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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 60129 matches for " Ana Flávia Quíles Marques Garcia "
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Crude glycerine mixture in diets of broiler chickens (1 to 42 days) Glicerina bruta mista na alimenta o de frangos de corte (1 a 42 dias)
Rafael Lachinski de Holanda Guerra,Alice Eiko Murakami,Ana Flávia Quíles Marques Garcia,Fernando José Urgnani
Revista Brasileira de Saúde e Produ??o Animal , 2011,
Abstract: Two experiments were conducted to evaluate the effect of inclusion of different levels of crude glycerine mixture in the broilers feeding on performance, carcass yield and carcass composition. 960 broilers were used at 21 days of age distributed in a completely randomized design with six levels of crude glycerine mixture (0; 2; 4; 6; 8 and 10%) and five replicates with 32 birds each. In the Experiment 1, for the growth period (22 to 42 days), was a linear effect in the levels of crude glycerine mixture inclusion on feed intake and a quadratic effect for weight gain, average weight and litter dry matter at 42 days old. There was no effect on broiler chicken carcass yield. In the Experiment 2, in the initial period (1 to 21 days), there was an increasing linear effect for feed intake and feed conversion. The same behavior was observed only for feed conversion in the period of 1 to 42 days. For chemical composition analysis of birds were not observed effects for all variables. The litter moisture at 21 and 42 days increased linearly. The utilization of crude glycerine mixture, byproduct of biodiesel production in feed formulation for broilers is possible, however should be better evaluated, for all the nutrients of its composition that could come into the diet balance, making possible to the broilers to have a nice performance. Dois experimentos foram conduzidos com o objetivo de avaliar o efeito da utiliza o de diferentes níveis de glicerina bruta mista na alimenta o de frangos de corte sobre o desempenho, o rendimento de carca a e a composi o química corporal das aves. Foram utilizadas 960 aves da linhagem cobb, distribuídas em delineamento inteiramente casualizado, com seis níveis de inclus o de glicerina bruta mista na dieta (0; 2; 4; 6; 8 e 10%) e cinco repeti es com 32 aves cada. No experimento I, para o período de crescimento (22 a 42 dias), observou-se efeito linear dos níveis de inclus o de glicerina bruta mista sobre o consumo de ra o e efeito quadrático para ganho de peso, peso médio corporal e matéria seca da cama, aos 42 dias de idade. N o foi observado efeito sobre as variáveis de rendimento de carca a. No Experimento II, de um a 21 dias observou-se efeito linear crescente para o consumo de ra o e convers o alimentar em fun o dos níveis de glicerina bruta mista na ra o. O mesmo foi observado para a convers o alimentar no período total de um a 42 dias. A umidade de cama aos 21 e aos 42 dias apresentou aumento linear crescente, a composi o química corporal das aves n o foi influenciada pelos níveis de glicerina mista adicionados à ra
Milheto na alimenta o de poedeiras = Pearl millet in the diet of laying hens
Ana Flávia Quiles Marques Garcia,Alice Eiko Murakami,Antonio Cláudio Furlan,Ely Mitie Massuda
Acta Scientiarum : Animal Sciences , 2011,
Abstract: O presente trabalho teve como objetivo avaliar os efeitos da utiliza o de milheto como alimento energético, nas ra es de poedeiras sobre o desempenho e qualidade de ovos, bem como realizar uma avalia o econ mica a fim de verificar a viabilidade da utiliza o de milheto. Foram utilizadas 336 poedeiras comerciais, distribuídas em um delineamento inteiramente casualizado com seis tratamentos, sete repeti es e oito aves por unidade experimental. Os tratamentos consistiram em uma ra o-testemunha à base de milho e farelo de soja e as demais com 20, 40, 60, 80 e 100% de substitui o ao milho. A inclus o do milheto n o influenciou o consumo de ra o, porcentagem de postura, convers o alimentar e a qualidade interna e externa dos ovos. Para o índice de colora o de gema, houve redu o linear à medida que o nível de milheto foi crescente nas ra es. Comrela o à variável econ mica, o nível de 20% de substitui o por milheto mostrou menor viabilidade, quando comparado ao milho. Assim, o milheto pode substituir o milho em níveis superiores a 20% sem prejuízos para o desempenho e qualidade dos ovos, sendo economicamente viável. Porém, deve-se considerar a necessidade da inclus o de pigmentantes. The present study examined the effects of the use of pearl millet, as energetic source, in the diets of laying hens on the performance and eggs quality, as well as to accomplish an economic evaluation in order to verify the viability of using the pearl millet. Three hundred thirty-six commercial laying hens were used, distributed in a completely randomized experimental design, with six treatments, seven replicates and eight birds for experimental unit. The treatments consisted in a control diet based on corn and soybean meal and the others with different levels of pearl millet (0, 20, 40, 60, 80 and 100%). The pearl millet inclusion did not influence the feed intake, egg production (%), feed conversion and internal and external quality of eggs. Regarding the yolk pigmentation index, we observed a linear reduction as the pearl millet level was increasing in the diets. In relation to the economic variable, the level of 20% replacement by millet evidenced lower viability when compared to corn. Therefore, thepearl millet can substitute the corn at levels higher than 20%, without impairment the performance and egg quality, being economically feasible. However, we should consider the need the inclusion of pigments.
