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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 48894 matches for " Ana Cristina; Czeresnia "
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Uso de servi?os odontológicos por pacientes com síndrome de Down
Oliveira,Ana Cristina; Czeresnia,Dina; Paiva,Saul Martins; Campos,M?nica Rodrigues; Ferreira,Efigênia Ferreira;
Revista de Saúde Pública , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-89102008000400016
Abstract: objective: from a perspective of comprehensive care, the purpose of the study was to evaluate factors associated to dental care provided to down syndrome children and adolescents. methods: a cross-sectional study was carried out including 112 pairs of mothers/down syndrome children aged between 3 and 18 years who attended a public hospital genetics clinic in rio de janeiro, southeastern brazil, in 2006. dental care was not provided at the clinic. data were collected through a questionnaire administered to the mothers and oral examinations of their children. multiple logistic regression was used for data analysis. the dependent variable was "dental care of the down syndrome child or adolescent" and the independent variables included demographic, socioeconomic and behavioral characteristics. results: most children (79.5%) had had at least one dental visit (90% ci: 72.3; 87.8). dental experience of the children was associated to the following variables: mothers who reported being advised by their children's health provider to take them to the dentist's (or=6.1 [2.5; 15.1]); children with prior history of surgery (or=2.5 [0.9; 7.1]); and age between 12 and 18 years (or=13.1 [2.0; 86.9]). conclusions: dental care provided to down syndrome children and adolescents was associated to advice given by their health providers, a part of comprehensive care.
Biologia, subjetividade e alteridade
Soares, Teresa Cristina;Czeresnia, Dina;
Interface - Comunica??o, Saúde, Educa??o , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1414-32832011000100005
Abstract: this article aims to present and discuss the concept of biological alterity. from a human point of view this issue is expressed beyond the dimension approached by biology. however, the ability to make conscious decisions and be constituted in the relationship with the other would have a biological root and would be embedded in the existence of every living being. recent biology and philosophy studies have shown new ways of thinking about the relation among living beings from the point of view of ontogeny and co-evolution. the human condition has primarily biological origins. addressing alterity as a peculiar nature of the living beings may indicate a different and integrated way of understanding human body as well as the ethical issues related to life and health practices.
Do contágio à transmiss?o: uma mudan?a na estrutura perceptiva de apreens?o da epidemia
Czeresnia, Dina;
História, Ciências, Saúde-Manguinhos , 1997, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-59701997000100005
Abstract: the article contextualizes the various discourses that have sought to explain epidemics through the elaboration of different notions, concepts, and theories. it describes the circumstances under which these discourses appeared and were transformed and ties them in to each era's universe of knowledge. it analyzes (1) the perceptions of contagion and miasma that linked the spreading of epidemics to the senses of touch and smell; (2) the theory of epidemic constitution - a re-reading of the hippocratic tradition; and (3) fracastoro's 16th century theory of contagion. special attention is devoted to elaboration of the concept of transmission in conjunction with the emergence of modern medicine during the 19th century and to the discontinuity occasioned by a new perception of how epidemic diseases spread.
Constitui??o epidêmica: velho e novo nas teorias e práticas da epidemiologia
Czeresnia, Dina;
História, Ciências, Saúde-Manguinhos , 2001, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-59702001000300003
Abstract: the article analyzes the importance of the concept of epidemic constitution, whose presence has been recurrently identified in hippocratic thinking throughout the history of epidemiology. in general terms, constitution relates epidemics to geographic and atmospheric conditions. the outstanding point in the article is the view of epidemics as phenomena associated to disruption in the harmony of nature, here understood as a whole beyond geographic dimensions. the permanence of hippocratic thinking does not imply continuity. the concept of epidemic constitution has been discontinuous and structurally different throughout history. the power of the concept lies on its philosophical foundations: physis. pre-socratic ideas gain special significance for the understanding of the crisis of modern times and introduces new elements for the interpretation and conceptualization of constitution in epidemiology.
The hygienic hypothesis and transformations in etiological knowledge: from causal ontology to ontogenesis of the body
Czeresnia, Dina;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2005000400019
Abstract: the objective of this article is to systematize the principal recent research results pertaining to the so-called hygienic hypothesis, which establishes an etiological link between the increasing incidence of allergic diseases and the decreasing incidence of infectious diseases in the industrialized countries of the western world. the author contends that the current debate on the hygienic hypothesis indicates significant transformations in the understanding of disease etiology, perhaps even as important as the transformations in the 19th century during the process leading to the constitution of modern medicine and the identification of infectious disease causal agents.
