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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 192 matches for " Amandine Cochet "
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A Review of the Epidemiological Methods Used to Investigate the Health Impacts of Air Pollution around Major Industrial Areas
Mathilde Pascal,Laurence Pascal,Marie-Laure Bidondo,Amandine Cochet,Hélène Sarter,Morgane Stempfelet,Vérène Wagner
Journal of Environmental and Public Health , 2013, DOI: 10.1155/2013/737926
Abstract: We performed a literature review to investigate how epidemiological studies have been used to assess the health consequences of living in the vicinity of industries. 77 papers on the chronic effects of air pollution around major industrial areas were reviewed. Major health themes were cancers (27 studies), morbidity (25 studies), mortality (7 studies), and birth outcome (7 studies). Only 3 studies investigated mental health. While studies were available from many different countries, a majority of papers came from the United Kingdom, Italy, and Spain. Several studies were motivated by concerns from the population or by previous observations of an overincidence of cases. Geographical ecological designs were largely used for studying cancer and mortality, including statistical designs to quantify a relationship between health indicators and exposure. Morbidity was frequently investigated through cross-sectional surveys on the respiratory health of children. Few multicenter studies were performed. In a majority of papers, exposed areas were defined based on the distance to the industry and were located from <2?km to >20?km from the plants. Improving the exposure assessment would be an asset to future studies. Criteria to include industries in multicenter studies should be defined. 1. Introduction Industrial areas are characterized by a high density of industries, sharing common infrastructures, such as transport networks, waste water treatment plants, and waste incineration plants. These areas cluster at-risk activities and pollution sources. They have historically attracted, and may still attract, hundreds of employees who have settled in the vicinity of the plants. With extensive urbanization, industrial areas have been embedded in the urban landscape, increasing the nuisances and the exposure of the population. For instance, in the South of France, the industrial area of l’etang de Berre hosts 430 industries classified for the protection of the environment and more than 60% of the Seveso II (referring to the European directive 96/82/CE) plants of the region. About 16 towns representing more than 300,000 inhabitants are exposed to the plumes produced by these plants [1]. People living near major industrial areas are facing complex situations of exposure: occupational and environmental exposure, multiexposure to chemicals combined with exposure to noise, dusts, visual pollution, stress, and so forth The possible associated health risks are of the highest concern to the population. Quantitative health risk assessments, based on the comparison of a
Multiplicities and tensor product coefficients for $A_r$
Charles Cochet
Mathematics , 2003,
Abstract: We apply some recent developments of Baldoni-DeLoera-Vergne on vector partition functions, to Kostant and Steinberg formulas, in the case of $A_r$. We therefore get a fast {\sc Maple} program that computes for $A_r$: the multiplicity $c_{\lambda,\mu}$ of the weight $\mu$ in the representation $V(\lambda)$ of highest weight $\lambda$; the multiplicity $c_{\lambda,\mu,\nu}$ of the representation $V(\nu)$ in $V(\lambda)\otimes V(\mu)$. The computation also gives the locally polynomial functions $c_{\lambda,\mu}$ and $c_{\lambda,\mu,\nu}$.
Vector partition function and representation theory
Charles Cochet
Mathematics , 2005,
Abstract: We apply some recent developments of Baldoni-Beck-Cochet-Vergne on vector partition function, to Kostant's and Steinberg's formulae, for classical Lie algebras $A\_r$, $B\_r$, $C\_r$, $D\_r$. We therefore get efficient {\tt Maple} programs that compute for these Lie algebras: the multiplicity of a weight in an irreducible finite-dimensional representation; the decomposition coefficients of the tensor product of two irreducible finite-dimensional representations. These programs can also calculate associated Ehrhart quasipolynomials.
Restaurer les fonctionnalités des écosystèmes : Proposition pour la réintroduction de l’esturgeon de l’Atlantique Acipenser oxyrinchus Mitchill, 1815 (Pisces, Acipenseridae) pour sauver la grande mulette Margaritifera auricularia (Spengler, 1793) (Mollusca, Bivalvia, Margaritiferidae) de l’extinction
Vincent Prié,Gilbert Cochet
MalaCo , 2010,
Abstract: The giant pearl mussel Margaritifera auricularia, previously widespread in Western Europe, still survives in a few aging core populations, which have not been recruiting for several decades. The extirpation of its main host-fish, the European Sturgeon Acipenser sturio, is believed to be the main cause of its rarefaction. A few decades seem to be left to save the giant pearl mussel from extinction. A European Sturgeon restoration plan is ongoing, but given the late sexual maturity of this species, we cannot expect a return of sexually mature individuals in rivers in France before ca. 15 years. In order to restore ecosystems’ functionality and save the Giant Pearl Mussel from extinction, we suggest the reintroduction of a similar species: the Atlantic Sturgeon A. oxyrinchus. This species is the least threatened of the Acipenseridae and was present in France at least between 3 000 BC and 200 AD. The interspecific competition risk with the European Sturgeon, as well as the introgression risk, can be eliminated as both species have coexisted in the past. The possibility of reintroducing the Atlantic Sturgeon gives new insights for the recovery of Giant Pearl Mussel populations.
Producción lechera en los Andes peruanos : Integración al mercado interno o marginación económica ?
