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Description of socioeconomic and demographic profile of young women vulnerable to infection by human papillomavirus and risk behavior in a school in Rio de Janeiro  [PDF]
M.C. de Melo Pessanha Carvalho, Ana Beatriz Azevedo Queiroz, Maria Aparecida Vasconcelos Moura
Health (Health) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/health.2013.511246
Abstract: Background: HPV is one of the main sexually transmitted diseases, especially among the female population. This is an important etiologic agent for the development of cervical intraepithelial lesions and cervical cancer. It is considered a public health problem, since young women are the most vulnerable group to this virus. Therefore, it is important that the socioeconomic and demographic profile of these women and their risk behaviors are known, so that it is possible to contribute in reducing infection occurrences in the studied population. Objectives: To describe the socioeconomic and demographic characteristics and investigate the behavioral sexual-affective aspects of risk of adolescents and young students from Rio de Janeiro/Brazil when tackling HPV infection. Methods: A group composed by 128 individuals susceptible to HPV—classified as adolescent women and young women who are students at a high school in one unity of the municipality of Rio de Janeiro. The studied period was from May to November. A quantitative descriptive approach was used, in which data were highlighted in variables, divided into economic, demographic and behavioral characteristics. Data were entered into an Excel spreadsheet and organized by descriptive statistics performed by simple frequency (%). Results: The age range of the young women who have the possibility of being infected with HPV was from 15 to 25. The focused family income among these young women was up to 2 minimum wages. The risk behavior detected in 37.5% of adolescent women and in 43.8% of young women is that these women never used condoms in sexual intercourse. Conclusion: The research showed that the studied women are vulnerable due to risk behavior practices that may lead to the virus acquisition. More focuses on educational actions of preventive measures regarding HPV infection should be emphasized, favoring a lower incidence of human papillomavirus infection and cervical cancer.
Les?es precursoras do cancer cervicouterino: evolu??o histórica e subsídios para consulta de enfermagem ginecológica
Carvalho, Maria Cristina de Melo Pessanha;Queiroz, Ana Beatriz Azevedo;
Escola Anna Nery , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1414-81452010000300026
Abstract: study emerged from an article of the master degree that illustrates the phases of the historical evolution of the precursor lesions of the cervical-uterine cancer. thus, it is a question of the history about, delineating the relevance of this knowledge for the nurse's practice in care in the woman's health. the precursor lesions concept of the cervical-uterine cancer, initiates itself from the xix century, beginning with studies of the cells altered. it had as objective: describe the diverse historical phases of the cervical-uterine cancer. a qualitative, descriptive-analytical study, using time cutting in the period of 1940 to 2008. the data were raised by means of bibliographical reference as primary spring and about the resource bireme, by means of this study was possible to score the different classifications that already existed, highlighting the brazilian nomenclature was important to correspond the needs and the profile of the health of the women of brazil. this study is the starting point to support the gynecological nursing consultation practices with educational approaches, contemplating the female population in preventive actions and incentive to the treatment.
A representa??o social das adolescentes sobre a gravidez nesta etapa de vida
Rangel, Débora Luiza de Oliveira;Queiroz, Ana Beatriz Azevedo;
Escola Anna Nery , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1414-81452008000400024
Abstract: this work deals with the representations of the female adolescents concerning the pregnancy in this stage of life and intends to apprehend the content/structure of the social representations concerning the pregnancy in the adolescence. the theoretical framework for social representation used was the moscovici′s, approach was qualitative, having as subjects forty sexually active non pregnant adolescents and, as scene, rio de janeiro's schools. from the social-economic-demographic profile of the adolescents an expressive technique and a half-structuralized interview were performed. the data according to bardin's content analysis point to favorable and unfavorable extremities of the representation of the object. it emerged as something inadequate, generator of responsibilities and moral judgment. it is noticeable the link between such representations and the social-economic level: the most privileged ones evidenced that it can jeopardize future plans, however, the other segment emphasizes the crowning of the natural identity of the feminine. at last it is necessary to attempt to the diversity in the groups in order to propitiate greater autonomy to choose the moment of the pregnancy.
