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ANALYSIS OF ERRORS IN CHILDREN WITH SIGMATISMUS IN THE BOSNIAN/ CROATIAN/SERBIAN LANGUAGE
Lejla JUNUZOVIKJ-ZUNIKJ,Amela IBRAHIMAGIKJ
Journal of Special Education and Rehabilitation , 2012,
Abstract: The aim of this study was to analyze the errors in the speech of pre-school children with sigmatismus in the Bosnian/Croatian/Serbian language, in terms of frequency of occurrence of certain types of incorrectly pronounced sounds in the group with sigmatismus, as well as to analyze the occurrence of sigmatismus and sigmatismus in combination with lambdacismus and rhotacismus, in dependence of the gender, the age of the subjects and their place of residence. The testing was executed on a sample of 1600 subjects, with chronological age from three to seven years, from both genders. The subjects were divided in relation to their place of residence. The articulation status of the subjects was examined. The results showed that the sigmatismus alone was the most common articulation disorder, compared to the combinations of sigmatismus with other types of articulation disorders. Sigmatismus occurred most often in the form of distortion and in a combination as distortion-substitution. The most frequent incorrectly pronounced sounds from the group with sigmatismus were the sounds [ ], [ ], [s] and [z]. The female subjects showed better articulation of sounds from the group with sigmatismus. The frequency of sigmatismus slightly decreased with the increase of the chronological age of the subjects. The results showed that the subjects from urban areas in general have a higher incidence of this articulation disorder. There are no statistically significant differences between the groups of subjects (subjects who had solely sigmatismus, subjects with sigmatismus and rhotacismus and subjects with sigmatismus and lambdacismus) in relation to their place of origin and their gender. Having in mind the persistence of this speech disorders in pre-school age and the outcome of the results, it is important to ensure continuous monitoring process of the children even at this age, and at the same time provide careful and detailed assessment of the children who already have a sigmatismus, in order to offer timely treatment and work with these children.
PHONOLOGICAL SKILLS AMONG CHILDREN WITH READING DISABILITIES
Mirela DURANOVIKJ,Nevzeta SALIHOVIKJ,Amela IBRAHIMAGIKJ,Emina TINJIKJ
Journal of Special Education and Rehabilitation , 2011,
Abstract: The main purpose of this study was to examine the phonological skills among children with reading disabilities of the Bosnian/Croatian/ Serbian language, where each phoneme is represented by a grapheme following a certain phonemic principle. The sample consists of 15 children with reading disabilities and 15 children without reading disabilities, where "The diagnostic set for examination of the speech, language, reading and writing abilities among children" was used for examination of their phonological capacity. Phonological skills in children are very important for reading and writing acquisition. The results of the study showed that children with reading disabilities achieved poorer results in all tasks examining the phonological skills, compared to children without reading difficulties. The results of our study comply with results of studies conducted for other languages. The study highlights the importance of the mentioned skills for acquiring reading skills in the Bosnian/ Croatian/Serbian language and the significance of deficient phonological abilities for the etiology of reading disabilities. Based on the conducted study, it can be concluded that phonological skills are very important for acquiring reading and writing abilities.
STUTTERING THERAPY FOR A CHILD AT INTERMEDIATE STUTTERING LEVEL
Nevzeta SALIHOVIKJ,Lejla JUNUZOVIKJ-ZUNIKJ,Mirela DURANOVIKJ,Amela IBRAHIMAGIKJ
Journal of Special Education and Rehabilitation , 2009,
Abstract: Stuttering therapy very often demands combination of various approaches or its modification. The main purpose of this study was to present an integrated approach to stuttering modification therapy and fluency shaping therapy for an intermediate school-age male stutterer (11 years old).The therapy for the child lasted for 12 months, sessions have been carried out twice a week, each session lasted for 45 minutes. The child still attends the therapy. The therapy uses integration of stuttering modification therapy and fluency shaping therapy. For the purpose of the fluency shaping therapy, delayed auditory feedback program is applied. During the stuttering modification therapy the child has been taught how to stutter more easily which implies prolongation of all sounds in words on which child stutters, with easy and soft transition from one sound to another. It is continuously being worked with the child on reducing negative feelings and attitudes as well as elimination of avoidance of words and speaking situations. We explained to the parents the treatment program and their role in the program realization. We also explained the possible causes of stuttering, and tried to identify and reduce fluency distractors, and engage the child in as many situations as possible which improved speech fluency.After the application of this program the child has improved fluency during the conversation in clinical and nonclinical conditions (environment). This fluency consists of spontaneous and controlled fluency. Furthermore, fear of speaking and avoidance of speech situations are significantly reduced. On the basis of the applied therapy on the child at intermediate stuttering level it can be concluded that it is possible to integrate successfully both approaches: stuttering modification therapy and fluency shaping therapy.
