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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 2970 matches for " Aline Marcadenti "
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ADRB2, ADRB3, BDKRB2 and MTNR1B Genes Related to Body fat Modulation and Its Interaction with Physical Activity and Blood Pressure  [PDF]
Aline Marcadenti
Open Journal of Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases (OJEMD) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojemd.2015.57012
Abstract: Hypertension (HTN) is the risk factor that most contributes to mortality rates in the world, followed by physical inactivity and obesity. Despite the influence of genetic factors on the genesis of HTN, blood pressure levels are strongly influenced by environmental factors such as physical inactivity and overweight, characterizing it as a polygenic disease. Genetic components and environmental factors such as physical exercise may modulate the phenotype of individuals predisposed to medical conditions such as HTN, independently of modifiable factors such as increased levels of adiposity; however, studies have shown that polymorphic forms detected in genes involved in the mechanisms of blood pressure regulation and also related to body fat modulation may interact with physical activity levels and HTN. The aim of this article is to review the interactions between polymorphisms in ADRB2, ADRB3, BDKRB2 and MTNR1B genes, physical activity and blood pressure.
Effects of Coconut Oil on Human Health  [PDF]
Laura Boemeke, Aline Marcadenti, Fernanda Michielin Busnello, Catarina Bertaso Andreatta Gottschall
Open Journal of Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases (OJEMD) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojemd.2015.57011
Abstract: Coconut oil (CO) has generated discussions about its possible effects on health, especially for being an oil rich in saturated fat, which is known to contribute to the development of atherosclerosis and cardiovascular diseases. On the other hand, CO contains high levels of lauric acid that is directly absorbed by enterocytes and may prevent the fat deposition in blood vessels. In addition, flavonoids and polyphenols present in CO may be beneficial in reducing the oxidative stress involved in the etiology of various diseases, for instance, cardiovascular diseases and cancer. This article aimed to review the likely benefits of CO and its effects related to oxidative stress, hyperlipidemia and chronicle diseases in humans.
Avocado and Cardiovascular Health  [PDF]
Camila Weschenfelder, Júlia Lorenzon dos Santos, Priscilla Azambuja Lopes de Souza, Viviane Paiva de Campos, Aline Marcadenti
Open Journal of Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases (OJEMD) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojemd.2015.57010
Abstract: Avocado is a fruit which had a caloric density of 1.7 kcal per gram and a half unit (~70 g) is composed by 114 kcal, 4.6 g of fibers, 345 mg of potassium, 19.5 mg of magnesium, 1.3 mg of vitamin E and 57 mg of phytosterols. Approximately 75% of fiber’s avocado contents are considered insoluble and 25% are soluble. The avocado contains lipids that consist of 71% from monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA), 13% from polyunsaturated (PUFA) and 16% from saturated fatty acids (SFA). Recent researches have shown that avocado may improve hypercholesterolemia and may be useful in the treatment of hypertension and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). This way, avocado plays an important role in the cardiovascular health. This review summarizes the potential benefits of avocado consumption in the prevention of cardiovascular risk factors and metabolic diseases.
Acceptance of low-sodium diets among patients with heart diseases in a tertiary hospital Aceita o de dietas com reduzido teor de sódio entre cardiopatas em um hospital terciário
Bruna Fraga dos Santos,Magda Ambros Cammerer,Aline Marcadenti
Ciência & Saúde , 2012,
Abstract: Objective: To evaluate the acceptance of low-sodium diets among patients with heart diseases in a tertiary hospital in Porto Alegre, RS. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed in patients with medical prescription of sodium restricted diets, standardized by the hospital. We have evaluated wasted food from one meal (lunch or dinner) by weighing it. Subjective Global Assessment (SGA) was used for nutritional status assessment. Demographic data and reasons for no acceptance of the diet were recorded using a questionnaire. Results: Among the 173 patients assessed, mean age was 63±14.4 years. According to SGA, 84% of the individuals were classified as (A) - well nourished and 16% suspicion/malnourished (SGA B). Seventy-one per cent of all individuals reported not to fully accept the meal provided by the hospital. Seventy-three per cent of the patients reported that usually restrict sodium chloride in their diet at home. Meat was the kind of food with greater acceptance, and rice had lower acceptance. On average, around 167 kcal were not consumed in a full meal, representing around 8% from the total daily energy that was supposed to be supplied by the diet prescribed. There was no difference in the acceptance between both low-sodium diets standardized (“Low-Sodium” and “Cardiopaty”) and the salt reduction was the most cited reason from patients