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Oncogenic human papillomavirus genital infection in southern Iranian women: population-based study versus clinic-based data
Eghbali Seyed,Amirinejad Roya,Obeidi Narges,Mosadeghzadeh Shiva
Virology Journal , 2012, DOI: 10.1186/1743-422x-9-194
Abstract: Background Epidemiological studies on genital human papilloma viruses infection (HPVs) in general population are crucial for the implementation of health policy guidelines for developing the strategies to prevent the primary and secondary cervical cancer. In different parts of Iran, there is a lack of population-based studies to determine the prevalence of HPV in the general population. The aim of this population-based study is to compare the prevalence rate of genital HPV infection among reproductive women with our previous clinic-based data, which showed a prevalence rate of 5% in women in southern Iran. Results Using general primers for all genotypes of HPV, of 799 randomly selected women, five (0.63%, 95% CI 0.23-1.55%) tested positive for HPV DNA. Overall, seven different HPV genotypes were detected: six types (16, 18, 31, 33, 51 and 56) were carcinogenic, or “high risk genotypes” and one genotype (HPV-66) was “probably carcinogenic.” Conclusions In a population-based study, the prevalence of HPV infection among southern Iranian women was lower than that observed worldwide. However, our gynaecological clinic-based study on the prevalence of HPV infection showed results comparable with other studies in the Middle East and Persian Gulf countries. Since gynaecological clinic-based data may generally overestimate HPV prevalence, estimates of prevalence according to clinic-based data should be adjusted downward by the population-based survey estimates.
Introduction over Newly-Discovered Petroglyphs of Tang-e Birzal, Southern Iran  [PDF]
Soraya Estavi, Zahra Asghari, Ali Aarab, Reza Rezaloo, Aliye Amirinejad
Archaeological Discovery (AD) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ad.2016.43009
Abstract: The newly-discovered petroglyphs (at Tang-e Birzal) have located at a mountainous area, in 26 kilometers away from the northeastern point of Kohgiluye va Buier Ahmad Province, in pursuant of a nomadic trek road, and near Mondan village at Sarfaryab district of Charam town. These reliefs were found by a field consideration in 2013, but they have not introduced yet. These reliefs and drawings in this site (Tang-e Birzal) are divided into two categories: Geometric and Animal. The geometric reliefs and drawings have smallest number. These samples are like symbolic and meaningless signs and a personal name that has been possibly craved in the recent years. The animal reliefs and drawings like mountain goat have been created in the different sizes. These reliefs have been shallowly craved on the two lime rocks with the 5 meters away from each other. But some of these drawings have deeply carved at the first complex. These samples bring some questions to mind about their creators and their era and what kind goal has been behind them? A comparison between the petroglyphs’ chronicle accrued to the Tang-e Birzal and other samples in the various points of Iran shows that some of these petroglyphs are related to the 2nd Iron Era (based on their carving type and morphology) and that some other samples are associated to the history period. This paper is aimed to consider the complex 1 and 2, their structural style, artistic motifs, pictures and their related era.
Hydrological Analysis and Ability Assessing of Flood Gating of Karaj Watershed According to the Form of the Watershed  [PDF]
Arash Talari, Roya Gholizadeh
Open Journal of Geology (OJG) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojg.2016.66029
Abstract: The numeral trait of aquiferous zones in flowage studies and estimations is under most parts of nation. In this study Karaj aquiferous zone in Alborz province was surveyed from the view point of form, the agglomeration of drainage net length of channel and space. The orientation of hillside was specified as the affective factor on creating and streaming the flowage. A flow aggregating hydrological model for the studied zone was prepared and amount of the flow is mostly in which parts of the zone the delay and centralization time in the zone was evaluated and the related diagrams were derived. Finally, the zone was divided into 4 main subzones and their drainage nets were ranked and by 4 factors namely, space, length of canal, drainage aggregation and branch ratio affecting on performance of the zone from the view of from and appearance was surveyed. The factors interfering in SPSS software and their correlations were specified and specific coefficients stand in their related charts. By considering in the zone width and charts it is specified which of the sub zones has the most flowage potential from the view of the zones physical and numeral qualifications. All plots were prepared using GIS and WMS software and the studied zone’s hydrograph was depicted.
Somatic Embryogenesis and Plant Regeneration from Protoplast Culture of Crocus pallasii Subsp. haussknechtii
Roya Karamian
Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences , 2007,
Abstract: A protocol has been developed for plant regeneration from protoplast culture of Crocus pallasii subsp. haussknechtii using regenerable embryogenic calli obtained from shoot meristem culture on MS+9.28 μM kinetin+4.52 μM 2,4-D. Protoplasts were isolated directly from embryogenic calli, embedded in Ca-alginate beads and cultured with nurse cells in MS+4.64 μM kinetin+4.52 μM 2,4-D+5.68 μM ascorbic acid+0.3 M mannitol at 20±2°C in darkness. After appearing of microcalli on the surface of the beads, they were transferred onto 1/2MS+2.32 μM kinetin+2.26 μM 2,4-D+5.68 μM ascorbic acid for growth of embryogenic calli. Somatic embryos matured on MS medium growth regulator free and germinated on 1/2MS+14.45 μM GA3 +4.43 μM BA at 20±2°C in a 16/8 h light/dark cycle.
