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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 70555 matches for " Ana Regina; Galduróz "
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O uso de drogas psicotrópicas e a preven??o no Brasil
Noto,Ana Regina; Galduróz,José Carlos F.;
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 1999, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-81231999000100012
Abstract: even though the context related to the use of psychotropic drugs in brazil is still somewhat unknown, available studies point to alcohol, tobacco and some psychotropic medications as the most used drugs and as responsible for the highest indexes of problems in our population. however, the increasing consumption of cocaine over the years is unquestionable, as well as the increase of a series of associated problems, including violence. as far as possible interventions in this scenario are concerned, the need for complementary preventive measures has been stressed. although the repressive approach has been highlighted in the last decades, studies have pointed out to the limitations of this kind of intervention. the different levels of psychotropic drugs use prevention are presented in this study, along with comments on the main approaches used and how they have been implemented in brazil.
Propagandas de medicamentos psicoativos: análise das informa??es científicas
Mastroianni,Patrícia C; Noto,Ana Regina; Galduróz,José Carlos F;
Revista de Saúde Pública , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-89102008005000023
Abstract: objective: according to the world health organization, medicinal drug promotion should be reliable, accurate, truthful, informative, balanced, up-to-date and capable of substantiation. the objective of the present study was to review psychoactive drug advertisements to physicians as for information consistency with the related references and accessibility of the cited references. methods: data was collected in the city of araraquara, southeastern brazil, in 2005. there were collected and reviewed 152 drug advertisements, a total of 304 references. references were requested directly from pharmaceutical companies' customer services and searched in unesp (ibict, athenas) and bireme (scielo, pubmed, free-access indexed journals) library network and capes journals. advertisement statements were checked against references using content analysis. results: of all references cited in the advertisements studied, 66.7% were accessed. of 639 promotional statements identified, 346 (54%) were analyzed. the analysis showed that 67.7% of promotional statements in the advertisements were consistent with their references, while the remaining was either partially consistent or inconsistent. of the material analyzed, an average 2.5 (1-28) references was cited per advertisement. in the text body, there were identified 639 pieces of information clearly associated with at least one cited reference (average 3.5 pieces of information per advertisement). conclusions: the study results evidenced difficult access to the references. messages on efficacy, safety and cost, among others, are not always supported by scientific studies. there is a need for regulation changes and effective monitoring of drug promotional materials.
Análise do conteúdo de propagandas de medicamentos psicoativos
Mastroianni,Patrícia C; Vaz,Amanda Cristina R; Noto,Ana Regina; Galduróz,José Carlos F;
Revista de Saúde Pública , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-89102008005000045
Abstract: the goal of this study was to describe the human figures portrayed in psychoactive drug advertising in terms of gender, age, ethnic group, and social context. content analysis for 86 new pieces of printed advertisements released in 2005 was carried out. fisher exact test was used to analyze the association between categories. there was a preponderance of women (62.8%) who were four times more present in advertisements for antidepressants and anxyolitics than men. most of the people shown were caucasian (98.8%) young adults (72%). these people were pictured in leisure activities (46.5%), at home (29%), or in contact with nature (16.2%). the message conveyed was that the drugs treat routinely felt subjective symptoms of discomfort, inducing in an irrational appeal that may affect drug prescription.
Padr?es de violência domiciliar associada ao uso de álcool no Brasil
Fonseca,Arilton Martins; Galduróz,José Carlos Fernandes; Tondowski,Cláudia Silveira; Noto,Ana Regina;
Revista de Saúde Pública , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-89102009005000049
Abstract: objective: to describe situations of domestic violence committed by perpetrators under the influence of alcohol in the largest brazilian cities. methods: a household survey was carried out in the 108 brazilian cities with more than 200,000 inhabitants in 2005. a multistage probabilistic self-weighted sample stratified in terms of conglomerate units was performed in three selection stages: census tracts, households, and respondents (population between 12 and 65 years old). the instrument to collect the data was the substance abuse and mental health services administration, with questions on sociodemographics and psychotropic drug abuse.. results: the survey encompassed 7,939 households. in 33.5% of them there were reports of domestic violence, 17.1% out of which involving intoxicated perpetrators. the most frequently reported types of violence associated with the use of alcohol were: arguments among the people in the household (81,8%), loud arguments not aimed at a specific person (70.9%), threats of assault (39.5%), and breaking households objects (38.7%). the respondents also reported physical assault (27.8%), physical assault with weapon (5.5%), and sexual abuse (3.2%). more than half of perpetrators lived in the household and 88.8% were male. most of the victims were female (63.9%); 33.9% were wives and 18.2% were children. in terms of recidivism, 14.1% of the cases lasted for a period between 1 and 5 years, and in 14.3% they lasted for over a decade. most of the victims (86%) and perpetrators (77.9%) did not look for the help of either the health services or the police. conclusions: in addition to the considerable number of brazilian households with a history of violence involving intoxicated abusers, this kind of abuse has many specific characteristics. the low rate for the search for help at the health services/police stations point to the importance of actively identifying cases of domestic violence.