Representa??es sociais de mulheres sobre a amamenta??o: teste de associa??o livre de idéias acerca da interrup??o precoce do aleitamento materno exclusivo
Osório, Cácia M?nica;Queiroz, Ana Beatriz Azevedo;
Escola Anna Nery , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S1414-81452007000200012
Abstract: the early interruption of exclusive breastfeeding (eb) constitutes a problem with biological, psychological and sociocultural characteristics. this paper aims to describe the social representations of women who have early weaned eb. we have interviewed 30 women (15 were housewives hm, 15 were working mothers wm) in mixed assited nursering in the family health program in the city of resende (rj). from august to september 2005, we have collected data through a free association of ideas test, aiming to emerge associations related to the words exploited at the level of social stereotypes, which was followed by the bardin's content analyses. the data have shown high frequency of the category "pleasure, love and affection", showing the recognition of the importance of breastfeeding and of human milk. "baby's health" has been more expressive in the hm group, suggesting that these women anchored breastfeeding in the health-sickness process. in conclusion, our women recognize the importance of breastfeeding but not its exclusiveness up to the sixth month of age.
Estudo de p27, p21, p16 em epitélio escamoso normal, papiloma escamoso e carcinoma de células escamosas da cavidade oral
Queiroz, Ana Beatriz Piazza;Focchi, Gustavo Rubino de Azevedo;Gomes, Thiago Sim?o;Dobo, Cristine;Oshima, Celina Tizuko Fujiyama;
Jornal Brasileiro de Patologia e Medicina Laboratorial , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1676-24442009000600007
Abstract: introduction: the most frequent type of oral cancer is the squamous cell carcinoma, which corresponds to 95% of the cases(9).the oral squamous papilloma is a benign neoplasia, commonly associated with infections caused by the human papilloma virus(21). the analysis of medical literature shows changes in cell cycle regulatory genes (p27, p21waf/cip1 and p16ink4a), but does not define their roles in oral carcinogenesis. objective: characterize the immuno-histochemical expression of p27, p21waf/cip1 and p16ink4a in oral normal squamous epithelium, oral squamous papilloma and oral squamous cell carcinoma. methods: immuno-histochemical evaluation of p27, p21waf/cip1 and p16ink4a in 32 samples of oral normal squamous epithelium, 30 of oral squamous papilloma and 34 of oral squamous cell carcinoma. results: 97.06% of the oral squamous cell carcinoma group, 33.33% of the squamous papilloma group and 18.75% of the control group showed focal immunopositivity for p27. 100% of both control and oral squamous cell carcinoma groups and 90% of the oral squamous papilloma group showed focal immunopositivity for p21waf/cip1. 100% of both control and oral squamous papilloma groups and 94% of the oral squamous cell carcinoma group showed focal immunopositivity for p16ink4a. conclusions: the study revealed a statistically significant difference for p27 expression when comparing the control and oral squamous papilloma groups with the oral squamous cell carcinoma group. p21waf/cip1 did not prove to be useful to differentiate the groups. p16ink4a showed diffuse immunopositivity in a minority of the oral squamous cell carcinoma cases. the oral squamous papilloma group behaved similarly to the control group as to the three markers.
REPRESENTA ES SOCIAIS DA VIDA SEXUAL DE MULHERES NO CLIMATéRIO ATENDIDAS EM SERVI OS PúBLICOS DE SAúDE
Ivonete Alves de Ara jo,Ana Beatriz Azevedo Queiroz,Maria Aparecida Vasconcelos Moura,L cia Helena Garcia Penna
Texto & Contexto - Enfermagem , 2013,
Abstract: Tiene el objetivo de estudiar las representaciones sociales de la vida sexual de la mujer en el climaterio. El referencial teórico-metodológico se apoya en la Teoría de las Representaciones Sociales. Participaron 40 mujeres entre 45 a 65 a os, divididas en dos grupos: perimenopausia y postmenopausia. Los escenarios fueron dos unidades públicas de atención a la mujer en el municipio del Río de Janeiro. La técnica de recolección de datos fue la entrevista semi-estructurada. Los datos fueron tratados según el análisis de contenido temático. Los resultados se alaron tres campos de representaciones. En el grupo de la perimenopausa emergieron dos campos: continuidad de la sensualidad y sexualidad y representación de la negatividad del climaterio llevando a una vida sexual sin placer. El grupo de la postmenopausa se organizó en un campo representacional: vida sexual anclada en el proceso de envejecimiento. Se concluyó que las representaciones sobre la vida sexual en el climaterio vienen siendo redise adas por algunas mujeres a pesar de que muchas concepciones persisten agregadas a los valores socio-histórico-culturales tradicionales a lo femenino y al envejecimiento.
