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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 183791 matches for " Alyne de Andrade Guimar?es "
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Proposta de utiliza o do sistema Period Batch Control para redu o de lead time em uma empresa de bens de capital Lead time reduction in a capital goods company by means of the implementation of Period Batch Control system
Maico Roris Severino,Muris Lage Junior,Luciano Campanini,Alyne de Andrade Guimares
Produ??o , 2010,
Abstract: O objetivo do presente trabalho é apresentar uma proposta para a utiliza o do sistema PBC (Period Batch Control), assim como de dois pré-requisitos, a saber: mudan a na política de controle da qualidade e cria o de uma célula virtual, para reduzir o lead time em uma empresa de bens de capital. O método de pesquisa utilizado é o estudo de caso. Resultados previstos de tal implanta o indicam que a empresa estudada poderá obter vantagens significativas com a ado o do PBC como, por exemplo, redu o de 46,42% no lead time do produto estudado, diminui o de custos de WIP (Work In Process) em aproximadamente 50% e redu o de 31% no tempo improdutivo. Esses resultados promissores podem ser alcan ados também por empresas com características semelhantes que sigam a proposta apresentada neste artigo. Academicamente, o presente trabalho contribui para aumentar a divulga o do sistema PBC, assunto carente de pesquisas no Brasil. The goal of this work is to present a proposal for the use of the PBC (Period Batch Control), as well as two prerequisites, namely, to change the policy of quality control and creation of a virtual cell, to reduce the lead time in a company which produces capital goods. Case study research is the methodology used in this paper. Expected results of this implementation indicate that the company can obtain significant benefits by the adoption of PBC, such as 46.42% lead time reduction, reduction on WIP (Work In Process) costs in approximately 51.56% and unproductive time in 31%. These promising results can be achieved by companies with similar characteristics. Academically, this work contribute to increase the dissemination of the PBC, a subject in need of research in Brazil.
Proposta de utiliza??o do sistema Period Batch Control para redu??o de lead time em uma empresa de bens de capital
Severino, Maico Roris;Lage Junior, Muris;Campanini, Luciano;Guimares, Alyne de Andrade;Godinho Filho, Moacir;Aguilera, Michelle;
Produ??o , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-65132010005000030
Abstract: the goal of this work is to present a proposal for the use of the pbc (period batch control), as well as two prerequisites, namely, to change the policy of quality control and creation of a virtual cell, to reduce the lead time in a company which produces capital goods. case study research is the methodology used in this paper. expected results of this implementation indicate that the company can obtain significant benefits by the adoption of pbc, such as 46.42% lead time reduction, reduction on wip (work in process) costs in approximately 51.56% and unproductive time in 31%. these promising results can be achieved by companies with similar characteristics. academically, this work contribute to increase the dissemination of the pbc, a subject in need of research in brazil.
A concep o de professores de ensino fundamental do município de Jequié - Ba sobre saúde-doen a
Távila Aparecida de Assis Guimares,Alyne Araújo de Melo,Aurelina Alves da Silva,Marcos Henrique Fernandes
Revista Saúde.Com , 2005,
Abstract: O presente estudo teve o propósito de investigar a concep o dos docentes do ensino fundamental sobre a saúde do escolar e caracterizar a forma o destes profissionais no que se refere a essa temática. Foi utilizada uma metodologia qualitativa, sendo a amostra constituída por 42 professores. Os dados foram coletados através de um questionário semi-estruturado e posteriormente analisados seguindo a proposta de analise temática. Como resultado, observou-se que 62% dos docentes estudaram conteúdos de saúde, sendo que 57% têm dificuldade em trabalhar esta temática, principalmente por falta de subsídios teóricos. Com rela o os Parametros Curriculares Nacional e o tema transversal saúde 60% participaram desta capacita o. Quando indagados sobre a importancia em se trabalhar a saúde 37% referiram-se a preven o da saúde. Portanto, observa-se que os professores do ensino fundamental necessitam de uma capacita o especifica e de maior suporte com rela o à pratica da saúde do escolar.
