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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 10523 matches for " Alexandre Schiavetti "
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Turismo en un área Protegida Marina en Corumbau - Brasil: La valoración de los turistas
Di Ciommo,Regina C; Schiavetti,Alexandre;
Estudios y perspectivas en turismo , 2011,
Abstract: the marine extractive reserve at corumbau, on the south coast of bahia state, brazil, was created in order to preserve fisheries resources for its population of fishermen. the region has great tourism potiential and this is a relevant variable to be considered in its management, since the growth of tourism in the area is notable and the tourism activities in extractive reserves must be adjusted to the cultural and economic context of local communities. with the objective of colaborating with the planning and management of tourism in the area, this reasearch conducted interviews with tourists in order to obtain their profile and assesment of their experiments, in three localities at marine extractive reserve of corumbau. the results showed that tourism is increasingly important economically for fishermen in the region in providing an income to supplement fishing. the tourist sector is stimulating demand for local people trained in diversified activities and the search for new forms of communication, in a movement that seems to benefit residents. there are several prospects for the development of sustainaible tourism, maintaining the goal of environmental preservation. however, it also identified the need for regulation and investment in better infrastructure services that could offer better conditions to both visitors and local inhabitants.
Conhecimentos e usos da fauna cinegética pelos ca?adores indígenas "Tupinambá de Oliven?a" (Bahia)
Pereira, Jussara Paula Rezende;Schiavetti, Alexandre;
Biota Neotropica , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1676-06032010000100018
Abstract: this study shows how indigenous hunters "tupinambá de oliven?a" (bahia) know and use wildlife hunting. as methods for obtaining data were used open interviews and semi-structured from august 2006 to july 2008. we interviewed 48 native hunters, with ages ranging from 18 to 65 years. when they were asked to mention the animals occurring in the region, the indigenous hunters illustrated 42 different species. the real armadillo (dasypus novemcinctus) is the largest animal captured by hunters. there were two main uses of wildlife: a resource such as food and medicinal use. among the methods used for hunting the most used are traps. according to the investigation, the activity of hunting is practiced less frequently in summer. most indigenous hunting more often in barns nearby, as prey on males and adults. the data obtained in this study may be used as a source of knowledge to support conservation strategies in federal protected areas in the region.
Turismo en un área Protegida Marina en Corumbau - Brasil: La valoración de los turistas Tourism in a Marine Protected Area at Corumbau, Brazil: Assessment by Tourists
Regina C Di Ciommo,Alexandre Schiavetti
Estudios y perspectivas en turismo , 2011,
Abstract: La Reserva Extractiva Marina de Corumbau, situada en la costa sur del estado de Bahía, Brasil, fue creada de modo de preservar la sostenibilidad de los recursos ictícolas para su población de pescadores artesanales. La región cuenta con un gran potencial turístico, lo que es una variable relevante a considerar al momento de su gestión, ya que el crecimiento del turismo en la zona es notable y las actividades turísticas en las reservas extractivas deben ajustarse al contexto cultural y económico local. Con el objetivo de colaborar con la planificación y gestión del turismo en la zona, esta investigación entrevistó a los turistas a fin de obtener su perfil y la evaluación y valoración de sus experiencias en tres localidades de la Reserva Extractivista Marina de Corumbau. Los resultados mostraron que el turismo cada vez es más importante económicamente para los pescadores de la región, dado que proporciona ingresos para complementar los provenientes de la pesca. El sector turístico estimula la demanda de población local capacitada en diversas actividades y la búsqueda de nuevas formas de comunicación, en un movimiento que parece estar beneficiando a los residentes. Para el desarrollo del turismo sustentable, manteniendo el objetivo de la preservación del medio ambiente, también se detectó la necesidad de regulación e inversión en mejores servicios de infraestructura para poder ofrecer mejores condiciones a los grupos de interés, tanto de los visitantes como de los residentes locales. The Marine Extractive Reserve at Corumbau, on the South coast of Bahia State, Brazil, was created in order to preserve fisheries resources for its population of fishermen. The region has great tourism potiential and this is a relevant variable to be considered in its management, since the growth of tourism in the area is notable and the tourism activities in extractive reserves must be adjusted to the cultural and economic context of local communities. With the objective of colaborating with the planning and management of tourism in the area, this reasearch conducted interviews with tourists in order to obtain their profile and assesment of their experiments, in three localities at Marine Extractive Reserve of Corumbau. The results showed that tourism is increasingly important economically for fishermen in the region in providing an income to supplement fishing. The tourist sector is stimulating demand for local people trained in diversified activities and the search for new forms of communication, in a movement that seems to benefit residents. There are several prospects for
Local knowledge of traditional fishermen on economically important crabs (Decapoda: Brachyura) in the city of Conde, Bahia State, Northeastern Brazil
Henrique de Magalh?es, Eraldo Medeiros Neto, Alexandre Schiavetti
Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine , 2012, DOI: 10.1186/1746-4269-8-13
