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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 217884 matches for " Ana Rita Costa de Souza Lobo Braga "
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Graduate Courses in Occupational Therapy and International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health  [PDF]
Ana Rita Costa de Souza Lobo Braga, Leonardo Petrus da Silva Paz, Vera Regina Fernandes da Silva Mar?es
Creative Education (CE) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2015.617197
Abstract: The formation of Occupational Therapists has become the subject of analysis and debate in recent decades after several changes in health policies in Brazil, among them the implementation of the National Curriculum Guidelines (NCGs) directing teaching practices in line with the Health Unic System and International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). Given these paradigms, the Occupational Therapy courses passed with several adjustments in their course of pedagogical political projects (PPPs) and their teaching practices. The study’s goal was to characterize the Occupational Therapy courses and analyze their PPPs focusing on changes in the health care model and the inclusion of ICF. The research was exploratory and was conducted through documentary analysis. By 2013 there were 63 occupational therapy courses working in the country, 44 in private institutions and 19 in public, demonstrating a lack of supply in public. The Occupational Therapy courses are still guided by the biomedical model, and the applicability of the ICF as well as the insertion of the biopsychosocial model are incipient in teaching practice.
Profilaxia para tromboembolismo venoso em um hospital de ensino
Franco, Rafael de Melo;Simezo, Victor;Bortoleti, Rafael Rodrigo;Braga, Elias Lobo;Abr?o, Ana Rita;Linardi, Fábio;Costa, José Augusto;
Jornal Vascular Brasileiro , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S1677-54492006000200009
Abstract: objective: to verify whether deep venous thrombosis prophylaxis is being correctly and routinely used at a teaching hospital. methods: a cross-sectional study of hospitalized patients on seven sectors at conjunto hospitalar de sorocaba (hospital de ensino) was performed from august 2004 to august 2005. for the deep venous thrombosis risk stratification of each patient, clinical and surgical factors were investigated, according to the protocol recommended by sociedade brasileira de angiologia e cirurgia vascular. during the period, 216 medical charts were analyzed. of these, 30 were from abdominal surgery, 30 from vascular surgery, 30 from urology, 31 from medical clinic, 31 from intensive care unit, 31 from orthopedics and 33 from obstetrics/gynecology. results: out of the total number of patients, deep venous thrombosis prophylaxis was performed in 57 (26%), considering that in 51 (89%) the procedure was correct and in six (11%) it did not follow the standard. the most used type of prophylaxis was drug treatment; 49 out of 57 patients used low-molecular-weight heparin. we also observed the use of elastic socks in five patients and early ambulation in seven. on the other hand, intermittent pneumatic compression was not used for any patient. conclusion: according to the results and based on the protocol, we concluded that, during the period of the research, deep venous thrombosis prophylaxis, at conjunto hospitalar de sorocaba, was routinely and correctly performed in only 23.6% of the patients (51 out of 216).
Ocorrência da infec o pelo vírus da hepatite B (VHB) e delta (VHD) em sete grupos indígenas do Estado do Amazonas
Braga Wornei Silva Miranda,Brasil Leila Melo,Souza Rita Auxiliadora Botelho de,Castilho Márcia da Costa
Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical , 2001,
Abstract: A infec o pelo VHB e VHD s o importantes problemas de saúde na Amaz nia. Este estudo avalia a prevalência da infec o por esses agentes em sete grupos indígenas do Estado do Amazonas. A taxa de infec o passada pelo VHB encontrada foi de 54,5% e a de portadores do AgHBs de 9,7%. Observa-se varia o importante destes marcadores entre as aldeias, inclusive da mesma etnia. N o evidenciamos marcador de infec o aguda, os quatro AgHBe reativos eram todos Apurin , da mesma aldeia, e três da mesma família. O VHD foi encontrado em 13,4% dos AgHBs reativos. O padr o de infec o pelo VHB e VHD encontrado possui as seguintes características: endemicidade elevada, baixo potencial de infectividade, transmiss o marcada em idade precoce, provável transmiss o familiar, e pouca importancia da transmiss o vertical. Entretanto, também sugere que esses vírus n o tenham sido ainda introduzidos efetivamente em algumas das etnias estudadas.
Ocorrência da infec??o pelo vírus da hepatite B (VHB) e delta (VHD) em sete grupos indígenas do Estado do Amazonas
Braga, Wornei Silva Miranda;Brasil, Leila Melo;Souza, Rita Auxiliadora Botelho de;Castilho, Márcia da Costa;Fonseca, José Carlos da;
Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical , 2001, DOI: 10.1590/S0037-86822001000400007
Abstract: hbv and hdv infections are a major health problem in the amazon. this study evaluates the prevalence of these viruses within indians groups, measuring the frequency of serological markers. the prevalence of past infection was 54.5% and hbsag was found in 9.7%. an important variation of those markers was detected between villages, inclusively within the same ethnic group. none showed evidence of an acute infection. all hbeag reactive were apurin?, living in the same village and three of them from the same family. the prevalence of anti-hdt was 13.4% in hbsag positive individuals. the authors observed high prevalence of hbv and hdv infection with the following pattern: low degree of infectivity, marked transmission in early ages, intra-familial dissemination, and lack of importance of vertical transmission. however, the results suggest that these viruses were not yet introduced effectively in some of the studied groups.
