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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 3133 matches for " Aline Sardinha "
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Auto-ajuda especializada State-of-the-art self-help
Aline Sardinha
Psicologia Clínica , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/s0103-56652008000200017
Abstract:
As rela??es entre a satisfa??o conjugal e as habilidades sociais percebidas no c?njuge
Sardinha, Aline;Falcone, Eliane Mary de Oliveira;Ferreira, Maria Cristina;
Psicologia: Teoria e Pesquisa , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-37722009000300013
Abstract: this study investigated the association between the social skills perceived by the spouse and marital satisfaction. fifty couples (n=100), aged from 29 to 69 and with relationship lasting from seven to 38 years, were asked to fill in the marital satisfaction scale, the marital social skills inventory and the marital empathy questionnaire. multiple regression analysis revealed that spouse's empathy was strongly correlated with marital satisfaction, followed by the expression of feelings and defense of own rights. the number of offspring was inversely correlated with satisfaction, and women were perceived by their partners as more empathic. the presence of social skills, particularly empathy, seems to be facilitators of marital satisfaction. interventions directed to the development of social skills may be useful in the treatment of distressed couples.
índice-H dos artigos citantes: uma contribui??o para a avalia??o da produ??o científica de pesquisadores experientes
Araújo, Claudio Gil Soares de;Sardinha, Aline;
Revista Brasileira de Medicina do Esporte , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1517-86922011000500013
Abstract: background: there has been an increasing interest and need in evaluating the quality of scientific papers written by researchers. therefore, the most important measurements used are the number of citations, the average number of citations per article published in indexed journals and the h-index. those bibliometric indicators present, however, limitations when assessing the potential impact of the publications of a given researcher, particularly among the most productive ones. objective: to propose and to demonstrate the use of a new scienciometric strategy - the h-index of the citing articles-, that allow to better discriminate the impact of a given researcher to the body of knowledge in the respective research area. methods: research data - web of science - from 13 of the most productive brazilian phd researchers in the field of exercise and sport sciences were analyzed, including: number of publications, number of citations, average number of citations per article, h-index and the proposed h-index of citing articles (the h-index extracted from the ranking of articles that cited the papers published by a given researcher). data from four other researchers - brazilian and foreign - were used as reference for comparisons. results: the researcher's h-index and the h-index of the citing articles were associated (r=.92; p>.01). however, when the six most productive authors were analyzed with h-index above 7, the association between the two indexes disappears (r=.35; p=.49). conclusions: the h-index of the citing articles can be useful to discriminate the scientific production of authors with a high number of published papers. it is suggested that this algorithm should be adopted by brazilian and foreign financing and scientific production evaluation agencies.
Ataques de panico s?o realmente inofensivos? O impacto cardiovascular do transtorno de panico
Sardinha, Aline;Nardi, Antonio Egidio;Zin, Walter Araújo;
Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-44462009000100014
Abstract: objective: psychosocial stress and depression have already been established as risk factors for developing and worsening cardiovascular diseases. anxiety disorders are been strongly associated to cardiac problems nowadays. panic disorder in cardiac patients represents a challenge for diagnose and treatment. update the reader on the status of the association between anxiety disorders, particularly panic disorder, in cardiac patients. method: were retrieved papers published at isi and medline databases since 1998. key-words used were: "heart disease", "coronary disease", "anxiety", "panic disorder" and "autonomic function". discussion: the characteristic autonomic pattern found in patients with panic disorder, particularly the reduction in heart rate variability, are discussed as potential mediators of the cardiovascular impact of panic disorder. conclusions: despite de established association between panic disorder and cardiac diseases, current literatures data points to a knowledge gap on treating and diagnosing the comorbidity between panic disorder and cardiovascular diseases. cognitive-behavioral therapy and regular supervised exercise are recommended as potential adjunct therapeutic interventions.
Tradu??o e adapta??o transcultural da vers?o brasileira do Questionário de Ansiedade Cardíaca
Sardinha, Aline;Nardi, Antonio Egidio;Eifert, Georg H.;
Revista de Psiquiatria do Rio Grande do Sul , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-81082008000300010
Abstract: introduction: there has been a growing interest in the cross-cultural application of psychological questionnaires to assess anxiety. the translation and cross-cultural adaptation of the original instrument is the first step in validating an instrument in a new population that will permit comparisons between different populations. the goals of this study were to translate the cardiac anxiety questionnaire, assess its semantic equivalence, and perform a preliminary test with participants from the brazilian population that were drawn from different educational backgrounds. method: the cross-cultural adaptation process consisted of two translations and back translations performed by two independent evaluators; a critical evaluation of the two versions, and the development of a synthesized version. we also examined comments provided by participants on the preliminary version of the questionnaire and used them for the development of the final version. results: we report the results of the four stages for each item of the instrument. participants with tertiary education had no difficulties comprehending the translated items of the questionnaire, only pointing item 5 as ambiguous. participants from the lower educational level reported comprehension problems regarding items 2, 4, 6, 7, 10, 11 and 14. some small changes were made in our first version to enhance comprehensibility. conclusion: the use of two versions of translations, a critical examination of the two versions, and suggestions made by participants resulted in a final brazilian version with a satisfactory degree of semantic accuracy and semantic equivalence with the original version.
