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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 496323 matches for " Amauri de Jesús; Hernández Vergel "
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La percepción del cuidado en profesionales de enfermería
Hernández Vergel,Lázaro Luis; Zequeira Betancourt,Dulce Maria; Miranda Guerra,Amauri de Jesús;
Revista Cubana de Enfermer?-a , 2010,
Abstract: abstract in nursing practice are present to care and the care. to learn the meaning of to care could to transform in words that the nursing professional has exerted in practice and teaching. a cross-sectional and descriptive study was conducted in “cira garcía” clinic during 2008 to assess the perception of to care according the criteria of 72 nurses well-disposed to participate in research. a scientific method was applied with an inductive and deductive approach. in information collection we used a semiestructured survey and the assessment scale of the care meaning (eesc). study variables include the care perception, age, sex, and years of practice, professional level and workplace. data were statistically analyzed with non-parametric tests. there was a female sex predominance (75%), age between 30 and 39 years (37,50), marital status (married) (66,66%) and more than 10 years of work experience (77,77%). the greatest differences were among conceptions by general and master nurses, in the care conceptions as a human characteristic (0,094) and as moral imperious (0,043). we concluded that there are differences in relation to nursing care conception among the researched care groups and categories. results emphasized the need of greater link between the teaching and its application in profession exercise.
Imagen social de la enfermería en Cuba y en Belice
Hernández Vergel,Lázaro Luis; Miranda Guerra,Amauri de Jesús;
Revista Cubana de Enfermer?-a , 2006,
Abstract: there is little information about the image society has of nursing and its social status. this problem affects the staff of this specialty, since there isn't a real knowledge of its role in society and this, at the same time, may not have a real concept of this profession. in caibarién, villa clara province, cuba, and in belize district , belize , central america , a cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted in 2004 and 2005. the universe of study was composed of 32 600 inhabitants from cuba and 75 000 from belize . a stratified randomized sampling was performed, where sex and the place of residence were considered as strata. finally, 1 630 persons in cuba , and 1 600 in belize were included in the sample. all of them were interviewed to know their opinions on nursing care, the activities to be carried out by this personnel, the image they deserve and their social status. 46.16 % of the surveyed were men and 53.83 % were women. 93.50 in cuba , and 64,00 % in belize answered that nursing staff may be of both sexes. 91.80 % of cubans and 88,75 % of belizeans considered to have received a good nursing care. it was concluded that society in the studied communities, grants a high status to nursing and expects significant contributions from these professionals.
Valimiento del adulto mayor en dos consultorios del Policlínico Docente "Hermanos Cruz"
Leonardo López,Miguel; Miranda Guerra,Amauri de Jesús; Hernández Vergel,Lázaro Luis;
Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral , 2010,
Abstract: introduction: aging study and its features has becomes a priority care aim within the current justified interest by senility. objectives: to characterize the geriatric patients according age and sex, to determine the inabilities and the degree level of these patients. methods: a cross-sectional and descriptive study was conducted in 2007 in two consulting rooms (nro. 112 and 251) and family nurse from the "hermanos cruz" teaching polyclinic in prinar del río province, cuba. sample included 142 elderly patients. researched variables included: age, sex, degree level and inability. for information collection we used the documentary observational method of medical records and geriatric scale of functional assessment, lawton's index and survey on inability risk factors. results: in sample predominated the age group of 70-74 years and the 51.40 % of patients were males. the 72.53 % had inability and the 73.94 % had independence of habitual activities in degree iii level. conclusions: a level of some inability is present in most of elderlies although with independence in their habitual activities.
Presencia de factores de riesgo coronarios en una localidad de Belice
Miranda Guerra,Amauri de Jesús; Hernández Vergel,Lázaro Luis;
Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral , 2006,
Abstract: a comparative and analytical case-control study was conducted in hattieville village in belize , central america , from september 2003 to april 2004. the study included 82 patients suffering from heart disease and 246 controls from the same community but without heart disease. the methods used were interview and documentary observation, and the studied variables were age, sex, risk factors, and number of risk factors. in the analysis and processing of information a database and a spss statistical package were used. average, and percentage were relative frequencies used as summary measures, and the statistical analysis was made by using independence x 2 test and odds ratio. the risk factors identified in the study group were previous family pathological history, high blood pressure, and obesity with 74.39 %, 64.63 %, and 57.31 %, respectively. in the control group, the risk factors were diabetes mellitus, previous family pathological history, and obesity with 44.71 %, 33.33 %, and 31.70 %. it was possible to identify in the study group the presence of three risk factors in 42 patients for 51.21 %, and four or more in 34.15%. it was concluded that high blood pressure, smoking, sedentarism, obesity, hypercholesterolemia, and previous family pathological history are significant risk factors for the development of cardiovascular diseases among the inhabitants of hattieville, and that time and intensity of the exposure to the risk factor favoured the development of the disease.
