to achieve peace. for them, they must consider acting on different fronts simultaneously, tying negotiation strategies with the insurgents to strengthening of the state, reconstruction of social fiber, stimulation to the economy, actions against narco-trafficking and illicit cultivations, as well as the protection of human rights and the environment. the present work reflects on the proposed fight against drugs in colombia directed principally towards fumigation of peasant coca, poppy and marihuana cultivations. experience has demonstrated that the fight against narco-trafficking based on repression, fumigation and eradication of cultivation alone is not enough. on the one hand, the number of hectares cultivated continues to rise; and on the other hand, because of the perceived effects on health and the environment in general, due to fumigation by glifosato. for this reason, the national government has proposed the development of alternative production schemes for the small producers. this work shows the need to develop appraisement methodologies to understand the environmental, social and economic effects of the cultivation eradication program taking into account a comparative analysis between the results of manual eradication and eradication by air aspersion, the central objective of plan colombia.
Estado nutricional de ni?os con Síndrome Down del Centro Nacional de Educación Especial de Costa Rica
Madrigal Loría,Alejandra; González Urrutia,Ana Rocío;
Revista Costarricense de Salud Pública , 2009,
Abstract: objective: to evaluate the condition of children suffering from down syndrome with ages between seven and 14, who went to "national center for special education" during 2007. methods: several processes were evaluated; for example: anthropometric indicators (weight, height, cutaneous skinfolds,) biochemical (basal blood glucose, lipids profile, hemoglobin, hematocrit, thyroidal function,) clinical (revision of medical records and physical exams performed in the medical center). also eating habits, life style and socioeconomic aspects were taken into account. for the last three, we also observed the methods of a semi-structured interview, frequency of food intake; non participant observation of snacks and lunches and direct weighing of the portions served at the center in order to determine its nutritional value. results: 16 children were observed. most of them showed signs of obesity, low consumption of vegetables, high intake of refined flour and foods containing simple carbohydrates (candies and desserts,) saturated fats and cholesterol (processed meats and fried food.) it?s important to mention that 12/15 participants presented hypertriglyceridemia and 11/15 showed a low levels of hdl cholesterol. dditionally, a poor level of physical activity was reported. conclusion: from the nutritional point of view, this investigation is the first approach to the children suffering from down syndrome in costa rica. nevertheless, further analysis and research is necessary in order to generate the nutritional guides that will improve the lifestyle of these children.
Estado nutricional de bailarinas de ballet clásico, area metropolitana de Costa Rica
Madrigal Rojas,Elena; González Urrutia,Ana Rocío;
Revista Costarricense de Salud Pública , 2008,
Abstract: the main objective of the present study was to examine the nutritional status of classic ballet dancers from three of the most important ballet academies located in metropolitan area of costa rica. study participants included twenty-four adult females (18 to 30 years old) of advanced ballet level. threeday food records were collected from each dancer. height, body weight and skin fold measurements were completed. blood samples were collected for biochemical analysis. bone density was measured by dual x-ray energy (hip and lumbar l1, l2, l3, l4). the attitudes, beliefs and risk factors for eating disorders were evaluated by interview and using the eating attitudes test (eat-26) and eating disorder inventory (edi). total energy intake (1880 kcal/d ± 448.3) was considerably lower than the dietary recommendations and only niacin and vitamin b6 were consumed at optimal levels. bone density, hemoglobin and hematocrit were within normal ranges. the results of the present study suggest that dancers with body mass index (bmi) ≥ 20 kg/m2 have more hypocaloric diets and major risk of eating disorders. future studies are needed to develop strategies to improve the nutritional status of ballet dancers.
Vigilancia epidemiológica de la brucelosis bovina en la Parroquia Buria, Municipio Simón Planas, estado Lara: Periodo 2006-2007
Mosquera,Ortelio; Freitez,Rocío; Rumbos,Ana T;
Zootecnia Tropical , 2009,
Abstract: a program of epidemiological surveillance of bovine brucellosis was conducted in buria county buria, simón planas municipality, lara state, venezuela, during the years 2006 and 2007, through the milk test ring (pal). later, positive blood samples from cattle herd animals were tested with the official serological test (card test) and with complementary techniques, standard tube agglutination and 2-mercapto ethanol. the results identified 17 farm reactors to the pal (8%), ten of whom responded with three and four crossings and the rest with two crosses, while 194 sites were negative for the disease. among the risk factors, including dairy company, type of milking, vaccination, number of samples, and area of land, no statistical association was found (p>0.05), but for the size of the herd, the spearman?s rank correlation coefficient showed statistical association (p<0.05). the agreement between pal test, test card, and 2-mercapto ethanol was very good among the cattle herds which reacted with three and four crossings and a good match for all cattle herds that included reactors. the low number of cattle herds reactors to the pal and its agreement with the complementary tests allow to recommend this technique to be included in the program, the creation of areas free of the disease, supported by an increase in vaccination coverage, strict control of bovine entry to the county and to strength the training of producers on the impact of this disease on public health and animal production.
