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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 2272 matches for " Amin GolmohammadiTaklimi "
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Safety and Efficacy of Pneumatic Lithotripters Versus Holmium Laser in Management of Ureteral Calculi: A Randomized Clinical Trial
Mohammad Reza Razzaghi,Abdollah Razi,Mohammad Mohsen Mazloomfard,Amin GolmohammadiTaklimi
Urology Journal , 2013,
Abstract: PURPOSE: To compare efficacy and safety of holmium:YAG laser and pneumatic lithotripter in the management of ureteral stones.MATERIALS AND METHODS:One hundred and twelve patients with 1 to 2 cm ureteral calculi were selected for pneumatic or holmium:YAG laser transurethral ureterolithotripsy (56 patients in each group). Ultrasonography and plain abdominal x-ray were performed for all the patients before the operation. The pneumatic lithoclast was Swiss LithoClast, while in laser lithotripsy, holmium:YAG laser frequency was used, which was usually set between 5 and 10 Hz at a power of 10 to 15 Watt. Intravenous urography was performed for all the patients at 3 months to assess functional status and to delineate the ureteral anatomy.RESULTS: The mean patients’ age and stones’ size were the same in both groups, and there were no statistical differences. Mean duration of lithotripsy was 13.7 ± 12.6 minutes in laser group and 7.9 ± 4.2 minutes in pneumatic lithotripsy group. Immediate stone-free rate was 100% and 82.1% in the laser and pneumatic groups, respectively (P = .001). Stone pushing back occurred only in 10 (17.9%) patients in pneumatic group. In terms of complications, such as perforation, mucosal injury, and bleeding, there were no differences between the two groups. No intravenous pyelography related complication was seen at 3-month follow-up.CONCLUSION:Laser lithotripsy is a superior approach for the management of upper ureteral stones of 1 to 2 cm in size due to its higher rate of stone clearance.
Geothermal Water in Lebanon: An Alternative Energy Source  [PDF]
Amin Shaban
Low Carbon Economy (LCE) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/lce.2010.11003
Abstract: Recently, demand for energy has been increased worldwide, notably in the view of high economic value and competi-tion of fossil fuel, as well as the negative impact of fuel consumption through carbon release, and thus the consequences on human health and environment. Various aspects of energy sources into Earth’s crust have been discovered and utilized. Geothermal energy is one aspect of these sources where they have been well pronounced in many countries and proved to be a potential energy source for the future needs. Lebanon, the country with rare natural energy, the renewable energy sources are almost ignored and there is only limited utilization of hydro-power, wind and solar energy, whilst oil imports occupy a substantial portion for energy use. Yet, geothermal energy has not raised and no concern has been given to this renewable source. Meanwhile, there are several indicators showing the existence of geothermal water in different regions in Lebanon. They almost occur where basalt rocks are exposed. This was evidenced whether from water in drilled wells or from various discharging springs, as well as indications of thermal water was observed also in many localities along the Lebanese coastal water. This study shows the available information in this respect, considering the occurrence of geothermal water in Lebanon as an alternative energy source. Thus four major geothermal domains were recognized. The study introduces detailed characterization on the existing aspects of geothermal water and inducing its hydrologic regime and mechanism of groundwater heating. It would be a reconnaissance stage that may help applying further detailed assessment.
Preferential Trade Agreements and the Law and Politics of GATT Article XXIV  [PDF]
Amin Alavi
Beijing Law Review (BLR) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/blr.2010.11002
Abstract: The tasks Preferential Trade Agreements (PTAs) perform are expressed in their scope and covered issues, thus in order to be WTO compatible these aspects of PTAs should comply with the relevant WTO rules. This paper examines which aspects of PTAs can violate these rules and therefore can be challenged before the WTO Dispute Settlement Body, who may initiate such cases and why there hasn´t been more cases dealing with this important issue.
Support of Space Techniques for Groundwater Exploration in Lebanon  [PDF]
Amin Shaban
Journal of Water Resource and Protection (JWARP) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/jwarp.2010.25054
Abstract: Lebanon is known by the availability in water resources whether on surface or among the existing rock for-mations. However, the status-quo does not reflect this availability due to a number of physical factors, as well as the mismanagement of these resources. Hence, the per capita has been reduced by about 50% in the last three decades. There are sixteen exposed rock formations in Lebanon, two of them are major aquifers and they are characterized by highly fractured and karstified carbonate rocks. Recently, challenges for groundwater in Lebanon have been developed. These are the: overexploitation, climate change and the acute geologic setting, which led to decline in rainfall rate, and thus exacerbated water demand. The existing chal-lenges resulted with a number of problems in ground water resources management, namely: quality deterio-ration, impact on springs and groundwater behavior, loss of groundwater o the sea, saltwater intrusion and exacerbated by the lack of data and mismanagement in water sector. In this respect, new technologies can be utilized as a helpful instrument in managing groundwater resources to treat the unfavorable situation. Space techniques and GIS have been recently raised in several topics on water resources management, including, mainly exploration and monitoring. They proved to be capable to extract hydrogeologic information and thus to manipulate this information in creditable approaches of analysis. This study introduced the present status on the Lebanese groundwater resources and the existing challenges and problems. Thus, it extends an appli-cation from Lebanon on the used new approaches for exploring groundwater.
An Application of Cyclotomic Polynomial to Factorization of Abelian Groups  [PDF]
Khalid Amin
Open Journal of Discrete Mathematics (OJDM) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ojdm.2011.13017
Abstract: If a finite abelian group G is a direct product of its subsets such that G = A1···Ai···An, G is said to have the Hajos-n-proprty if it follows that one of these subsets, say Ai is periodic, meaning that there exists a nonidentity element g in G such that gAi = Ai . Using some properties of cyclotomic polynomials, we will show that the cyclic groups of orders pα and groups of type (p2,q2) and (pα,pβ) where p and q are distinct primes and α, β integers ≥ 1 have this property.
The Association of PM2.5 and Surface Ozone with Asthma Prevalence among School Children in Japan: 2006-2009  [PDF]
Amin Nawahda
Health (Health) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/health.2013.510A2001