to justify the meal rejection. Conclusions: Reduction of sodium was the factor that most influenced the low acceptance of the meal among prescribed diets. The lack of energy value from the rejected food can negatively affect nutritional status. Objetivo: Avaliar a aceita o de dietas com restri o de sal por pacientes portadores de cardiopatias admitidos em um hospital terciário de Porto Alegre, RS. Materiais e Métodos: Estudo transversal entre pacientes com prescri o de dietas restritas em sódio, padronizadas pelo hospital. Foram verificados os restos de alimentos de uma refei o (almo o ou jantar) através de pesagem e o estado nutricional foi detectado através de Avalia o Subjetiva Global (ASG). Dados demográficos e motivos para a aceita o ou n o da dieta foram verificados através de questionário. Resultados: Entre 173 pacientes avaliados, a média de idade foi de 63±14,4 anos, 84% foram classificados como bem nutridos (A) de acordo com ASG e 16% moderadamente/suspeita (ASG B). Quanto à aceita o, 71% relataram n o aceitar plenamente a refei o fornecida pelo hospital. Em contrapartida, 73% relataram que já restringiam o cloreto de sódio na alimenta o em casa. A carne foi a prepara o com mel
Desnutri o, tempo de interna o e mortalidade em um hospital geral do Sul do Brasil Malnutrition, length of hospital stay and mortality in a General Hospital in Southern Brazil
Aline Marcadenti,Carla Vencatto,Maria Elisabeth Boucinha,Marlene Pooch Leuch
Ciência & Saúde , 2011,
Abstract: Objetivo: Detectar prevalências de desnutri o através de três métodos de avalia o do estado nutricional e verificar associa es com o tempo de interna o hospitalar e mortalidade. Materiais e Métodos: Estudo transversal incluindo 445 pacientes com idade maior ou igual a 18 anos, de ambos os sexos, admitidos em hospital geral terciário. Avalia o Subjetiva Global (ASG), índice de Massa Corporal (IMC) e Circunferência do Bra o (CB) foram avaliados. Dados demográficos e relativos a tempo de interna o e óbito foram obtidos através de questionário e prontuário médico. Testes t de Student, Qui-quadrado de Pearson e Regress o de Poisson Modificada foram utilizados. Resultados: As prevalências de desnutri o foram respectivamente: IMC: 15,5%; CB: 41,1% e ASG: 39,8%. Na análise multivariada, a desnutri o detectada pela ASG no momento da admiss o associou-se significativamente com tempo de interna o hospitalar igual ou superior a dez dias (RP 1,29 IC95% 1,08 – 1,53 P=0,005) e óbito durante a permanência hospitalar (RP 4,36 IC95% 1,93 – 9,85 P=0,001). Conclus es: As prevalências de desnutri o detectadas por três indicadores s o elevadas em nosso hospital. Entretanto, somente a ASG no momento da admiss o hospitalar associou-se significativamente com tempo de permanência maior ou igual a 10 dias e óbito. Objective: To detect the malnutrition prevalence using three methods to assess the nutritional status and to verify possible associations with the length of hospital stay and mortality. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study including 445 men and women, aged 18 years old or more, admitted in a general tertiary hospital. Subjective Global Assessment (SGA), Body Mass Index (BMI) and Middle Upper Arm Circumference (MUAC) were evaluated. Demographic data and information about length of hospital stay and mortality were obtained from questionnaire and medical records. Student T test, Chi-square test and Modified Poisson Regression were used in the statistical analysis. Results: Prevalence of malnutrition was respectively: BMI: 15.5%, MAUC: 41.1% and SGA 39.8%. In the multivariate analysis, malnutrition detected by SGA at hospital admission was significantly associated with length of stay higher or equal than 10 days (PR 1.29 IC95% 1.08 – 1.53 P=0,005) and death during hospitalization (PR 4.36 IC95% 1.93 – 9.85 P=0,001). Conclusions: Prevalence of malnutrition detected by three methods to assess the nutritional status is high in our hospital. However, only the SGA at hospital admission was significantly associated with length of stay higher or equal than 10 d
The Impact of the Essential Fatty Acids (EFA) in Human Health  [PDF]
Alberto Krayyem Arbex, Vagner Rosa Bizarro, Julio Cesar Salles Santos, Lis Marina Mesquita Araújo, Ana Luísa Concei??o de Jesus, Minelli Salles Alves Fernandes, Marcela Miranda Salles, Denise Rosso Tenório Wanderley Rocha, Aline Marcadenti
Open Journal of Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases (OJEMD) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojemd.2015.57013
Abstract: Linoleic (LA) and α-linolenic acids (ALA) are considered essential fatty acids (EFA) because they are not produced by the human body. This way, EFAs sources must come from the diet. The primary dietary source of n-3 fatty acids is ALA, found in seeds and seed oils. Other important sources are fish oils such as tuna, salmon and herring. Currently, numerous studies suggest possible benefits of essential fatty acids in human health, such as in cardiovascular, cognitive and eye health, and also during pregnancy and childhood. This paper also discusses the impact of fatty acids in human metabolism, and the available evidence regarding its risks. It addresses the relevant debate regarding a general ban of trans fatty acids (TFA) from the world food market, because of the cardiovascular risks associated with its consumption.