La percepción del cuidado en profesionales de enfermería Care perceptions of nursing professionals
Lázaro Luis Hernández Vergel,Dulce Maria Zequeira Betancourt,Amauri de Jesús Miranda Guerra
Revista Cubana de Enfermer?-a , 2010,
Abstract: Durante la actuación de enfermería se ejercita el cuidar y el cuidado. Aprender el significado del cuidar podrá transformar en palabras aquello que el profesional de enfermería ha ejercido en la práctica y en la ense anza. Se realizó un estudio descriptivo de corte transversal en la clínica Cira García , durante el a o 2008, para evaluar la percepción del cuidar según las concepciones de 72 enfermeros dispuestos ha participar en la investigación. Se aplicó el método científico con un enfoque inductivo y deductivo. Para recolectar la información se utilizó una entrevista semiestructurada y la Escala de Evaluación del Significado del Cuidar (EESC). Las variables de estudio fueron, percepción del cuidado, edad, sexo, a os de experiencia, nivel profesional y puesto de trabajo. Los datos recibieron tratamiento estadístico con pruebas no paramétricas. Predominó el sexo femenino 75,0%, edad entre 30 y 39 a os 37,50%, estado civil casado 66,66% y más de 10 a os de experiencia laboral el 77,77%. Las mayores diferencias se hicieron evidentes entre las concepciones de enfermeros generales y master, en las concepciones del cuidado como característica humana 0,094 y como imperativo moral 0,043. Se concluyó que existen diferencias en relación a la concepción del cuidado de enfermería entre los grupos y las categorías del cuidado investigadas. Los resultados apuntaron la necesidad de mayor unión entre la ense anza y su aplicación en el ejercicio de la profesión. ABSTRACT In nursing practice are present to care and the care. To learn the meaning of to care could to transform in words that the nursing professional has exerted in practice and teaching. A cross-sectional and descriptive study was conducted in “Cira García” Clinic during 2008 to assess the perception of to care according the criteria of 72 nurses well-disposed to participate in research. A scientific method was applied with an inductive and deductive approach. In information collection we used a semiestructured survey and the Assessment Scale of the Care Meaning (EESC). Study variables include the care perception, age, sex, and years of practice, professional level and workplace. Data were statistically analyzed with non-parametric tests. There was a female sex predominance (75%), age between 30 and 39 years (37,50), marital status (married) (66,66%) and more than 10 years of work experience (77,77%). The greatest differences were among conceptions by general and master nurses, in the care conceptions as a human characteristic (0,094) and as moral imperious (0,043). We concluded that there are differences
Imagen social de la enfermería en Cuba y en Belice Social image of Nursing in Cuba and in Belize
Lázaro Luis Hernández Vergel,Amauri de Jesús Miranda Guerra
Revista Cubana de Enfermer?-a , 2006,
Abstract: Se tiene poca información sobre la imagen que tiene la sociedad de la enfermería y el estatus social que le asigna. Este problema afecta al personal de esta especialidad, pues no tiene un conocimiento real de su posición en la sociedad, y esta a su vez, puede no tener una valoración cierta de la profesión. Se realizó un estudio descriptivo de corte transversal en Caibarién, Villa Clara, Cuba y en el distrito Belice City en Belice, Centro América, durante los a os 2004 y 2005. El universo de estudio quedó constituido por 32 600 habitantes en Cuba y 75 000 en Belice, se realizó un muestreo aleatorio estratificado considerando como estratos el sexo y el lugar de residencia; quedaron 1 630 personas en Cuba y 1 600 en Belice como tama o muestral. A todas las personas que conformaron la muestra se les aplicó una encuesta para saber sus consideraciones acerca de los cuidados brindados por enfermería, actividades a realizar por este personal, imagen que les merece y su estatus social. El 46,16 % de los encuestados fueron hombres y el 53,83 % mujeres; el 93,50 % en Cuba y el 64,00 % en Belice respondió que el personal de enfermería puede ser de ambos sexos, el 91,80 % de cubanos