Abstract:
Using hyperbolic temporal and spatial cut-offs to define 4d asymptotically flat spacetimes, we show that supertranslation ambiguities in the asymptotic fields can all be removed even in the presence of gravitational magnetic charges. We then show that configurations with different electric and magnetic four-momenta can be consistently considered in the Mann-Marolf variational principle. This generalizes the previous result where variations over asymptotically flat configurations with fixed magnetic four-momenta were considered. We also express Kerr Taub-NUT metric to the leading and next to leading order in the Beig-Schmidt form, and compare the asymptotic form with the tensor harmonics on 3d de Sitter space.

Abstract:
We consider the rotating non-extremal black hole of N=2 D=4 STU supergravity carrying three magnetic charges and one electric charge. We show that its subtracted geometry is obtained by applying a specific SO(4,4) Harrison transformation on the black hole. As previously noted, the resulting subtracted geometry is a solution of the N=2 S=T=U supergravity.

Abstract:
It is well known in the context of four dimensional asymptotically flat spacetimes that the leading order boundary metric must be conformal to unit de Sitter metric when hyperbolic cutoffs are used. This situation is very different from asymptotically AdS settings where one is allowed to choose an arbitrary boundary metric. The closest one can come to changing the boundary metric in the asymptotically flat context, while maintaining the group of asymptotic symmetries to be Poincare, is to change the so-called `supertranslation frame' \omega. The most studied choice corresponds to taking \omega = 0. In this paper we study consequences of making alternative choices. We perform this analysis in the covariant phase space approach as well as in the holographic renormalization approach. We show that all choices for \omega are allowed in the sense that the covariant phase space is well defined irrespective of how we choose to fix supertranslations. The on-shell action and the leading order boundary stress tensor are insensitive to the supertranslation frame. The next to leading order boundary stress tensor depends on the supertranslation frame but only in a way that the transformation of angular momentum under translations continues to hold as in special relativity.

Abstract:
We extend our previous study (arXiv:1203.5088) to the case of five-dimensional multi-charge black holes, thus showing that these configurations and their subtracted geometries also lie in a 3d duality orbit. In order to explore the 3d duality orbit, we do a timelike reduction from 5d to 4d and a spacelike reduction from 4d to 3d. We present our analysis in the notation of Euclidean N=2 supergravity and its c-map. We also relate our analysis to that of Cveti\v{c}, Guica, and Saleem.

Abstract:
We use AdS/CFT to investigate i) high energy collisions with balls of deconfined plasma surrounded by a confining phase and ii) the rapid localized heating of a deconfined plasma. Both of these processes are dual to collisions with black holes, where they result in the nucleation of a new "arm" of the horizon reaching out in the direction of the incident object. We study the resulting non-equilibrium dynamics in a universal limit of the gravitational physics which may indicate universal behavior of deconfined plasmas at large N_c. Process (i) produces "virtual" arms of the plasma ball, while process (ii) can nucleate surprisingly large bubbles of a higher temperature phase.

Abstract:
The physical process version of the first law for black holes states that the passage of energy and angular momentum through the horizon results in a change in area $\frac{\kappa}{8 \pi} \Delta A = \Delta E - \Omega \Delta J$, so long as this passage is quasi-stationary. A similar physical process first law can be derived for any bifurcate Killing horizon in any spacetime dimension $d \ge 3$ using much the same argument. However, to make this law non-trivial, one must show that sufficiently quasi-stationary processes do in fact occur. In particular, one must show that processes exist for which the shear and expansion remain small, and in which no new generators are added to the horizon. Thorne, MacDonald, and Price considered related issues when an object falls across a d=4 black hole horizon. By generalizing their argument to arbitrary $d \ge 3$ and to any bifurcate Killing horizon, we derive a condition under which these effects are controlled and the first law applies. In particular, by providing a non-trivial first law for Rindler horizons, our work completes the parallel between the mechanics of such horizons and those of black holes for $d \ge 3$. We also comment on the situation for d=2.

Abstract:
Recent work has shown that the addition of an appropriate covariant boundary term to the gravitational action yields a well-defined variational principle for asymptotically flat spacetimes and thus leads to a natural definition of conserved quantities at spatial infinity. Here we connect such results to other formalisms by showing explicitly i) that for spacetime dimension $d \ge 4$ the canonical form of the above-mentioned covariant action is precisely the ADM action, with the familiar ADM boundary terms and ii) that for $d=4$ the conserved quantities defined by counter-term methods agree precisely with the Ashtekar-Hansen conserved charges at spatial infinity.

Abstract:
It has recently been shown that the maximal kinematical invariance group of polytropic fluids, for smooth subsonic flows, is the semidirect product of SL(2,R) and the static Galilei group G. This result purports to offer a theoretical explanation for an intriguing similarity, that was recently observed, between a supernova explosion and a plasma implosion. In this paper we extend this result to discuss the symmetries of discontinuous flows, which further validates the explanation by taking into account shock waves, which are the driving force behind both the explosion and implosion. This is accomplished by constructing a new set of Rankine-Hugoniot conditions, which follow from Noether's conservation laws. The new set is dual to the standard Rankine-Hugoniot conditions and is related to them through the SL(2,R) transformations. The entropy condition, that the shock needs to satisfy for physical reasons, is also seen to remain invariant under the transformations.

Abstract:
We study the integrability of gravity-matter systems in D=2 spatial dimensions with matter related to a symmetric space G/K using the well-known linear systems of Belinski-Zakharov (BZ) and Breitenlohner-Maison (BM). The linear system of BM makes the group structure of the Geroch group manifest and we analyse the relation of this group structure to the inverse scattering method of the BZ approach in general. Concrete solution generating methods are exhibited in the BM approach in the so-called soliton transformation sector where the analysis becomes purely algebraic. As a novel example we construct the Kerr-NUT solution by solving the appropriate purely algebraic Riemann-Hilbert problem in the BM approach.

Abstract:
We examine the dynamics of neutral black rings, and identify and analyze a selection of possible instabilities. We find the dominating forces of very thin black rings to be a Newtonian competition between a string-like tension and a centrifugal force. We study in detail the radial balance of forces in black rings, and find evidence that all fat black rings are unstable to radial perturbations, while thin black rings are radially stable. Most thin black rings, if not all of them, also likely suffer from Gregory-Laflamme instabilities. We also study simple models for stability against emission/absorption of massless particles. Our results point to the conclusion that most neutral black rings suffer from classical dynamical instabilities, but there may still exist a small range of parameters where thin black rings are stable. We also discuss the absence of regular real Euclidean sections of black rings, and thermodynamics in the grand-canonical ensemble.