Publish in OALib Journal

ISSN: 2333-9721

APC: Only $99


Any time

2020 ( 2 )

2019 ( 5 )

2018 ( 23 )

2017 ( 24 )

Custom range...

Search Results: 1 - 10 of 3650 matches for " Amir Salari "
All listed articles are free for downloading (OA Articles)
Page 1 /3650
Display every page Item
A Comparative Study Between Sabril (Vigabatrin) and ACTH in Treatment of Infantile Spasms
S Amir Salari,M Ghofrani
Iranian Journal of Pediatrics , 2002,
Abstract: Infantile spasms (IS) is an age specific epileptic syndrome. With respect to poor response of IS to conventional anti-epileptic drugs, scientists tend to find new effective drugs. In this study, 50 infants with IS in the age group of 2-24 months, were divided randomly into 2 equal groups, treated with sabril or ACTH and compared for clinical efficacy and drug side effects. After 6 week of treatment is sabril group there was 28% complete remission and 40% reduction in seizure frequencies while in ACTH group there was 40.9% complete remission and 45.5% reduction in seizure frequencies, showing no significant difference between clinical responses in the two groups. Drug side effects were seen in 16% of patients in sabril group and 81.8% of those in ACTH group. These differences were significant from statistical point of view. Unfortunately, it is impossible to evaluate visual field constriction, a probable irreversible side effect of sabril. This justified the use ACTH as the first line of treatment in IS.
Prevalence of periodontopathogenic bacteria in patients suffering from periodontitis using culture and PCR methods
Amir Aliramezani,Mohammad Hosein Salari,Mohammad Reza Pourmand,Zeinab Kadkhoda
Journal of Dental Medicine , 2012,
Abstract: Background and Aims: Periodontitis is one of the most common oral diseases with the various incidence rates in different populations. A number of bacteria are considered as the major etiologic agents of periodontitis. The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence of periodontopathogen bacteria in patients using both PCR and culture techniques.Materials and Methods: In this study, one-hundred patients (including 62 females and 38 males with an average age of 49±11.5 years) with adult periodontitis referred to periodontics department of School of Dentistry/Tehran University of Medical Sciences were investigated. The samples were taken and sent immediately to the laboratory for culture and molecular evaluation. The PCR was performed using specific primers and the statistical analysis of data was performed using SPSS statistic software and McNemar test.Results: The results demonstrated that the total detection rate in culture method was 64%. The rate of Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans (Aa) was 28% which was significantly higher than that of Porphyromonas gingivalis (Pg) (6%) and Prevotella intermedia (Pi) (3%). 27% of cases showed mixed bacterial growth. 65% of patients were positive using molecular method. The rate of Aa (30%) was significantly higher than that of Pg (7%) and Pi (5%). The mixed PCR positive rate containing of Aa, Pg and Pi was (23%).Conclusion: In this study, it was found that most of the bacteria isolated using culture and molecular methods were Aa, Pg and Pi, respectively. Although the detection frequencies of both techniques were similar, the specificity, sensitivity and bacterial detection speed of the PCR technique is obviously higher. Therefore, the use of molecular techniques is strongly recommended. However, both techniques seem to be suitable for microbiological diagnostics.
Nurses Awareness of Patients Rights in a Teaching Hospital
Esmaeil Mohammad Nejad,Jamaloddin Begjani,Ghasem Abotalebi,Amir Salari
Journal of Medical Ethics and History of Medicine , 2011,
Abstract: Patients' rights observance is one of the effective measures of patients' satisfaction of health care services. We performed this study at the aim of evaluation of nurses' awareness of patients' rights in a teaching hospital in Tehran.This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2010. In this study 156 nurses were randomly selected. Two-part questionnaire was used for data collection. The validity and reliability of questionnaire was determined and then it was distributed between subjects. The data were analyzed by SPSS version 15 using descriptive and inferential statistics. Our results showed that %58.33, %39.10 and % 2.56 of nurses have good, medium, and poor levels of awareness respectively. We observed a significant relationship between nurses awareness and work experience (P=0.008) and concurrent work in public and private hospitals (P=0.01). The most of the nurses (%95.51) were aware of "right to privacy protection and ensure confidentiality of information" and the least of them (%33.97) were aware of "right to receiving necessary information about the health care providers, the rate of tariff and insurance coverage".According to our survey it is concluded that implementation of Patients' Right Charter in this hospital is accompanied by some limitations which necessitates promotion of the nurses' awareness about patients' rights. Taken together in order to enhance nurses' awareness special measures and strategies should be considered.
Comparison of Creativity and Self-Confidence of Gifted and Normal High School Students of District Two in Zahedan  [PDF]
Sedighe Salari, Hossein Jenaabadi
