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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 3631 matches for " Amir Karimian Torghabeh "
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Paleogeography and Sequence Stratigraphy in Dariyan Carbonate Reservoir, NE Shiraz  [PDF]
Amir Karimian Torghabeh, Nuno Pimentel
Open Journal of Geology (OJG) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojg.2016.611101
Abstract: Zagros Basin is a very important hydrocarbon region in the Iran and World. One of the major reservoirs in this basin is the Lower Cretaceous Dariyan Formation. Based on petrographic studies, 9 microfacies were determined and interpreted as related to lagoon, barrier island and open marine environments. Facies associations show deposition in a carbonate ramp. Sequence stratigraphy studies show two sequences, each one with a transgressive system tract, marked by open marine microfacies, and then a retrogradational highstand, marked by barrier and lagoonal facies. Paleogeography and sequence stratigraphy studies of this formation and correlation of it with other sections may provide useful information about reservoir characterizations.
Analytical Disturbance Modeling of a Flywheel Due to Statically and Dynamically Unbalances
Amir karimian,Alireza aghalari
International Journal of Mechatronics, Electrical and Computer Technology , 2012,
Abstract: Unbalances in rotational machines can't delete completely somehow for precise mechanism it is necessary to control vibration due to such disturbances. In this research two common disturbance resources (dynamically and statically unbalances) for a flywheel on a rigid shaft modeled and energy methods used to derive equation of motion in five degrees of freedom. Equations linearized due to small vibration and disturbance forces and torques achieved. The model use to define design criteria for accepted level of unbalances in precise machines like real flywheel with known parameters used in a control system of a satellite.
A woman with late postpartum hemorrhage and placenta accrete
Hassan Mansouri Torghabeh
Journal of Research in Medical Sciences , 2006,
Reduction of Neurogenesis with Social Isolation Decreases Pain Sensitivity in Tail Flick Test in Male Rats  [PDF]
Hamidreza Famitafreshi, Morteza Karimian
World Journal of Neuroscience (WJNS) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/wjns.2017.72018
Abstract: Introduction: Pain is a complex phenomenon and in many diseases is the cardinal manifestation. In many of them, the source of pain is obscure and in turn curing pain also becomes difficult. Finding a new regulatory mechanism for pain perception and processing such as alternation of neurogenesis may establish a new treatment. Methods and Materials: In this study, 32 male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into four groups: social, isolated, morphine-treated socialized (MTS) and morphine-treated isolated (MTI). After injection of BrdU for 14 days (50 mg/kg/rat/day/i.p) and morphine for seven days from day 8 (3 mg/kg/rat/day/i.p), rats were performed tail flick test and then sacrificed. Brains were prepared for assessing neurogenesis and serums were collected for assessing glutathione. Results: In tail flick test isolated and morphine-treated isolated rats had decreased sensitivity to pain stimuli compared to social and morphine-treated socialized rats, respectively. In assessing neurogenesis, isolated and morphine-treated isolated rats had reduced numbers of newly generated neurons compared to social and morphine-treated socialized rats, respectively. Glutathione in serum in isolated and morphine-treated isolated rats increased compared to social and morphine-treated socialized rats, respectively. Conclusion: Reduction of neurogenesis was associated with reduced pain sensitivity in isolated groups. So, isolation may alleviate pain and reduce pain threshold and sensitivity.
Calcitonin gene related peptide and its functions
Karimian M
Tehran University Medical Journal , 1998,
Abstract: Calcitonin Gene Related Peptide (CGRP) was first reported in 1982. This peptide contains 37 amino acids which could be found in Alpha and Beta forms. CGRP shows diversity both in its receptors and biological effects and up to now four different types of receptors have been reported. It can act like a neurotransmitter, local hormone and neuromodulator. They have a variety of effects on different organs such as a potent effect on vasodilation and smooth muscle relaxation. Ability of CGRP for induction of protein extravasation from blood vessels was uncertain. In this study intra-articular infusion of 10^-6 M CGRP to the rat knee joint induced significant protein extravasation into the rat knee joint space. The amount of protein was detected by modified Iawata method which could detect amount of protein between 5-500 mg/L. Higher and lower concentrations failed to induce protein extravasation. Failure in higher concentration was likely due to significant fall in blood pressure. In the presence of an arterial hypotension induced by an ? adenoreceptor antagonist, 10^-6 M of CGRP failed to produce protein extravasation. This effect of CGRP was a specific active effect and not a passive effect due to its potent vasodilation effect, as similar vasodilatory response induced by a ?-adrenoreceptor agonist failed to induce protein extravasation. There is more than 50% of sensory neurons which contain CGRP and they are spread in all over the body and joints, therefore CGRP induced protein extravasation can potentiate inflammation in different organs.
Seyyed Shahab Hosseinian,Zahra Jabbarani Torghabeh
International Journal of Advances in Engineering and Technology , 2012,
Abstract: Accidents in construction sites are unplanned occurrences involving movement of persons, objects or materials which may result in injuries, damages and losses to properties or people. The majority of accidents happen as result of unsafe acts and unsafe conditions. Since all hazards in construction workplaces are not always possible to be identified and eliminated therefore effective accident investigation programs are essential for collecting critical data. Construction accidents can be prevented just by identifying the root causes of accidents, which is possible by accident investigation techniques such as theories of accident causation theories and human errors; these theories provide explanations of why accidents happen. This paper is aimed at reviewing the most common accident causation theories which mainly focus on people variable, management aspects and physical characteristics of hazards. The intention of this paper is to enhance the overall understanding of the accident causation theories which signifies the identification of how hazards in the construction workplaces cause losses. On the contrary the weakness of these theories is that they do not offer extensive strategic guidelines for managers and supervisors for reducing risks at construction workplaces. Moreover, these theories imply the inappropriate perception that accidents in workplaces can be prevented if human errors are eliminated. Strategies need to be revised to manage the risk and workers need to be watchful of it. A great number of accidents can be prevented if the safety management system reflects both natural degradation and these intrinsic threats. The initial step in developing such system is preparing a model which shows the interaction between the accident likelihood and organizational tasks and activities in the presence of these hazards.