Um estudo sobre hipertens?o arterial sistêmica na cidade de Campo Grande, MS
Souza, Ana Rita Araújo de;Costa, Anselmo;Nakamura, Diogo;Mocheti, Leandro Nascimento;Stevanato Filho, Paulo Roberto;Ovando, Luiz Alberto;
Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0066-782X2007000400013
Abstract: objectives: to detect the actual prevalence of systemic hypertension in the city of campo grande, ms, brazil, and frequent factors. methods: cross-sectional study with a randomized sample of the adult population of the city of campo grande, ms, in a total of 892 individuals. a questionnaire on age, gender, level of education, smoking, alcohol consumption, and aspects of the treatment was applied. anthropometric data (weight and height) were collected. according to the who, a bmi<25 kg/m2 was considered normal weight; 25>bmi<30 overweight; and bmi> 30 obesity. criteria for hypertension were based on the jnc vii report, with blood pressure cut-off values of 140 x 90 mmhg. results: the prevalence of hypertension was 41.4%, varying with age (up to 29 years: 11.8%; 30-39: 24.8%; 40-49: 43.3%; 50-59: 42.4%; 60-69: 48.6% and > 70: 62.3%). a higher prevalence was observed among men (51.8%), whereas among women the prevalence was 33.1%.individuals with basic level of education tended to present higher rates. among overweight and obese individuals, a higher prevalence of hypertension was observed: normal bmi (27.9%), overweight (45.6%) and obesity (58.6%). above 60 years of age, a higher percentage of isolated systolic hypertension was observed, with 16.4% (60-69 years) and 24.6% (>70 years). daily or weekly alcohol consumption was also related to a higher incidence, of 63.2% and 47.2%, respectively. only 59.7% were known to be hypertensive. of the hypertensive individuals, 57.3% were undergoing some type of treatment. of those undergoing regular treatment, 60.5% presented hypertension. conclusion: the prevalence of hypertension was 41.4%, therefore higher than the average verified in some studies. this calls the attention for worsened epidemiologic conditions and cardiovascular repercussions, thus showing the need for higher public investment on education and orientation of these population groups as regards prevention.
Mesquite bean and cassava leaf in diets for Nile tilapia in growth
Sena, Monaliza Freitas;Azevedo, Rafael Vieira de;Ramos, Ana Paula de Souza;Carvalho, Jo?o Sérgio Oliveira;Costa, Leandro Batista;Braga, Luís Gustavo Tavares;
Acta Scientiarum. Animal Sciences , 2012, DOI: 10.4025/actascianimsci.v34i3.13175
Abstract: this work evaluated the inclusion of mesquite bean bran (prosopis juliflora) and cassava leaf bran (manihot esculenta) in diets for nile tilapia (85.22 ± 3.13 g). three hundred and thirty-six fish were distributed in 28 fiberglass tanks (120 l) in a 2 × 4 factorial scheme for two sources of oil and four levels of bran (0, 5, 10 and 20%) (n = 4). after 60 days, growth performance (feed intake, weight gain, apparent feed conversion and survival rate) and fish body composition were evaluated. heights and density of villi were measured for morphometric analysis of the intestinal mucosa. animal performance, body composition and villi density were not affected (p > 0.05) by the source and level of inclusion of bran. there was a significant effect of the level of inclusion of bran on villi height, with a linear trend, indicating that the higher the inclusion levels of bran, the lower the height of the villi. the bran studied can be used in diets for nile tilapia up to 20% without compromising growth performance and body composition change, but the presence of these by-products can result in a deleterious effect on fish villi.
Qualidade do queijo de leite de cabra tipo Coalho condimentado com cumaru (Amburana cearensis A.C. Smith)
Souza, Evandro Leite de;Costa, Ana Caroliny Vieira da;Garcia, Estefania Fernandes;Oliveira, Maria Elieidy Gomes de;Souza, Wandrick Hauss de;Queiroga, Rita de Cássia Ramos do Egypto;
Brazilian Journal of Food Technology , 2011, DOI: 10.4260/BJFT2011140300026
Abstract: this study aimed to carry out the physicochemical, microbiological and sensory characterization of coalho-like goat's milk cheese with added coumarou (amburana cearensis a.c. smith), manufactured in the cariri region, paraíba state, brazil. the average values obtained for moisture, protein, fat, fat in the dry extract, ash and acidity as lactic acid were 46.5; 23.9; 25.3; 47.5; 3.8 and 0.09%, respectively. all the samples analyzed presented total coliform counts > 2.4 x 103 mpn.g-1, while the faecal coliforms ranged between 0.3 x 101 - > 2.0 x 103 mpn.g-1. salmonella was not found in any of the samples. the mesophilic, fungal and coagulase-positive staphylococcal counts were between 3.7 x 104-5.6 x 108; 4.6 x 102-5.2 x 109; and > 101-8.0 x 105 cfu.g-1, respectively. the sensory tests showed good acceptance of the product assessed and satisfactory results for purchasing intent. the good acceptance of the cheeses evaluated showed the potential for increased consumption. however, the results of the microbiological analyses showed the need for better monitoring of the steps involved in its processing, in order to obtain a product with better microbiological quality.