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2015.613171
Abstract: The present study aimed to compare creativity and self-confidence of gifted and normal high school students studying in district two in Zahedan. The casual-comparative method was adapted. The statistical population of the study included all male and female high school students studying in public schools, schools for exceptional talents, martyrs’, non-profit and private schools in Zahedan, district two. According to the statistics, the number of male and female students studying in these schools was 8530 students, among which 368 students were selected. To collect data, Abedi Creativity Test and Moradi’s Inventory of the Level of Self-Confidence (2011) were used. The obtained data were analyzed using independent t-test and MANOVA. The results of multivariate covariance analysis indicated the difference between gifted and normal students considering their creativity. Moreover, there was a significant difference between the level of self-confidence of gifted and normal high school students in Zahedan. Additionally, no significant difference was found between male and female students with regard to their creativity and self-confidence.
The Dawning Era of Personalized Medicine Exposes a Gap in Medical Education
Keyan Salari
PLOS Medicine , 2009, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1000138
"Seroepidemiological Survey of Brucellosis Among Animal Farmers of Yazd Province"
MH Salari
Iranian Journal of Public Health , 2002,
Abstract: Brucellosis has remained a great problem of health in most of countries, which have failed in control of zoonosis infections. This disease is caused by species of Brucella and usually is transferred from animals to humans. The purpose of this study was to investigate the seroprevalence of brucellosis among animal farmers of Yazd province. In this descriptive study, 933 animal farmers were investigated by serological tests and blood culture method. Then the data were analyzed by SPPS statistical program. The results showed that the frequency distribution of seropositive cases by MAT and STAT were 35 (3.2%); 25 (2.7%) males and 10 (1.1%) females. The highest and lowest incidences of seropositive cases were among age group of 21-30 (1%) and more than 60 (0.3%) years old, respectively. Of the 35 seropositive cases, 2MET positive were 5 (0.5%), while all blood cultures were negative.
Pathogen bacteria isolated from patients suspected to suffer pulmonary infection
Salari M
Tehran University Medical Journal , 1997,
Abstract: The lower respiratory tract is vulnerable to infection by a wide variety of microorganisms, because it is one of the organ systems which communicate directly with the environments. Although viruses and fungi can cause lower respiratory tract infections, bacteria are the dominant pathogens. Among bacteria the common causes of lower respiratory tract infection is Streptococcus pneumoniae, Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pyogenes, Haemophillus influenzae and Legionella species. This study has been carried out to investigate pathogenic bacteria isolated from sputum of 220 patients with suspected pulmonary infection. The results were obtained as follow: Mycoplasma pneumoniae: 17 cases 22.7 percent, Mycobacterium tuberculosis: - cases - percent, Streptococcus pneumoniae: 17 cases 22.7 percent, Klebsiella pneumoniae: 12 cases 16 percent, Haemophillus influenzae: 10 cases 13.3 percent, Staphylococcus aureus: 15 cases 20 percent, Pseudomonas aeroginosa: 4 cases 5.3 percent.
Investigation of enterocolitis incidence due to Clostridium Difficile from the referred to Tehran hospitals
Salari MH
Tehran University Medical Journal , 1995,
Abstract: Pseudomembrane colitis (PMC) and antibiotic associated colitis (AAC) are acute disease of the colon. In the case of in adequate treatment, the disease will often become chronic and my lead to the dysplasia of the epithelial cells of the infected areas. Previously because of poor knowledge. Treatment in this case, one of the method for treatment was surgical ablation of the large intestine while the patients could have been treated with oral vancomycin. In this study the following results were obtained: Out of 2517 enterocolitis patients under study, 1384 were men and 1133 women. By anaerobic culture method, 132 cases C.Difficile were isolated from the total samples and Hela cell culture method, toxin was determined in 36 samples (1.43%).
Isolation rate of important anaerobic bacteria from clinical specimens
Salari M
Tehran University Medical Journal , 2001,
Abstract: It is now generally recognized that anaerobic bacteria may be involved in most human bacterial infections that follow any form of surgery or are related to those body sites that have a large anaerobic population. Anaerobes must therefore be sought in a wide variety of clinical specimens. In this study, 3015 specimens of patients (1684 male and 1331 female) with periodontitis (160 cases), abcess (305), sinusitis (33) and enterocolitis (2517) wer investigated. The anaerobic isolates from patients with periodontitis were 244 cases, abscess 32, enterocolitis 42.
New Horizons in Management of Inflammatory Bowel Disease
Pooneh Salari
International Journal of Pharmacology , 2011,
Abstract: Not available
Page 1 /3650
Display every page Item

Copyright © 2008-2017 Open Access Library. All rights reserved.