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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 2409 matches for " Amin Shaban "
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Geothermal Water in Lebanon: An Alternative Energy Source  [PDF]
Amin Shaban
Low Carbon Economy (LCE) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/lce.2010.11003
Abstract: Recently, demand for energy has been increased worldwide, notably in the view of high economic value and competi-tion of fossil fuel, as well as the negative impact of fuel consumption through carbon release, and thus the consequences on human health and environment. Various aspects of energy sources into Earth’s crust have been discovered and utilized. Geothermal energy is one aspect of these sources where they have been well pronounced in many countries and proved to be a potential energy source for the future needs. Lebanon, the country with rare natural energy, the renewable energy sources are almost ignored and there is only limited utilization of hydro-power, wind and solar energy, whilst oil imports occupy a substantial portion for energy use. Yet, geothermal energy has not raised and no concern has been given to this renewable source. Meanwhile, there are several indicators showing the existence of geothermal water in different regions in Lebanon. They almost occur where basalt rocks are exposed. This was evidenced whether from water in drilled wells or from various discharging springs, as well as indications of thermal water was observed also in many localities along the Lebanese coastal water. This study shows the available information in this respect, considering the occurrence of geothermal water in Lebanon as an alternative energy source. Thus four major geothermal domains were recognized. The study introduces detailed characterization on the existing aspects of geothermal water and inducing its hydrologic regime and mechanism of groundwater heating. It would be a reconnaissance stage that may help applying further detailed assessment.
Support of Space Techniques for Groundwater Exploration in Lebanon  [PDF]
Amin Shaban
Journal of Water Resource and Protection (JWARP) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/jwarp.2010.25054
Abstract: Lebanon is known by the availability in water resources whether on surface or among the existing rock for-mations. However, the status-quo does not reflect this availability due to a number of physical factors, as well as the mismanagement of these resources. Hence, the per capita has been reduced by about 50% in the last three decades. There are sixteen exposed rock formations in Lebanon, two of them are major aquifers and they are characterized by highly fractured and karstified carbonate rocks. Recently, challenges for groundwater in Lebanon have been developed. These are the: overexploitation, climate change and the acute geologic setting, which led to decline in rainfall rate, and thus exacerbated water demand. The existing chal-lenges resulted with a number of problems in ground water resources management, namely: quality deterio-ration, impact on springs and groundwater behavior, loss of groundwater o the sea, saltwater intrusion and exacerbated by the lack of data and mismanagement in water sector. In this respect, new technologies can be utilized as a helpful instrument in managing groundwater resources to treat the unfavorable situation. Space techniques and GIS have been recently raised in several topics on water resources management, including, mainly exploration and monitoring. They proved to be capable to extract hydrogeologic information and thus to manipulate this information in creditable approaches of analysis. This study introduced the present status on the Lebanese groundwater resources and the existing challenges and problems. Thus, it extends an appli-cation from Lebanon on the used new approaches for exploring groundwater.
Using MODIS Images and TRMM Data to Correlate Rainfall Peaks and Water Discharges from the Lebanese Coastal Rivers  [PDF]
Amin SHABAN, Crodula ROBINSON, Farouk EL-BAZ
Journal of Water Resource and Protection (JWARP) , 2009, DOI: 10.4236/jwarp.2009.14028
Abstract: Water flows from rivers into the sea (plumes) is a common phenomenon in many coastal zones. The hydro-logic behavior of plumes differs from one river to another depending on rainfall rate and intensity, as well as it is influenced by the hydrologic characteristics of river basin. In order to investigate the precipitation re-gime in a drainage basin versus the flow into the sea, sequential data must be available. Remotely sensed data can fulfill this scope, thus it can provide climatic and hydrologic data. The scope of this study is to monitor the behavior of water input in the catchments versus the output from rivers in the Lebanese coastal zone using remote sensing data. For this purpose, TRMM (Tropical Rainfall Mapping Mission) data and MODIS satellite images were used. Hence, rainfall data from TRMM was compared with the areal extent of water plumes from rivers. This enables establishing interpolation between water input/output for each river basin. In addition, the lag time and residence time of plumes into the sea can be measured and compared between the issuing rivers. The extracted data from remote sensing was compared with terrain measures and shows its reliability and accordance. The used approach proved to be creditable, non-invasive and cost effec-tive and can be applied to other costal river basins.
Spatial Inhomogenity Due to Turing Instability in a Capital-Labour Model  [PDF]
Shaban Aly
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/am.2012.32027
Abstract: A cross-diffusion system is set up modelling the distribution of capital and labour over the land of two identical patches (cites, markets or countries) in which the per capita migration rate of each species (investment capital or labour force) is influenced not only by its own but also by the other one’s density, i.e. there is cross-diffusion present. Numerical studies show that at a critical value of the bifurcation parameter the system undergoes a Turing bifurcation and the cross-migration response is an important factor that should not be ignored when pattern emerges.