Prevalence of hepatitis B virus infection and carriage after nineteen years of vaccination program in the Western Brazilian Amazon
Braga, Wornei Silva Miranda;Castilho, Márcia da Costa;Borges, Fabiane Giovanella;Martinho, Ana Cristina de Souza;Rodrigues, Ivo Seixas;Azevedo, Eliete Pereira de;Scazufca, Márcia;Menezes, Paulo Rossi;
Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0037-86822012000100004
Abstract: introduction: reductions in the prevalence of hepatitis b virus (hbv) infection and carriage, decreases in liver cancer incidence, and changes in patterns of liver dysfunctions are described after hepatitis b vaccination. methods: we conducted a population-based seroprevalence study aimed at estimating the hbv prevalence and risk of infection in the rural area of lábrea following nineteen years of hbv vaccination. results: half of the subjects showed total anti-hbc of 52.1% (95% ci 49.6-54.7). the hbsag prevalence was 6.2% (95% ci 5.1-7.6). multivariate analysis showed an inverse association between hbv infection and vaccination (or 0.62; 95% ci 0.44-0.87). hbsag remained independently associated with past hepatitis (or 2.44; 95% ci 1.52-3.89) and inversely to vaccination (or 0.43; 95% ci 0.27-0.69). the prevalence of hbeag among hbsag-positive individuals was 20.4% (95% ci 12.8-30.1), with the positive subjects having a median age of 11 years (1-46) p=0.0003. conclusions: we demonstrate that hbv infection is still an important public health issue and that hbv vaccination could have had better impact on hbv epidemiology. if we extrapolate these findings to other rural areas in the brazilian amazon, we can predict that the sources of chronic infected patients remain a challenge. future studies are needed regarding clinical aspects, molecular epidemiology, surveillance of acute cases, and risk groups.
Efeito da ordem de pari??o e do período de ordenha na produ??o e composi??o do colostro e do leite de transi??o de cabras Saanen
Vilar, Ana Letícia T?rres;Costa, Roberto Germano;Souza, Patrício Marques de;Medeiros, Ariosvaldo Nunes de;Queiroga, Rita de Cássia Ramos do Egypto;Fernandes, Marcelo Ferreira;
Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-35982008000900021
Abstract: aiming to study the influence of parturition order and milking time in the production and physical-chemical composition of colostrum and transition milk secretion of saanen goats, three groups of animals were used (16 from the first parturition; 17 from the second and 8 from the third or more parturitions) and samples were collected at zero, 12 and 24 h after kidding. parturition order did not interfere in colostrum and transition milk secretion productions, neither in the studied characteristics (acidity, density, fat, total dry extract and total protein), except for ph, which differ (6.70; 6.50; 6.46) among goats of 3rd or more, 1st and 2nd parturition, respectively. milking time influenced fat contents (8.29 and 5.14%); total dry extract (10.52 and 6.68%); total protein (9.24 and 4.37%); acidity (46.1 and 25.1od) in the period from 0 and 24h post kidding, respectively. parturition order did not affected milky secretion production and physical-chemical composition in the first 24 hours post kidding, except for ph.
Prevalence of hepatitis A virus infection: the paradoxical example of isolated communities in the western Brazilian Amazon region
Braga, Wornei Silva Miranda;Borges, Fabiane Giovanella;Barros Júnior, Gildo Maia;Martinho, Ana Cristina de Souza;Rodrigues, Ivo Seixas;Azevedo, Eliete Pereira de;Davis, Gustavo Henrique Nolasco Grimmer;Queiroz, Manoel Bezerra de;Santos, Simone Helena Derzi dos;Barbosa, Thiago Vitoriano;Castilho, Márcia da Costa;
Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0037-86822009000300008
Abstract: this study evaluated the prevalence of hepatitis a virus infection in the rural area of lábrea, in the western brazilian amazon region. communities and households were selected randomly. serum samples were analyzed by means of the immunoenzymatic method for the presence of total antibodies against hav. the study included 1,499 individuals. the prevalence of anti-hav was 74.6% (95% ci 72.3-76.8). univariate analysis showed associations with age (chi-square for linear trend = 496.003, p < 0.001), presence of outside toilet (p < 0.001), history of hepatitis (p < 0.001) and family history of hepatitis (p = 0.05). after adjusting for age, hav infection also showed an association with the number of people in the family (p = 0.03). the overall prevalence rates were high, but not more than 60% of the children under the age of ten years had already been infected. very high prevalence was detected only within older cohorts, thus paradoxically defining this as a region with intermediate endemicity, even under the conditions of poverty encountered.
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