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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 417150 matches for " Ali M. M. "
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Laplace Transform Method for Unsteady Thin Film Flow of a Second Grade Fluid through a Porous Medium  [PDF]
M. Ali, M. Awais
Journal of Modern Physics (JMP) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jmp.2014.53017

In this article, we have effectively used the Numerical Inversion of Laplace transform to study the time-dependent thin film flow of a second grade fluid flowing down an inclined plane through a porous medium. The solution to the governing equation is obtained by using the standard Laplace transform. However, to transform the obtained solutions from Laplace space back to the original space, we have used the Numerical Inversion of Laplace transform. Graphical results have been presented to show the effects of different parameters involved and to show how the fluid flow evolves with time.

Optimal Convergence Analysis for Convection Dominated Diffusion Problems  [PDF]
M. A. Mohamed Ali
Journal of Applied Mathematics and Physics (JAMP) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jamp.2013.13004

In classical mixed finite element method, the choice of the finite element approximating spaces is restricted by the imposition of the LBB consistency condition. The method of H1-Galerkin mixed finite element method avoids completely the imposition of such a condition on the approximating spaces. In this article, we discuss and analyze error estimates for Convection-dominated diffusion problems using H1-Galerkin mixed finite element method, along with the method of characteristics. Optimal order of convergence has been achieved for the error estimates of a two-step Euler backward difference scheme.

