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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 4875 matches for " Alice Neal "
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The Satellite Cell in Male and Female, Developing and Adult Mouse Muscle: Distinct Stem Cells for Growth and Regeneration
Alice Neal, Luisa Boldrin, Jennifer Elizabeth Morgan
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0037950
Abstract: Satellite cells are myogenic cells found between the basal lamina and the sarcolemma of the muscle fibre. Satellite cells are the source of new myofibres; as such, satellite cell transplantation holds promise as a treatment for muscular dystrophies. We have investigated age and sex differences between mouse satellite cells in vitro and assessed the importance of these factors as mediators of donor cell engraftment in an in vivo model of satellite cell transplantation. We found that satellite cell numbers are increased in growing compared to adult and in male compared to female adult mice. We saw no difference in the expression of the myogenic regulatory factors between male and female mice, but distinct profiles were observed according to developmental stage. We show that, in contrast to adult mice, the majority of satellite cells from two week old mice are proliferating to facilitate myofibre growth; however a small proportion of these cells are quiescent and not contributing to this growth programme. Despite observed changes in satellite cell populations, there is no difference in engraftment efficiency either between satellite cells derived from adult or pre-weaned donor mice, male or female donor cells, or between male and female host muscle environments. We suggest there exist two distinct satellite cell populations: one for muscle growth and maintenance and one for muscle regeneration.
Work Experience: Participation or Creation?  [PDF]
Alice Itani
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2014.55052

Where does the successful performance of businesses and organizations mostly stem from? Is it from engagement in work or an effort undergoing imposed expectations? The latter has been a matter of much controversy. Proposals for participation in the workplace were a target of much criticism by Castoriadis and Tragtemberg. Without intending to answer such a predicament, this paper discusses points that seek to contribute to the debate. It analyzes the experience of air traffic controllers, which may be approached not as much as an effort in itself, but as the result of a collective creative process. It is based on research data collected from the past fifteen years from aviation workers, above all from air traffic control centers in S?o Paulo and Rio de Janeiro.

On the Toponymy of the Iranian Azerbaijan  [PDF]
Alice Assadorian
Advances in Anthropology (AA) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/aa.2017.73010
Abstract: The article is a tentative classification of the toponymy of the Turkish speaking Iranian regions, now including Eastern and Western Azerbaijans, Ardabil, Zanjan and Ghazvin Provinces. Based on a comprehensive study the writer did, as of 2008, a database of 12,000 Iranian toponyms was collected from the series of volumes of Farhang-e joγrāfyāyīī-e īrān, (Iranian Geographical Encyclopedia), published by the Persian Army Survey (1949-1982). In addition, information was collected from local private libraries, and scattered articles from patriotic scholars like Ahmad Kasravi1. Finally, to update the data, due to the socio-political developments affecting the toponymy of the country during the recent years, several field studies were also done in the various provinces of Iran including Ardabil, Eastern and Western Azerbaijans, Kurdistan, Gilan, Mazandaran and Khorasan. The collected data were categorized from different aspects regarding the origin of the toponyms, their meanings, and their word formation procedures. This article aims to provide evidence that the original Iranian elements are present in the toponymy of Iran, including all Turkish speaking provinces, and that the linguistic shift from Persian to Turkish in the region, has by no means affected the ethnic Iranian characteristics and identity of its population, against all propaganda to impose Turkish origins and identity to the people of the region. The focus of the study was to locate the common Iranian topoformant suffixes found in the place names throughout the country. The article casts a particular look at the tentative etymology of a place name of the Iranian origin (Sām-aspī), attested in Ardabīl district.