Planteamiento de síntesis
Amela Carmen
Revista Espa?ola de Salud Pública , 1999,
Abstract:
Sobre el estudio del impacto de introducir una vacuna en el calendario de vacunación
Amela Heras Carmen
Revista Espa?ola de Salud Pública , 2002,
Abstract:
Serbo-Croat Clitics and Word Grammar
Amela amd i , Richard Hudson
Research in Language , 2007, DOI: 10.2478/v10015-007-0001-7
Abstract: Serbo-Croat has a complex system of clitics which raise interesting problems for any theory of the interface between syntax and morphology. After summarising the data we review previous analyses (mostly within the generative tradition), all of which are unsatisfactory in various ways. We then explain how Word Grammar handles clitics: as words whose form is an affix rather than the usual ‘word-form’. Like other affixes, clitics need a word to accommodate them, but in the case of clitics this is a special kind of word called a ‘hostword’. We present a detailed analysis of Serbo-Croat clitics within this theory, introducing a new distinction between two cases: where the clitics are attached to the verb or auxiliary, and where they are attached to some dependent of the verb.
Motivacijska uvjerenja i strategije samoregulacije u kontekstu modela samoreguliranoga u enja
Amela Mujagi?,Vesna Bu?ko
Psychological Topics , 2013,
Abstract: U okviru se sociokognitivnih modela samoreguliranog u enja kapacitet pojedinca da odr i ili poja a svoju elju za radom na akademskim zadacima i u enjem smatra va nim za razumijevanje procesa i ishoda u enja jer se motivacija za u enje mo e vremenom mijenjati. Ovo se istra ivanje bavi provjerom pretpostavki o prirodi odnosa izme u pojedinih oblika motivacije za u enje i strategija samoregulacije motivacije, a koje se odnose na pitanja linearnosti odnosa i me usobne kongruentnosti ovih konstrukata. Istra ivanje je provedeno na prigodnom uzorku studenata (N=249) grupnom primjenom upitnika za mjerenje motivacije za u enje, odnosno motivacijskih uvjerenja (intrinzi na ciljna orijentacija, ekstrinzi na ciljna orijentacija, samoefikasnost za u enje i izvedbu i percepcija vrijednosti zadatka) i strategija samoregulacije motivacije (samouvjetovanje, poja avanje interesa, poja avanje samoefikasnosti, podsje anje na ciljeve, samonagovaranje na savladavanje i samonagovaranje na izvedbu). Dobiveni rezultati uglavnom ne podr avaju pretpostavku o nelinearnom odnosu ispitanih oblika motivacije za u enje i u estalosti kori tenja strategija samoregulacije motivacije, dok ispitivanje kongruentnosti nije omogu ilo dono enje jednozna nih zaklju aka. Rezultati su interpretirani u skladu s alternativnim razmatranjima pretpostavljenih odnosa.
Partitions and compositions over finite fields
Amela Muratovi?-Ribi?,Qiang Wang
Mathematics , 2012,
Abstract: In this paper we find exact formulas for the numbers of partitions and compositions of an element into $m$ parts over a finite field, i.e. we find the number of nonzero solutions of the equation $x_1+x_2+...+x_m=z$ over a finite field when the order does not matter and when it does, respectively. We also give an application of our results in the study of polynomials of prescribed ranges over finite fields.
Pathogen Proteins Eliciting Antibodies Do Not Share Epitopes with Host Proteins: A Bioinformatics Approach
Isaac Amela, Juan Cedano, Enrique Querol
PLOS ONE , 2007, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0000512
Abstract: The best way to prevent diseases caused by pathogens is by the use of vaccines. The advent of genomics enables genome-wide searches of new vaccine candidates, called reverse vaccinology. The most common strategy to apply reverse vaccinology is by designing subunit recombinant vaccines, which usually generate an humoral immune response due to B-cell epitopes in proteins. A major problem for this strategy is the identification of protective immunogenic proteins from the surfome of the pathogen. Epitope mimicry may lead to auto-immune phenomena related to several human diseases. A sequence-based computational analysis has been carried out applying the BLASTP algorithm. Therefore, two huge databases have been created, one with the most complete and current linear B-cell epitopes, and the other one with the surface-protein sequences of the main human respiratory bacterial pathogens. We found that none of the 7353 linear B-cell epitopes analysed shares any sequence identity region with human proteins capable of generating antibodies, and that only 1% of the 2175 exposed proteins analysed contain a stretch of shared sequence with the human proteome. These findings suggest the existence of a mechanism to avoid autoimmunity. We also propose a strategy for corroborating or warning about the viability of a protein linear B-cell epitope as a putative vaccine candidate in a reverse vaccinology study; so, epitopes without any sequence identity with human proteins should be very good vaccine candidates, and the other way around.
Breeding system and related floral features under natural and experimental conditions of Passiflora suberosa (Passifloraceae)
Amela García,María Teresa;
Bolet?-n de la Sociedad Argentina de Bot??nica , 2008,
Abstract: the breeding system, the floral characteristics and the visitors of the polymorphic passiflora suberosa were studied in different natural populations of corrientes and misiones provinces, and at a partially-opened greenhouse in buenos aires. the different reproductive indexes calculated evidenced that, although it is highly self-compatible, autogamy is partial. the reproductive efficiency was similar in the field and in the greenhouse. the major relative reproductive success obtained by induced self-pollination suggests that the reproductive output may be improved with the help of pollinations, either natural or artificial. although the single flower and the blooming are inconspicuous, the floral characters may be involved in wasps attraction. the scarcity or even absence of pollinators (depending on the sites) seems to be compensated with the capacity of autogamy and the extended flowering period. the successful treatments performed in the greenhouse and the long period of time the fruits remain on the plants constitute stimulant features to cultivate this ornamental, medicinal, edible and tinctoreous species.
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