Abstract: Data on biological and ecological aspects of economically important brachyuran crustaceans have been obtained from semi-structured interviews and in loco observations conducted from September 2007 to December 2009. A total of 57 fishermen of both genders, aged between 10 and 78?years have been interviewed (individually or collectively) in different contexts; interviewees were asked about aspects such as external morphology, life cycle, trophic ecology, and spatial and temporal distribution of the major economically important brachyuran crustaceans in the region. Seven fishing communities were visited: Siribinha, Sítio do Conde, Po?as, Ilha das Ostras, Cobó, Buri and Sempre Viva. Data were analyzed by comparing the information provided by participants with those from the specialized academic literature.The results show that artisanal fishermen have a wide ranging and well-grounded knowledge on the ecological and biological aspects of crustaceans. Crab gatherers of Conde know about growth and reproductive behavior of the animals they interact with, especially with regard to the three major biological aspects: “molt”, “walking dance” and “spawning”.This knowledge constitutes an important source of information that should be considered in studies of management and sustainable use of fishery resources in the North Coast Region of Bahia State.Mangrove ecosystems are typical of tropical and subtropical regions, in areas influenced by tidal movements [1]. They comprise ecosystemic units with specialized function as they are salinized environment, given the constant inundation by sea water due to the tidal movement. These ecosystems are considered of fundamental ecological importance in their areas of occurrence [2], and as such mangroves should be categorically classified as permanent protected areas since they maintain fish production at adjacent regions and ensure the stabilization of coastal formations. Additionally, two-thirds of the world’s fishing communities depend o
'Offensive' snakes: cultural beliefs and practices related to snakebites in a Brazilian rural settlement
Dídac S Fita, Eraldo Neto, Alexandre Schiavetti
Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine , 2010, DOI: 10.1186/1746-4269-6-13
Abstract: Snakes are among the animals that have most influenced the human psyche since ancient times. Images (cultural representations), myths and beliefs regarding these reptiles are present in many societies due to their culturally salient biological and behavioral characteristics, such as their speed and agility, the bifid tongue, unblinking lidless eyes, their ability to periodically renew their skin, their mode of mating, and the ability to produce and inject a deadly substance [1]. In ancient times, many people worshiped snakes to try to appease them in order to avoid the evil they could cause. Attributes such as wisdom, cunning, power, fertility, sexuality and renewal of life have been (and, to an extent, still are) attributed to them by different people in India, Egypt, ancient Europe, ancient Persia, Mexico and much of Africa [2]. Even in regions where snakes were not objects of worship, they were used as symbols, amulets and religious elements [3].In Mexico, the Aztecs made extensive use of the ophidiofauna: several species were consumed, offered to the gods and used as medicines [4]. For the Mayans, the snake had a religious significance as a sacred animal force, bound to various divine figures, representing the union of opposing forces in nature. For example, to the Tsotsil Mayans from the municipality of Zinacantán, state of Chiapas, snakes are the earth lord's daughters [4]. In Central America, as well as several other parts of the world, snakes play an important role in religious thought and in the day-to-day life of people, representing life cycles depending on the attributes and contexts in which they are found. The serpent is the beginning and the end, water and fire, movement, life and death [5].Although snakes are considered as sacred beings in some cultures, most people view them as the most abominable living creatures, a view that promotes unnecessary killing and puts sensitive food chains at risk [6]. Of the world's 3,232 species of snakes, around 500
Local ecological and taxonomic knowledge of snapper fish (Teleostei: Actinopterygii) held by fishermen in Ilhéus, Bahia, Brazil
Caló, Camilla Fahning Ferreira;Schiavetti, Alexandre;Cetra, Mauricio;
Neotropical Ichthyology , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1679-62252009000300007
Abstract: local ecological and taxonomic knowledge (lek) of fish held by fishermen in the municipality of ilhéus, bahia, brazil, known as the snapper ("vermelho") was examined from august 2005 to november 2006. semi-structured interviews and tests were made with fishermen selected under the criteria of "specialists". the data analysis followed the union model of the different individual competences. grouping analysis was performed on data referring to the localities of the occurrence of these fish, depth, coloration, and morphological characteristics of the species using the pearson correlation coefficient (upgma). a total of 19 species were named within the snapper group, although three of them could not be scientifically identified. the lutjanidae family presented the greatest numbers of species (n = 9). other families mentioned were: the serranidae (n = 3), holocentridae (n = 2), priacanthidae (n = 1), mullidae (n = 1). the 1:1 correspondence between fishermen's local names and scientific species observed in this study indicates the richness of local fishermen knowledge. analysis of the lek related to the feeding habits of these fish and indicated that most were considered as being carnivorous, which agrees with the specialized literature consulted. in terms of their spatial distribution, two categories were detected: locality of occurrence (rivers/sea, coast, and offshore) and depth (surface, mid-depth, mid-depth/deep, deep). the fish were considered locally to be "winter fish", based on harvested yields. most of the interviewees knew little about the reproductive aspects of these fish. the main criteria used to identify, name, and classify the species were based on color and morphological aspects. much of the information gathered in this study agreed with the published literature, which strengthens the importance of including lek in planning and decision-making processes.