Violência institucional em maternidades públicas sob a ótica das usuárias
Aguiar, Janaína Marques de;d'Oliveira, Ana Flávia Pires Lucas;
Interface - Comunica??o, Saúde, Educa??o , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1414-32832010005000035
Abstract: this paper presents and discusses data from a survey on institutional violence in public maternity hospitals, conducted in the municipality of s?o paulo, brazil. twenty-one puerperae were interviewed about their childbirth experiences and the care received, using a semi-structured format. the data showed that the interviewees reported and recognized discriminatory practices and ill-mannered treatment within the attendance at the public maternity hospitals. they reacted through strategies of resistance or accommodation. these experiences are so frequent that these women often come to expect to suffer some type of mistreatment, thus revealing a situation of trivialization of institutional violence.
Pediatric medicines and their relationship to dental caries
Menezes, Valdenice Aparecida de;Cavalcanti, Gabriela;Mora, Cristiana;Garcia, Ana Flávia Granville;Leal, Rossana Barbosa;
Brazilian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1984-82502010000100018
Abstract: the aim of this study was to evaluate mothers' knowledge about the cariogenic potential of pediatric medicines. a total of 111 mothers were interviewed using a standardized form containing 15 questions relating to the association of pediatric drug use with dental caries and oral hygiene care. descriptive and inferential statistics (chi-square test and fisher's exact) were used at a significance of 5%. most of the mothers were aged 40 years or under (77.4%), high school educated (30.6%) and not working (50.5%). the association between medication use and dental caries or defects in teeth structure was mentioned by 35 (43.2%) mothers, 33 of whom (40.7%) cited this was due to the presence of sugar in the formulations. only 32 mothers (28.8%) performed oral hygiene for the child after drugs ingestion, although 81.1% (n = 90) had never received guidance on the importance of this practice. the type of occupation and maternal education level were not significant in these issues (p> 0.05). pediatric medicines can create problems for the teeth and a high percentage of mothers are unable to establish a clear cause and effect relationship with this association. therefore, the pharmaceutical industry needs to be more aware of this and should prepare pediatric medicines without the presence of sucrose.
Prevalência de mordida aberta anterior e protrus?o dentária em pré-escolares da cidade do Recife (PE, Brasil)
Granville-Garcia,Ana Flávia; Ferreira,Jainara Maria Soares; Menezes,Valdenice Aparecida de;
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-81232010000800032
Abstract: the objective of this work was to verify the prevalence of malocclusions (anterior open bite, overjet) and its association with age, gender and type of school with a sample of 2,651 preschool children in the city of recife, pe, brazil. the children were seated in school chairs in the room of the day care/school for the clinical exam, children aging two years or less were assisted in the system knee-knee, through natural and artificial illumination. the dental protrusion was verified when the overjet was larger than 3 mm through periodontal probe in millimeters. the presence of anterior open bite was detected when there was no contact with the anterior teeth and the posterior ones stayed in occlusion. t was also registered in clinical record a combination of the two malocclusions types, in other words, open bite and of dental protrusion. the data were analyzed at qui-square and the association among the events was the odds ratio. the prevalence of protrusion was 66.1% and previous open bite 19.8%. there was association among this malocclusions, age and type of school, however there was not significant statistical association between malocclusion and gender. it was concluded that the prevalence of malocclusion in preschoolers was high and it was associated to the age and school type.
Compara??o entre os modelos norte-americano (ACSI) e europeu (ECSI) de satisfa??o do cliente: um estudo no setor de servi?os
Lopes, Humberto Elias Garcia;Pereira, Camila Cristina de Paula;Vieira, Ana Flávia Santos;
RAM. Revista de Administra??o Mackenzie , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1678-69712009000100008
Abstract: the central objective of this study is to compare the american customer satisfaction index (acsi) and the european customer satisfaction index (ecsi), preserving the structural relations between the latent variables as originally established. for both, it has been chosen a quantitative approach, focused on structural equation modeling through confirmatory factor analysis. the sample was formed by 2,145 customers of companies in the service sector, working in the state of minas gerais. the main results indicated that the acsi can measure the satisfaction of more accurately than the ecsi. another aspect is that the complaint had a significant effect on satisfaction and loyalty with the service provided.