Uso de drogas psicotrópicas no Brasil: pesquisa domiciliar envolvendo as 107 maiores cidades do país - 2001
Galduróz, José Carlos F.;Noto, Ana Regina;Nappo, Solange A.;Carlini, E.A.;
Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-11692005000700017
Abstract: the objective was to estimate the prevalence of the use of drugs, alcohol, tobacco and the use of non-medical psychotropics. this study enclosed the 107 biggest cities in brazil; sample: ages between 12 and 65 years. sampling in three periods: tax sectors; household and the respondent. were interviewed 8,589 people. the lifetime use of the alcohol was 68.7%, closer to 70.8% in chile. the lifetime use of the tobacco was of 41.1%, lower than u.s.a. (70.5%). the lifetime use of the marijuana was of 6.9% closer to colombia (5.4%) and lower than u.s.a. (34.2%). the lifetime use of the cocaine was 2.3%, lower than u.s.a. (11.2%). the lifetime use of solvent was of 5.8%, much lower than the united kingdom (20.0%). the stimulants have had 1.5% of lifetime use and the anxiolytics with 3.3%. these findings will allow the implantation of adjusted public politics to our reality in the field of the psychotropics drugs.
Contribui??o do uso de medicamentos para a admiss?o hospitalar
Mastroianni, Patrícia de Carvalho;Varallo, Fabiana Rossi;Barg, Marina Souza;Noto, Ana Regina;Galduróz, José Carlos Fernandez;
Brazilian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1984-82502009000100020
Abstract: according to the word health organization, adverse drug reactions (adr) are any harmful and non intentional answer which occurred in doses normally used in human beings. the adr can be responsible for 2.4% to 11.5% of hospital admissions. therefore, this study aimed at knowing the admitted patient′s demographic profile due to possible adr, identifying the most frequent drugs and complaints, and evaluating the incidence of hospital admission related to drug use. patients who were 18 years old or more and were admitted during a period of one month to a medical clinical of a general hospital were interviewed for one month about drug use before being admitted, as well as regarding to the complaint which led them to hospital. these information were analyzed according to official data, like micromedex? and who criteria as well. it was observed that the admission due to drug use occurred in most part of the cases in elderly [47.5% (66/139)] and women [62% (87/139)]. the most frequent drugs used were: omeprazole (16), analgesics (31), antihypertensive (31), simvastatin (7) and formoterol fumarate (6), and the symptoms were normally associated to the digestive (20.5%), circulatory (20.2%), respiratory (18.2%) and central nervous systems (13.9%). it was estimated that 15.5% (139/897) of the hospital admission occurred possibly due to the drug use. the data found by present study suggests some strategies in order to prevent adr in the context of primary health care services, such as monitoring drug therapy, manly for patients with chronic diseases, elderly and polimedicated people; and pharmaceutical care including dispensation and purchasing of the drugs, a lot of them dispensed over the counter (otc).
Drogas e saúde na imprensa brasileira: uma análise de artigos publicados em jornais e revistas
Noto, Ana Regina;Baptista, Murilo C.;Faria, Silene T.;Nappo, Solange A.;Galduróz, José Carlos F.;Carlini, Elisaldo A.;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2003000100008
Abstract: this article analyzes information recently published by the brazilian press on the use of psychoactive drugs and its implications on health. a sample of 502 newspaper and magazine articles published in 1998 was researched using content analysis. the drugs most frequently featured in the headlines were tobacco (18.1%), coca-derived drugs (9.2%), marijuana (9.2%), alcoholic beverages (8.6%), and anabolic steroids (7.4%). solvents were featured in only one article, although they are the most commonly used drug in brazil, second only to alcohol and tobacco. these data indicate an imbalance between the journalistic approach and the epidemiological profile of psychoactive drug consumption in brazil. dependence was the most frequent consequence mentioned in the articles (46%), followed by violence (9.2%), withdrawal syndrome (8.0%), and aids (6.8%). the focus of the articles varied according to the drug in question. while articles on marijuana focused on its therapeutic use and legalization, those on cocaine-related issues discussed both the damage caused by consumption as well as various interventions (treatment and repression).
