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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 18485 matches for " Ali Karbalaeikhani "
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Postoperative Drains at the Donor Sites of Iliac-Crest Bone Grafts in Patients Who Had a Single Comminuted Long Bone Fracture  [PDF]
Ali Karbalaeikhani, Alireza Saied
Surgical Science (SS) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ss.2011.29095
Abstract: In this clinical trial, 90 patients admitted to orthopedics ward, Shahid Mohammadi Hospital, Bandar Abbass with a long bone fracture, comminuted more than 30%, were randomly divided into two groups. In the first group, after the completion of the operation, a single hemovaccum drain was inserted into the iliac crest wound, the site of cancellous bone removal, whereas the second group didn’t receive a drain. The two groups were followed for at least six months and the results were compared with Chi-Square and T-Tests. The two groups, at the end of the follow up period, had no statistically significant difference with regard to pain severity and need for dressing change (in the immediate postoperative period), hematoma formation and infection. So it seems that drain insertion in the wound of patients in whom cancellous bone is removed from the iliac crest, is not necessary.
The Effect of Fracture of Ulnar Styloid on Rotational Movements of the Forearm after Extraarticular Fractures of Distal Radius  [PDF]
Ali Karbalaeikhani, Alireza Saied, Amirreza Sadeghifar
Surgical Science (SS) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ss.2011.24048
Abstract: Introduction: Since distal radius fractures are among the most common fractures encountered in orthopedics and one of their common complications is restriction of rotational movements of the wrist and forearm, iden-tification of factors affecting this loss of motion is of importance. This study was conducted to evaluate the relation between extraarticular distal radius fractures associated with fracture of ulnar styloid and the rota-tional movements of the wrist and forearm. Patients and methods: 47 patients with an extraarticular distal radius fracture were enrolled in a prospective case control study. The patients were visited in regular follow up intervals after treatment and at the final follow up the rotational movements of the forearm were measured. The findings were analyzed with Independent T and Chi-square tests. Findings: Ultimately 23 patients of the group 1 (intact ulnar styloid) and 24 of the group 2 (fractured ulnar styloid) completed the follow up period. At this time supination of the wrist and forearm in group 2 was significantly less than the group 1 (p< 0.001). Conclusion: It seems that the association of an extraarticular distal radius fracture with the fracture of ulnar styloid, at least in short term causes restriction of supination of the forearm, though the mechanism and clinical significance of this finding cannot be easily explained.
Ultrastructural Identification of the Basal-Granulated Cells in the Duodenum of Albino Rat  [PDF]
Ali Hassan A. Ali
Open Journal of Gastroenterology (OJGas) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojgas.2014.47041
Abstract: The fine structure of the crypt epithelium of the duodenal mucosa in albino rats was studied to represent the types and distribution of the basal-granulated or endocrine cells. Twenty male animals were used. Perfusion-fixation was made and samples of duodenal mucosa were taken and processed to prepare epon-embedded specimens for examination by a transmission electron microscope. Cells containing membrane-bound granules were seen in the crypt epithelium. They were identified to be basal-granulated cells. Six different types of such cells were demonstrated. All of the cells were of the closed type. The possible functional significance of these closed cell types was discussed. Correlation among the distributions of such cells in the intestine of albino rat might enable the physiologists, internists and other research workers to study several biologically active peptides with well-established functions other than those which have long been investigated.
Hepatoprotective Effect of Green Tea Extract against Cyclophosphamide Induced Liver Injury in Albino Rats  [PDF]
Ali Hassan A. Ali
Forensic Medicine and Anatomy Research (FMAR) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/fmar.2018.62002
Abstract: Background: Green tea intake is accompanied with a lower incidence of cardiovascular disease, cancer and neurodegenerative disorders; hence green tea extract has been included as dietary supplement along with other supplements and multivitamins. Aim of the Work: Studying the effect of cyclophosphamide administration on the liver of adult male albino rats and the possible protective role of green tea extract. Material and Methods: The current study was carried out on 45 adult male albino rats. They were divided into three equal groups (each included 15 rats). Group I (control group) was injected intraperitoneally with normal saline at a dosage of 0.5 mg/kg body weight twice weekly for 9 weeks. Group II was injected intraperitoneally with cyclophosphamide (CP) (150 mg/kg/day) for two weeks. Group III: rats received green tea extracts orally (50 mg/kg/day) for three weeks, and then continued for further two weeks concomitantly with intraperitoneally cyclophosphamide (CP) injected (150 mg/kg/day). Results: Rats exposed to cyclophosphamide (CP) showed several histological and histochemical changes in their liver. These changes were improved by using green tea. Conclusion: The present work showed that green tea had preventive and therapeutic effect upon livers of albino rats after they were exposed to CP.
A Primal-Dual Simplex Algorithm for Solving Linear Programming Problems with Symmetric Trapezoidal Fuzzy Numbers  [PDF]
Ali Ebrahimnejad
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/am.2011.26089
Abstract: Two existing methods for solving a class of fuzzy linear programming (FLP) problems involving symmetric trapezoidal fuzzy numbers without converting them to crisp linear programming problems are the fuzzy primal simplex method proposed by Ganesan and Veeramani [1] and the fuzzy dual simplex method proposed by Ebrahimnejad and Nasseri [2]. The former method is not applicable when a primal basic feasible solution is not easily at hand and the later method needs to an initial dual basic feasible solution. In this paper, we develop a novel approach namely the primal-dual simplex algorithm to overcome mentioned shortcomings. A numerical example is given to illustrate the proposed approach.