Influência de fatores socioecon?micos e demográficos no padr?o de respira??o: um estudo piloto
Menezes, Valdenice Aparecida de;Leal, Rossana Barbosa;Moura, Marcela Motta;Granville-Garcia, Ana Flávia;
Revista Brasileira de Otorrinolaringologia , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-72992007000600014
Abstract: breathing represents one of the vital functions of the organism, and its unbalance causes some series of alterations in several organs and systems. aim: verify the influence of socio-economic and demographic factors in determining breathing patterns. study design: cross-sectional. materials and methods: there were 143 students in the sample, with ages ranging from 9 and 10 years, from two schools, public and private, in the city of recife, pernambuco. breathing patterns were established through two tests: glatzel plate (steam) and water time in the mouth. socio-economic factors were evaluated through questionnaires with nine questions each. statistics were carried out by means of the chi-squared test or fisher?s exact test and the significance level used was of 5%. results: oral breathing prevalence was of 55.2%, higher among females (57.7%) and in public schools (67.2%).lack of medical care (62%), less use of medications (56.6%), parents with educational levels lower than high school, divorced parents (66%), students that do not live with their parents (68.7%) and homes with only one room (72%), in all of those situations, oral breathing signs were more prevalent. only school type had significant association with the breathing pattern. conclusion: high levels of oral breathing without differences concerning gender and age. with the exception of school type, there was no association between breathing pattern and socio-economic factors.
Characterization of experimental dental research using animals
Alessandro Leite Cavalcanti,Renaly Nunes de Lucena,Veruska Medeiros Martins,Ana Flávia Granville-Garcia
RGO : Revista Gaúcha de Odontologia , 2009,
Abstract: Objective: To determine the profile of experimental dental research using animals. Methods: The research comprised all the 4141 abstracts existent in the books of annals from the 22nd and 23rd Annual meetings of the Brazilian Society of Dentistry Research and the sample was composed of 377 studies (9.1%). The variables analyzed were: area of knowledge, type of institution, State of the country, type of animal and body part used, occurrence of animal sacrifice, mention of the Research Ethics Committee, receipt of funding and type of financing agency. Results: The largest number of studies concentrated on the areas of Buccomaxillofacial Surgery (27.3%) and Basic Sciences (21.2%). The Public Universities were responsible for 74% of the researches, and the State Institutions were outstanding (82.4%). The State of S o Paulo was responsible for 74.1% of the studies. Rats (67.1%) and rabbits (11.1%) were the most frequently used animals, and 68.2% of the animals were sacrificed. The oral cavity was used in 50.1% of the researches and the mandible in 59%. Only 1.9% of the studies mentioned the Research Ethics Committee and 26.3% reported that they received funding. Conclusion: In Dentistry, studies involving animals are predominant in the areas of buccomaxillofacial surgery and basic sciences, with rats andrabbits being most frequently used. A significant number of guinea pigs are sacrificed during or at the end of the experiments.
Physical Education Teachers’ Knowledge Assessment on Reimplant-Avulsion
Ana Flávia GRANVILLE-GARCIA,Elianay Maria LIMA,Pryscila Gomes SANTOS,Valdenice Aparecida de MENEZES
Pesquisa Brasileira em Odontopediatria e Clínica Integrada , 2007,
Abstract: Objective: To assess the knowledge on reimplant-avulsion of Physical Education Teachers’ in the city of Caruaru (PE). Methods: The study was carried on in the city of Caruaru, Pernambuco (BR), and the participants were 79 professionals who were interviewed through a standard questionnaire containing 11 questions related to dental avulsion as well as to the procedures to be followed in such cases. Results: Only 20.3% of teachers knew what dental traumas are, but none of them had studied the subject during their undergraduate course. It was explained to participants what a dental avulsion was and 44.3% of them answered that they had already seen this kind of trauma in their classes. All professionals said they would give children a handkerchief or a towel for them to bite in order to control bleeding. 19% of the participants would not know what to do and 81% would wash the tooth in water. Most of them (86.1%) recognized the importance of an immediate treatment; all of them said they would wrap the tooth in a paper napkin until the child was assisted; and 26.6% said they would suggest an analgesic for the pain. Conclusion: Teachers did not show any knowledge of the emergency procedures that should be taken in a case of dental avulsion. The inclusion of such procedures in the programs of physical education courses and the availability of preventive educational programs is needed in order to increase the chances of a successful dental reimplant.
Compara o entre os modelos norteamericano (ACSI) e europeu (ECSI) de satisfa o do cliente: um estudo no setor de servi os
Humberto Elias Garcia Lopes,Camila Cristina de Paula Pereira,Ana Flávia Santos Vieira
Revista de Administra??o Mackenzie , 2009,
Abstract: O objetivo central deste trabalho é comparar os modelos norte-americano (ACSI) eeuropeu (ECSI) de satisfa o do cliente, preservando as rela es estruturais entreas variáveis latentes tal como originalmente estabelecidas. Para tanto, optou-sepor uma abordagem quantitativa, centrada na modelagem de equa es estruturaispor meio da análise fatorial confirmatória. Foram pesquisados 2.145 clientesde empresas do setor de servi os, atuantes no Estado de Minas Gerais. Os principaisresultados indicaram que o ACSI pode mensurar a satisfa o de maneiramais precisa do que o ECSI. Outro aspecto é que a reclama o apresentou umefeito significativo sobre a satisfa o e a lealdade com o servi o prestado.
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