Community Detection Using Slow Mixing Markov Models
Ramezan Paravi Torghabeh,Narayana Prasad Santhanam
Computer Science , 2015,
Abstract: The task of \emph{community detection} in a graph formalizes the intuitive task of grouping together subsets of vertices such that vertices within clusters are connected tighter than those in disparate clusters. This paper approaches community detection in graphs by constructing Markov random walks on the graphs. The mixing properties of the random walk are then used to identify communities. We use coupling from the past as an algorithmic primitive to translate the mixing properties of the walk into revealing the community structure of the graph. We analyze the performance of our algorithms on specific graph structures, including the stochastic block models (SBM) and LFR random graphs.
Frequency and Characteristics of Dust Sediments in Core Samples from Hashylan Wetland, Kermanshah, Iran  [PDF]
Esmail Namdadi, Mostafa Karimian Eghbal, Nikou Hamzehpour
Journal of Geoscience and Environment Protection (GEP) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/gep.2016.43002
Abstract: Dust phenomenon is one of the biggest environmental problems in arid and semiarid regions. In these areas, lakes and wetlands are natural dust traps and core sampling method can be an appropriate way to assess the phenomenon of the dust. Therefore, the purpose of this study is the study of frequency and characteristics of dust sediments in core samples from Hashilan wetlands, Kermanshah. Four intact core samples were taken from different parts of the Hashilan wetland in Kermanshah. Physical, chemical and micromorphological analysis were done. Also clay mineralogy was performed using X-ray analysis (XRD) and shape of particles was photographed by scanning electron microscope (SEM). Considering that four samples had been taken from different parts of the wetland, the quantitative differences in dust amount are likely due to the location of the samples. The results of XRD and thin sections show that the dominant mineralogical composition of dust particles was clay minerals, quartz and calcite. SEM results for core sample 1 revealed that most particles had the size between 2 to 50 mm which ranged from fine silt to coarse silt. Considering the similarities between SEM images for core sample 1 and those from Kermanshah dust measurement station, it could be said that fine rounded particles detected at top 30 cm of core samples had Aeolian origin. These findings were in accordance with the results from dust measurement and weather station of Kermanshah about increased dust activities in the study area over past 10 years.
Cleft lip and cleft palate relationship with familial marriage: a study in 136 cases
Azimi C,Karimian H
Tehran University Medical Journal , 2010,
Abstract: "n Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE AR-SA MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:Arial; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;} Background: Clefts of the lip and palate are one of the most common congenital birth anomalies. Genetic factors play a great role in the etiology of them and the high percentage of the consanguineous marriage of the parents of the affected persons is one of the reasons. These defects not only make abnormal changes on appearance of the neonate, but also make a lot of stress and psychological problems for the patients and their families. Study on the prevalence of clefts, their risk factors and also genetic counseling for affected persons and their families can be a guideline for general population and probably reduce these anomalies over the generations."n"nMethods: Patients referred to the Department of Genetics, Imam Khomeini Hospital, Tehran, Iran were studied. A total of 7374 pedigrees of all the patients admitted to the Department, were studied during 2002-2005 and 99 pedigrees with the patients with cleft lip± palate or isolated cleft palate were separated. The total number of cases among these 99 pedigrees was 136. The effects of consanguineous marriage, positive family history and sex were investigated among cases."n"nResults: 70.8% of patients with syndromic clefts and 58.7% of patients with nonsyndromic CL±P had parents with consanguineous marriage. In addition 44.4% of patients with nonsyndromic CL±P had positive family history."n"nConclusion: In our population prevalence of nonsyndromic CL±P was estimated to be 7 in 1000 (with 95% Confidence Interval was between 5 & 9) and prevalence of nonsyndromic CP was about 3.1 in 1000 (with 95% Confidence Interval was between 1.8 & 4.4). Consanguineous marriage of parents seems to have a significant role (p=0.02) on prevalence of the clefts.
The role of oral contraceptive (OCP) use in symptomatic gallstone disease
Karimian SF,Khayat E
Tehran University Medical Journal , 2000,
Abstract: To examine the relation between oral contraceptive (OCPs) use, body mass index, parity, familial history of gallstone disease, history of diabetes, history of hyperlipidemia and gallstone disease in women, we have undertaken a case-control study. The study population comparison 80 hospital patients with diagnosed acute gallstone disease as case group and 200 controls who were patients in hospital with no history of gallstone disease. The data were analyzed by Chi-square and T-student test. The results revealed that: The use of OCPs in case group is higher than that of control group. But there is no significant difference between them. No relation was found between gallstone disease and body mass index, parity, history of diabetes, familial history of gallstone disease, use of OCPs of different types and duration of use. While there was a significant difference between the 2 groups regarding history of hyperlipidemia (P<0.05). Finally we found no correlation between the history of use, types and duration of use of OCPs and symptomatic gallstone disease. There was no indication of any interaction between oral contraceptive use and other risk factors and duration of OCP use and other risk factors in the production of disease.
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