Gênese da Enfermagem hospitalar no Estado de Goiás
Guimares, Celma Martins;Andrade, Ilidiana Miranda de;
Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-71672005000300009
Abstract: the hospital de caridade s?o pedro de alcantara was created in the city of goiás, being the first hospital institution implanted in the state. the work purposes to understand the historical-social context in which the "s?o pedro" was implanted, looking for information about the structure and operation, especially what concerns to the nursing. the used approach was the dialectics. the results demonstrated the existence of ten nursing workers and that those were separate to patients' attendance according to gender. the work delivered by the male workers was better remunerated than the one delivered by female workers. the hospital and their servants, gradually, were assuming the responsibility for the ordering and cleanliness of the physical spaces, workers, prisioners, burials, etc. the work was arduous and badly paid.
Progress towards meningitis prevention in the conjugate vaccines era
Laval Cristina Aparecida Borges,Pimenta Fabiana Cristina,Andrade Jo?o Guimares de,Andrade Soraya S.
Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases , 2003,
Abstract: Acute bacterial meningitis is an important cause of morbidity and mortality among children less than five years old. Haemophilus influenzae, Streptococcus pneumoniae and Neisseria meningitidis are the most important agents of bacterial meningitis in developing countries. The development of the conjugate vaccines in the beginning of the 90's, especially type b H. influenzae (Hib), and more recently the heptavalent pneumococcal and the serogroup C meningococcal vaccines, have contributed directly to changes in the epidemiological profile of these invasive diseases (direct effect) and of their carriage status (indirect effect). We review the impact of the Hib conjugate vaccine in Latin American countries, where this vaccine has been implemented, and the potential of pneumococcal and meningococcal conjugate vaccines for the reduction of meningitis worldwide. We also address constraints for the development and delivery of these vaccines and review new candidate state-of-the-art vaccines. The greatest challenge, undoubtedly, is to implement these vaccines worldwide, especially in the developing regions.
Análise da carga de trabalho de analistas de sistemas e dos distúrbios osteomusculares
Guimares, Bruno Maia de;Martins, Laura Bezerra;Azevedo, Leonardo Soares de;Andrade, Maria do Amparo;
Fisioterapia em Movimento , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-51502011000100013
Abstract: objective: the purpose of this research was to conduct assessment of ergonomic conditions of systems analysts in order to understand the factors causing physical and cognitive overload, its implications for workers and propose improvements to reduce these physical and cognitive overload. methodology: the shtm (human-machine-task) method was used for ergonomic evaluation, the corlett diagram for evaluation of bodily discomfort, questionnaire evaluation of the furniture and the nasa-tlx to assess mental workload. results: it was found a prevalence of pain in the lumbar spine of 71% and 64% of respondents in the cervical spine. after evaluation of mental workload, it was observed that the mental demand was most required among systems analysts and the average loading rate was of 13.23. conclusion: it can be concluded that the high prevalence of musculoskeletal pain may be caused by the presence of inappropriate furniture, adoption of incorrect postures and high mental demand of the developed activities performed by systems analysts.
Sistemas de produ??o de feij?o intercalado com cafeeiro adensado recém-plantado
Carvalho, Abner José de;Andrade, Messias José Bastos de;Guimares, Rubens José;
Ciência e Agrotecnologia , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-70542007000100020
Abstract: a field experiment was carried out in a typical dystrophic red latosol at the campus of the universidade federal de lavras, in order to study the effects of the row numbers and fertilization level of the bean plant (phaseolus vulgaris l.) upon the agronomic performance of the coffee shrub (coffea arabica l.) associated with bean plant. the experimental randomized block design was used with three replicates and factorial scheme 4 x 4 + 1, as involving four intercalary row numbers of the bean plant (one, three, four, and six lines by each inter row of coffee shrub) and four fertilization doses (0, 50, 100, and 150% from the fertilization recommended for monocropping, consisting of 20 kg ha-1 n, 40 kg ha-1 p2o5 and 20 kg ha-1 k2o at planting timeplus 30 kg ha-1 n side-dressing), as well as one more additional treatment (monocropping of either coffee shrub or bean plant). the assay was conducted in a recently planted commercial catucaí farming, whereas the cultivar of the bean plant was brs-mg-talism?. the following variables were evaluated for the bean plant: the initial and final stands; the plant heights; and the productivity of the beans with its primary components (pod number per plant, graim number per pod, and average100 graim weight). in coffee shrub, the characteristics under evaluation were the emission of leaf pairs and the increment in either plant height and stem diameter observed between sowing and harvesting the bean plant, as well as the mortality of the coffee shrubs. according to the results the increased number of the bean-plant intercalary rows rather rises the productivity of this leguminous, but reduces the increment of the stem diameter in the recently-planted coffee shrub. from four bean plant rows there is tendency to increased mortality of coffee shrubs, mainly in the absence of the leguminous fertilization. the fertilization up to 150% of the dose recommended to monocropping of the bean plant has no influence upon the productivity of this legu
