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Northern Labyrinth—A Key to Time, Space, Information  [PDF]
Alina Paranina
Natural Resources (NR) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/nr.2013.44042
Abstract:

Northern labyrinths are stone constructions of different shapes, dating back to III-I century BC. They mainly appear on capes on peninsulas and islands up to 13-25 metresabove the sea level. Their area begins from Scilly Isles (England) and in the White Sea (Russia). Opinions of scientists concerning their designation are controversial. Assumptions about their practical meaning haven’t been proved: no burials have been found underneath; fishing equipment cannot be located so far from the area of tides. Most of the scientists link labyrinths with the sphere of spiritual culture: sanctuaries, altars, sacred places, schemes of rituals and magical centers. Assumptions about calendar designation link the picture of labyrinth with schemes of orbits of the Sun, the Moon, planets and stars. However they do not explain the application of this technology. The author’s concept is based on the opposite astronomical alignment by the shade of gnomon and considers peculiarities of the geographical space of Northern regions (polar days and white nights). The aim of the research is to prove that the key to decoding the picture of a classic Northern labyrinth is a gnomon located in the centre of the construction. Field research has been conducted on Zayztskiy Island in Solovetskiy Archipelago. Experiments of imitation modeling have been done, analysis of linguistic and toponymic materials, archeological, astronomical, ethnographical and mythological and other sources has been implemented. The research has proved that observations of the shade can help to create a calendar in a shape of a bispiral labyrinth. The structure of labyrinth is convenient for defining the North, dividing daytime and defining geographical altitude of the observation point. Orientation in space and time has become the basis for navigation frame of the territory. A set of stone instruments is the key of a navigation frame of the territory. Life-essential stages of the yearly lighting are reflected in specific geometry shapes of shades. They have been preserved in mythological images of the Sun, solar symbols and modern sign systems. Languages, alphabets, numeric systems can be considered as models of geographical space and have evolved thanks to observations of the light movement. Key results of the

Navigation in Space-Time as the Basis for Information Modeling  [PDF]
Alina Paranina
Archaeological Discovery (AD) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ad.2014.23010
Abstract: The article presents the author’s concept of information modeling of the world, based on the leading role of solar navigation (orientation in space-time by the sun). The concept was developed in the course of comprehensive research on the main patterns of use of information resources (semiotics) during the exploration of nature of geographical space by humans. The objects of the study were the monuments of ancient material culture of European Russia and Southern Siberia. The applied field research methods include survey, description, observation, work with maps and Earth remote sensing, as well as methods of mathematical, conceptual modeling and mapping. Theoretical analysis is based on the theory of reflection and systemic and chorological approach, methodological statements of historical geography by V.I. Paranin.
Biomarkers and atrial fibrillation: A new paradigm for assessing the progression of left atrial endocardial remodelling  [PDF]
Philippe Chevalier, Alina Scridon
Open Journal of Clinical Diagnostics (OJCD) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojcd.2012.22004
Abstract: Atrial fibrillation is a heterogeneous disorder that is usually characterized by paroxysmal onset, particularly in patients without structural heart disease. Defining biological markers of atrial remodelling would help identify patients at high risk who would benefit most from prophylactic treatment and careful monitoring. Biomarkers of atrial fibrillation progression would be helpful for following patients that present with asymptomatic atrial fibrillation. Notably, the roles of such markers in the pathophysiology of atrial fibrillation must be determined. Some markers may indicate the presence, complications or progression of the disease, while others may be involved in key pathological processes and thus represent novel therapeutic targets. Although a number of markers have been reported as potential predictors of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation progression towards persistent arrhythmia, their usefulness and clinical value need further validation. This report reviews several newly identified markers of atrial fibrillation progression.
Children Should Not Be Silenced  [PDF]
Alina Georgeta Mag
Creative Education (CE) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2014.511099
Abstract:


Early Years services in Romania have, until recently, lacked any form of national financial support. Early childhood practitioners are very low paid and the investments in training programs are insufficient. The impact on children should be considered and policy decisions should be taken, in order to grow the opportunities for training. In a world affected by financial crises, attitudes about children’s needs are very important. This research evaluates if the voices of children in Romanian preschools are heard and proposes new educational policy in order to train practitioners for preschools. The purpose of the study is to involve practitioners and parents in the Early Years in an experimental training program called: “Voices of Children in Romania”. We discovered that according to the traditional attitudes of Romanian parents and practitioners, children’s voices are rarely taken into consideration. After the new training program was put into practice in preschools and homes, teachers and parents started to give more attention to children’s voices and children’s wellbeing was improved. The study is relevant in order to increase public attention to the professional development of the early childhood workforce as a factor that can contribute to a healthy childhood.