Ciência, técnica e cultura: rela??es entre risco e práticas de saúde
Czeresnia, Dina;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2004000200012
Abstract: this article discusses the cultural consequences of discourses and practices aimed at training subjects for a rational, informed choice in relation to risks, calculated on the basis of scientific knowledge. the epidemiological risk concept is a central element in this process, especially in the context of health practices. the article begins by briefly characterizing the epidemiological risk concept, emphasizing that as an abstract model, it reduces the complexity of the phenomena it studies. grasping reality through this abstraction generates values and meanings. canguilhem's reflection on the relations between science, technique, and life is further discussed from the perspective of deepening an understanding of the cultural consequences of this process, contributing to the transformation of classical concepts of individuality, autonomy, and sociability. such vital themes as individuality, alterity, and the relationship with death are present (albeit disguised) in issues that involve the central nature of risk in the contemporary world.
The concept of health and the difference between prevention and promotion
Czeresnia, Dina;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 1999, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X1999000400004
Abstract: in this article the author presents a point of view which she considers central to understanding the difference between prevention - associated with the traditional discourse of public health - and health promotion, an idea in connection with which proposals are now being presented for rethinking and redirecting public health practices. this perspective relates to the limits of the health and disease concepts in relation to the concrete experiences of health and illness. on the one hand, practical awareness of this limit implies far-reaching changes in the way scientific knowledge is related to (and used in) the formulation and organization of health practices; on the other, health promotion projects also avail themselves of the concepts guiding the discourse of prevention. this leads to certain difficulties that appear as inconsistencies or gray areas in the operationalization of promotion projects, which do not always succeed in asserting their nature as distinct from traditional preventive practices.
Constru??o científica e inova??o teórica: um desafio para a epidemiologia
Czeresnia, Dina;
Physis: Revista de Saúde Coletiva , 1993, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-73311993000100004
Abstract: the reflection upon the construction of knowledge in epidemiology is increasing. to what extent this theoretical interest refers to a broader preocupation with the humanization of science? or is it restricted to the search of legitimation of authority and scientific competence, according to the dominating rationality? this work analyses the development of epidemiology, its institutiona-lization as scientific discipline and the method's hegemonic conception built within this process. it also analyses the introduction of the popperian thought, who was a critic in the internai debate of the american epidemiology. finally, it refers to methodological alternatives mentioned by some authors in face or questions and impasses identified in the development of the discipline.
Canguilhem e o caráter filosófico das ciências da vida
Czeresnia, Dina;
Physis: Revista de Saúde Coletiva , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-73312010000300002
Abstract: this paper examines the relevance of canguilhem's thought regarding changes in the life sciences, and the relationship between science and philosophy. it shows that the concept of vital normality, and its focus on value as essential trait of life, reveals, in biology, a basic problem of knowledge. a nuclear concept in canguilhem's thought, present in all of his work - as made clear, in 1980, by his contribution at the conference on the brain and thought - it's still actual in present-day discussion of unanswered questions in the neurosciences and in definitions of life. no brief, universal definition of life is generally accepted, in the sciences, as standard definition. to define life as unconscious position of value is not in accordance with the quantitative perspective of natural science. what is value as definition of life ? can metabolic components present a dimension shown to be inaugurated by human life ? such questions may only be equations after indispensable changes in the concepts of man and his relationship with knowledge. in the final part, affinity is established between canguilhem's concept of vital normality and the will to power of nietzsche. the concept of vital normality links to the will to power as organic life-creating force. to postulate value as previous to man is to uphold the biological reality of thought, from which develops humanity, fulfilling with meaning the experience of life.
Normatividade vital e dualidade corpo-mente
Czeresnia, Dina;
Psicologia em Estudo , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-73722010000200015
Abstract: the objective of the article is to broach the problem of body mind duality through the discussion of the concept of normativity of life, proposed by canguilhem. highlights the necessity to overcome the historic controversy between mechanism and vitalism, and to construct a concept that incorporates the psychic dimension as an extension of organic in human. seek to make a link between open questions in biology and in physics and presents roger penrose's ideas about connection between physics and mind. questions the possibility of 20 th century physics has to be inscribed in 21 th century biology. to deal with this challenge it is necessary to consider human limits to know the universe. based on this discussion, reaffirms that human psychic dimension could be evolved from an anterior biological capacity to perform "choices" to make life to persevere.
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