y el 88,75 % de belice os consideró que habían sido bien cuidados por el personal de enfermería. Se concluyó que la sociedad, en las comunidades estudiadas, concede a la enfermería un elevado estatus y espera importantes aportaciones de estos profesionales . There is little information about the image society has of nursing and its social status. This problem affects the staff of this specialty, since there isn't a real knowledge of its role in society and this, at the same time, may not have a real concept of this profession. In Caibarién, Villa Clara Province, Cuba, and in Belize District , Belize , Central America , a cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted in 2004 and 2005. The universe of study was composed of 32 600 inhabitants from Cuba and 75 000 from Belize . A stratified randomized sampling was performed, where sex and the place of residence were considered as strata. Finally, 1 630 persons in Cuba , and 1 600 in Belize were included in the sample. All of them were interviewed to know their opinions on nursing care, the activities to be carried out by this personnel, the image they deserve and their social status. 46.16 % of the surveyed were men and 53.83 % were women. 93.50 in Cuba , and 64,00 % in Belize answered that nursing staff may be of both sexes. 91.80 % of Cubans and 88,75 % of Belizeans considered to have received a good nursing care. It was concluded that s
Valimiento del adulto mayor en dos consultorios del Policlínico Docente "Hermanos Cruz" Value of elderly in two consulting rooms of "Hermanos Cruz" Teaching Polyclinic
Miguel Leonardo López,Amauri de Jesús Miranda Guerra,Lázaro Luis Hernández Vergel
Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral , 2010,
Abstract: Introducción: el estudio del envejecimiento y de sus características se ha ido convirtiendo en objeto de atención prioritaria en el marco del justificado interés actual por la senilidad. Objetivos: caracterizar a los pacientes geriátricos según edad y sexo, determinar las discapacidades y el grado de valimiento de estos pacientes. Métodos: estudio descriptivo de corte transversal realizado durante el a o 2007 en dos consultorios del médico y la enfermera de la familia (Nos. 112 y 251), del Policlínico Docente "Hermanos Cruz" en Pinar del Río, Cuba. El universo de estudio lo conformaron 142 pacientes adultos mayores. Las variables investigadas fueron: edad, sexo, grado de valimiento y discapacidad. Para la recolección de la información se utilizó el método observacional documental de historias clínicas y la escala geriátrica de evaluación funcional, el índice de Lawton y la encuesta de factores de riesgo de discapacidad. Resultados: en la muestra predominó el grupo de edad de 70-74 a os y el 51,40 % de los pacientes era del sexo masculino. Se encontró discapacidad en el 72,53 % y la independencia en sus actividades habituales en el grado de valimiento III se halló en el 73,94 %. Conclusiones: algún grado de discapacidad está presente en la mayor parte de los gerontes aunque es frecuente hallar independencia de los ancianos en sus actividades habituales. Introduction: aging study and its features has becomes a priority care aim within the current justified interest by senility. Objectives: to characterize the geriatric patients according age and sex, to determine the inabilities and the degree level of these patients. Methods: a cross-sectional and descriptive study was conducted in 2007 in two consulting rooms (Nro. 112 and 251) and family nurse from the "Hermanos Cruz" Teaching Polyclinic in Prinar del Río province, Cuba. Sample included 142 elderly patients. Researched variables included: age, sex, degree level and inability. For information collection we used the documentary observational method of medical records and geriatric scale of functional assessment, Lawton's index and survey on inability risk factors. Results: in sample predominated the age group of 70-74 years and the 51.40 % of patients were males. The 72.53 % had inability and the 73.94 % had independence of habitual activities in degree III level. Conclusions: a level of some inability is present in most of elderlies although with independence in their habitual activities.