The Effect of Information Asymmetry on Stock Return Predictability
Roya Darabi
Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology , 2013,
Abstract: The aim of this research is to investigate the information content of operating income and cash flow operating with stock return in information asymmetry situations in the accepted companies at Tehran stock exchange. This study was done according to data obtained from 70 companies during 2006-2010.This is an after event research. This research is calcified as the applicable research. And the hypothesis was examined, using liner multiple regression. The results of the examination reveal that operating income and cash flow operating contain the information content and they can explain the stock return and on the other hand, information content of operating income and cash flow operating are different from each other and information content of operating income is higher than cash flow operating. Also, the results indicated that information asymmetry effects on the income information content and cash flow operating and whatever the information asymmetry is higher, then information content of cash flow operating is increased.
Eating, Starving and the Body: The Presentation of Self
Roya Nikandam
Asian Culture and History , 2013, DOI: 10.5539/ach.v5n2p115
Abstract: This study examines the subtle and complex importance of food and eating in contemporary female fiction. It reveals how the chief concern with food, its consumption and the body are central to the work of writer like Margaret Atwood. Two novels in particular, Cat’s Eye (1988) and Alias Grace (1996) will be considered as they feature female protagonists who experience intense conflicts concerning their bodies, conflicts that result in or are a response to violence. This violence takes the form of eating disorders. They highlight this form of bodily violence which supports their on going critique of dualistic thinking. In their fictions, Atwood shows the artificial bifurcation of human existence into body and self which tends to result in self-alienation or the splitting of the subject. This writer draws on feminist and sociological theory to engage with a diverse range of issues, including eating disorders as a form of self-violence or mutilation, to demonstrate the direct relationship of food and eating or not-eating with gender and cultural politics to manifest the role of using food in assumed association of the womanly body which leads to splitting of the subject.
Environmental Pollution: Health Effects and Operational Implications for Pollutants Removal
Roya Kelishadi
Journal of Environmental and Public Health , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/341637
Gender is Performative in Illusive Beliefs
Roya Nikandam
English Language and Literature Studies , 2012, DOI: 10.5539/ells.v2n2p84
Abstract: This paper will focus on Judith Butler's work on gender and performativity. It will use Butler's notion of gender as performativity and the example of drag queen as a way to understand the reality of female gender from unreal one. It will explore that the reality of gender is not fixed as we generally assume it to be and it will expose the weakness of gender reality to create a true model of gender. This essay examines the works of Angela Carter. The novel under the study is The Passion of New Eve (1977). Understood through the lens of Butler’s theory of gender performativity, Evelyn, manifests the idea that gender identity is not fixed in nature but it relies on culturally constructed signification. He will emphasize that gender is something that is attached into the body through socialization, and not something that is ?xed at birth. It will be manifest how Evelyn as female gender constructs a new subjective performativity. Evelyn does this with his queer appearance and his transformation opens up some paths for the Third gender.
Mimesis as the Triumph in the Victorian Symbolic Law
Roya Nikandam
Canadian Social Science , 2011, DOI: 10.3968/j.css.1923669720110706.099
Abstract: This study will examine the traces of Lacanian psychoanalytic principles, specifically the Symbolic Order and its process underlying selected Thomas Hardy’s novel, the Mayor of Casterbridge (1886). The use of Lacanian psychoanalysis will allow for a greater understanding of the Victorian cultural unconscious, which presupposes that women are passive and muted, and should be kept as such. This is to underscore the patriarchal authority of that society, and its suppression of women achieved by restraining and viewing them as being devoid of self. This study also illuminates women’s potential power in light of Luce Irigaray’s psychoanalytic concept, Mimesis, thereby exploring the Victorian Victorian woman’s capability to threaten the unconscious of their identity in that Symbolic era. By investigating these theoretical observations, I hope to highlight the continuing issue of comodifying the value and dignity of women which can be observed in the patriarchal system of the Victorian era exist today however women can learn from such strategies of resistance and reverse the inferior symbol of women in the present society. Key words: Mimesis; Symbolic Order; Thomas Hardy; Victorian Age; Women
Environmental Pollution: Health Effects and Operational Implications for Pollutants Removal
Roya Kelishadi
Journal of Environmental and Public Health , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/341637
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