Rock Slope Stability Problems in Wadi Quaz-Dam Site No. 2, Jeddah-Saudi Arabia  [PDF]
Ali Abdullah M. Alzahrani
World Journal of Engineering and Technology (WJET) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/wjet.2015.34026
Abstract: The present investigation deals with the engineering geological studies of soil and rock masses in the Wadi Quaz area-Dam No. 2, East of Jeddah. Wadi Quaz area-Dam No. 2, East of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia often faces floods during rainy seasons, so it is so urgent to investigate the area before building any dam or preventing water from flow. Preventing water from flow will produce new dangerous factors such as uplift force which may cause the dam failure. To have a better understanding of the factors that may affect the slope stability, many rock slope locations are observed in detail to assess the effect of discontinuities formed in the rock masses. Fieldwork and Laboratory tests were carried out on soil and rocks. Soils included identification of soil type using unified soil classification system, permeability, water content and field density were done for soils. Rocks include identification of physical and mechanical properties such as: rock type, degree of weathering, rock strength, RQD, joint spacing measurements, and geometric properties (Dip, and Dip direction). Different methods were used to evaluate the potential failure in the studied area depending on rock mass rating and slope stability analysis. The well-known classification of rock masses titled Rock Mass Rating system [1] was used for categorizing the rock masses in the studied area besides slope mass rating [2] which would help to estimate the rock stability. The kinematical analysis was applied to investigate the potential failure mode which might occur in the dam abutments. This paper will provide the stability of dam abutments in both summer season and winter season besides general estimation of the seepage problems related to the soil and according to its permeability.
Some Structural Properties of Dynamically Drawn iPP Fibers  [PDF]
Afaf M. Ali
Optics and Photonics Journal (OPJ) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/opj.2017.76011
Abstract: Changes in the different structural parameters of iPP fibers during the dynamically cold drawing process were characterized. Using the dynamic mechanical cold drawing device attached to Fizeau interference system all the optical and structural properties can be measured. With the aid of this device the effect of the strain rate on the different structure properties was measured. The molecular orientations, molecular polarizability, molar reflectivity and shrinkage stress were measured. Reorientation of the molecules led to a significant variations in the measured structure properties of the drawn iPP fibers during applying the external tension.
Heavy Metals in Lipstick Products Marketed in Saudi Arabia  [PDF]
Faten M. Ali Zainy
Journal of Cosmetics, Dermatological Sciences and Applications (JCDSA) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/jcdsa.2017.74030
Abstract: The present study reports the content of 14 heavy metals (Al, Fe, Ti, Ag, As, Ba, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Mn, Ni, Pb, and Zn) in twenty-two (n = 22) lipstick products of imported and locally manufactured at the local market in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia using Inductivity Coupled Plasma-Optical Emission Spectrophotometer (ICP-OES). The overall average contents of Al, Fe, Ti, Ag, As, Ba, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Mn, Ni, Pb, and Zn were 3131.18 ± 0.09, 9642.92 ± 0.079, 46.59 ± 0.109, 0.545 ± 0.009, 2.041 ± 0.024, 1371.439 ± 0.085, 0.134 ± 0.008, 4.242 ± 0.02, ND, 3.934 ± 0.03, 19.712 ± 0.012, 20.196 ± 0.056, 0.725 ± 0.012, and 858.666 ± 0.083 μg/g, respectively. The correction coefficient of the results is up to 0.9995, showing an excellent linear relationship between metal concentrations in samples. The results also revealed that, the total concentrations of toxic metals in various samples ranged from 1201.35 - 60,800.36 μg/g. The dark-colored lipstick samples 1B, 2B, 3B, 4B, 5B, 7B, B8, 9B, and 10B revealed high content of total toxic metals compared to the light-colored lipstick samples 1A, 2A, 3A, 4A, 4C, 5A, 7A, 8A, 9A, and 10A. The concentrations of Al, Fe, Ba, and Zn in the samples within each class under investigation are relatively high whereas the concentrations of Ag, As, Cd, Co, Cu, and Pb are lowest; and Ti, Mn, and Ni contents were below 100 μg/g. Chromium was not detected in any sample. Since no safe limits for most of these metals relating to cosmetic products are available in Saudi Arabia, it is hard to ascertain whether the values obtained in this study are relatively high or low. Prolonged use of products containing these elements may pose a threat to human health and could damage the environment.
On Cycle Related Graphs with Constant Metric Dimension  [PDF]
Murtaza Ali, Gohar Ali, Usman Ali, M. T. Rahim
Open Journal of Discrete Mathematics (OJDM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojdm.2012.21005
Abstract: If G is a connected graph, the distance d (u,v) between two vertices u,v ∈ V(G) is the length of a shortest path between them. Let W = {w1, w2, ..., wk} be an ordered set of vertices of G and let v be a vertex of G . The repre-sentation r(v|W) of v with respect to W is the k-tuple (d(v,w1), d(v,w2), …, d(v,wk)). . If distinct vertices of G have distinct representations with respect to W , then W is called a resolving set or locating set for G. A re-solving set of minimum cardinality is called a basis for G and this cardinality is the metric dimension of G , denoted by dim (G). A family ? of connected graphs is a family with constant metric dimension if dim (G) is finite and does not depend upon the choice of G in ?. In this paper, we show that dragon graph denoted by Tn,m and the graph obtained from prism denoted by 2Ck + {xkyk} have constant metric dimension.
Pattern of Thyroid Cancer in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia: University Hospital Experience  [PDF]
Ali M. Al-Amri
Journal of Cancer Therapy (JCT) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jct.2012.33027
Abstract: Objectives: To review the pattern of thyroid tumor, demographic data of the patients, sensitivity, and specificity of fine needle aspiration cytology; Materials and Methods: This is a retrospective analysis of patients who underwent total or near-total thyroidectomy at King Fahad Hospital of the University between 1982 and 2008. Data were analyzed for demographic characteristics, type of thyroid tumors, Fine Needle Aspirations Cytology (FNAC) yields and surgical complications; Results: A total of 143 patients with thyroid tumors underwent throidectomy. Their median age was 37.5 years. Females were predominantly affected (81%) with female to male ratio of (4:29). Thyroid carcinoma accounted for (75%) while benign tumors for (25%). The most common thyroid epithelial cancer was papillary type (74%) and was limited to thyroid tissues in almost two third of cases. Non-epithelial cancer in the form of thyroid lymphoma accounted for (4.89%) of the cases. FNAC sensitivity was 56% and specificity 92%. Surgical complications occurred in 18% of the patients; Conclusions: The commonest malignant thyroid cancer was papillary carcinoma. Thyroid cancer was more common in females. FNAC is highly accurate to confirm thyroid cancer but less sensitive in this study. Surgical complications were relatively minimal.
Performance of a Panelized Brick Veneer Wall System under Lateral Loads  [PDF]
Jianhai Liang, Ali M. Memari
Open Journal of Civil Engineering (OJCE) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojce.2012.23019
Abstract: This paper discusses the performance of a proposed panelized brick veneer over steel stud backup wall system and seismic isolation connections under lateral loads. The panelized wall system was developed to address some shortcomings of the conventional brick veneer wall type. The details of the system are briefly introduced. The study evaluated the performance of the system under out-of-plane simulated wind loads and in-plane cyclic loads using full-scale laboratory experiments. The test setup, test specimen, test procedure, and test results are presented and the performance of the system is evaluated accordingly.
Identity and Mobility in a Digital World  [PDF]
Ali M. Al-Khouri
Technology and Investment (TI) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ti.2013.41002

Mobile identity management has attracted the attention of both the public and private sectors in the last few years. In the context of service delivery, modern mobile communication networks offer more convenient approaches to developing citizen-centric applications. However, taking into consideration the need for compelling user authentication and identification, secure communication in mobile environments remains a challenging matter. This article explores the potential role of government-issued smart identity cards in leveraging and enabling a more trusted mobile communication base. It delves into the identity management infrastructure program in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and how the smart identity card and overall system architecture have been designed to enable trusted and secure transactions for both physical and virtual mobile communications.

Triggering the Smart Card Readers Supply Chain  [PDF]
Ali M. Al-Khouri
Technology and Investment (TI) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ti.2013.42008

In the last 12 years or so, many governments have launched modern identity management systems. These systems typically integrate a set of advanced and complex technologies to provide identification and authentication capabilities. The major output of such systems is smart identity cards that bind the cardholders identities to their biographical data and one or more biometric characteristics. The field of government practice has been focusing on the enrolment capabilities and infrastructure rollout, with little focus on smart card applications in the public domain. This article attempts to address this area in the body of knowledge from a government view point. It explores card reader adoption opportunities in both the public and private sectors, and attempts to outline the United Arab Emirates’ (UAEs) government’s plans to disseminate card readers and promote their adoption in government and various industrial groups in the country.

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