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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 137 matches for " Amaia; Esnaola "
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Migraciones internas en Espa?a durante el siglo XX: un nuevo eje para el estudio de las desigualdades sociales en salud
Martín,Unai; Malmusi,Davide; Bacigalupe,Amaia; Esnaola,Santiago;
Gaceta Sanitaria , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0213-91112012000100003
Abstract: objective: catalonia and the basque country received substantial immigration quotas from the rest of spain during the twentieth century. this study aimed to analyze inequalities in health by birthplace (the population born in the same region or other autonomous regions) in these two geographical areas. methods: we conducted a cross-sectional study in the non-institutionalized population aged 50 to 79 years, with data from the health surveys of catalonia 2006 (n=5,483) and the basque country 2007 (n=3,424). we used log-binomial models to estimate the prevalence ratios (pr) of poor self-rated health by birthplace, stratified by sex and social class, and successively adjusted for age, social class and educational attainment. results: immigrants from other autonomous regions had poorer self-rated health than the native-born population, both in the basque country (age-adjusted pr in men 1.30, 95% ci 1.11-1.54; women 1.42, 95% ci 1.25-1.62,) and in catalonia (pr in men 1.41, 95% ci 1.26-1.62; pr in women 1.25, 95% ci 1.16-1.35). prs were reduced but remained significant after adjustment for social class and educational attainment and stratification by manual or non-manual social class. conclusions: in both communities there are health inequalities that are detrimental to the immigrant population from the rest of spain, which constitutes approximately half of the population in the studied age cohorts. future studies should explore the persistence of these inequalities in other health indicators and their reproduction in second generations, and identify entry points for preventive policies.
Impacto de la morbilidad en la salud de la población del País Vasco 2002-2007: una visión integral a través de las esperanzas de salud
Martín,Unai; Esnaola,Santiago; Audicana,Covadonga; Bacigalupe,Amaia;
Revista Espa?ola de Salud Pública , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1135-57272011000500006
Abstract: background: the estimation of the impact of morbidity on health is essential to health planning. the objective was to estimate this impact using disability free life expectancy, and to analyze whether the hypothetical elimination of various diseases would have led to a compression or expansion of morbidity. methods: cross-sectional study on the population of the basque country. data on mortality (2002-2006), health survey data (2007) and population based data were used. the impact of different groups of diseases on mortality rates, years of life and potential years of life lost (pyll) and disability (absolute number and rates) were calculated. an integrated analysis was also done, using disability free life expectancy (dfle), using the sullivan method. results: the diseases causing the greatest impact on mortality were tumours among men (35,2% and 39,3% of deaths and pyll respectively), and circulatory diseases (34,5% of deaths) and tumours (43,6% of pyll) among women. osteomuscular diseases had a major impact on disability, causing the 26,6% and the 45,2% of the total cases in men and women). circulatory diseases had the highest impact as a whole (4.2 years of dfle in men and 3.8 in women). however, osteomuscular diseases had the highest influence on years of life with disability. conclusions: the diseases which caused the overall greatest impact on mortality and disability were circulatory system related ones, tumors, and osteomuscular diseases. the elimination of this last group of diseases would have led to a morbidity compression, meaning the greatest reduction in life years with disability among all the causes.
La evaluación del impacto sobre la salud: una herramienta para incorporar la salud en las intervenciones no sanitarias
Bacigalupe,Amaia; Esnaola,Santiago; Calderón,Carlos; Zuazagoitia,Juan; Aldasoro,Elena;
Gaceta Sanitaria , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0213-91112009000100013
Abstract: interventions implemented by governments are very frequently related to the determinants of health. health impact assessment (hia) is used as a predictive tool to include health in nonhealth policymaking. this paper defines hia, describes its methods, procedures and applications, and discusses opportunities and challenges associated with hia. doing a hia implies studying the intervention, profiling the target population, and estimating its impacts on health by means of combining quantitative and qualitative evidence. hia has been used in different kinds of policies (transports, urban regeneration, culture, energy development etc.), at different levels (local, national, european) and in many countries. despite its scarce use in spain, hia allows to consider health in sectorial policymaking, taking into account social inequalities in health, so that healthier public policies can be designed. on the other hand, hia is a tool under methodological development which use is hindered due to the existing narrow biomedical perspective on the determinants of health, and to the difficulties in working in public policy-making with multisectorial and participative perspectives.
Avanzando en la evaluación del impacto en la salud: análisis de las políticas públicas sectoriales del Gobierno Vasco como paso previo a la fase de cribado sistemático
Aldasoro,Elena; Sanz,Elvira; Bacigalupe,Amaia; Esnaola,Santiago; Calderón,Carlos; Cambra,Koldo; Zuazagoitia,Juan;
Gaceta Sanitaria , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0213-91112012000100016
Abstract: health not only depends on biologic or lifestyle factors but also on other economic, social, political, and environmental factors that shape the way people live and become ill. thus, health policies are not the only policies affecting health, and consequently governments are increasingly interested in identifying the effect of other non-health policies on health. health impact assessment is a prospective methodology that aims to predict the health impacts of policies before their implementation so that modifications can be suggested to maximize positive effects and avoid unexpected negative repercussions on health. the first stage in this process is screening, which can be used to select the interventions that could benefit from complete health impact assessment. since resources are limited and not all government interventions can be assessed, tools that allow prioritization are essential. as a first stage in the validation of a systematic screening tool for health impact assessment in spain, this article presents the process of compiling and classifying the non-health public policies of the eighth term of office of the basque government. of the 97 policies analyzed, 76% were related to structural determinants of health inequalities, 79% were tactical or operational, 67% were aimed at specific population groups, and 66% were already implemented. the technical staff of other participating departments perceived the entire process of this initiative and its rationale positively. this initial experience allowed the planning of non-health policies in the basque country to be determined in detail as a means to move forward in incorporating impact on health in all policies.