Effective Photocatalytic Reduction of Cr(VI) by Carbon Modified (CM)-n-TiO2 Nanoparticles under Solar Irradiation  [PDF]
Yasser A. Shaban
World Journal of Nano Science and Engineering (WJNSE) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/wjnse.2013.34018
Abstract: Photocatalytic reduction of toxic Cr(VI) was successfully achieved using carbon modified titanium oxide (CM-n-TiO2) nanoparticles under natural sunlight illumination. Modification of titanium oxide by carbon significantly enhanced the photocatalytic reduction of Cr(VI) under natural sunlight irradiation. The effects of various experimental parameters such as catalyst dose, initial concentration of Cr(VI), and solution pH on the reduction rate of Cr(VI) were investigated. The highest reduction rate of Cr(VI) was obtained at the optimal conditions of pH 5 and 2.0 g·L?1 of CM-n-TiO2. Interestingly, in the presence of phenol, as a sacrificial electron donor, the rate of Cr(VI) reduction was nearly 1.7 times higher than in its absence. The solar photoreduction of Cr(VI) in aqueous solution using CM-n-TiO2 obeyed a pseudo-first order kinetics according to the Langmuir-Hinshelwood model.
Simultaneous Hydrogen Production with the Degradation of Naphthalene in Seawater Using Solar Light-Responsive Carbon-Modified (CM)-n-TiO2 Photocatalyst  [PDF]
Yasser A. Shaban
Modern Research in Catalysis (MRC) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/mrc.2013.23A002

The simultaneous photocatalytic production of hydrogen and degradation of naphthalene in seawater was successfully achieved using carbon modified titanium oxide (CM-n-TiO2) nanoparticles under natural sunlight illumination. Compared to unmodified titanium oxide (n-TiO2), CM-n-TiO2 nanoparticles exhibited significantly higher photocatalytic efficiency. It is considered that carbon modification is responsible for the significant enhancement in the observed photoactivity. The experimental results indicated that the simultaneous production of hydrogen and degradation of naphthalene was favorable at pH 8 and optimal catalyst dose of 1.0 g.L-1. The solar photocatalytic degradation of naphthalene in seawater using CM-n-TiO2 successfully fitted using Langmuir-Hinshelwood model, and can be described by pseudo-first order kinetic model.

Finite Element Study on the Development of Damage and Flow Characteristics in Al7075 Alloy during Ex-ECAP  [PDF]
Mehdi Shaban Ghazani, Beitallah Eghbali
Modeling and Numerical Simulation of Material Science (MNSMS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/mnsms.2013.31004
Abstract: In the present study, 3D-finite element method was conducted to investigate the deformation characteristics of Al7075 alloy during integrated extrusion-equal channel angular pressing. Effective strain, strain rate, mean stress, and damage distributions were evaluated. Severe cracking was observed at Al7075 sample after extrusion-equal channel angular pressing. Finite element results show that cracking is due to the positive mean stress and damage accumulation at the top surface of sample.
Finite Element Analysis of the Groove Pressing of Aluminum Alloy  [PDF]
Mehdi Shaban Ghazani, Akbar Vajd
Modeling and Numerical Simulation of Material Science (MNSMS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/mnsms.2014.41006
In this paper, the finite element method was applied to analyze the deformation behavior of Al-1%Mg alloy during constrained groove pressing (CGP). Deformation inhomogeneity was studied in term of plastic strain distribution during deformation. It was found that after first pressing and flattening steps, the plastic strain is inhomogeneous but second pressing and flattening improve deformation distribution considerably. Also the regions between flat and inclined parts of sample receive less shear strain and consequently after four passes the deformation distribution is still inhomogeneous and doesn’t improve remarkably with more deformation steps.
Enhanced Cloud Service Provisioning for Social Networks  [PDF]
Shaban S. Shaat, Khaled Wassif
Journal of Computer and Communications (JCC) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jcc.2015.38003
Abstract: In the era of cloud computing and social networks prosperity, new requirements rise up for cloud services that meet social network’s needs. Several cloud service providers deliver social network services for cloud services users. The aim of this paper is to develop a framework to pick the best cloud service providers from group of available providers based on many Quality-of-Service (“QoS”) criteria attributes in order to enhance efficiency, accuracy and service provisioning. This paper also aims to provide a classification for QoS criteria attributes, which is divided into five main attributes and sub-attributes, helping in enhancing ranking process in the provided framework.
Auditing Human Resources as a Method to Evaluate the Efficiency of Human Resources Functions and to Control Quality Check on HR Activities
Osama Shaban
International Business Research , 2012, DOI: 10.5539/ibr.v5n3p122
Abstract: Human Resources Audit, measures of human resource outputs and effectiveness under the given circumstances and the degree of utilization of human resource outputs. It gives feedback about the HR functions to operating managers and HR specialists. It also provides feedback about how well managers are meeting their HR duties. In short, the audit is an overall quality control check on HR activities in a division or company and an evaluation of how these activities support the organization's strategy. Evaluation of an HR function is useful to justify the existence of the department and the expenses incurred on it. If the department fails to contribute to the company’s bottom line, it has no reason to function. The current study aims to evaluate the efficiency of human resources functions and to control quality check on HR Activities through human resource auditing. The scope of the study will cover areas such as; human resource functions, managerial compliance, and human resource climate. The study concluded that audit can be used as a measure to evaluate the personnel activities, climate, and compliance of an organization's policies.
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