Respiratory manifestations of panic disorder: causes, consequences and therapeutic implications
Sardinha, Aline;Freire, Rafael Christophe da Rocha;Zin, Walter Araújo;Nardi, Antonio Egidio;
Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1806-37132009000700012
Abstract: multiple respiratory abnormalities can be found in anxiety disorders, especially in panic disorder (pd). individuals with pd experience unexpected panic attacks, characterized by anxiety and fear, resulting in a number of autonomic and respiratory symptoms. respiratory stimulation is a common event during panic attacks. the respiratory abnormality most often reported in pd patients is increased co2 sensitivity, which has given rise to the hypothesis of fundamental abnormalities in the physiological mechanisms that control breathing in pd. there is evidence that pd patients with dominant respiratory symptoms are more sensitive to respiratory tests than are those who do not manifest such symptoms, and that the former group constitutes a distinct subtype. patients with pd tend to hyperventilate and to panic in response to respiratory stimulants such as co2, triggering the activation of a hypersensitive fear network. although respiratory physiology seems to remain normal in these subjects, recent evidence supports the idea that they present subclinical abnormalities in respiration and in other functions related to body homeostasis. the fear network, composed of the hippocampus, the medial prefrontal cortex, the amygdala and its brain stem projections, might be oversensitive in pd patients. this theory might explain why medication and cognitive-behavioral therapy are both clearly effective. our aim was to review the relationship between respiration and pd, addressing the respiratory subtype of pd and the hyperventilation syndrome, with a focus on respiratory challenge tests, as well as on the current mechanistic concepts and the pharmacological implications of this relationship.
Treinamento físico intervalado como ferramenta na terapia cognitivo-comportamental do transtorno de panico
Sardinha, Aline;Araújo, Claudio Gil Soares de;Nardi, Antonio Egidio;
Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0047-20852011000300013
Abstract: the present article reports the use of an interval aerobic exercise program as an adjunct intervention in the context of cognitive behavioural therapy in a patient with panic disorder and agoraphobia. we describe the procedures used in the exercise program and also the positive results achieved regarding cardiac anxiety reduction and everyday anxiety reduction concerning activities that requested physical effort.
Dismorfia muscular: análise comparativa entre um critério antropométrico e um instrumento psicológico
Sardinha, Aline;Oliveira, Aldair José de;Araújo, Claudio Gil Soares de;
Revista Brasileira de Medicina do Esporte , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1517-86922008000400013
Abstract: psychiatric disorders related to body image distortions are highly associated with physical and psychological distress and significant social and ocupacional disfunction. also, they are caracterized for inducing behaviors that can be harmful for the patient's health. muscle dysmorfia (md) is a subtype of body dysmorfic disorder, marked by specific and recurrent worring about muscle appearance and hipertrophy. this disorder is significantly more prevalent in men and, despite the actual level of muscle hipertrophy, the subjects seek increasing their body mass by excessive weight lifting, engaging in hiperproteic diets and using anabolic substances. the present study aimed to evaluate the construct validity of an antropometric criteria (the b/p index - the ratio between the perimeter of the contracted arm and the perimeter of the leg), previously proposed, as an antropometric indicator to suspect of md in weight lifters. a sample (n = 100) of male body builders, between 18 and 35 years old, were measured and responded the muscle appearance satisfaction scale (mass). their cineantropometric measures were also compared to the ones from another sample (n = 313), with similar demografic caracteristics, evaluated to start an exercise program. data analysis sugest that a subjetc with b/p > 1 have a higher probability of presenting a score that would indicate md in the mass. this results indicate that the b/p index can be used as a valid antropometric criteria to help exercise professionals suspect of md in individuals with b/p > 1 and reffer them to especialized professionals for diagnose and treatment.
Driving Cognitions Questionnaire: estudo de equivalência semantica
Carvalho, Marcele Regine de;Costa, Rafael Thomaz da;Sardinha, Aline;Melo-Neto, Valfrido Le?o de;Nardi, Antonio Egidio;
Revista de Psiquiatria do Rio Grande do Sul , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-81082011000100007
Abstract: introduction: the fear of driving may restrict the life of patients and cause serious personal, social, and occupational problems. it is important to use a suitable tool while assessing patients’ cognitions, once these findings may help formulate the problems observed and may guide the selection of a consistent treatment plan. the objective of this study was to describe the stages of translation and adaptation into brazilian portuguese of the driving cognitions questionnaire, designed to measure cognitions that may be present in the fear of driving. methods: three translations and three back translations were conducted by six independent evaluators. semantic equivalence assessment and evaluation of the different versions were conducted and resulted in a synthesized version of the instrument. comments made by 10 participants on the preliminary version of the questionnaire were examined. the preliminary brazilian version of the questionnaire was developed. results: most participants understood the cognitions as described in the brazilian portuguese version of the questionnaire. conclusion: the use of three different translations and back translations, discussion of a preliminary synthetic version and interaction with the target population contributed to the viability of the process aimed to assess the semantic equivalence of the brazilian final version.
Tradu??o e adapta??o transcultural do Questionário de Atividade Física Habitual
Sardinha, Aline;Levitan, Michelle N.;Lopes, Fabiana L.;Perna, Giampaolo;Esquivel, Gabriel;Griez, Eric J.;Nardi, Antonio E.;
Revista de Psiquiatria Clínica , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-60832010000100004
Abstract: background: there has been a growing scientific interest on the interface between exercise and psychiatric disorders. however, there is a lack of self-report instruments to assess levels of physical activity adapted to brazilian portuguese. objective: to translate, assess the semantic equivalence of the habitual physical activity questionnaire and perform a non-psychometric pre-test with subjects (n = 30) from the brazilian population, with different educational backgrounds. methods: the cross-cultural adaptation process consisted of two translations and back translations performed by two independent evaluators; an evaluation of the versions and the development of a synthetic version; and a commented pretest of the questionnaire. results: for each item of the instrument, the results of the four stages are reported. most of the participants (91%) did not present any difficulties comprehending the items of the instrument. further studies should be addressed to determine the adequacy of using this instrument in the less-educated population. we recommend that less instructed subjects be supervised while responding the questionnaire. discussion: the use of two translations versions, their critical appraisal and the assessment of the target population conceives more safety to the process of semantic equivalence.
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