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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 461304 matches for " Amantéa "
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Manejo farmacológico da hipertens?o arterial pulmonar
Ricachinevsky, Cláudia Pires;Amantéa, Sérgio Luís;
Jornal de Pediatria , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0021-75572006000700005
Abstract: objective: to perform a review of the diagnostic and therapeutic management of pulmonary hypertension in the pediatric population, with emphasis on pharmacological factors. sources: electronic search of publications on the medline/pubmed, lilacs and cochrane collaboration databases. the search strategy adopted gave priority to the identification of clinical trials (controlled or uncontrolled), systematic reviews and directives published during the last 10 years. summary of the findings: many advances have been incorporated into our understanding of pulmonary hypertension during recent years. issues related to differences in the pathophysiological mechanism of the disease between different age groups have altered both the treatment and prognosis of patients. the combined effect of more selective vasodilatory properties and antiproliferative action and the employment of new drugs are the basic principles of new treatment proposals. in order to be able to gauge the benefits associated with the use of these new therapies, it is of fundamental importance that all patients have their disease correctly diagnosed, the degree of functional compromise classified and their vascular reactivity capacity established, which is more difficult with pediatric patients. conclusions: to date there is no treatment that can be considered ideal for the management of pulmonary hypertension. with reference to the possibility of employing new drugs, the majority of studies that have been published were undertaken with adult populations. few data are available on children, and the majority of studies are uncontrolled trials or case series. taking into account differences that have already been established between different age groups in terms of disease mechanisms and prognostic aspects, it is difficult to claim that these drugs can be incorporated into the treatment of childhood pulmonary hypertension with the same indications and results.
Internacionaliza o e multidisciplinaridade: um novo rumo para os nossos suplementos
Camargos Paulo Augusto Moreira,Amantéa Sérgio Luís
Jornal de Pediatria , 2002,
Abstract:
Impact on the Quality of Life of an Educational Program for the Prevention of Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders: a randomized controlled trial
Antonio C Santos, Markus Bredemeier, Karen F Rosa, Vinicius A Amantéa, Ricardo M Xavier
BMC Public Health , 2011, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2458-11-60
Abstract: One hundred and one clerical and production workers in a steel trading company were enrolled in an open-label randomized controlled clinical trial (parallel groups) to compare the efficacy of an educational program for primary prevention of WMSD with control intervention. The primary outcome was a change in the physical functioning domain of the quality of life (QL) measured by Medical Outcomes Study Short Form 36 Health Survey (SF-36). The intervention group underwent six consecutive weekly sessions concerning specific orientations for the prevention of WMSD, while the control group received general health education in an identical schedule. The SF-36 and theses Work Limitation Questionnaire (WLQ) were evaluated at weeks zero, five and 26.Baseline characteristics of the interventions groups were comparable, and both groups comprised predominantly young healthy individuals. No significant differences in the variation of the SF-36 and WLQ between the groups were observed at weeks five and 26. However, both groups demonstrated improvement in some aspects of SF-36, suggesting that both educational interventions have beneficial impacts on QL.A specific educational program aimed at the preventing of WMSD was comparable with general health orientation for the improvement of QL and work capacity in a sample of healthy workers during a six month period.ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT00874718Work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSD) are a major concern for public health and frequently lead to temporary or permanent work incapacity [1,2]. The etiology of WMSD is complex, and includes ergonomic, individual, psychological and social factors [3-5]. In the USA, 4.26 million nonfatal work-related injuries and illnesses were reported in private industry during 2004, representing an incidence of 4.8 cases per 100 equivalent full-time workers. A significant portion of all events (1.26 million, 29.6%) were related to days spent away from work, and approximately 0.4 million of these were a
A classifica??o das interven??es de Enfermagem na prática clínica de enfermeiros brasileiros
Sampaio, Rodrigo Soares;Santos, Iraci dos;Amantéa, Mara Lúcia;Nunes, Alessandra Sant'Anna;
Acta Paulista de Enfermagem , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-21002011000100018