A Agência Nacional de Vigilancia Sanitária e a pesquisa clínica no Brasil
Nishioka, Sérgio de Andrade;Sá, Paula Frassineti Guimares de;
Revista da Associa??o Médica Brasileira , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-42302006000100025
Abstract: conduction of clinical trials with drugs in brazil requires prior approval by committees for ethics in research (ceps) and, in certain cases, by the national commission for ethics in research (conep). approval by the national health surveillance agency (anvisa), through its office for new drugs, research and clinical trials (gepec), is currently required only for drugs and medical devices manufactured in other countries and therefore need permission to be imported. this article briefly reviews the history of clinical research regulation in brazil, then presents an overview of the current regulatory role of anvisa and its future prospective. major points discussed are the new forthcoming anvisa regulations, with emphasis on adverse event notifications and inspections/audits on clinical trials and their impact on clinical research in brazil, from the standpoint of the industry, university, contract research organizations, physicians and other health professionals. it should be stressed that to decide upon the licensing of new drugs anvisa must obtain information from clinical trials.
A Agência Nacional de Vigilancia Sanitária e a pesquisa clínica no Brasil
Nishioka Sérgio de Andrade,Sá Paula Frassineti Guimares de
Revista da Associa??o Médica Brasileira , 2006,
Abstract: A realiza o de ensaios clínicos com medicamentos no Brasil requer aprova o prévia pelos Comitês de ética em Pesquisa (CEPs) e, em certos casos, pela Comiss o Nacional de ética em Pesquisa (CONEP). Aprova o pela Agência Nacional de Vigilancia Sanitária (ANVISA), através de sua Gerência de Medicamentos Novos, Pesquisa e Ensaios Clínicos (GEPEC) é também necessária para ensaios clínicos com medicamentos e produtos para a saúde (correlatos) que s o fabricados em outros países e, portanto, necessitam autoriza o para serem importados. Este artigo revê brevemente a história da legisla o sobre pesquisa clínica no Brasil, e apresenta um panorama do papel regulador da ANVISA no presente e suas perspectivas futuras. Pontos importantes discutidos s o as legisla es novas e futuras da ANVISA, com ênfase nas notifica es de eventos adversos e inspe es/auditorias em ensaios clínicos, e seu impacto na pesquisa clínica no Brasil sob o ponto de vista da indústria, da universidade, organiza es representativas de pesquisa clínica, médicos e outros profissionais de saúde. A importancia para a ANVISA da obten o de informa es a partir de ensaios clínicos para a avalia o do registro de novos medicamentos também é ressaltada.
Angioplastia coronariana versus cirurgia de revasculariza??o: revis?o de estudos randomizados
Andrade, Pedro José Negreiros de;Medeiros, Marta Maria das Chagas;Andrade, Antonio Thomaz de;Lima, Antonio Augusto Guimares;
Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0066-782X2011001200021
Abstract: we carried out a review that included results of randomized trials that made a comparison between percutaneous coronary intervention (pci) and coronary artery bypass grafting (cabg). the 25 selected trials involved 12,305 patients, 11,103 of whom were from studies in patients with multi-vessel disease and 1,212 were from studies in patients with single lesion of the left anterior descending (lad). in the studies of multi-vessel disease patients, the pci showed a trend towards lower early mortality (1.2% versus 2%) and lower incidence of stroke: 0.7% versus 1.65%. there was no difference in the intermediate mortality (3.8% versus 3.8%). there was a trend towards the superiority of cabg in late mortality (10.5% versus 9.6%). the difference was exclusively due to "balloon era" studies, with a trend towards an inversion in the "stent era" (9.6% versus 9.9%). in studies of single lesion of lad, there was no significant difference in any endpoint. the aggregation of results from nine studies that assessed late mortality in diabetic patients showed a difference in favor of surgery (21.3% versus 15.9%). two studies that evaluated main coronary artery disease did not show a significant difference in mortality at one year (3.9% versus 4.7%). the incidence of repeat revascularization was consistently higher in pci, despite the progressive improvement in results in the stent era.
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