Estado nutricional de bailarinas de ballet clásico, area metropolitana de Costa Rica Nutritional status of classical ballet dancers, metropolitan area of Costa Rica
Elena Madrigal Rojas,Ana Rocío González Urrutia
Revista Costarricense de Salud Pública , 2008,
Abstract: El principal objetivo de esta investigación fue determinar el estado nutricional de bailarinas de ballet clásico de las tres academias más importantes de ballet localizadas en el área Metropolitana de Costa Rica. Se trabajó con 24 bailarinas adultas (18 a 30 a os) de niveles avanzados de ballet. Se registró el consumo de alimentos durante tres días. Se tomaron medidas de talla, peso y pliegues cutáneos. Se recolectaron muestras de sangre para análisis bioquímicos. Se evaluó además la densidad ósea (cadera y lumbar L1, L2, L3, L4) con energía dual de rayos-X. Las actitudes, creencias y riesgo de factores predisponentes a desórdenes alimentarios se evaluaron mediante una entrevista y con la aplicación del Test de Actitudes Alimentarias (EAT-26) e Inventario de Trastornos Alimentarios (EDI). El consumo promedio diario de energía fue considerablemente menor a la recomendación (1880 Kcal/d ± 448) y solamente la niacina y la vitamina B6 fueron consumidas en rangos óptimos. La densidad ósea, hemoglobina y hematocrito estuvieron dentro de los rangos de normalidad. Los resultados de este estudio sugieren que las bailarinas con índice de Masa Corporal (IMC) ≥ 20 Kg/m2 tienen dietas más hipocalóricas y mayor riesgo de desórdenes alimentarios. Se necesita investigación en este campo para desarrollar estrategias de educación nutricional que permitan mejorar el estado nutricional y de salud en esta población. The main objective of the present study was to examine the nutritional status of classic ballet dancers from three of the most important ballet academies located in Metropolitan Area of Costa Rica. Study participants included twenty-four adult females (18 to 30 years old) of advanced ballet level. Threeday food records were collected from each dancer. Height, body weight and skin fold measurements were completed. Blood samples were collected for biochemical analysis. Bone density was measured by dual X-ray energy (hip and lumbar L1, L2, L3, L4). The attitudes, beliefs and risk factors for eating disorders were evaluated by interview and using the Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-26) and Eating Disorder Inventory (EDI). Total energy intake (1880 Kcal/d ± 448.3) was considerably lower than the dietary recommendations and only niacin and vitamin B6 were consumed at optimal levels. Bone density, hemoglobin and hematocrit were within normal ranges. The results of the present study suggest that dancers with Body Mass Index (BMI) ≥ 20 Kg/m2 have more hypocaloric diets and major risk of eating disorders. Future studies are needed to develop strategies to improve the nutrition
Estado nutricional de ni os con Síndrome Down del Centro Nacional de Educación Especial de Costa Rica Nutritional status of children with Down syndrome from the National Center for Special Education in Costa Rica
Alejandra Madrigal Loría,Ana Rocío González Urrutia
Revista Costarricense de Salud Pública , 2009,
Abstract: Objetivo: Evaluar el estado nutricional de ni os con Síndrome Down de 7 a 14 a os, que asistieron al Centro Nacional de Educación Especial, durante el 2007. Métodos: Se valoraron indicadores antropométricos (peso, talla, pliegues cutáneos), bioquímicos (glicemia basal, perfil de lípidos, hemoglobina, hematocrito y función tiroidea), clínicos (revisión de expedientes, examen físico realizado por médico del Centro), dietéticos (frecuencia de consumo de alimentos, observación no participante de meriendas y almuerzos y peso directo para determinación del valor nutricional del almuerzo servido en el Centro), de estilo de vida y socioeconómicos (método de entrevista semiestructurada). Resultados: Se logró captar 16 ni os, la mitad de los cuales presentó exceso de peso, bajo consumo de vegetales y un elevado consumo de harinas refinadas y alimentos fuente de carbohidratos simples (bebidas azucaradas y postres), grasa saturada y colesterol (embutidos, frituras). Llama la atención que 12/15 sujetos presentó hipertrigliceridemia y 11/15 valores bajos de HDL-colesterol. Además se reportó un bajo nivel de actividad física. Conclusión: Esta investigación es un primer acercamiento desde el punto de vista nutricional, a la ni ez costarricense con Síndrome Down, sin embargo se necesita profundizar para generar lineamientos de atención nutricional que mejoren la calidad de vida de estos ni os. Objective: To evaluate the condition of children suffering from Down syndrome with ages between seven and 14, who went to "National Center for Special Education" during 2007. Methods: Several processes were evaluated; for example: anthropometric indicators (weight, height, cutaneous skinfolds,) biochemical (basal blood glucose, lipids profile, hemoglobin, hematocrit, thyroidal function,) clinical (revision of medical records and physical exams performed in the medical center). Also eating habits, life style and socioeconomic aspects were taken into account. For the last three, we also observed the methods of a semi-structured interview, frequency of food intake; non participant observation of snacks and lunches and direct weighing of the portions served at the center in order to determine its nutritional value. Results: 16 children were observed. Most of them showed signs of obesity, low consumption of vegetables, high intake of refined flour and foods containing simple carbohydrates (candies and desserts,) saturated fats and cholesterol (processed meats and fried food.) It’s important to mention that 12/15 participants presented hypertriglyceridemia and 11/15 showed a low levels