Abstract: objective: to identify evidence related to the use of the nursing interventions classification in clinical practice, as identified in nursing research within brazil. methods: integrative review of literature was conducted between march and april 2009, using electronic databases. the sample included research demonstrating the use / research of nic, conducted by brazilian nurses, published in portuguese, english or spanish, in national or international journals, for all available publication years. results: ten articles were selected which met level 5 evidence, allowing the categorization of four lines of study: association with other classifications, application to specific diagnoses, use in specific clinical situations, and validation protocol / guiding nursing care. conclusion: the difficulty in the managing nic, lack of knowledge and professional autonomy were the main findings. there are knowledge gaps, lack of validation studies on interventions, and a lack of analysis of results from the use of nic in clinical practice
A importancia da avalia??o postural no paciente com disfun??o da articula??o temporomandibular
Amantéa, Daniela Vieira;Novaes, Ana Paula;Campolongo, Gabriel Denser;Barros, Tarley Pessoa de;
Acta Ortopédica Brasileira , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-78522004000300004
Abstract: the position of the head over the neck determines the posture of the body and is responsible for the body balance and head movements. the temporomandibular joint (tma) is directly related to the cervical and the scapular region by a common neuromuscular system. changes in the cervical spine can cause lead to tma disorders and contra wise. the increasing number of patients with tma disorders who also had postural disorders led to the development of studies to evaluate their interactions. the present study aimed to review the papers that have shown a relationship between wrong posture and tma disorders. it emphasizes the importance of a multidisciplinary team formed by an orthopedist, dental surgeon, and physiotherapist in the diagnosis and treatment of tma disorders and wrong posture.
Rea??o inflamatória nas al?as intestinais de ratos: pode a urina intraperitonial causar dano?
Ferreira, Paulo R.;Amantéa, Sérgio L.;Trindade, Manoel;Mota, Ubirajara;
Jornal de Pediatria , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S0021-75572003000600011
Abstract: objective: to observe the intensity of the inflammatory reaction caused by urine on the intestinal wall of rats. methods: experimental model, using 20 wistar rats divided into two groups. all the animals were submitted to abdominal puncture at the right inferior quadrant, twice daily for five days. in group i (control group) no substance was inoculated during the procedure, while in group ii (urine group), 3 ml of neonatal urine were inoculated. the animals were killed on the sixth day. a small-bowel specimen was fixed in paraffin and stained with hematoxylin-eosin. microscopic analysis was performed by the same pathologist in all cases for determination of the degree of inflammatory reaction in the intestinal wall. results: all animals completed the experiment. in group i (control group) serositis was observed in six animals and enteritis in one. in group ii (urine group) serositis was observed in nine animals and enteritis in four. the groups were similar in terms of the intensity of the inflammatory reaction observed (p = 0.1). conclusion: the intra-abdominal inoculation of neonatal urine did not produce significant inflammatory reactions in the intestinal wall of rats.
Determina??o das concentra??es plasmáticas de salbutamol pós-nebuliza??o em servi?o de emergência pediátrica
Rotta, Eloni T.;Amantéa, Sérgio L.;Froehlich, Pedro E.;Becker, Adriana;
Jornal de Pediatria , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0021-75572007000600015
Abstract: objectives: to partially validate the methodology for determining salbutamol in human plasma through high-efficiency liquid chromatography and fluorescence detection. to analyze plasma salbutamol concentrations in a group of pediatric patients with indication for nebulization in the emergency room. method: analytical, prospective cross-sectional case series. fifteen patients aged 12 to 37 months with a diagnosis of acute asthma crisis were selected at the pediatric emergency service at hospital da crian?a santo ant?nio - complexo hospitalar santa casa, porto alegre, brazil. the patients were treated following the unit's routine for the management of acute asthma crises: nebulization with salbutamol (flow rate of 6-8 l/min) (0.15 mg/kg) suspended in 4 ml of 0.9% saline solution. nebulization was administered sequentially, three times, at 20 minute intervals. all patients were given prednisolone orally (1 mg/kg) concurrently with the nebulizations. results: plasma concentrations exhibited great variability in acute asthma crisis patients given three nebulizations of salbutamol (0.15 mg/kg). the mean level in plasma was 12.09 ± 10.8 ng/ml, with a median of 8.9 ng/ml (iq25-75% 2.75-17.65). the sample's coefficient of variation was 92.4%. conclusions: post-inhalation plasma salbutamol concentrations exhibit great variation in the pediatric population, as seen in other studies. the possible causes and implications of this finding remain the subject of disagreements and of further assessments.