Presencia de factores de riesgo coronarios en una localidad de Belice Presence of coronary risk factors in a locality of Belize
Amauri de Jesús Miranda Guerra,Lázaro Luis Hernández Vergel
Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral , 2006,
Abstract: Se realizó un estudio analítico, comparativo de casos y controles en la aldea Hattieville, en Belice, Centro América, desde septiembre de 2003 hasta abril de 2004. El universo de estudio quedó constituido por 82 pacientes cardiópatas, y los controles fueron 246 de la misma comunidad sin cardiopatía. Los métodos utilizados fueron la entrevista y la observación documental, y las variables estudiadas fueron: la edad, el sexo, los factores de riesgo y la cantidad de factores de riesgo. El análisis y procesamiento de la información se realizó utilizando una base de datos y el paquete estadístico SPSS, el promedio y el porcentaje fueron las frecuencias relativas utilizadas como medidas de resumen, y el análisis estadístico se realizó con la prueba de independencia X2 y odds ratio. Los factores de riesgo identificados en el grupo estudio fueron: los antecedentes patológicos familiares, la hipertensión arterial y la obesidad, con el 74,39 %, el 64,63 % y el 57,31 % respectivamente; y en el grupo control, la diabetes mellitus, los antecedentes patológicos familiares y la obesidad con el 44,71 %, el 33,33 % y el 31,70 %. En el grupo estudio se identificó también la presencia de 3 factores de riesgo en 42 pacientes para un 51,21 %, y 4 o más en el 34,15 %. Se concluyó que la hipertensión arterial, el hábito de fumar, el sedentarismo, la obesidad, la hipercolesterolemia y los antecedentes patológicos familiares constituyen factores de riesgo importantes para el desarrollo de enfermedades cardiovasculares en la población de Hattieville, y el tiempo y la intensidad de exposición al factor de riesgo favorecieron el desarrollo de la enfermedad. A comparative and analytical case-control study was conducted in Hattieville village in Belize , Central America , from September 2003 to April 2004. The study included 82 patients suffering from heart disease and 246 controls from the same community but without heart disease. The methods used were interview and documentary observation, and the studied variables were age, sex, risk factors, and number of risk factors. In the analysis and processing of information a database and a SPSS statistical package were used. Average, and percentage were relative frequencies used as summary measures, and the statistical analysis was made by using independence X 2 test and odds ratio. The risk factors identified in the study group were previous family pathological history, high blood pressure, and obesity with 74.39 %, 64.63 %, and 57.31 %, respectively. In the control group, the risk factors were diabetes mellitus, previous family patholog
Calidad de la atención en salud al adulto mayor
Miranda Guerra,Amauri de Jesús; Hernández Vergel,Lázaro Luís; Rodríguez Cabrera,Aida;
Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral , 2009,
Abstract: introduction: aging study and its features becomes in priority care matter of a present justified interest due to increase of third age persons ratio in population. methods: to assess the health care quality offered to third age persons in its dimensions, structure, process and result from the "5 de septiembre" polyclinic, playa municipally including a sample of 300 persons aged 60 or more and more than 4 consulting rooms by sampling according two-stage conglomerate. results: there were difficulties affecting quality offered to third age person including insufficient human resources, physicians, nurses, geriatricians, internists, and psychologist. no consulting room was assessed as appropriate due to two or three physicians must to work in a same consulting room without any privacy and there is a ophthalmologist deficit. the level of acceptable knowledges on national program of integral care to third age persons and arterial pressure achieved by physicians was of 45,4% and in nurses was of 72,7 %. medical record quality was not acceptable, and others insufficiencies in user satisfaction were identified according to they want to achieve and can not and that they receive without desire and the presence of weakness in care quality to third age persons. conclusions: available structure to guarantee health care to third age person has insufficiencies regarding human recourses, materials, and user satisfaction, which negatively influences in quality of care process population aged 60 or more.
Infección vaginal en gestantes y su incidencia en indicadores seleccionados del Programa Materno Infantil
Miranda Guerra,Amauri de Jesús; Hernández Vergel,Lázaro Luís; Romero Rodríguez,Celia;
Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral , 2010,
Abstract: introduction: in the mother child care, infections are among the three causes of mother death, together with hemorrhages and high blood pressure. objectives: to describe the clinical-epidemiological picture of vaginal infections and the pregnants distribution presenting these infections according to the indicators selected from the mother child program. method: a cross-sectional and descriptive study was conducted in pregnants admitted in the "mariana grajales coello" maternal home from playa municipality of la habana during three years (2006-2008). sample included 182 pregnants diagnosed with vaginal infection according to the syndrome management protocol of vaginal discharge. study variables included: age, diagnosis time, admission time, type of vaginal infection and response to treatment and mother child program indicators. for information collection the documentary and observational method from medical records was used. results: the 31.31 % of sample were adolescents, the 40.66 % were admitted during the second and the third trimester of pregnancy, presence of moniliasis in the 48.35 % and the 12.08 % gave birth low birth weight children. conclusions: incidence of vaginal infections in the "mariana grajales coello" maternal home is high with predominance of moniliasis which in most of women evolve adequately to treatment prescribed. the low birth weight is the more affected indicator of mother child program.
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