Researches on asthma have found that air pollution increased asthma prevalence among sensitive age groups, including school children, and exposed them to the recognized health impacts. The aim of this study is to examine the association between elevated annual mean concentration of PM2.5 (particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter less than 2.5 micrometers) and surface ozone and asthma prevalence among school children in Japan from 2006 to 2009. Annual rates of asthma prevalence among preschool and school children (5 to 11 years) are obtained from the database of the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology—Japan (MEXT). Data on the concentrations of PM2.5 and surface ozone were obtained from 1,183 stations of air quality monitoring distributed in 47 prefectures. Annual means of these concentrations were compared to annual variations in asthma prevalence by using Pearson correlation coefficient. We found different associations between the annual mean concentration of PM2.5 and surface ozone and the annual rates of asthma prevalence among preschool and school children from 2006 to 2009. The positive values of the correlation coefficient in prefectures such as, Gumma, Shimane, and Niigata, are consistent with the previous knowledge. However, significant inverse associations were found in many prefectures. Our study suggests that the association between elevated concentrations of PM2.5 and surface ozone and asthma prevalence among school children in Japan is not strong enough to assume concretely a plausible and significant association.

Survey of Surface Reconstruction Algorithms  [PDF]
Amin Alqudah
Journal of Signal and Information Processing (JSIP) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jsip.2014.53009

Surface reconstruction is a problem in the field of computational geometry that is concerned with recreating a surface from scattered data points sampled from an unknown surface. To date, the primary application of surface reconstruction algorithms has been in computer graphics, where physical models are digitized in three dimensions with laser range scanners or mechanical digitizing probes (Bernardini et al., 1999 [1]). Surface reconstruction algorithms are used to convert the set of digitized points into a wire frame mesh model, which can be colored, textured, shaded, and placed into a 3D scene (in a movie or television commercial, for example). In this paper, we discuss some computational geometry preliminaries, and then move on to a summary of some different techniques used to address the surface reconstruction problem. The coming sections describe two algorithms: that of Hoppe, et al. (1992 [2]) and Amenta, et al. (1998 [3]

Common Type of Damages in Composites and Their Inspections  [PDF]
Amin Ghobadi
World Journal of Mechanics (WJM) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/wjm.2017.72003
Abstract: This paper is a short introduction to the common type of damages in composite structures and different ways of their inspection. Due to the high increase of interest in composite materials in past decades and their usage in different structures, there is a need to discuss the damage types in them along with different ways of inspection. This paper provides a short review of these facts in order to fill out the gap that there is in the literature. Major emphasis is placed on the damage types and their mechanisms and inspection methods, mostly focused on wave propagation based structural health monitoring (SHM).
On the ErdÖs Distance Conjecture in Geometry  [PDF]
Amir Jafari, Amin Najafi Amin
Open Journal of Discrete Mathematics (OJDM) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojdm.2016.63012
Abstract: ErdÖs asks if it is possible to have n points in general position in the plane (no three on a line or four on a circle) such that for every i (1≤i≤n-1 ) there is a distance determined by the points that occur exactly i times. So far some examples have been discovered for 2≤n≤8 [1] [2]. A solution for the 8 point is provided by I. Palasti [3]. Here two other possible solutions for the 8 point case as well as all possible answers to 4 - 7 point cases are provided and finally a brief discussion on the generalization of the problem to higher dimensions is given.
Impact of Urban Land Transformation on Water Bodies in Srinagar City, India  [PDF]
Shahab Fazal, Arshad Amin
Journal of Environmental Protection (JEP) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/jep.2011.22016
Abstract: Human actions rather than natural forces are the source of most contemporary changes in the state and flows of the biosphere. Understanding these actions and the social forces that drive them is crucial to understanding, modelling and predicting local, regional as well as global environmental change and also for managing and responding to such change. The present study investigates the patterns of urban land transformation in Srinagar City, which lies in fragile hill eco-system of Kashmir valley. The results points towards unplanned and haphazard urban expansion and transformation. These transformations have severely destroyed the water bodies both in terms of area as well as its quality.
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