Application of Linear Model Predictive Control and Input-Output Linearization to Constrained Control of 3D Cable Robots  [PDF]
Ali Ghasemi
Modern Mechanical Engineering (MME) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/mme.2011.12009
Abstract: Cable robots are structurally the same as parallel robots but with the basic difference that cables can only pull the platform and cannot push it. This feature makes control of cable robots a lot more challenging compared to parallel robots. This paper introduces a controller for cable robots under force constraint. The controller is based on input-output linearization and linear model predictive control. Performance of input-output linearizing (IOL) controllers suffers due to constraints on input and output variables. This problem is successfully tackled by augmenting IOL controllers with linear model predictive controller (LMPC). The effecttiveness of the proposed method is illustrated by numerical simulation.
A Study on Wear Resistance, Hardness and Impact Behaviour of Carburized Fe-Based Powder Metallurgy Parts for Automotive Applications  [PDF]
Ali Emamian
Materials Sciences and Applications (MSA) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/msa.2012.38073
Abstract: In order to study the mechanical and triboloical properties of powder metallurgy (PM) parts under different process parameters, the specimens were used in pack carburizing processes. These specimens made from industrial test pieces were carburized in a powder pack for about two to five hours at a temperature of about 850?C - 950?C. The effects of austenitization and quenching are investigated on some specimens. Also the wear tests are performed by means of a pin-on-disc tribotester using roll bearing steel as the counterface material. The results indicate that by appropriate selection of process parameters, it is possible to obtain high wear resistance along with moderate toughness. It is concluded that surface treatments increases the wear resistance and performance of PM parts in service conditions. By increasing the role of PM in industry which resulted from their ability to produce the complex shapes, high production rate, and dimension accuracy of final products, they need to be heat treated. Carburizing method was selected as a surface hardening method for PM parts. Results of wear and hardness show considerable enhancement in mechanical properties of PM parts.
Influence of Ferric and Ferrous Iron on Chemical and Bacterial Leaching of Copper Flotation Concentrates  [PDF]
Ali Ahmadi
International Journal of Nonferrous Metallurgy (IJNM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ijnm.2012.13006
Abstract: The effects of ferrous and ferric iron as well as redox potential on copper and iron extraction from the copper flotation concentrate of Sarcheshmeh, Kerman, Iran, were evaluated using shake flask leaching examinations. Experiments were carried out in the presence and absence of a mixed culture of moderately thermophile microorganisms at 50?C. Chemical leaching experiments were performed in the absence and presence of 0.15 M iron (ferric added medium, ferrous added medium and a mixture medium regulated at 420 mV, Pt. vs. Ag/AgCl). In addition, bioleaching experiments were carried out in the presence and absence of 0.1 M iron (ferric and ferrous added mediua) at pulp density 10% (w/v), inoculated bacteria 20% (v/v), initial pH 1.6, nutrient medium Norris and yeast extract addition 0.02% (w/w). Abiotic leaching tests showed that the addition of iron at low solution redox potentials significantly increased the rate and extent of copper dissolution but when ferric iron was added, despite a higher initial rate of copper dissolution, leaching process stopped. Addition of both ferrous and ferric iron to the bioleaching medium levelled off the copper extraction and had an inhibitory effect which decreased the final redox potential. The monitoring of ferrous iron, ferric iron and copper extraction in leach solutions gave helpful results to understand the behaviour of iron cations during chemical and bacterial leaching processes.
Nitrification of Reactively Magnetron Sputter Deposited Ti-Cu Nano-Composite Thin Films  [PDF]
Ali Rahmati
Soft Nanoscience Letters (SNL) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/snl.2013.31004
Abstract:

A metalloid Ti13Cu87 target was sputtered by reactive DC magnetron sputtering at various substrate temperatures in an Ar-N2 mixture ambient. The sputtered species were condensed on Si (111), glass slide and Potsssium bromide (KBr) substrates. The as-deposited films were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, Scanning electron microscope (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), optical spectrophotometry and four point probe technique. The as-deposited films present composite structure of nano-crystallite cubic anti-ReO3 structure of Ti inserted Cu3N (Ti:Cu3N) and nano-crystallite face centre cubic (fcc) structure of Cu. The titanium atoms and sequential nitrogen excess form a solid solution within the Cu3N crystal structure and accommodate in crystal lattice and vacant interstitial site, respectively. Depending on substrate temperature, unreacted N atoms interdiffuse between crystallites and their (and grain) boundaries. The films have agglomerated structure with atomic Ti:Cu ratio less than that of the original targets. A theoretical model has been developed, based on sputtering yield, to predict the atomic Ti:Cu ratio for the as-deposited films. Film thickness, refractive index and extinction coefficient are extracted from the measured transmittance spectra. The films’ resistivity is strongly depending on its microstructural features and substrate temperature.

An Automata-Based Approach to Pattern Matching  [PDF]
Ali Sever
Intelligent Control and Automation (ICA) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ica.2013.43036
Abstract: Due to its importance in security, syntax analysis has found usage in many high-level programming languages. The Lisp language has its share of operations for evaluating regular expressions, but native parsing of Lisp code in this way is unsupported. Matching on lists requires a significantly more complicated model, with a different programmatic approach than that of string matching. This work presents a new automata-based approach centered on a set of functions and macros for identifying sequences of Lisp S-expressions using finite tree automata. The objective is to test that a given list is an element of a given tree language. We use a macro that takes a grammar and generates a function that reads off the leaves of a tree and tries to parse them as a string in a context-free language. The experimental results indicate that this approach is a viable tool for parsing Lisp lists and expressions in the abstract interpretation framework
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