Concentra??es de interleucina-2 na secre??o nasofaríngea de crian?as com bronquiolite viral aguda pelo vírus respiratório sincicial
Giugno, Katia M.;Machado, Denise C.;Amantéa, Sérgio L.;Barreto, Sérgio S. Menna;
Jornal de Pediatria , 2004, DOI: 10.2223/1206
Abstract: objective: to assess interleukin-2 concentrations in nasopharyngeal secretion of children (0-24 months) with acute respiratory syncytial virus bronchiolitis, within the first 12 hours of hospital admission, and compare the levels of il-2 with the severity of the illness. methods: prospective study performed between june and august 1999. the study included 62 patients, previously healthy, hospitalized with acute viral bronchiolitis characterized by recent prodromes of coryza and/or nasal obstruction, which evolved to at least two of the following signs: respiratory dysfunction, tachypnea, wheezing or rales, and detection of respiratory syncytial virus in nasopharyngeal aspirate. the nasopharyngeal specimens were collected within 12 hours of hospital admission. the interleukin-2 levels were obtained by enzyme immunoassay. severity of illness was assessed through oxygen saturation by pulse oximetry, modified clinical score system, time of supplemental oxygen required, length of hospital stay, and mechanical ventilation. spearman's correlation and kruskal-wallis test were used to compared these variables in relation to the median of interleukin-2. the chi-square test was used for categorical analysis of interleukin-2. results: the mean age of patients was 2.2 (1.3-4) months. males comprised 54% of cases. hemoglobin oxygen saturation by pulse oximetry at hospital admission was below 95% in 66.1% of patients. the mean time of supplemental oxygen use was 4.7 days (±3.54). the mean length of hospital stay was 4.25 days (±1.76). mechanical ventilation was used in 4.8% of patients. the values of interleukin-2 in nasopharyngeal aspirates varied from 0 to 40,256 ng/ml with median of 86 ng/ml (4.4 - 457.3). the study showed no statistical difference between levels of il-2 and severity of illness. conclusions: the interleukin-2 levels showed a heterogeneous behavior. we found no association between interleukin-2 levels in nasopharyngeal secretion and respiratory syncytial virus b
Controvérsias no manejo farmacológico da asma aguda infantil
Amantéa, Sérgio Luís;Sánchez, Ignacio;Piva, Jefferson Pedro;Garcia, Pedro Celiny Ramos;
Jornal de Pediatria , 2002, DOI: 10.1590/S0021-75572002000800006
Abstract: objective: to present a review of controversial issues related to the pharmacological management of the treatment of acute asthma in children. sources: articles published in national and international scientific journals. data were selected from lilacs and medline databases. summary of the findings: the article was organized into topics, presenting aspects on which there is consensus regarding the pharmacological treatment of asthma in children. issues related to the use of metered dose inhaler versus nebulizers, the role of ?2-adrenergic drugs administered intravenously as well as the role of methylxanthine and magnesium sulfate are approached critically. conclusions: inhaled ?2-agonist drugs combined with corticosteroids remain the treatment of choice for acute episodes of asthma in children. either nebulizers or metered dose inhalers connected to spacers are efficient for the relief of acute symptoms. patients who are refractory to conventional treatment and develop severe acute asthma should receive ?2-agonist drugs intravenously, provided they are properly monitored. methylxanthine and magnesium sulfate should be considered a second choice for selected patients.
Visualiza??o radiológica intraoperatória da regi?o occipitocervical e coluna cervical superior: nota técnica
Mudo, Marcelo Luis;Amantéa, Andrea Vieira;Cavalheiro, Sérgio;Joaquim, Andrei Fernandes;
Coluna/Columna , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1808-18512009000200016
Abstract: we report a technical note to obtain a better intraoperative radiological view in surgeries of the craniocervical junction and upper cervical spine.
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