Resolu??o temporal: análise em pré-escolares nascidos a termo e pré-termo
Fortes, Ana Beatriz;Pereira, Liliane Desgualdo;Azevedo, Marisa Frasson de;
Pró-Fono Revista de Atualiza??o Científica , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-56872007000100010
Abstract: background: auditory processing. aim: to verify the hearing behavior of temporal resolution in children with ages from five to six years, who were born preterm, with no evidence of neurological alterations and to compare this behavior to that observed in children of the same age, who were born at term, with low risk for developmental disorders, taking into consideration the variables of: threshold detection gaps through pre-established frequency, binaural and monaural presentation, order of stimuli presentation and gender. method: 70 children divided in two groups: group 1 with 44 children who were born at term (20 female and 24 male) and group 2 with 26 preterm children (12 female and 14 male). children were submitted to audiologic evaluation composed of audiometry, speech response threshold, acoustic impedance test and the random gap detection test (rgdt). results: children who were born at term presented lower threshold detection gaps in the rgdt, for both monaural and binaural stimuli presentation, in all of the pre-established frequencies when compared to preterm children. this difference between the groups was statistically significant. the average threshold detection gaps of group 1 rose according to the increase of frequency. for group 2 statistically significant differences were not found regarding the average of threshold detection gaps, for both monaural and binaural stimuli presentation. conclusion: preterm children differ from those born at term regarding the hearing behavior of temporal resolution. the rgdt can be used as a tool to evaluate the hearing process, once the early detection of alterations in temporal processes indicates the need for intervention in order to minimize or avoid future language impairments.
Hemilucilia segmentaria (Fabricius, 1805) (Diptera: Calliphoridae) as new biological vector of eggs of Dermatobia hominis (Linnaeus Jr., 1781) (Diptera: Oestridae) in Reserva Biológica do Tinguá, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Marinho Clarissa Rezende,Barbosa Leandro Silva,Azevedo Ana Claudia Granthon de,Queiroz Margareth M de Carvalho
Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz , 2003,
Abstract: The aim of this note was to record for the first time the finding of Hemilucilia segmentaria acting as biological vector of Dermatobia hominis, during a study of the diversity of Calliphoridae at Reserva Biológica do Tinguá, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The insects were captured using traps baited with chicken vicera, for a period of 28-30 h twice per month. In the period of one year, 1987 insects were collected, 7.5% of which belonged to the H. segmentaria; of these a female was captured in May 2001, carrying a mass of 20 eggs on the left side of its abdomen.
Potencial para maricultura da carragenófita Hypnea musciformis (Wulfen) J.V. Lamour. (Gigartinales - Rhodophyta) na Ilha da Marambaia, Baía de Sepetiba, RJ, Brasil
Reis, Renata Perpetuo;Caldeira, Aline Queiroz;Miranda, Ana Paula dos Santos;Barros-Barreto, Maria Beatriz;
Acta Botanica Brasilica , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-33062006000400002
Abstract: lack of practice in commercial cultivation of macroalgae in brazil allied with an increased demand for phycocolloids in the national market is met by importing algae and cropping from natural beds, especially on the northeastern coast. seeking to establish small scale cultivation for the use of coastal communities, experimental cultivation was implanted with h. musciformis on marambaia island, rio de janeiro (43o59'35'' w - 23o04'00'' s). nine different techniques for fixation of algae to ropes were tested in the experimental mariculture units (emu). experiments carried out from spring 2003 to fall 2004 yielded generally negative growth rates while experiments conducted from winter 2004 to winter 2005 yielded positive growth rates. phytobenthos near the emu were analyzed to verify the growth of this species in the assemblage and in cultivation. a higher percentage of amphipods and of organic matter was observed in the emu as well as the presence of carposporophytes during low salinity periods at both sites. this low yield was attributed to environmental factors such as rough seas, adherence of organic matter to the algae, herbivory and emu damages caused by anthropic activities. fixing the algae with a clamp was the easiest and cheapest technique. successful cultivation of h. musciformis can only be achieved through consciousness raising in the coastal community and payment for this activity.
Representa??es Sociais de RH: um estudo exploratório com alunos de gradua??o
Azevedo, Debora;Walber, Ana Luisa Schulz;Schujmann, Adriana;Garay, Angela Beatriz Scheffer;
Organiza??es & Sociedade , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S1984-92302012000100004
Abstract: the roles of human resources (hr) are being questioned academically, as well as within organizations. defining roles that are suitable to this area, given the changes occurring in the global work environment, reveals the problem of positioning hr as a strategic partner in organizations (ulrich, 1998). traditionally defined as a task executor, hr has difficulties performing according to the strategic discourse being presented nowadays. this article shows the results of a survey carried out with 264 management students at the federal university of rio grande do sul (ufrgs), brazil. its objective is to identify and discuss the social representations (guareschi, 2007) of these students as regards the area of hr. using cluster analysis, clusters of students with different concepts of hr were identified, and it was also shown that most of the students lacked clarity about hr roles and the implications of hr aligned with business strategies.
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