La investigación cualitativa en la evaluación del impacto en la salud: La experiencia de un plan de reforma en un barrio de Bilbao
Calderón G,Carlos; Bacigalupe H,Amaia; Esnaola S,Santiago; Zuazagoitia,Jon; Aldasoro U,Elena;
Revista Facultad Nacional de Salud Pública , 2009,
Abstract: objective: to know the perceived effects on health of a neighborhood of bilbao reform plan from the perspective of the neighbors and stakeholders, and identify those areas for possible improvement. methodology: qualitative study. obtaining information through participant observation, four discussion groups (three neighbors and another one with health professionals and social workers), and four interviews with key informants. the analysis was designed on the model of sociological analysis of the speech. results: the findings set three areas related to socio-historical context of the neighborhood, the dynamic nature of the intervention and perceived impact on health in eight specific areas (urban accessibility, water and draining, recreation areas, power lines burial, parking place and road traffic, the small works, to feel as citizens, and social cohesion). conclusions: qualitative methods enabled deepen the significance of these findings in the direction of their interrelations, which enabled a better understanding of the impact on the health plan. it also points out some major methodological challenges for the development of future impact assessments on health.
Qualitative Research on the Impact Assessment in Health: The Experience of a reform plan in a neighborhood of Bilbao
Carlos Calderón G,Amaia Bacigalupe H,Santiago Esnaola S,Jon Zuazagoitia
Revista Facultad Nacional de Salud Pública , 2009,
Abstract: Objective: to know the perceived effects on health of a neighborhood of Bilbao reform plan from the perspective of the neighbors and stakeholders, and identify those areas for possible improvement. Methodology: qualitative study. Obtaining information through participant observation, four discussion groups (three neighbors and another one with health professionals and social workers), and four interviews with key informants. The analysis was designed on the model of sociological analysis of the speech. Results: The findings set three areas related to socio-historical context of the neighborhood, the dynamic nature of the intervention and perceived impact on health in eight specific areas (urban accessibility, water and draining, recreation areas, power lines burial, parking place and road traffic, the small works, to feel as citizens, and social cohesion). Conclusions: Qualitative methods enabled deepen the significance of these findings in the direction of their interrelations, which enabled a better understanding of the impact on the health plan. It also points out some major methodological challenges for the development of future impact assessments on health.
Formula magikorik ez.
Amaia álvarez
Ikastorratza : e-Revista de Didáctica , 2011,
Abstract:
Principales indicadores de Internet en la sociedad mexicana
Islas,Octavio; Arribas,Amaia;
Palabra Clave , 2010,
Abstract: the article explains what the world internet project (wip) is and why dr. jeffrey cole's initiative is so relevant. it also compares some of the results of the wip-mexico study in 2009 to the results of several major research projects on the internet in mexico. in several sections, the authors present information from some of these studies, without taking into account the results of wip-mexico, which did not focus on the same variables. the idea is to offer a broad perspective of how the internet has developed in the country.
Spain’s Commitment to Lebanon: a New Role for Spain in the Near East?
Amaia Goenaga Sánchez
Revista CIDOB d'Afers Internacionals , 2007,
Abstract: In summer 2006, Lebanon suffered the consequences of the open warfare between Israel and the Shi’ite organisation Hezbollah. Within this context, the Spanish government, together with the governments of some of its neighbouring countries, made an attempt to resolve the conflict. This commitment also became consolidated during the monthsfollowing the period of military conflict, and through three lines of action: a large-scale military contribution in the context of the UN Security Council’s Resolution 1701, the sending of economic aid to help rebuild the country and, finally, by intensifying politicalrelations with Lebanon. This shift in policy is significant if we bear in mind the previous weakness of relations between the two countries; however, we can see that this deployment of resources did not have so much to do with Lebanon itself as it did with Spain’s owninterests. In this sense, we can understand that the crisis has been turned into a platform for the practical application of the main lines that determine the socialist government’s external action.
Estrategias feministas de deconstrucción del objeto de estudio de la economía
Amaia Pérez Orozco
Foro Interno : Anuario de Teoría Política , 2004,
Abstract: This text discusses different approaches to Feminist Economics according to their proposals to redefine the object of study of economics. These proposals can be understood as attempts to deconstruct key androcentric dichotomies such as the economic/non-economic and work/non-work polarities. Two main deconstruction strategies are identified, with different theoretical, empirical and political implications. The first one is aimed at recovering and revaluing the “other” in economic discourse, that is, domestic labour. The second one looks for a displacement of the binary structure through the creation of a third term or “hinge word”. The concept of sustainability of life would be the “hinge term” that allows for a revision of related concepts such as work. Finally, this article argues that a theoretical shift of attention towards sustainability of life is occurring within Feminist Economics.
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