Distorsiones entre el concepto y la práctica del ecoturismo: El caso de Itacaré, Bahía - Brasil
Meinking Guimar?es,Adriana; Schiavetti,Alexandre; Dal Pozzo Trevisan,Salvador;
Estudios y perspectivas en turismo , 2005,
Abstract: this paper analyzes ecotourism by focusing on its definitions, practices and distortions. it refers to the relationship between human beings and the natural environment and presents the conclusions of research carried out in itacaré, brazil.
Ethnoecological knowledge of the artisan fishermen of octopi (Octopus spp.) in the community of Coroa Vermelha (Santa Cruz Cabrália, Bahia)
Martins, Viviane S;Schiavetti, Alexandre;Souto, Francisco J. B;
Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0001-37652011000200011
Abstract: coral reefs are quite diverse ecosystems that carry out several ecological functions and plays a relevant socioeconomic role. the artisan fishing of octopi (octopus spp.) is practiced for the survival of part of the inhabitants of coroa vermelha community, in the south of the state of bahia. we intended to study the knowledge of the octopi fishermen of coroa vermelha using the comprehensive ethnoecological proposal of marques. the data were collected between july, 2006 and april, 2008 through direct observation and from interviews with fishermen met by chance and through the "native specialists" criterion. twenty semi-structured interviews were carried out following an itinerary of pre-established questions about the activity of octopi capture, and the biological and ecological aspects of the resource. the data showed that the fishermen have knowledge about biological and ecological aspects of the octopi. two capture techniques are used: octopus fishing (polvejamento) in the reefs and through diving. two specific folk are recognized: the "normal octopus" (octopus insularis) and the "east octopus" (octopus macropus (?)). the intervieews demonstrated ecological knowledge sometimes compatible with the scientific literature, mainly in which concerns the trophic ecology and behavior of the octopi.
Distorsiones entre el concepto y la práctica del ecoturismo: El caso de Itacaré, Bahía - Brasil Mismatches Between the Theory and Practice of Ecotourism: The Case of Itacaré, Brazil
Adriana Meinking Guimar?es,Alexandre Schiavetti,Salvador Dal Pozzo Trevisan
Estudios y perspectivas en turismo , 2005,
Abstract: En este trabajo se analiza al ecoturismo abordando sus definiciones, sus prácticas y distorsiones. Se hace referencia a la relación seres humanos / ambiente natural y se presentan los resultados de una investigación realizada en Itacaré BA, Brasil, discutiendo los resultados obtenidos. This paper analyzes ecotourism by focusing on its definitions, practices and distortions. It refers to the relationship between human beings and the natural environment and presents the conclusions of research carried out in Itacaré, Brazil.
Turismo de eventos y negocios: El caso del Ilhéus y Costa del Cacao Convention & Visitors Bureau, Brasil
Schiavetti,Alexandre; Meiking Guimar?es,Adriana; Barbosa Araújo,Itatiana Claudia; Maurício Cazorla,Irene;
Estudios y perspectivas en turismo , 2006,
Abstract: the implementation of a convention and visitors bureau is to improve tourism in cities which have already infrastructure, but, as this paper shows, if there is no clear idea of the functions of such institutions it may not fulfill the expectations and act negatively upon the already existing tourism activities and the development of localities as main attractions for the business tourism.
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