Comparison between two household surveys on psychotropic drug use in Brazil: 2001 and 2004
Fonseca,Arilton Martins; Galduróz,José Carlos Fernandes; Noto,Ana Regina; Carlini,Elisaldo Luiz de Araújo;
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-81232010000300008
Abstract: cebrid (brazilian center of information on psychotropic drugs) conducted two household surveys on drug use in brazil, the first in 2001 and the second in 2005, making it possible for researchers, for the first time ever, to have a timeline comparison using this type of methodology. the universe studied corresponded to the brazilian population living in 107 brazilian cities with more than 200.00 inhabitants. 8,589 people were interviewed in the first survey in 2001, and 7,939 people in the second. data on prevalence of lifetime use for psychotropic drugs showed that there was a significant increase only in the number of people who had made lifetime use of psychotropic substances (including tobacco and alcohol). in 2001, 19.4% of the interviewees reported having used some type of drug, and the ranking of lifetime drug use in 2004 was 22.8%, a statistically significant increase. there was also a statistically significant increase in lifetime use of alcohol and tobacco in comparison between the two surveys.
First household survey on drug abuse in S?o Paulo, Brazil, 1999: principal findings
Galduróz, José Carlos Fernandes;Noto, Ana Regina;Nappo, Solange Aparecida;Carlini, Elisaldo Luiz de Araújo;
Sao Paulo Medical Journal , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-31802003000600003
Abstract: context: in order to establish prevention programs regarding psychotropic drug use that are adapted to specific populations it is, first of all, important to have data on the realities of such consumption. single data points are not enough for drawing up a profile of society in relation to drugs. objective: the aim of this household survey was to determine the incidence of illegal drug, alcohol, tobacco and psychotropic medication use, and thus the number of persons dependent on drugs, alcohol and nicotine, and to evaluate their perception regarding how easy it is to obtain psychotropic drugs. type of study: epidemiological survey. setting: all of the 24 cities in the state of sao paulo with more 200,000 inhabitants participated in the study. method: the sampling was constructed from weighted probabilistic stratified conglomerates obtained via two-stage selection. in each municipality sampled, census sectors (generally 200-300 households) were first selected. then, households and a respondent were selected to provide information from his/her point of view. the samhsa questionnaire (substance abuse and mental health services administration) of the u.s. department of public health was used, after translation and adaptation to brazilian conditions. results: a total of 2,411 persons aged 12-65 years old were interviewed, of whom 39.9% weremen. lifetime use of any psychotropic drug other than alcohol and tobacco was 11.6%: much less than in the u.s. (34.8%). the alcohol dependence rate was 6%, similar to findings from other countries. marijuana was the illegal drug most cited as used daily (6.6%): a prevalence much lower than in the u.s. (32.0%). inhalant use was next in frequency of use (2.7%): about 10 times less than in the united kingdom (20%). cocaine use (2.1%) was about 5 times less than in the u.s. (10.6%). there was no report of heroin use, although there was a surprisingly high perception regarding the ease of obtaining heroin: 38.3% said it was easy to obtain.
The Brazilian smoker: a survey in the largest cities of Brazil
Opaleye, Emérita Sátiro;Sanchez, Zila M;Moura, Yone Gon?alves de;Galduróz, José Carlos Fernandes;Locatelli, Danilo Polverini;Noto, Ana Regina;
Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-44462012000100009
Abstract: objective: to understand the sociodemographic factors associated with daily consumption of cigarettes and pattern of cigarette use among brazilian smokers. method: a cross-sectional study was performed in 2005 involving the 108 largest brazilian cities. data were collected through interviews with subjects aged 12 to 65 years in randomly selected households. based on a questionnaire adapted to the brazilian context, a logistic regression model was used to investigate the association between the sociodemographic characteristics of the sample and smoking. results: of the 7,921 subjects interviewed, 16.4% reported daily use of cigarettes. the smoking prevalence was similar between genders, although women reported to start smoking at a later age and smoke fewer cigarettes per day. almost 65% of the smokers were interested in quitting or reducing their smoking habit. the main sociodemographic characteristics associated with smoking were as follows: adult age (30-59 years old), unemployment, low education level, and low socioeconomic level. alcohol abuse was also shown to be associated with smoking. conclusions: our findings suggest that adverse socioeconomic characteristics are implicated in increased susceptibility to smoking in brazil. in our sample, a high proportion of smokers reported interest to quit or reduce smoking. these data suggest that sociodemographic factors should be considered in the elaboration of smoking prevention and treatment policies.
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