Como se constrói um artes?o: negocia??es de significado e uma "cara nova" para as "coisas da vovó"
Sapiezinskas, Aline;
Horizontes Antropológicos , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-71832012000200006
Abstract: this article aims to discuss how it is formed the so called "design artcraft", which comes to life with the convergence of technical practices of designers and the "traditional knowledge" of artisans. this knowledge is said to be passed from generation to generation. taking into account my fieldwork experience with artisans in brasília, i try and unveil how emerges the notion that artcraft production should follow formal and aesthetical requirements in order to please the consumers and thus succeed in the market. some "myths" regarding the artcraft work are put at stake on the paper, which shows how symbolic disputes among artisans, designers and institutions emerge in the field. i chose to approach artcrafts in brasília as a field, in accordance to the concept of pierre bourdieu. by so doing, i was able to identify the most relevant social actors and the roles they play in this specific case. this concept also allows me to reveal the power struggles that institute practices and form this field. i try to link bourdieu's approach to the symbolic interactionism of georg simmel and erving goffman. although these authors have their particularities, both share the common notion of a social constructed reality through the experience of the actors within a specific context. in addition to these references, i also incorporated in my analysis a perspective of geertz, who emphasizes the importance of the context and interpretation for the symbolic anthropology.
Writing Citizenship: Flexible Forms of Belonging in Kao Kalia Yang’s The Late Homecomer
Aline Lo
Hmong Studies Journal , 2011,
Abstract: This article draws on the idea of a more flexible category of citizenship from Michel Laguerre and Bonnie Honig, arguing that Kao Kalia Yang’s The Latehomecomer presents readers with a displacement narrative that negates national belonging and the traditional myth of immigrant America, and, instead, upholds an idea of self-identification that is based not on the nation-state, but on family continuity and finding refuge in writing.
Les relations franco-allemandes au sein de la cha ne culturelle à vocation européenne ARTE. Dissensions et modes de résolution des conflits au prisme de l’analyse stratégique et de la sociologie des organisations
Aline Hartemann
Trajectoires , 2011,
Abstract: Les relations entre les partenaires fran ais et allemands de la cha ne de télévision culturelle européenne ARTE sont parfois placées sous le signe du conflit. Celui-ci a été analysé dans la littérature sous l’angle de diverses approches : sociologie des médias et du journalisme, analyse interculturelle par exemple. Or l’analyse stratégique que mobilise la sociologie de l’action organisée, développée en France par Crozier et Friedberg, a été peu utilisée sur des objets culturels. Elle permet de penser les liens entre les partenaires d’ARTE en termes de relations de pouvoir qui se jouent autour des différents enjeux qui sont objets de conflit. Die Beziehungen zwischen den deutschen und franz sischen Partnern des europ ischen Kulturfernsehsenders ARTE sind oft konfliktgeladen. Dieses Ph nomen wurde in der Fachliteratur mit unterschiedlichen theoretischen Ans tzen (z.B. Mediensoziologie, Soziologie des Journalismus, interkulturelle Theorie) analysiert. Der in Frankreich von Crozier et Friedberg entwickelte strategische Ansatz der Soziologie der organisierten Aktion wurde nur selten auf kulturelle Forschungsobjekte angewandt. Dieser Beitrag analysiert die Beziehungen zwischen den ARTE-Partnern als Machtbeziehungen, die sich auf unterschiedlichen Ebenen und in unterschiedlichen Streitgegenst nden u ern.
Le temple-mémorial de Chateau-Thierry : approche monographique
Aline Magnien
In Situ : Revue de Patrimoines , 2005, DOI: 10.4000/insitu.9352
Abstract: Le temple-mémorial de Chateau-Thierry, inauguré en 1924 est réalisé par deux architectes : Paul-Philippe Cret et Achille-Henri Chauquet, L’édifice est décoré d’un vitrail-tableau intitulé La Fayette nous voilà ! représentant La Fayette accueillant le général Pershing et de verrières ornées de scènes tirées des Paraboles de l’artiste suisse Eugène Burnand par son fils David Burnand. La chaire et le mobilier ont été offerts par des paroisses américaines en souvenir des soldats tombés au front. Par son architecture, son mobilier et les circonstances de la commande, le temple de Chateau-Thierry méritait une étude. The American memorial church of Chateau-Thierry, dedicated in 1924 has been built by two architects, Paul-Philippe Cret and Achille-Henri Chauquet. The church is adorned by a stained glass church window showing La Fayette welcoming Pershing and by some others stained glasses representing parables by David Burnand from sketches of his father Eugène Burnand. American churches supplied the pulpit and other furniture to adorn the building in memory of the soldiers died in the battle front. By its architecture, its furniture and the circumstances of its edification, the memorial church of Chateau-Thierry deserves a study
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