Protection of Design Patents in China and Comparison with European Union Law: How Foreign Companies Can Protect Their Design Patents in China  [PDF]
Alice Graneris
Beijing Law Review (BLR) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/blr.2019.101013
Abstract: This paper is mainly focused on a specific aspect of Chinese intellectual property law: design patents and utility models related to foreign companies, especially in automotive and fashion industries. It aims to analyze and examine the protection of design patents and utility models featuring in foreground real cases in China and involving foreign companies, especially European and Italian companies. Holders of intellectual property rights and possible solutions to their cases are the focus and objective of this paper: how foreign companies can face these issues through the existing Chinese intellectual property law and, when Chinese law is not satisfactory enough or when there is a lack, trying to find new possible solutions and suggestions which might be beneficial for foreign companies. Considering interests and concerns which involve foreign companies and their products in the subject matter, Chinese intellectual property law has evolved in the past few years in order to safeguard foreign companies from infringement of their rights, which became quite frequent. Currently the aim of Chinese intellectual property law is not only to prevent lawsuits between foreign and local companies, but also the infringement itself by local companies. Comparing Chinese intellectual property law with European provisions concerning intellectual property rights system, the objective is trying to understand the differences and mostly the advantages that one system can show more than the other one, finding new strategies and remedies, such as updates and solutions that might be useful to insert in the current Chinese intellectual property system and which might be efficient and functional for foreign companies’ business in China as well as to protect their intellectual property rights in the best way.
Hepatobiliary Cystadenocarcinoma
Neal Wilkinson
Case Reports in Hepatology , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/298957
Abstract: Biliary cystadenocarcinomas are rare tumors that are poorly understood. Preoperative imaging is imprecise and treatment is not standardized. We describe the presentation and treatment of one of these rare tumors and review the limited published literature.
Quantifying the Importance of Interleukin-6 for Coronary Heart Disease
Bruce Neal
PLOS Medicine , 2008, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.0050084
What not to do in medical statistics
Alexander, Neal;
Revista Brasileira de Saúde Materno Infantil , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S1519-38292007000300012
Abstract: there have been major efforts to improve the application of statistical methods in medical research, although some errors and misconceptions persist. in this paper i will review some of the topics which most often cause problems: a) comparison of two methods of clinical measurement; b) comparison of baseline values between arms of a randomized trial; c) absence of evidence as opposed to evidence of absence; and d) regression to the mean. i will also revisit a statistical error in one of my own publications. i review some causes of the continuing misuse of statistics, and make some suggestions for modifying the education of statistical and non-statistical medical researchers in order to alleviate this.
Rare earth element concentrations in dissolved and acid available particulate forms for eastern UK rivers
C. Neal
Hydrology and Earth System Sciences (HESS) & Discussions (HESSD) , 2007,
Abstract: Variations in concentration of yttrium (Y), lanthanum (La), cerium (Ce), neodymium (Nd), samarium (Sm) and gadolinium (Gd) among rivers of eastern England and the border with Scotland are described in relation to the dissolved (<0.45 μM) fraction and acid-available particulate (AAP) fractions. The rivers cover a range of rural, agricultural and urban/industrial environments. Yttrium and the lanthanides show significant levels of both dissolved and acid-available particulate forms (typically about 40% in the dissolved form). For the dissolved phase, Y and the lanthanides are linearly correlated with each other and with iron: most of this dissolved component may be in a micro-particulate/colloidal form. The Y and lanthanide relationships show marked scatter and there are anomalously high La concentrations at times for the rivers Great Ouse, Thames and Wear that are probably linked to pollutant sources. For the Ouse, and especially for one of its tributaries, the Swale, relatively high Sm concentrations are probably associated with mineralisation within the catchment and contamination of the associated flood plain. For the AAP components, there are strong linear relationships with Y and the lanthanides across all the rivers. There is also a strong link between these AAP associated REE and AAP iron, although the scatter is greater and the industrial rivers have a lower lanthanide to iron ratio, probably due to iron-rich contaminants.
Dry Valley Research: a Case Study from the Yorkshire Wolds
Cath Neal
Papers from the Institute of Archaeology , 2006, DOI: 10.5334/pia.272
The Hubble Constant
Jackson Neal
Living Reviews in Relativity , 2007,
Abstract: I review the current state of determinations of the Hubble constant, which gives the length scale of the Universe by relating the expansion velocity of objects to their distance. In the last 20 years, much progress has been made and estimates now range between 60 and 75 km s^-1 Mpc^-1, with most now between 70 and 75 km s^-1 Mpc^-1, a huge improvement over the factor-of-2 uncertainty which used to prevail. Further improvements which gave a generally agreed margin of error of a few percent rather than the current 10% would be vital input to much other interesting cosmology. There are several programmes which are likely to lead us to this point in the next 10 years.
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