Current situation of Leishmania infantum infection in shelter dogs in northern Spain
Guadalupe Miró, Rocío Checa, Ana Montoya, Leticia Hernández, Diana Dado, Rosa Gálvez
Parasites & Vectors , 2012, DOI: 10.1186/1756-3305-5-60
Abstract: Over the year 2011 a cross-sectional study was conducted on a total of 418 stray dogs. A preliminary entomological survey was carried out using CDC-light traps. The chi-squared test was used to examine relationships between L. infantum seroprevalence and the remaining variables.The overall seroprevalence of L. infantum infection detected was 3% in the Cantabrian coast. In Orense the seroprevalence was 35.6%. In this latter region, the presence of sand fly, Phlebotomus perniciosus was also detected.In general, seropositivity for L. infantum was related to size (large breed dogs versus small) and age, with a significantly higher seroprevalence recorded in younger (0-3 years) and older dogs (> 7 years) than adult dogs. Clinical signs of CanL were observed in 41.3% of the seropositive dogs. The seropositivity for L. infantum infection associated with the presence of clinical signs and/or abnormal laboratory findings shows a prevalence of 4.5%.Our data provide new insight into the prevalence of CanL across northern Spain. The situation observed in Orense seems to be worsening compared to the few reports available, with figures being similar to those cited for known endemic areas of Spain. Besides, the presence of P. perniciosus in Orense points out to a risk of the spread of this zoonotic disease in this geographical area. These findings identify a need for an active search for the sand fly vectors of L. infantum across the entire northern spanish region including the rest of Galicia, Asturias, Cantabria and the Basque Country.Canine leishmaniosis (CanL) is a widespread endemic disease in the Mediterranean basin. Its primary causative agent, Leishmania infantum, is transmitted to humans and animals by blood-sucking phlebotomine sand flies [1]. Dogs are the main domestic reservoir for human infection by L. infantum [2] .A risk of the introduction of L. infantum infection in northern Europe is supported by the idea that changing factors linked to climate and environment co
Successful aging: un enfoque holístico
Carrascosa-Gil,Rocío; Vázquez-Calatayud,Mónica; Canga-Armayor,Ana Dolores;
Gerokomos , 2010, DOI: 10.4321/S1134-928X2010000400002
Abstract: introduction: the increasing aging of society has promoted the existence of a greater interest in understanding the term successful aging. aim: to explore the term successful aging from a holistic perspective. method: a review was conducted in the main databases for the period 2000-2010. the search terms "aging", "successful aging" y "nursing" were combined. results: based on the analysis of the fourteen selected articles the major categories and subcategories of the term successful aging were described. conclusion: it offers a possible definition of successful aging from a holistic perspective, taking into account the multidimensionality, the dynamism and viability of the concept. from this review future studies are proposed.
La Evaluación Docente en los nuevos Grados Universitarios
Feria Lorenzo,Diego José; Barquero González,Ana; León López,Rocío;
Index de Enfermería , 2011, DOI: 10.4321/S1132-12962011000100022
Abstract: besides from assessing the students, the evaluation must allow and be focused on the teachers' learning. this educational action goes beyond academics to impregnate the society, which receives it by the means of qualified professionals, so that teachers must be able to produce it with full responsibility. we intend to reflect on this process, as an attempt of adaptation to the new requirements ruled by the european space for higher education. the development of new teaching strategies, which must become basic in active learning methodologies, focusing on students, should be a primary mission of teachers. this situation leads to changes in teaching culture, which involves updating of trainers and team building for coordination within the new adapted studies.
Reading: A Meaningful Way to Promote Learning English in High School
Ríos Olaya,Sonia Rocío; Valcárcel Goyeneche,Ana Milena;
Profile Issues in Teachers` Professional Development , 2005,
Abstract: this project involved three different groups of seventh grade, at the luis lópez de mesa state school in bosa, bogotá (colombia). thinking of a way to adapt the foreign language learning-teaching process to our real conditions, we found reading very useful to enable students to learn english more easily and accurately. we show how english language learning can be developed from reading processes involving the other language skills and can help students to develop individual and social skills. we conclude that reading becomes a meaningful way to learn a foreign language when teachers choose reading material according to learners’ interests, age and needs, and other content areas.
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