Claire Aubron,Hubert Cochet
Anuario Americanista Europeo , 2009,
Abstract: En los últimos quince a os, la producción lechera conoció un fuerte crecimiento en varias regiones andinas. Respondió a la vez al crecimiento de la demanda interna y a la estabilidad del precio al productor, debida a la protección del mercado frente a las importaciones. Permitió la integración al mercado de numerosas familias campesinas, a través de industrias lecheras o circuitos artesanales. En la comunidad campesina estudiada, que forma parte de las cuencas lecheras marginales del Perú, el fomento de la producción lechera se traduce por la extensión hasta sus límites de la zona con riego para la producción de forraje (alfalfa). Se construye una lógica económica alrededor de la leche en los sistemas de producción en la cúal la venta regular de queso permite comprar los alimentos de la familia para la semana. La especialización feminina del trabajo ganadero permite la implementación de actividades no agrícolas por los hombres, con frecuentes migraciones temporales. Pese a esta coherencia, el equilibrio económico de las familias campesinas es demasiado frágil como para afirmar que su integración al mercado interno detuvo su marginación económica. Al aumentar la competencia sobre el mercado interno, los distintos acuerdos de libre-comercio firmados por los paises andinos tenderán además a provocar una bajada de los precios al productor de leche, impulsada por las industrias. Se evidencia la necesidad de implementación de una política adaptada a los ganaderos lecheros andinos.
La créativité dans la classe de fran ais
Amandine Mamizara
Synergies Afrique Centrale et de l'Ouest , 2006,
Centralisation, décentralisation et accès aux services urbains : le cas de l’enlèvement des ordures ménagères à Abidjan Centralization, decentralization, access to urban public services : waste collection in Abidjan
Amandine Henry
Belgeo : Revue Belge de Géographie , 2013,
Abstract: Cet article traite de l’inégalité d’accès aux services publics urbains dans les pays en développement et, plus particulièrement, de la question de l’accès au service d’enlèvement des ordures ménagères à Abidjan. Cette question est étroitement liée au mouvement de centralisation, décentralisation et recentralisation qui a affecté la gestion de ce service au cours des dernières décennies. Chaque étape de l’avancée de la C te d’Ivoire dans le processus de décentralisation a provoqué des changements institutionnels dans la gestion des ordures ménagères à Abidjan ; tous ont eu des effets spécifiques sur l’accès de la population à ce service. Ces effets sont étudiés à l’échelle des communes et des quartiers à travers une enquête de terrain, et sont liés aux caractéristiques socio-économiques des quartiers. Une analyse comparative entre deux communes de standing opposé, ainsi que l’examen des aspects historiques de la problématique, s’attachent à identifier les facteurs-clés d’une telle inégalité d’accès au service d’enlèvement des ordures ménagères à Abidjan. This paper deals with the inequality of access to the urban public utilities in developing countries, and more accurately with the issue of the access to the waste collection in Abidjan. This question is closely linked with the centralization, decentralization and recentralization movements that affected this service management for the last decades. Each stage of the decentralization process in Ivory Coast brought institutional changes in waste collection management in Abidjan. Each of them had specific consequences on the access of people to this service. These consequences are investigated on a local scale and are linked to the socio-economic characteristics of the studied areas. Together with the focus on the historical aspects of the problematic, a comparative analysis between two districts of opposite standing attempts to identify the key factors of such an inequity of access to the waste collection service in Abidjan.
Amandine Malivin, La différence des sexes comme fondement inaliénable de l'organisation sociale : construction et usages de la figure de l'hermaphrodite dans les discours médicaux (1830-1914)
Amandine Malivin
Genre & Histoire , 2007,
Abstract: Sur les notions de sexe et de genre, la figure de l’hermaphrodite offre des pistes d’études sérieuses aux chercheurs. Elle représente une forme de transgression innée des lois naturelles et, de par son existence même, l’hermaphrodite questionne le principe du bimorphisme masculin/féminin, ainsi que les systèmes de pensée et d’organisation sociale qui en découlent. C’est cette confrontation qui est ici étudiée, pour les années 1830 à 1914, alors que la société fran aise se consolide dans son o...
Séminaires du CIMMA
Amandine Barb
Transatlantica : Revue d'études Américaines , 2011,
Abstract: Le groupe de travail CIMMA (Constructions Identitaires et Mobilisations dans le Monde Anglophone), composante du laboratoire IMAGER (Institut des Mondes Anglophone, Germanique et Roman), organise depuis octobre 2010 et jusqu’en mai 2011 un séminaire mensuel à l’Université Paris-Est Créteil. Sous la responsabilité de Nathalie Caron, Professeur de civilisation américaine, ce séminaire pluridisciplinaire et à visée comparatiste est ouvert à un public extérieur à l’Upec, et rassemble enseignants-...
Lomé, ville post-frontière.
Amandine Spire
EchoGéo , 2010,
Abstract: En raison de sa localisation à la frontière du Ghana, la capitale du Togo incite à interroger l’articulation des notions d’identité, de territoire et de frontière. Nous proposons d’explorer ces trois entrées à l’aide de la notion de ville post-frontière forgée à partir du tissu urbain du Sud de la Californie et du Nord-Ouest du Mexique. Le passage de la ville frontalière à la ville post-frontière souligne la transition entre une forme coloniale d’organisation de la frontière et un espace fa onné par des logiques postcoloniales. Dans cette perspective, la notion de ville post-frontière permet d’insister sur les différentes temporalités de la frontière Togo/Ghana qui participent aux dynamiques identitaires et territoriales de Lomé. Because of its location on the border of Ghana, the capital of Togo leads us to question the articulation between the notions of identity, “territory” and border. We suggest investigating this articulation by the use of the notion of postborder city, forged from the analysis of the urban continuum from the Californy to the Baja California in Mexico. In Lome, the passage of the border city to the post-border city underlines the forms of transition enter a colonial shape of organization of the border to a space shaped by postcoloniales logics. In this perspective, the notion of postborder city allows to insist on the various temporality of the boundary Togo / Ghana which participate in the identical and territorial dynamics of Lome.
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