?Qué sucede en casa? Mujeres inmigrantes de la Norpatagonia andina (1900-1935)
Carey,Alina;
La aljaba , 2011,
Abstract: early last century, the andean northern patagonia people established itself within a context of unequal power relations and a heterogeneous population. women were then distinguished only by their ethnic and class origins, which included indigenous, chilean and european immigrants. they were unified by their subordination to male mandates. within this regional environment i tried to examine the role played by the immigrant women in the first half of the twentieth century; who live their life trough multiple activities in their home and for their family. women who were usually a forgotten issue for historians. the aim of this paper is to contribute, from a regional and gender perspective, to the history studies of these women. women who were active participants in the migration process, and had an important role in biological and cultural society reproduction.
An Approach of Neuro-Fuzzy Classifiers Using the Example Dependent Costs
Alina Constantinescu
Lecture Notes in Engineering and Computer Science , 2009,
Abstract:
REGIONAL BLACK SEA ARCHITECTURE AND CONSEQUENCES FOR THE REGIONAL COOPERATION FRAMEWORK
Alina Homorozean
Romanian Journal of European Affairs (RJEA) , 2010,
Abstract: Sometimes considered an asset, other times a liability, the Black Sea started recently to be regarded as a region. However, the Black Sea Region lacks a common vision, often due to the complicated and often inefficient nexus of regional cooperation initiatives. Following the logic of finding regional solutions for regional problems, this paper aims to assess existing institutional and regional initiatives, reflecting on the implications for the success of Black Sea regionalism in creating patterns of sustained and sustainable development and a high degree of actors' involvement.This paper concentrates on two complementary research questions: What is the regional order in the BSR and what does it imply for its future? What is the current contribution of the most significant cooperation initiatives and what are the consequences for regional institutionalism? For the purpose of this paper, I draw on best-practices from other two regions: the Northern Dimension and South- East Asia. Through a comparative perspective, I suggest an analysis of the most important initiatives: BSEC, CDC, Black Sea Synergy, Eastern Partnership, Baku Initiative and the BSF. This paper argues that a possible strategic solution for successful policy development lies in the creation of an integrated regional cooperation package, functioning on the principles of multi-speed and multi-dimensional cooperation in several policy fields, in a context in which the BSR seems to be caught between two paradigms: a European and a Russian-oriented one.
Entre mémoire, histoire et fiction : les récits de vie des écrivains roumains de l’après-guerre dans le contexte socioculturel post-totalitaire
Alina Crihan?
Synergies Roumanie , 2011,
Abstract: à partir de l’idée selon laquelle les vérités inhérentes à tout récit personnel naissent d’un véritable ancrage dans le monde, dans ce qui fait la vie - les passions, […] les idées, les systèmes conceptuels , les histoires individuelles exprimant, autant d’efforts pour saisir la confusion et la complexité de la condition humaine (R. Josselson), notre travail se fonde sur une démarche interdisciplinaire dont l’enjeu fondamental est l’analyse et l’interprétation des récits de vie publiés par les écrivains roumains dans le contexte socioculturel post-totalitaire, du point de vue de leur engagement dans le champ culturel circonscrit à une histoire obsédante . L’article se donne pour but, en particulier, une analyse des rapports entre l’auteur / narrateur et la grande histoire , entre l’histoire personnelle et sa mise en intrigue , entre l’identité réelle et l’identité narrative , et aussi des modalités de configuration de certains scénarios identitaires fondés sur la reconfiguration de l’histoire hypostasiée.
On some classes of meromorphic functions defined by subordination and superordination
Alina Totoi
Opuscula Mathematica , 2011,
Abstract: Let $p\in N^*$ and $\beta,\gamma\in C$ with $\beta\neq 0$ and let $\Sigma_p$ denote the class of meromorphic functions of the form $g(z)={\ds\frac{a_{-p}}{z^p}}+a_0+a_1z+\cdots,\,z\in \dot U,\,a_{-p}\neq 0$. We consider the integral operator $J_{p,\beta,\gamma}:K_{p,\beta,\gamma}\subset\Sigma_p\to \Sigma_p$ defined by $$J_{p,\beta,\gamma}(g)(z)=\left[\frac{\gamma-p\beta}{z^\gamma }\int_0^zg^\beta(t) t^{\gamma-1}dt\right]^{\frac{1}{\beta}},\,g\in K_{p,\beta,\gamma},\,z\in \dot U.$$ We introduce some new subclasses of the class $\Sigma_p$, associated with subordination and superordination, such that, in some particular cases, these new subclasses are the well-known classes of meromorphic starlike functions and we study the properties of these subclasses with respect to the operator $J_{p,\beta,\gamma}$.
Kino film titrai kaip kalb mokymosi priemon . Untertitel als Mittel zum Fremdsprachenerwerb
Alina Baravykait?
Kalbotyra , 2007,
Abstract: Das in den letzten Jahren spürbare Bestreben der litauischen Gesetzgeber, Untertitelung von Fernsehfilmen zwecks Fremdsprachenerwerb gesetzlich anzuordnen, l ste eine Auseinandersetzung in der ffentlichkeit aus, die sich in der Presse sowie im Internet widerspiegelt und als Ansto zum vorliegenden Beitrag dient. Diese Arbeit stellt den Versuch dar, die M glichkeiten und Grenzen der Untertitelung als eines Mittels zum Fremdsprachenerwerb zu untersuchen. Auf Grund der fehlenden wissenschaftlichen Forschungen in diesem Bereich sollen dabei empirische Betrachtungen und die vergleichende Textanalyse von Original und übersetzung als Hilfe dienen. Auch wenn die Relevanz der Untertitelung für den Fremdsprachenerwerb nicht bestreitbar ist, ist sie aber zugleich nicht zu übersch tzen: Durch die lediglich für diese Form der audiovisuellen übersetzung charakteristischen Merkmale (kurze Einblendezeit, kondensierte Sprache und begrenzte übertragungsm glichkeiten von Realia-Begriffen, Phraseologismen, Intertextualismen, dem Wortspiel etc.) bleiben dem Zuschauer oft sprachliche Stilmittel vorenthalten und der in allen übersetzungsbereichen vorkommende unausweichliche Sinn- und Wirkungsverlust des Originals wird erheblich verst rkt. Anbetracht der erw hnten Aspekte und der h ufigen fehlerhaften übersetzungen sollen Untertitel nur als Hilfsmittel beim Fremdsprachenerwerb angewendet werden, wobei herk mmliche Lehr- und Lernstrategien von Fremdsprachen in den Vordergrund treten müssen.
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